diff mbox

[3/3] genalloc: selftest

Message ID 20180502010522.28767-4-igor.stoppa@huawei.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Igor Stoppa May 2, 2018, 1:05 a.m. UTC
Introduce a set of macros for writing concise test cases for genalloc.

The test cases are meant to provide regression testing, when working on
new functionality for genalloc.

Primarily they are meant to confirm that the various allocation strategy
will continue to work as expected.

The execution of the self testing is controlled through a Kconfig option.

While it is possible to compile and executethe test as kenrel module, it
is mostly useful to confirm that there are no problems.
In case there were problems, the system is likely to crash well before
modules can be loaded. When troubleshooting a crash, it is recommended
to compile the tests into the monolithic kernel.

Signed-off-by: Igor Stoppa <igor.stoppa@huawei.com>
---
 lib/Kconfig.debug   |  23 +++
 lib/Makefile        |   1 +
 lib/test_genalloc.c | 419 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 443 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 lib/test_genalloc.c
diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index c40c7b734cd1..4f511ac20869 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1943,6 +1943,29 @@  config TEST_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
 
 	  If unsure, say N.
 
+config TEST_GENERIC_ALLOCATOR
+	tristate "genalloc tester"
+	default n
+	depends on GENERIC_ALLOCATOR
+	help
+	  Enable automated testing of the generic allocator.
+	  The testing is primarily for the tracking of allocated space,
+	  in particular, it tests that the size of each allcoation can be
+	  determined correctly.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config TEST_GENERIC_ALLOCATOR_VERBOSE
+	bool "make the genalloc tester more verbose"
+	default n
+	depends on TEST_GENERIC_ALLOCATOR
+	help
+	  During the self-testing, it will be possibe to visualize the bit
+	  patterns that are expected to be produced by the sequence of
+	  memory-oriented operations.
+
+	  If unsure, say N
+
 endif # RUNTIME_TESTING_MENU
 
 config MEMTEST
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index 384713ff70d3..2c66346ab246 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -114,6 +114,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_LIBCRC32C)	+= libcrc32c.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CRC8)	+= crc8.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_XXHASH)	+= xxhash.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ALLOCATOR) += genalloc.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_GENERIC_ALLOCATOR) += test_genalloc.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_842_COMPRESS) += 842/
 obj-$(CONFIG_842_DECOMPRESS) += 842/
diff --git a/lib/test_genalloc.c b/lib/test_genalloc.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..46ab7796c9ec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/test_genalloc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,419 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * test_genalloc.c
+ *
+ * (C) Copyright 2017-18 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.
+ * Author: Igor Stoppa <igor.stoppa@huawei.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/genalloc.h>
+
+/*
+ * Keep the bitmap small, while including case of cross-ulong mapping.
+ * For simplicity, the test cases use only 1 chunk of memory.
+ */
+#define BITMAP_SIZE_C 16
+#define ALLOC_ORDER 0
+
+#define ULONG_SIZE (sizeof(unsigned long))
+#define BITMAP_SIZE_UL (BITMAP_SIZE_C / ULONG_SIZE)
+#define MIN_ALLOC_SIZE (1 << ALLOC_ORDER)
+#define ENTRIES (BITMAP_SIZE_C * 8)
+#define CHUNK_SIZE  (MIN_ALLOC_SIZE * ENTRIES)
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_TEST_GENERIC_ALLOCATOR_VERBOSE
+
+static inline void print_first_chunk_bitmap(struct gen_pool *pool) {}
+
+#else
+
+static void print_first_chunk_bitmap(struct gen_pool *pool)
+{
+	struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
+	char bitmap[BITMAP_SIZE_C * 2 + 1];
+	unsigned long i;
+	char *bm = bitmap;
+	char *entry;
+
+	if (unlikely(pool == NULL || pool->chunks.next == NULL))
+		return;
+
+	chunk = container_of(pool->chunks.next, struct gen_pool_chunk,
+			     next_chunk);
+	entry = (void *)chunk->entries;
+	for (i = 1; i <= BITMAP_SIZE_C; i++)
+		bm += snprintf(bm, 3, "%02hhx", entry[BITMAP_SIZE_C - i]);
+	*bm = '\0';
+	pr_notice("chunk: %p    bitmap: 0x%s\n", chunk, bitmap);
+
+}
+
+#endif
+
+enum test_commands {
+	CMD_ALLOCATOR,
+	CMD_ALLOCATE,
+	CMD_FLUSH,
+	CMD_FREE,
+	CMD_NUMBER,
+	CMD_END = CMD_NUMBER,
+};
+
+struct null_struct {
+	void *null;
+};
+
+struct test_allocator {
+	genpool_algo_t algo;
+	union {
+		struct genpool_data_align align;
+		struct genpool_data_fixed offset;
+		struct null_struct null;
+	} data;
+};
+
+struct test_action {
+	unsigned int location;
+	char pattern[BITMAP_SIZE_C];
+	unsigned int size;
+};
+
+
+struct test_command {
+	enum test_commands command;
+	union {
+		struct test_allocator allocator;
+		struct test_action action;
+	};
+};
+
+
+/*
+ * To pass an array literal as parameter to a macro, it must go through
+ * this one, first.
+ */
+#define ARR(...) __VA_ARGS__
+
+#define SET_DATA(parameter, value)	\
+	.parameter = {			\
+		.parameter = value,	\
+	}				\
+
+#define SET_ALLOCATOR(alloc, parameter, value)		\
+{							\
+	.command = CMD_ALLOCATOR,			\
+	.allocator = {					\
+		.algo = (alloc),			\
+		.data = {				\
+			SET_DATA(parameter, value),	\
+		},					\
+	}						\
+}
+
+#define ACTION_MEM(act, mem_size, mem_loc, match)	\
+{							\
+	.command = act,					\
+	.action = {					\
+		.size = (mem_size),			\
+		.location = (mem_loc),			\
+		.pattern = match,			\
+	},						\
+}
+
+#define ALLOCATE_MEM(mem_size, mem_loc, match)	\
+	ACTION_MEM(CMD_ALLOCATE, mem_size, mem_loc, ARR(match))
+
+#define FREE_MEM(mem_size, mem_loc, match)	\
+	ACTION_MEM(CMD_FREE, mem_size, mem_loc, ARR(match))
+
+#define FLUSH_MEM()		\
+{				\
+	.command = CMD_FLUSH,	\
+}
+
+#define END()			\
+{				\
+	.command = CMD_END,	\
+}
+
+static inline int compare_bitmaps(const struct gen_pool *pool,
+				   const char *reference)
+{
+	struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
+	char *bitmap;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	chunk = container_of(pool->chunks.next, struct gen_pool_chunk,
+			     next_chunk);
+	bitmap = (char *)chunk->entries;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < BITMAP_SIZE_C; i++)
+		if (bitmap[i] != reference[i])
+			return -1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int callback_set_allocator(struct gen_pool *pool,
+				   const struct test_command *cmd,
+				   unsigned long *locations)
+{
+	gen_pool_set_algo(pool, cmd->allocator.algo,
+			  (void *)&cmd->allocator.data);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int callback_allocate(struct gen_pool *pool,
+			      const struct test_command *cmd,
+			      unsigned long *locations)
+{
+	const struct test_action *action = &cmd->action;
+
+	locations[action->location] = gen_pool_alloc(pool, action->size);
+	if (WARN_ON(!locations[action->location]))
+		return 1;
+	print_first_chunk_bitmap(pool);
+	return WARN_ON(compare_bitmaps(pool, action->pattern));
+}
+
+static int callback_flush(struct gen_pool *pool,
+			  const struct test_command *cmd,
+			  unsigned long *locations)
+{
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ENTRIES; i++)
+		if (locations[i]) {
+			gen_pool_free(pool, locations[i], 0);
+			locations[i] = 0;
+		}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int callback_free(struct gen_pool *pool,
+			  const struct test_command *cmd,
+			  unsigned long *locations)
+{
+	const struct test_action *action = &cmd->action;
+
+	gen_pool_free(pool, locations[action->location], 0);
+	locations[action->location] = 0;
+	print_first_chunk_bitmap(pool);
+	return WARN_ON(compare_bitmaps(pool, action->pattern));
+}
+
+static int (* const callbacks[CMD_NUMBER])(struct gen_pool *,
+					    const struct test_command *,
+					    unsigned long *) = {
+	[CMD_ALLOCATOR] = callback_set_allocator,
+	[CMD_ALLOCATE] = callback_allocate,
+	[CMD_FREE] = callback_free,
+	[CMD_FLUSH] = callback_flush,
+};
+
+static const struct test_command test_first_fit[] = {
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_first_fit, null, NULL),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(3, 0, ARR({0x2b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 1, ARR({0xeb, 0x02})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(5, 2, ARR({0xeb, 0xae, 0x0a})),
+	FREE_MEM(2, 1,  ARR({0x2b, 0xac, 0x0a})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(1, 1, ARR({0xeb, 0xac, 0x0a})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 2,  ARR({0xeb})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 0,  ARR({0xc0})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 1,	ARR({0x00})),
+	END(),
+};
+
+/*
+ * To make the test work for both 32bit and 64bit ulong sizes,
+ * allocate (8 / 2 * 4 - 1) = 15 bytes bytes, then 16, then 2.
+ * The first allocation prepares for the crossing of the 32bit ulong
+ * threshold. The following crosses the 32bit threshold and prepares for
+ * crossing the 64bit thresholds. The last is large enough (2 bytes) to
+ * cross the 64bit threshold.
+ * Then free the allocations in the order: 2nd, 1st, 3rd.
+ */
+static const struct test_command test_ulong_span[] = {
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_first_fit, null, NULL),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(15, 0, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0x2a})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(16, 1, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0xea,
+				0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0x2a})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 2, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0xea,
+			       0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0xea,
+			       0x02})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 1, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0x2a,
+			   0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xc0,
+			   0x02})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 0, ARR({0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
+			   0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xc0,
+			   0x02})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 2, ARR({0x00})),
+	END(),
+};
+
+/*
+ * Create progressively smaller allocations A B C D E.
+ * then free B and D.
+ * Then create new allocation that would fit in both of the gaps left by
+ * B and D. Verify that it uses the gap from B.
+ */
+static const struct test_command test_first_fit_gaps[] = {
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_first_fit, null, NULL),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(10, 0, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0x0a})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(8, 1, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xba, 0xaa,
+			       0x0a})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(6, 2, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xba, 0xaa,
+			       0xba, 0xaa})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(4, 3, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xba, 0xaa,
+			       0xba, 0xaa, 0xab})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 4, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xba, 0xaa,
+			       0xba, 0xaa, 0xab, 0x0b})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 1, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0x0a, 0x00,
+			   0xb0, 0xaa, 0xab, 0x0b})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 3, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0x0a, 0x00,
+			   0xb0, 0xaa, 0x00, 0x0b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(3, 3, ARR({0xab, 0xaa, 0xba, 0x02,
+			       0xb0, 0xaa, 0x00, 0x0b})),
+	FLUSH_MEM(),
+	END(),
+};
+
+/* Test first fit align */
+static const struct test_command test_first_fit_align[] = {
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_first_fit_align, align, 4),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(5, 0, ARR({0xab, 0x02})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(3, 1, ARR({0xab, 0x02, 0x2b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 2, ARR({0xab, 0x02, 0x2b, 0x0b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(1, 3, ARR({0xab, 0x02, 0x2b, 0x0b, 0x03})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 0, ARR({0x00, 0x00, 0x2b, 0x0b, 0x03})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 2, ARR({0x00, 0x00, 0x2b, 0x00, 0x03})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 0, ARR({0x0b, 0x00, 0x2b, 0x00, 0x03})),
+	FLUSH_MEM(),
+	END(),
+};
+
+
+/* Test fixed alloc */
+static const struct test_command test_fixed_data[] = {
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_fixed_alloc, offset, 1),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(5, 0, ARR({0xac, 0x0a})),
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_fixed_alloc, offset, 8),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(3, 1, ARR({0xac, 0x0a, 0x2b})),
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_fixed_alloc, offset, 6),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 2, ARR({0xac, 0xba, 0x2b})),
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_fixed_alloc, offset, 30),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(40, 3, ARR({0xac, 0xba, 0x2b, 0x00,
+				0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xb0,
+				0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa,
+				0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa})),
+	FLUSH_MEM(),
+	END(),
+};
+
+
+/* Test first fit order align */
+static const struct test_command test_first_fit_order_align[] = {
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_first_fit_order_align, null, NULL),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(5, 0, ARR({0xab, 0x02})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(3, 1, ARR({0xab, 0x02, 0x2b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 2, ARR({0xab, 0xb2, 0x2b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(1, 3, ARR({0xab, 0xbe, 0x2b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(1, 4, ARR({0xab, 0xbe, 0xeb})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 5, ARR({0xab, 0xbe, 0xeb, 0x0b})),
+	FLUSH_MEM(),
+	END(),
+};
+
+
+/* 007 Test best fit */
+static const struct test_command test_best_fit[] = {
+	SET_ALLOCATOR(gen_pool_best_fit, null, NULL),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(5, 0, ARR({0xab, 0x02})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(3, 1, ARR({0xab, 0xae})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(3, 2, ARR({0xab, 0xae, 0x2b})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(1, 3, ARR({0xab, 0xae, 0xeb})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 0, ARR({0x00, 0xac, 0xeb})),
+	FREE_MEM(0, 2, ARR({0x00, 0xac, 0xc0})),
+	ALLOCATE_MEM(2, 0, ARR({0x00, 0xac, 0xcb})),
+	FLUSH_MEM(),
+	END(),
+};
+
+
+enum test_cases_indexes {
+	TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT,
+	TEST_CASE_ULONG_SPAN,
+	TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT_GAPS,
+	TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT_ALIGN,
+	TEST_CASE_FIXED_DATA,
+	TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT_ORDER_ALIGN,
+	TEST_CASE_BEST_FIT,
+	TEST_CASES_NUM,
+};
+
+static const struct test_command *test_cases[TEST_CASES_NUM] = {
+	[TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT] = test_first_fit,
+	[TEST_CASE_ULONG_SPAN] = test_ulong_span,
+	[TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT_GAPS] = test_first_fit_gaps,
+	[TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT_ALIGN] = test_first_fit_align,
+	[TEST_CASE_FIXED_DATA] = test_fixed_data,
+	[TEST_CASE_FIRST_FIT_ORDER_ALIGN] = test_first_fit_order_align,
+	[TEST_CASE_BEST_FIT] = test_best_fit,
+};
+
+
+static int __init test_genalloc_init_module(void)
+{
+	static struct gen_pool *pool;
+	unsigned long locations[ENTRIES];
+	char chunk[CHUNK_SIZE];
+	unsigned int i;
+	const struct test_command *cmd;
+	int retval;
+
+	retval = -ENOMEM;
+	pool = gen_pool_create(ALLOC_ORDER, -1);
+	if (unlikely(!pool)) {
+		pr_err("genalloc: no memory for self-test.");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	retval = gen_pool_add_virt(pool, (unsigned long)chunk, 0,
+				   CHUNK_SIZE, -1);
+	if (unlikely(retval)) {
+		pr_err("genalloc: could not register chunk for self-test.");
+		goto destroy_pool;
+	}
+
+	memset(locations, 0, ENTRIES * sizeof(unsigned long));
+	for (i = 0; i < TEST_CASES_NUM; i++)
+		for (cmd = test_cases[i]; cmd->command < CMD_END; cmd++)
+			if (callbacks[cmd->command](pool, cmd, locations)) {
+				pr_err("genalloc: failed test %d", i);
+				goto destroy_pool;
+			}
+	pr_notice("genalloc-selftest: executed successfully %d tests",
+		  TEST_CASES_NUM);
+
+destroy_pool:
+	gen_pool_destroy(pool);
+	return retval;
+}
+
+module_init(test_genalloc_init_module);
+
+static void __exit test_genalloc_cleanup_module(void)
+{
+}
+
+module_exit(test_genalloc_cleanup_module);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Igor Stoppa <igor.stoppa@huawei.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Test module for genalloc.");