diff mbox series

[v2] media: uvcvideo: Fix pixel format change for Elgato Cam Link 4K

Message ID 20210406185234.19688-1-bdrung@posteo.de (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [v2] media: uvcvideo: Fix pixel format change for Elgato Cam Link 4K | expand

Commit Message

Benjamin Drung April 6, 2021, 6:52 p.m. UTC
The Elgato Cam Link 4K HDMI video capture card reports to support three
different pixel formats, where the first format depends on the connected
HDMI device.

```
$ v4l2-ctl -d /dev/video0 --list-formats-ext
ioctl: VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT
	Type: Video Capture

	[0]: 'NV12' (Y/CbCr 4:2:0)
		Size: Discrete 3840x2160
			Interval: Discrete 0.033s (29.970 fps)
	[1]: 'NV12' (Y/CbCr 4:2:0)
		Size: Discrete 3840x2160
			Interval: Discrete 0.033s (29.970 fps)
	[2]: 'YU12' (Planar YUV 4:2:0)
		Size: Discrete 3840x2160
			Interval: Discrete 0.033s (29.970 fps)
```

Changing the pixel format to anything besides the first pixel format
does not work:

```
v4l2-ctl -d /dev/video0 --try-fmt-video pixelformat=YU12
Format Video Capture:
	Width/Height      : 3840/2160
	Pixel Format      : 'NV12' (Y/CbCr 4:2:0)
	Field             : None
	Bytes per Line    : 3840
	Size Image        : 12441600
	Colorspace        : sRGB
	Transfer Function : Rec. 709
	YCbCr/HSV Encoding: Rec. 709
	Quantization      : Default (maps to Limited Range)
	Flags             :
```

User space applications like VLC might show an error message on the
terminal in that case:

```
libv4l2: error set_fmt gave us a different result than try_fmt!
```

Depending on the error handling of the user space applications, they
might display a distorted video, because they use the wrong pixel format
for decoding the stream.

The Elgato Cam Link 4K responds to the USB video probe
VS_PROBE_CONTROL/VS_COMMIT_CONTROL with a malformed data structure: The
second byte contains bFormatIndex (instead of being the second byte of
bmHint). The first byte is always zero. The third byte is always 1.

The firmware bug was reported to Elgato on 2020-12-01 and it was
forwarded by the support team to the developers as feature request.
There is no firmware update available since then. The latest firmware
for Elgato Cam Link 4K as of 2021-03-23 has MCU 20.02.19 and FPGA 67.

Therefore add a quirk to correct the malformed data structure.

The quirk was successfully tested with VLC, OBS, and Chromium using
different pixel formats (YUYV, NV12, YU12), resolutions (3840x2160,
1920x1080), and frame rates (29.970 and 59.940 fps).

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Drung <bdrung@posteo.de>
---

In version 2, I only enhanced the comment in the code to document that
the quirk is only applied to broken responses (guarded by
ctrl->bmHint > 255). So in case Elgato fixes the firmware, the quirk
will be skipped.

Adam Goode suggested to also apply the quirk to Elgato Game Capture HD
60 S+ (0fd9:006a). Can someone owning this device test this patch/quirk
(or can someone borrow me one for testing)?

Feel free to propose a better name for the quirk than
UVC_QUIRK_FIX_FORMAT_INDEX.

To backport to version 5.11 and earlier, the line

```
uvc_dbg(stream->dev, CONTROL,
```

needs to be changed back to

```
uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CONTROL,
```

 drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c | 13 +++++++++++++
 drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c  | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvcvideo.h   |  1 +
 3 files changed, 35 insertions(+)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c
index 30ef2a3110f7..4f245b3f8bd9 100644
--- a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c
+++ b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c
@@ -3132,6 +3132,19 @@  static const struct usb_device_id uvc_ids[] = {
 	  .bInterfaceSubClass	= 1,
 	  .bInterfaceProtocol	= 0,
 	  .driver_info		= UVC_INFO_META(V4L2_META_FMT_D4XX) },
+	/*
+	 * Elgato Cam Link 4K
+	 * Latest firmware as of 2021-03-23 needs this quirk.
+	 * MCU: 20.02.19, FPGA: 67
+	 */
+	{ .match_flags		= USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE
+				| USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO,
+	  .idVendor		= 0x0fd9,
+	  .idProduct		= 0x0066,
+	  .bInterfaceClass	= USB_CLASS_VIDEO,
+	  .bInterfaceSubClass	= 1,
+	  .bInterfaceProtocol	= 0,
+	  .driver_info		= UVC_INFO_QUIRK(UVC_QUIRK_FIX_FORMAT_INDEX) },
 	/* Generic USB Video Class */
 	{ USB_INTERFACE_INFO(USB_CLASS_VIDEO, 1, UVC_PC_PROTOCOL_UNDEFINED) },
 	{ USB_INTERFACE_INFO(USB_CLASS_VIDEO, 1, UVC_PC_PROTOCOL_15) },
diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c
index f2f565281e63..06a538d1008b 100644
--- a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c
+++ b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_video.c
@@ -128,6 +128,27 @@  static void uvc_fixup_video_ctrl(struct uvc_streaming *stream,
 	struct uvc_frame *frame = NULL;
 	unsigned int i;
 
+	/*
+	 * The response of the Elgato Cam Link 4K is incorrect: The second byte
+	 * contains bFormatIndex (instead of being the second byte of bmHint).
+	 * The first byte is always zero. The third byte is always 1.
+	 *
+	 * The UVC 1.5 class specification defines the first five bits in the
+	 * bmHint bitfield. The remaining bits are reserved and should be zero.
+	 * Therefore a valid bmHint will be less than 32.
+	 */
+	if (stream->dev->quirks & UVC_QUIRK_FIX_FORMAT_INDEX && ctrl->bmHint > 255) {
+		__u8 corrected_format_index;
+
+		corrected_format_index = ctrl->bmHint >> 8;
+		uvc_dbg(stream->dev, CONTROL,
+			"Correct USB video probe response from {bmHint: 0x%04x, bFormatIndex: 0x%02x} to {bmHint: 0x%04x, bFormatIndex: 0x%02x}.\n",
+			ctrl->bmHint, ctrl->bFormatIndex,
+			ctrl->bFormatIndex, corrected_format_index);
+		ctrl->bmHint = ctrl->bFormatIndex;
+		ctrl->bFormatIndex = corrected_format_index;
+	}
+
 	for (i = 0; i < stream->nformats; ++i) {
 		if (stream->format[i].index == ctrl->bFormatIndex) {
 			format = &stream->format[i];
diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvcvideo.h b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvcvideo.h
index 97df5ecd66c9..bf401d5ba27d 100644
--- a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvcvideo.h
+++ b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvcvideo.h
@@ -209,6 +209,7 @@ 
 #define UVC_QUIRK_RESTORE_CTRLS_ON_INIT	0x00000400
 #define UVC_QUIRK_FORCE_Y8		0x00000800
 #define UVC_QUIRK_FORCE_BPP		0x00001000
+#define UVC_QUIRK_FIX_FORMAT_INDEX	0x00002000
 
 /* Format flags */
 #define UVC_FMT_FLAG_COMPRESSED		0x00000001