diff mbox series

[v3,3/6] mm/memory_hotplug: fix online/offline_pages called w.o. mem_hotplug_lock

Message ID 20180927092554.13567-4-david@redhat.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series mm: online/offline_pages called w.o. mem_hotplug_lock | expand

Commit Message

David Hildenbrand Sept. 27, 2018, 9:25 a.m. UTC
There seem to be some problems as result of 30467e0b3be ("mm, hotplug:
fix concurrent memory hot-add deadlock"), which tried to fix a possible
lock inversion reported and discussed in [1] due to the two locks
	a) device_lock()
	b) mem_hotplug_lock

While add_memory() first takes b), followed by a) during
bus_probe_device(), onlining of memory from user space first took a),
followed by b), exposing a possible deadlock.

In [1], and it was decided to not make use of device_hotplug_lock, but
rather to enforce a locking order.

The problems I spotted related to this:

1. Memory block device attributes: While .state first calls
   mem_hotplug_begin() and the calls device_online() - which takes
   device_lock() - .online does no longer call mem_hotplug_begin(), so
   effectively calls online_pages() without mem_hotplug_lock.

2. device_online() should be called under device_hotplug_lock, however
   onlining memory during add_memory() does not take care of that.

In addition, I think there is also something wrong about the locking in

3. arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c calls offline_pages()
   without locks. This was introduced after 30467e0b3be. And skimming over
   the code, I assume it could need some more care in regards to locking
   (e.g. device_online() called without device_hotplug_lock. This will
   be addressed in the following patches.

Now that we hold the device_hotplug_lock when
- adding memory (e.g. via add_memory()/add_memory_resource())
- removing memory (e.g. via remove_memory())
- device_online()/device_offline()

We can move mem_hotplug_lock usage back into

Why is mem_hotplug_lock still needed? Essentially to make
get_online_mems()/put_online_mems() be very fast (relying on
device_hotplug_lock would be very slow), and to serialize against
addition of memory that does not create memory block devices (hmm).

[1] http://driverdev.linuxdriverproject.org/pipermail/ driverdev-devel/

This patch is partly based on a patch by Vitaly Kuznetsov.

Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@microsoft.com>
Cc: Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com>
Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
Cc: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: YASUAKI ISHIMATSU <yasu.isimatu@gmail.com>
Cc: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@debian.org>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
 drivers/base/memory.c | 13 +------------
 mm/memory_hotplug.c   | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++--------
 2 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)


Oscar Salvador Oct. 5, 2018, 7:07 a.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, Sep 27, 2018 at 11:25:51AM +0200, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>
> Reviewed-by: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>

Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
diff mbox series


diff --git a/drivers/base/memory.c b/drivers/base/memory.c
index 40cac122ec73..0e5985682642 100644
--- a/drivers/base/memory.c
+++ b/drivers/base/memory.c
@@ -228,7 +228,6 @@  static bool pages_correctly_probed(unsigned long start_pfn)
  * MEMORY_HOTPLUG depends on SPARSEMEM in mm/Kconfig, so it is
  * OK to have direct references to sparsemem variables in here.
- * Must already be protected by mem_hotplug_begin().
 static int
 memory_block_action(unsigned long phys_index, unsigned long action, int online_type)
@@ -294,7 +293,6 @@  static int memory_subsys_online(struct device *dev)
 	if (mem->online_type < 0)
 		mem->online_type = MMOP_ONLINE_KEEP;
-	/* Already under protection of mem_hotplug_begin() */
 	ret = memory_block_change_state(mem, MEM_ONLINE, MEM_OFFLINE);
 	/* clear online_type */
@@ -341,19 +339,11 @@  store_mem_state(struct device *dev,
 		goto err;
-	/*
-	 * Memory hotplug needs to hold mem_hotplug_begin() for probe to find
-	 * the correct memory block to online before doing device_online(dev),
-	 * which will take dev->mutex.  Take the lock early to prevent an
-	 * inversion, memory_subsys_online() callbacks will be implemented by
-	 * assuming it's already protected.
-	 */
-	mem_hotplug_begin();
 	switch (online_type) {
+		/* mem->online_type is protected by device_hotplug_lock */
 		mem->online_type = online_type;
 		ret = device_online(&mem->dev);
@@ -364,7 +354,6 @@  store_mem_state(struct device *dev,
 		ret = -EINVAL; /* should never happen */
-	mem_hotplug_done();
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index affb03e0dfef..d4c7e42e46f3 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -860,7 +860,6 @@  static struct zone * __meminit move_pfn_range(int online_type, int nid,
 	return zone;
-/* Must be protected by mem_hotplug_begin() or a device_lock */
 int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_type)
 	unsigned long flags;
@@ -872,6 +871,8 @@  int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ
 	struct memory_notify arg;
 	struct memory_block *mem;
+	mem_hotplug_begin();
 	 * We can't use pfn_to_nid() because nid might be stored in struct page
 	 * which is not yet initialized. Instead, we find nid from memory block.
@@ -936,6 +937,7 @@  int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ
 	if (onlined_pages)
 		memory_notify(MEM_ONLINE, &arg);
+	mem_hotplug_done();
 	return 0;
@@ -943,6 +945,7 @@  int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ
 		 (unsigned long long) pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
 		 (((unsigned long long) pfn + nr_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1);
 	memory_notify(MEM_CANCEL_ONLINE, &arg);
+	mem_hotplug_done();
 	return ret;
@@ -1147,20 +1150,20 @@  int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *res, bool online)
 	/* create new memmap entry */
 	firmware_map_add_hotplug(start, start + size, "System RAM");
+	/* device_online() will take the lock when calling online_pages() */
+	mem_hotplug_done();
 	/* online pages if requested */
 	if (online)
 		walk_memory_range(PFN_DOWN(start), PFN_UP(start + size - 1),
 				  NULL, online_memory_block);
-	goto out;
+	return ret;
 	/* rollback pgdat allocation and others */
 	if (new_node)
 	memblock_remove(start, size);
 	return ret;
@@ -1588,10 +1591,16 @@  static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	if (!IS_ALIGNED(end_pfn, pageblock_nr_pages))
 		return -EINVAL;
+	mem_hotplug_begin();
 	/* This makes hotplug much easier...and readable.
 	   we assume this for now. .*/
-	if (!test_pages_in_a_zone(start_pfn, end_pfn, &valid_start, &valid_end))
+	if (!test_pages_in_a_zone(start_pfn, end_pfn, &valid_start,
+				  &valid_end)) {
+		mem_hotplug_done();
 		return -EINVAL;
+	}
 	zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(valid_start));
 	node = zone_to_nid(zone);
@@ -1600,8 +1609,10 @@  static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
 	/* set above range as isolated */
 	ret = start_isolate_page_range(start_pfn, end_pfn,
 				       MIGRATE_MOVABLE, true);
-	if (ret)
+	if (ret) {
+		mem_hotplug_done();
 		return ret;
+	}
 	arg.start_pfn = start_pfn;
 	arg.nr_pages = nr_pages;
@@ -1672,6 +1683,7 @@  static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
 	memory_notify(MEM_OFFLINE, &arg);
+	mem_hotplug_done();
 	return 0;
@@ -1681,10 +1693,10 @@  static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
 	memory_notify(MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE, &arg);
 	/* pushback to free area */
 	undo_isolate_page_range(start_pfn, end_pfn, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
+	mem_hotplug_done();
 	return ret;
-/* Must be protected by mem_hotplug_begin() or a device_lock */
 int offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
 	return __offline_pages(start_pfn, start_pfn + nr_pages);