Message ID | 20210603211426.790093-4-jingzhangos@google.com (mailing list archive) |
---|---|

State | New |

Headers | show |

Series | KVM statistics data fd-based binary interface | expand |

On 6/3/21 2:14 PM, Jing Zhang wrote: > Update KVM API documentation for binary statistics. > > Reviewed-by: David Matlack <dmatlack@google.com> > Reviewed-by: Ricardo Koller <ricarkol@google.com> > Signed-off-by: Jing Zhang <jingzhangos@google.com> > --- > Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 180 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ > 1 file changed, 180 insertions(+) > > diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > index 7fcb2fd38f42..550bfbdf611b 100644 > --- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > @@ -5034,6 +5034,178 @@ see KVM_XEN_VCPU_SET_ATTR above. > The KVM_XEN_VCPU_ATTR_TYPE_RUNSTATE_ADJUST type may not be used > with the KVM_XEN_VCPU_GET_ATTR ioctl. > > +4.130 KVM_GET_STATS_FD > +--------------------- > + > +:Capability: KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > +:Architectures: all > +:Type: vm ioctl, vcpu ioctl > +:Parameters: none > +:Returns: statistics file descriptor on success, < 0 on error > + > +Errors: > + > + ====== ====================================================== > + ENOMEM if the fd could not be created due to lack of memory > + EMFILE if the number of opened files exceeds the limit > + ====== ====================================================== > + > +The file descriptor can be used to read VM/vCPU statistics data in binary > +format. The file data is organized into three blocks as below: > ++-------------+ > +| Header | > ++-------------+ > +| Descriptors | > ++-------------+ > +| Stats Data | > ++-------------+ > + > +The Header block is always at the start of the file. It is only needed to be > +read one time for the lifetime of the file descriptor. > +It is in the form of ``struct kvm_stats_header`` as below:: > + > + #define KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN 64 > + > + struct kvm_stats_header { > + char id[KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN]; > + __u32 name_size; > + __u32 count; > + __u32 desc_offset; > + __u32 data_offset; > + }; > + > +The ``id`` field is identification for the corresponding KVM statistics. For > +VM statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}", like "kvm-12345". For > +VCPU statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}/vcpu-{vcpu id}", like > +"kvm-12345/vcpu-12". Currently, KVM debugfs shows VCPUs as "vcpuXX" where is XX is the id. Should we follow the same convention ? > + > +The ``name_size`` field is the size (byte) of the statistics name string > +(including trailing '\0') appended to the end of every statistics descriptor. > + > +The ``count`` field is the number of statistics. > + > +The ``desc_offset`` field is the offset of the Descriptors block from the start > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > + > +The ``data_offset`` field is the offset of the Stats Data block from the start > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > + > +The Descriptors block is only needed to be read once for the lifetime of the > +file descriptor. It is an array of ``struct kvm_stats_desc`` as shown in > +below code block:: > + > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT 0 > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT (0x1 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MAX KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT > + > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT 4 > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES (0x1 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS (0x2 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES (0x3 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MAX KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES > + > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT 8 > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10 (0x0 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 (0x1 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MAX KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 > + > + struct kvm_stats_desc { > + __u32 flags; > + __s16 exponent; > + __u16 size; > + __u32 unused1; > + __u32 unused2; > + char name[0]; > + }; > + > +The ``flags`` field contains the type and unit of the statistics data described > +by this descriptor. The following flags are supported: > + > +Bits 0-3 of ``flags`` encode the type: > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE`` > + The statistics data is cumulative. The value of data can only be increased. > + Most of the counters used in KVM are of this type. > + The corresponding ``count`` filed for this type is always 1. > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT`` > + The statistics data is instantaneous. Its value can be increased or > + decreased. This type is usually used as a measurement of some resources, > + like the number of dirty pages, the number of large pages, etc. > + The corresponding ``count`` field for this type is always 1. > + > +Bits 4-7 of ``flags`` encode the unit: > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE`` > + There is no unit for the value of statistics data. This usually means that > + the value is a simple counter of an event. > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES`` > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure memory size, in the > + unit of Byte, KiByte, MiByte, GiByte, etc. The unit of the data is > + determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data is > + determined by ``pow(2, exponent)``. For example, if value is 10, > + ``exponent`` is 20, which means the unit of statistics data is MiByte, we > + can get the statistics data in the unit of Byte by > + ``value * pow(2, exponent) = 10 * pow(2, 20) = 10 MiByte`` which is > + 10 * 1024 * 1024 Bytes. > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS`` > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure time/latency, in > + the unit of nanosecond, microsecond, millisecond and second. The unit of the > + data is determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data > + is determined by ``pow(10, exponent)``. For example, if value is 2000000, > + ``exponent`` is -6, which means the unit of statistics data is microsecond, > + we can get the statistics data in the unit of second by > + ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 2000000 * pow(10, -6) = 2 seconds``. > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES`` > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure CPU clock cycles. > + The ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. For example, if > + value is 200, ``exponent`` is 4, we can get the number of CPU clock cycles > + by ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 200 * pow(10, 4) = 2000000``. > + > +Bits 7-11 of ``flags`` encode the base: > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` > + The scale is based on power of 10. It is used for measurement of time and > + CPU clock cycles. > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` > + The scale is based on power of 2. It is used for measurement of memory size. > + > +The ``exponent`` field is the scale of corresponding statistics data. For > +example, if the unit is ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES``, the base is > +``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2``, the ``exponent`` is 10, then we know that the real > +unit of the statistics data is KBytes a.k.a pow(2, 10) = 1024 bytes. > + > +The ``size`` field is the number of values of this statistics data. It is in the > +unit of ``unsigned long`` for VM or ``__u64`` for VCPU. > + > +The ``unused1`` and ``unused2`` fields are reserved for future > +support for other types of statistics data, like log/linear histogram. > + > +The ``name`` field points to the name string of the statistics data. The name > +string starts at the end of ``struct kvm_stats_desc``. > +The maximum length (including trailing '\0') is indicated by ``name_size`` > +in ``struct kvm_stats_header``. > + > +The Stats Data block contains an array of data values of type ``struct > +kvm_vm_stats_data`` or ``struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data``. It would be read by > +user space periodically to pull statistics data. > +The order of data value in Stats Data block is the same as the order of > +descriptors in Descriptors block. > + * Statistics data for VM:: > + > + struct kvm_vm_stats_data { > + unsigned long value[0]; > + }; > + > + * Statistics data for VCPU:: > + > + struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data { > + __u64 value[0]; > + }; > + > 5. The kvm_run structure > ======================== > > @@ -6891,3 +7063,11 @@ This capability is always enabled. > This capability indicates that the KVM virtual PTP service is > supported in the host. A VMM can check whether the service is > available to the guest on migration. > + > +8.33 KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > +---------------------------- > + > +:Architectures: all > + > +This capability indicates the feature that user space can create get a file > +descriptor for every VM and VCPU to read statistics data in binary format. Reviewed-by: Krish Sadhukhan <krish.sadhukhan@oracle.com>

On Mon, Jun 7, 2021 at 2:23 PM Krish Sadhukhan <krish.sadhukhan@oracle.com> wrote: > > > On 6/3/21 2:14 PM, Jing Zhang wrote: > > Update KVM API documentation for binary statistics. > > > > Reviewed-by: David Matlack <dmatlack@google.com> > > Reviewed-by: Ricardo Koller <ricarkol@google.com> > > Signed-off-by: Jing Zhang <jingzhangos@google.com> > > --- > > Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 180 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ > > 1 file changed, 180 insertions(+) > > > > diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > > index 7fcb2fd38f42..550bfbdf611b 100644 > > --- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > > +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > > @@ -5034,6 +5034,178 @@ see KVM_XEN_VCPU_SET_ATTR above. > > The KVM_XEN_VCPU_ATTR_TYPE_RUNSTATE_ADJUST type may not be used > > with the KVM_XEN_VCPU_GET_ATTR ioctl. > > > > +4.130 KVM_GET_STATS_FD > > +--------------------- > > + > > +:Capability: KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > > +:Architectures: all > > +:Type: vm ioctl, vcpu ioctl > > +:Parameters: none > > +:Returns: statistics file descriptor on success, < 0 on error > > + > > +Errors: > > + > > + ====== ====================================================== > > + ENOMEM if the fd could not be created due to lack of memory > > + EMFILE if the number of opened files exceeds the limit > > + ====== ====================================================== > > + > > +The file descriptor can be used to read VM/vCPU statistics data in binary > > +format. The file data is organized into three blocks as below: > > ++-------------+ > > +| Header | > > ++-------------+ > > +| Descriptors | > > ++-------------+ > > +| Stats Data | > > ++-------------+ > > + > > +The Header block is always at the start of the file. It is only needed to be > > +read one time for the lifetime of the file descriptor. > > +It is in the form of ``struct kvm_stats_header`` as below:: > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN 64 > > + > > + struct kvm_stats_header { > > + char id[KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN]; > > + __u32 name_size; > > + __u32 count; > > + __u32 desc_offset; > > + __u32 data_offset; > > + }; > > + > > +The ``id`` field is identification for the corresponding KVM statistics. For > > +VM statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}", like "kvm-12345". For > > +VCPU statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}/vcpu-{vcpu id}", like > > +"kvm-12345/vcpu-12". > > Currently, KVM debugfs shows VCPUs as "vcpuXX" where is XX is the id. > Should we follow the same convention ? It looks more clear to be like vcpu-xx. Let's keep it this way. Thanks. > > + > > +The ``name_size`` field is the size (byte) of the statistics name string > > +(including trailing '\0') appended to the end of every statistics descriptor. > > + > > +The ``count`` field is the number of statistics. > > + > > +The ``desc_offset`` field is the offset of the Descriptors block from the start > > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > > + > > +The ``data_offset`` field is the offset of the Stats Data block from the start > > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > > + > > +The Descriptors block is only needed to be read once for the lifetime of the > > +file descriptor. It is an array of ``struct kvm_stats_desc`` as shown in > > +below code block:: > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT 0 > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT (0x1 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MAX KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT 4 > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES (0x1 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS (0x2 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES (0x3 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MAX KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT 8 > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10 (0x0 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 (0x1 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MAX KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 > > + > > + struct kvm_stats_desc { > > + __u32 flags; > > + __s16 exponent; > > + __u16 size; > > + __u32 unused1; > > + __u32 unused2; > > + char name[0]; > > + }; > > + > > +The ``flags`` field contains the type and unit of the statistics data described > > +by this descriptor. The following flags are supported: > > + > > +Bits 0-3 of ``flags`` encode the type: > > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE`` > > + The statistics data is cumulative. The value of data can only be increased. > > + Most of the counters used in KVM are of this type. > > + The corresponding ``count`` filed for this type is always 1. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT`` > > + The statistics data is instantaneous. Its value can be increased or > > + decreased. This type is usually used as a measurement of some resources, > > + like the number of dirty pages, the number of large pages, etc. > > + The corresponding ``count`` field for this type is always 1. > > + > > +Bits 4-7 of ``flags`` encode the unit: > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE`` > > + There is no unit for the value of statistics data. This usually means that > > + the value is a simple counter of an event. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES`` > > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure memory size, in the > > + unit of Byte, KiByte, MiByte, GiByte, etc. The unit of the data is > > + determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data is > > + determined by ``pow(2, exponent)``. For example, if value is 10, > > + ``exponent`` is 20, which means the unit of statistics data is MiByte, we > > + can get the statistics data in the unit of Byte by > > + ``value * pow(2, exponent) = 10 * pow(2, 20) = 10 MiByte`` which is > > + 10 * 1024 * 1024 Bytes. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS`` > > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure time/latency, in > > + the unit of nanosecond, microsecond, millisecond and second. The unit of the > > + data is determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data > > + is determined by ``pow(10, exponent)``. For example, if value is 2000000, > > + ``exponent`` is -6, which means the unit of statistics data is microsecond, > > + we can get the statistics data in the unit of second by > > + ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 2000000 * pow(10, -6) = 2 seconds``. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES`` > > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure CPU clock cycles. > > + The ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. For example, if > > + value is 200, ``exponent`` is 4, we can get the number of CPU clock cycles > > + by ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 200 * pow(10, 4) = 2000000``. > > + > > +Bits 7-11 of ``flags`` encode the base: > > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` > > + The scale is based on power of 10. It is used for measurement of time and > > + CPU clock cycles. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` > > + The scale is based on power of 2. It is used for measurement of memory size. > > + > > +The ``exponent`` field is the scale of corresponding statistics data. For > > +example, if the unit is ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES``, the base is > > +``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2``, the ``exponent`` is 10, then we know that the real > > +unit of the statistics data is KBytes a.k.a pow(2, 10) = 1024 bytes. > > + > > +The ``size`` field is the number of values of this statistics data. It is in the > > +unit of ``unsigned long`` for VM or ``__u64`` for VCPU. > > + > > +The ``unused1`` and ``unused2`` fields are reserved for future > > +support for other types of statistics data, like log/linear histogram. > > + > > +The ``name`` field points to the name string of the statistics data. The name > > +string starts at the end of ``struct kvm_stats_desc``. > > +The maximum length (including trailing '\0') is indicated by ``name_size`` > > +in ``struct kvm_stats_header``. > > + > > +The Stats Data block contains an array of data values of type ``struct > > +kvm_vm_stats_data`` or ``struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data``. It would be read by > > +user space periodically to pull statistics data. > > +The order of data value in Stats Data block is the same as the order of > > +descriptors in Descriptors block. > > + * Statistics data for VM:: > > + > > + struct kvm_vm_stats_data { > > + unsigned long value[0]; > > + }; > > + > > + * Statistics data for VCPU:: > > + > > + struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data { > > + __u64 value[0]; > > + }; > > + > > 5. The kvm_run structure > > ======================== > > > > @@ -6891,3 +7063,11 @@ This capability is always enabled. > > This capability indicates that the KVM virtual PTP service is > > supported in the host. A VMM can check whether the service is > > available to the guest on migration. > > + > > +8.33 KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > > +---------------------------- > > + > > +:Architectures: all > > + > > +This capability indicates the feature that user space can create get a file > > +descriptor for every VM and VCPU to read statistics data in binary format. > > > Reviewed-by: Krish Sadhukhan <krish.sadhukhan@oracle.com> >

Hi Jing, On Thu, Jun 3, 2021 at 10:14 PM Jing Zhang <jingzhangos@google.com> wrote: > > Update KVM API documentation for binary statistics. > > Reviewed-by: David Matlack <dmatlack@google.com> > Reviewed-by: Ricardo Koller <ricarkol@google.com> > Signed-off-by: Jing Zhang <jingzhangos@google.com> > --- > Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 180 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ > 1 file changed, 180 insertions(+) > > diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > index 7fcb2fd38f42..550bfbdf611b 100644 > --- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > @@ -5034,6 +5034,178 @@ see KVM_XEN_VCPU_SET_ATTR above. > The KVM_XEN_VCPU_ATTR_TYPE_RUNSTATE_ADJUST type may not be used > with the KVM_XEN_VCPU_GET_ATTR ioctl. > > +4.130 KVM_GET_STATS_FD > +--------------------- nit: missing one - (to match the subtitle length) > + > +:Capability: KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > +:Architectures: all > +:Type: vm ioctl, vcpu ioctl > +:Parameters: none > +:Returns: statistics file descriptor on success, < 0 on error > + > +Errors: > + > + ====== ====================================================== > + ENOMEM if the fd could not be created due to lack of memory > + EMFILE if the number of opened files exceeds the limit > + ====== ====================================================== > + > +The file descriptor can be used to read VM/vCPU statistics data in binary > +format. The file data is organized into three blocks as below: > ++-------------+ > +| Header | > ++-------------+ > +| Descriptors | > ++-------------+ > +| Stats Data | > ++-------------+ > + > +The Header block is always at the start of the file. It is only needed to be > +read one time for the lifetime of the file descriptor. > +It is in the form of ``struct kvm_stats_header`` as below:: > + > + #define KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN 64 > + > + struct kvm_stats_header { > + char id[KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN]; > + __u32 name_size; > + __u32 count; > + __u32 desc_offset; > + __u32 data_offset; > + }; > + > +The ``id`` field is identification for the corresponding KVM statistics. For > +VM statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}", like "kvm-12345". For > +VCPU statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}/vcpu-{vcpu id}", like > +"kvm-12345/vcpu-12". > + > +The ``name_size`` field is the size (byte) of the statistics name string > +(including trailing '\0') appended to the end of every statistics descriptor. > + > +The ``count`` field is the number of statistics. > + > +The ``desc_offset`` field is the offset of the Descriptors block from the start > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > + > +The ``data_offset`` field is the offset of the Stats Data block from the start > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > + > +The Descriptors block is only needed to be read once for the lifetime of the > +file descriptor. It is an array of ``struct kvm_stats_desc`` as shown in > +below code block:: > + > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT 0 > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT (0x1 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MAX KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT > + > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT 4 > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES (0x1 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS (0x2 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES (0x3 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MAX KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES > + > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT 8 > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10 (0x0 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 (0x1 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MAX KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 > + > + struct kvm_stats_desc { > + __u32 flags; > + __s16 exponent; > + __u16 size; > + __u32 unused1; > + __u32 unused2; > + char name[0]; > + }; > + > +The ``flags`` field contains the type and unit of the statistics data described > +by this descriptor. The following flags are supported: > + > +Bits 0-3 of ``flags`` encode the type: > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE`` > + The statistics data is cumulative. The value of data can only be increased. > + Most of the counters used in KVM are of this type. > + The corresponding ``count`` filed for this type is always 1. filed -> field > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT`` > + The statistics data is instantaneous. Its value can be increased or > + decreased. This type is usually used as a measurement of some resources, > + like the number of dirty pages, the number of large pages, etc. > + The corresponding ``count`` field for this type is always 1. > + > +Bits 4-7 of ``flags`` encode the unit: > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE`` > + There is no unit for the value of statistics data. This usually means that > + the value is a simple counter of an event. > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES`` > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure memory size, in the > + unit of Byte, KiByte, MiByte, GiByte, etc. The unit of the data is > + determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data is > + determined by ``pow(2, exponent)``. For example, if value is 10, > + ``exponent`` is 20, which means the unit of statistics data is MiByte, we > + can get the statistics data in the unit of Byte by > + ``value * pow(2, exponent) = 10 * pow(2, 20) = 10 MiByte`` which is > + 10 * 1024 * 1024 Bytes. > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS`` > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure time/latency, in > + the unit of nanosecond, microsecond, millisecond and second. The unit of the > + data is determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data > + is determined by ``pow(10, exponent)``. For example, if value is 2000000, > + ``exponent`` is -6, which means the unit of statistics data is microsecond, > + we can get the statistics data in the unit of second by > + ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 2000000 * pow(10, -6) = 2 seconds``. > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES`` > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure CPU clock cycles. > + The ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. For example, if > + value is 200, ``exponent`` is 4, we can get the number of CPU clock cycles > + by ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 200 * pow(10, 4) = 2000000``. > + > +Bits 7-11 of ``flags`` encode the base: Bits 8-11 > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` > + The scale is based on power of 10. It is used for measurement of time and > + CPU clock cycles. > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` > + The scale is based on power of 2. It is used for measurement of memory size. > + > +The ``exponent`` field is the scale of corresponding statistics data. For > +example, if the unit is ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES``, the base is > +``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2``, the ``exponent`` is 10, then we know that the real > +unit of the statistics data is KBytes a.k.a pow(2, 10) = 1024 bytes. > + > +The ``size`` field is the number of values of this statistics data. It is in the > +unit of ``unsigned long`` for VM or ``__u64`` for VCPU. > + > +The ``unused1`` and ``unused2`` fields are reserved for future > +support for other types of statistics data, like log/linear histogram. > + > +The ``name`` field points to the name string of the statistics data. The name > +string starts at the end of ``struct kvm_stats_desc``. > +The maximum length (including trailing '\0') is indicated by ``name_size`` > +in ``struct kvm_stats_header``. > + > +The Stats Data block contains an array of data values of type ``struct > +kvm_vm_stats_data`` or ``struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data``. It would be read by > +user space periodically to pull statistics data. > +The order of data value in Stats Data block is the same as the order of > +descriptors in Descriptors block. > + * Statistics data for VM:: > + > + struct kvm_vm_stats_data { > + unsigned long value[0]; > + }; > + > + * Statistics data for VCPU:: > + > + struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data { > + __u64 value[0]; > + }; > + > 5. The kvm_run structure > ======================== > > @@ -6891,3 +7063,11 @@ This capability is always enabled. > This capability indicates that the KVM virtual PTP service is > supported in the host. A VMM can check whether the service is > available to the guest on migration. > + > +8.33 KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > +---------------------------- > + > +:Architectures: all > + > +This capability indicates the feature that user space can create get a file > +descriptor for every VM and VCPU to read statistics data in binary format. nit: user space -> userspace (it's spelled that way throughout this document) Cheers, /fuad > -- > 2.32.0.rc1.229.g3e70b5a671-goog > > _______________________________________________ > kvmarm mailing list > kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu > https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

Hi Fuad, On Mon, Jun 14, 2021 at 2:57 AM Fuad Tabba <tabba@google.com> wrote: > > Hi Jing, > > > On Thu, Jun 3, 2021 at 10:14 PM Jing Zhang <jingzhangos@google.com> wrote: > > > > Update KVM API documentation for binary statistics. > > > > Reviewed-by: David Matlack <dmatlack@google.com> > > Reviewed-by: Ricardo Koller <ricarkol@google.com> > > Signed-off-by: Jing Zhang <jingzhangos@google.com> > > --- > > Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 180 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ > > 1 file changed, 180 insertions(+) > > > > diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > > index 7fcb2fd38f42..550bfbdf611b 100644 > > --- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > > +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst > > @@ -5034,6 +5034,178 @@ see KVM_XEN_VCPU_SET_ATTR above. > > The KVM_XEN_VCPU_ATTR_TYPE_RUNSTATE_ADJUST type may not be used > > with the KVM_XEN_VCPU_GET_ATTR ioctl. > > > > +4.130 KVM_GET_STATS_FD > > +--------------------- > > nit: missing one - (to match the subtitle length) > > > + > > +:Capability: KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > > +:Architectures: all > > +:Type: vm ioctl, vcpu ioctl > > +:Parameters: none > > +:Returns: statistics file descriptor on success, < 0 on error > > + > > +Errors: > > + > > + ====== ====================================================== > > + ENOMEM if the fd could not be created due to lack of memory > > + EMFILE if the number of opened files exceeds the limit > > + ====== ====================================================== > > + > > +The file descriptor can be used to read VM/vCPU statistics data in binary > > +format. The file data is organized into three blocks as below: > > ++-------------+ > > +| Header | > > ++-------------+ > > +| Descriptors | > > ++-------------+ > > +| Stats Data | > > ++-------------+ > > + > > +The Header block is always at the start of the file. It is only needed to be > > +read one time for the lifetime of the file descriptor. > > +It is in the form of ``struct kvm_stats_header`` as below:: > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN 64 > > + > > + struct kvm_stats_header { > > + char id[KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN]; > > + __u32 name_size; > > + __u32 count; > > + __u32 desc_offset; > > + __u32 data_offset; > > + }; > > + > > +The ``id`` field is identification for the corresponding KVM statistics. For > > +VM statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}", like "kvm-12345". For > > +VCPU statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}/vcpu-{vcpu id}", like > > +"kvm-12345/vcpu-12". > > + > > +The ``name_size`` field is the size (byte) of the statistics name string > > +(including trailing '\0') appended to the end of every statistics descriptor. > > + > > +The ``count`` field is the number of statistics. > > + > > +The ``desc_offset`` field is the offset of the Descriptors block from the start > > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > > + > > +The ``data_offset`` field is the offset of the Stats Data block from the start > > +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. > > + > > +The Descriptors block is only needed to be read once for the lifetime of the > > +file descriptor. It is an array of ``struct kvm_stats_desc`` as shown in > > +below code block:: > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT 0 > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT (0x1 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MAX KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT 4 > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES (0x1 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS (0x2 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES (0x3 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MAX KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES > > + > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT 8 > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10 (0x0 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 (0x1 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) > > + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MAX KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 > > + > > + struct kvm_stats_desc { > > + __u32 flags; > > + __s16 exponent; > > + __u16 size; > > + __u32 unused1; > > + __u32 unused2; > > + char name[0]; > > + }; > > + > > +The ``flags`` field contains the type and unit of the statistics data described > > +by this descriptor. The following flags are supported: > > + > > +Bits 0-3 of ``flags`` encode the type: > > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE`` > > + The statistics data is cumulative. The value of data can only be increased. > > + Most of the counters used in KVM are of this type. > > + The corresponding ``count`` filed for this type is always 1. > > filed -> field > > > + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT`` > > + The statistics data is instantaneous. Its value can be increased or > > + decreased. This type is usually used as a measurement of some resources, > > + like the number of dirty pages, the number of large pages, etc. > > + The corresponding ``count`` field for this type is always 1. > > + > > +Bits 4-7 of ``flags`` encode the unit: > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE`` > > + There is no unit for the value of statistics data. This usually means that > > + the value is a simple counter of an event. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES`` > > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure memory size, in the > > + unit of Byte, KiByte, MiByte, GiByte, etc. The unit of the data is > > + determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data is > > + determined by ``pow(2, exponent)``. For example, if value is 10, > > + ``exponent`` is 20, which means the unit of statistics data is MiByte, we > > + can get the statistics data in the unit of Byte by > > + ``value * pow(2, exponent) = 10 * pow(2, 20) = 10 MiByte`` which is > > + 10 * 1024 * 1024 Bytes. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS`` > > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure time/latency, in > > + the unit of nanosecond, microsecond, millisecond and second. The unit of the > > + data is determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The > > + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data > > + is determined by ``pow(10, exponent)``. For example, if value is 2000000, > > + ``exponent`` is -6, which means the unit of statistics data is microsecond, > > + we can get the statistics data in the unit of second by > > + ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 2000000 * pow(10, -6) = 2 seconds``. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES`` > > + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure CPU clock cycles. > > + The ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. For example, if > > + value is 200, ``exponent`` is 4, we can get the number of CPU clock cycles > > + by ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 200 * pow(10, 4) = 2000000``. > > + > > +Bits 7-11 of ``flags`` encode the base: > > Bits 8-11 > > > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` > > + The scale is based on power of 10. It is used for measurement of time and > > + CPU clock cycles. > > + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` > > + The scale is based on power of 2. It is used for measurement of memory size. > > + > > +The ``exponent`` field is the scale of corresponding statistics data. For > > +example, if the unit is ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES``, the base is > > +``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2``, the ``exponent`` is 10, then we know that the real > > +unit of the statistics data is KBytes a.k.a pow(2, 10) = 1024 bytes. > > + > > +The ``size`` field is the number of values of this statistics data. It is in the > > +unit of ``unsigned long`` for VM or ``__u64`` for VCPU. > > + > > +The ``unused1`` and ``unused2`` fields are reserved for future > > +support for other types of statistics data, like log/linear histogram. > > + > > +The ``name`` field points to the name string of the statistics data. The name > > +string starts at the end of ``struct kvm_stats_desc``. > > +The maximum length (including trailing '\0') is indicated by ``name_size`` > > +in ``struct kvm_stats_header``. > > + > > +The Stats Data block contains an array of data values of type ``struct > > +kvm_vm_stats_data`` or ``struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data``. It would be read by > > +user space periodically to pull statistics data. > > +The order of data value in Stats Data block is the same as the order of > > +descriptors in Descriptors block. > > + * Statistics data for VM:: > > + > > + struct kvm_vm_stats_data { > > + unsigned long value[0]; > > + }; > > + > > + * Statistics data for VCPU:: > > + > > + struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data { > > + __u64 value[0]; > > + }; > > + > > 5. The kvm_run structure > > ======================== > > > > @@ -6891,3 +7063,11 @@ This capability is always enabled. > > This capability indicates that the KVM virtual PTP service is > > supported in the host. A VMM can check whether the service is > > available to the guest on migration. > > + > > +8.33 KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD > > +---------------------------- > > + > > +:Architectures: all > > + > > +This capability indicates the feature that user space can create get a file > > +descriptor for every VM and VCPU to read statistics data in binary format. > > nit: user space -> userspace (it's spelled that way throughout this document) > > Cheers, > /fuad > > > -- > > 2.32.0.rc1.229.g3e70b5a671-goog > > > > _______________________________________________ > > kvmarm mailing list > > kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu > > https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm Thanks for the review! Jing

diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst index 7fcb2fd38f42..550bfbdf611b 100644 --- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst @@ -5034,6 +5034,178 @@ see KVM_XEN_VCPU_SET_ATTR above. The KVM_XEN_VCPU_ATTR_TYPE_RUNSTATE_ADJUST type may not be used with the KVM_XEN_VCPU_GET_ATTR ioctl. +4.130 KVM_GET_STATS_FD +--------------------- + +:Capability: KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD +:Architectures: all +:Type: vm ioctl, vcpu ioctl +:Parameters: none +:Returns: statistics file descriptor on success, < 0 on error + +Errors: + + ====== ====================================================== + ENOMEM if the fd could not be created due to lack of memory + EMFILE if the number of opened files exceeds the limit + ====== ====================================================== + +The file descriptor can be used to read VM/vCPU statistics data in binary +format. The file data is organized into three blocks as below: ++-------------+ +| Header | ++-------------+ +| Descriptors | ++-------------+ +| Stats Data | ++-------------+ + +The Header block is always at the start of the file. It is only needed to be +read one time for the lifetime of the file descriptor. +It is in the form of ``struct kvm_stats_header`` as below:: + + #define KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN 64 + + struct kvm_stats_header { + char id[KVM_STATS_ID_MAXLEN]; + __u32 name_size; + __u32 count; + __u32 desc_offset; + __u32 data_offset; + }; + +The ``id`` field is identification for the corresponding KVM statistics. For +VM statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}", like "kvm-12345". For +VCPU statistics, it is in the form of "kvm-{kvm pid}/vcpu-{vcpu id}", like +"kvm-12345/vcpu-12". + +The ``name_size`` field is the size (byte) of the statistics name string +(including trailing '\0') appended to the end of every statistics descriptor. + +The ``count`` field is the number of statistics. + +The ``desc_offset`` field is the offset of the Descriptors block from the start +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. + +The ``data_offset`` field is the offset of the Stats Data block from the start +of the file indicated by the file descriptor. + +The Descriptors block is only needed to be read once for the lifetime of the +file descriptor. It is an array of ``struct kvm_stats_desc`` as shown in +below code block:: + + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT 0 + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT (0x1 << KVM_STATS_TYPE_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_TYPE_MAX KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT + + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT 4 + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE (0x0 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES (0x1 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS (0x2 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES (0x3 << KVM_STATS_UNIT_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_UNIT_MAX KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES + + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT 8 + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MASK (0xF << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10 (0x0 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 (0x1 << KVM_STATS_BASE_SHIFT) + #define KVM_STATS_BASE_MAX KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2 + + struct kvm_stats_desc { + __u32 flags; + __s16 exponent; + __u16 size; + __u32 unused1; + __u32 unused2; + char name[0]; + }; + +The ``flags`` field contains the type and unit of the statistics data described +by this descriptor. The following flags are supported: + +Bits 0-3 of ``flags`` encode the type: + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_CUMULATIVE`` + The statistics data is cumulative. The value of data can only be increased. + Most of the counters used in KVM are of this type. + The corresponding ``count`` filed for this type is always 1. + * ``KVM_STATS_TYPE_INSTANT`` + The statistics data is instantaneous. Its value can be increased or + decreased. This type is usually used as a measurement of some resources, + like the number of dirty pages, the number of large pages, etc. + The corresponding ``count`` field for this type is always 1. + +Bits 4-7 of ``flags`` encode the unit: + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_NONE`` + There is no unit for the value of statistics data. This usually means that + the value is a simple counter of an event. + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES`` + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure memory size, in the + unit of Byte, KiByte, MiByte, GiByte, etc. The unit of the data is + determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data is + determined by ``pow(2, exponent)``. For example, if value is 10, + ``exponent`` is 20, which means the unit of statistics data is MiByte, we + can get the statistics data in the unit of Byte by + ``value * pow(2, exponent) = 10 * pow(2, 20) = 10 MiByte`` which is + 10 * 1024 * 1024 Bytes. + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_SECONDS`` + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure time/latency, in + the unit of nanosecond, microsecond, millisecond and second. The unit of the + data is determined by the ``exponent`` field in the descriptor. The + ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. The unit of the data + is determined by ``pow(10, exponent)``. For example, if value is 2000000, + ``exponent`` is -6, which means the unit of statistics data is microsecond, + we can get the statistics data in the unit of second by + ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 2000000 * pow(10, -6) = 2 seconds``. + * ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_CYCLES`` + It indicates that the statistics data is used to measure CPU clock cycles. + The ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` flag is valid in this case. For example, if + value is 200, ``exponent`` is 4, we can get the number of CPU clock cycles + by ``value * pow(10, exponent) = 200 * pow(10, 4) = 2000000``. + +Bits 7-11 of ``flags`` encode the base: + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW10`` + The scale is based on power of 10. It is used for measurement of time and + CPU clock cycles. + * ``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2`` + The scale is based on power of 2. It is used for measurement of memory size. + +The ``exponent`` field is the scale of corresponding statistics data. For +example, if the unit is ``KVM_STATS_UNIT_BYTES``, the base is +``KVM_STATS_BASE_POW2``, the ``exponent`` is 10, then we know that the real +unit of the statistics data is KBytes a.k.a pow(2, 10) = 1024 bytes. + +The ``size`` field is the number of values of this statistics data. It is in the +unit of ``unsigned long`` for VM or ``__u64`` for VCPU. + +The ``unused1`` and ``unused2`` fields are reserved for future +support for other types of statistics data, like log/linear histogram. + +The ``name`` field points to the name string of the statistics data. The name +string starts at the end of ``struct kvm_stats_desc``. +The maximum length (including trailing '\0') is indicated by ``name_size`` +in ``struct kvm_stats_header``. + +The Stats Data block contains an array of data values of type ``struct +kvm_vm_stats_data`` or ``struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data``. It would be read by +user space periodically to pull statistics data. +The order of data value in Stats Data block is the same as the order of +descriptors in Descriptors block. + * Statistics data for VM:: + + struct kvm_vm_stats_data { + unsigned long value[0]; + }; + + * Statistics data for VCPU:: + + struct kvm_vcpu_stats_data { + __u64 value[0]; + }; + 5. The kvm_run structure ======================== @@ -6891,3 +7063,11 @@ This capability is always enabled. This capability indicates that the KVM virtual PTP service is supported in the host. A VMM can check whether the service is available to the guest on migration. + +8.33 KVM_CAP_STATS_BINARY_FD +---------------------------- + +:Architectures: all + +This capability indicates the feature that user space can create get a file +descriptor for every VM and VCPU to read statistics data in binary format.