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[7/7] khugepaged: Introduce 'max_ptes_shared' tunable

Message ID 20200327170601.18563-8-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
State New, archived
Headers show
Series thp/khugepaged improvements and CoW semantics | expand

Commit Message

Kirill A. Shutemov March 27, 2020, 5:06 p.m. UTC
``max_ptes_shared`` speicies how many pages can be shared across multiple
processes. Exeeding the number woul block the collapse::

	/sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/khugepaged/max_ptes_shared

A higher value may increase memory footprint for some workloads.

By default, at least half of pages has to be not shared.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
 Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst |  7 ++
 mm/khugepaged.c                            | 52 ++++++++++++--
 tools/testing/selftests/vm/khugepaged.c    | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst
index bd5714547cee..d16e4f2bb70f 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst
@@ -220,6 +220,13 @@  memory. A lower value can prevent THPs from being
 collapsed, resulting fewer pages being collapsed into
 THPs, and lower memory access performance.
 
+``max_ptes_shared`` speicies how many pages can be shared across multiple
+processes. Exeeding the number woul block the collapse::
+
+	/sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/khugepaged/max_ptes_shared
+
+A higher value may increase memory footprint for some workloads.
+
 Boot parameter
 ==============
 
diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index c8c2c463095c..8e728a602491 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -28,6 +28,8 @@  enum scan_result {
 	SCAN_SUCCEED,
 	SCAN_PMD_NULL,
 	SCAN_EXCEED_NONE_PTE,
+	SCAN_EXCEED_SWAP_PTE,
+	SCAN_EXCEED_SHARED_PTE,
 	SCAN_PTE_NON_PRESENT,
 	SCAN_PAGE_RO,
 	SCAN_LACK_REFERENCED_PAGE,
@@ -46,7 +48,6 @@  enum scan_result {
 	SCAN_DEL_PAGE_LRU,
 	SCAN_ALLOC_HUGE_PAGE_FAIL,
 	SCAN_CGROUP_CHARGE_FAIL,
-	SCAN_EXCEED_SWAP_PTE,
 	SCAN_TRUNCATED,
 	SCAN_PAGE_HAS_PRIVATE,
 };
@@ -71,6 +72,7 @@  static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(khugepaged_wait);
  */
 static unsigned int khugepaged_max_ptes_none __read_mostly;
 static unsigned int khugepaged_max_ptes_swap __read_mostly;
+static unsigned int khugepaged_max_ptes_shared __read_mostly;
 
 #define MM_SLOTS_HASH_BITS 10
 static __read_mostly DEFINE_HASHTABLE(mm_slots_hash, MM_SLOTS_HASH_BITS);
@@ -290,15 +292,43 @@  static struct kobj_attribute khugepaged_max_ptes_swap_attr =
 	__ATTR(max_ptes_swap, 0644, khugepaged_max_ptes_swap_show,
 	       khugepaged_max_ptes_swap_store);
 
+static ssize_t khugepaged_max_ptes_shared_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+					     struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+					     char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", khugepaged_max_ptes_shared);
+}
+
+static ssize_t khugepaged_max_ptes_shared_store(struct kobject *kobj,
+					      struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+					      const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	int err;
+	unsigned long max_ptes_shared;
+
+	err  = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &max_ptes_shared);
+	if (err || max_ptes_shared > HPAGE_PMD_NR-1)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	khugepaged_max_ptes_shared = max_ptes_shared;
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+static struct kobj_attribute khugepaged_max_ptes_shared_attr =
+	__ATTR(max_ptes_shared, 0644, khugepaged_max_ptes_shared_show,
+	       khugepaged_max_ptes_shared_store);
+
 static struct attribute *khugepaged_attr[] = {
 	&khugepaged_defrag_attr.attr,
 	&khugepaged_max_ptes_none_attr.attr,
+	&khugepaged_max_ptes_swap_attr.attr,
+	&khugepaged_max_ptes_shared_attr.attr,
 	&pages_to_scan_attr.attr,
 	&pages_collapsed_attr.attr,
 	&full_scans_attr.attr,
 	&scan_sleep_millisecs_attr.attr,
 	&alloc_sleep_millisecs_attr.attr,
-	&khugepaged_max_ptes_swap_attr.attr,
 	NULL,
 };
 
@@ -360,6 +390,7 @@  int __init khugepaged_init(void)
 	khugepaged_pages_to_scan = HPAGE_PMD_NR * 8;
 	khugepaged_max_ptes_none = HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1;
 	khugepaged_max_ptes_swap = HPAGE_PMD_NR / 8;
+	khugepaged_max_ptes_shared = HPAGE_PMD_NR / 2;
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -546,7 +577,7 @@  static int __collapse_huge_page_isolate(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 {
 	struct page *page = NULL;
 	pte_t *_pte;
-	int none_or_zero = 0, result = 0, referenced = 0;
+	int none_or_zero = 0, shared = 0, result = 0, referenced = 0;
 	bool writable = false;
 	LIST_HEAD(compound_pagelist);
 
@@ -575,6 +606,12 @@  static int __collapse_huge_page_isolate(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 
 		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageAnon(page), page);
 
+		if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 &&
+				++shared > khugepaged_max_ptes_shared) {
+			result = SCAN_EXCEED_SHARED_PTE;
+			goto out;
+		}
+
 		if (PageCompound(page)) {
 			struct page *p;
 			page = compound_head(page);
@@ -1160,7 +1197,8 @@  static int khugepaged_scan_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm,
 {
 	pmd_t *pmd;
 	pte_t *pte, *_pte;
-	int ret = 0, none_or_zero = 0, result = 0, referenced = 0;
+	int ret = 0, result = 0, referenced = 0;
+	int none_or_zero = 0, shared = 0;
 	struct page *page = NULL;
 	unsigned long _address;
 	spinlock_t *ptl;
@@ -1210,6 +1248,12 @@  static int khugepaged_scan_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm,
 			goto out_unmap;
 		}
 
+		if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 &&
+				++shared > khugepaged_max_ptes_shared) {
+			result = SCAN_EXCEED_SHARED_PTE;
+			goto out_unmap;
+		}
+
 		page = compound_head(page);
 
 		/*
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/khugepaged.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/khugepaged.c
index 193bde6a1534..3a98d5b2d6d8 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/khugepaged.c
@@ -77,6 +77,7 @@  struct khugepaged_settings {
 	unsigned int scan_sleep_millisecs;
 	unsigned int max_ptes_none;
 	unsigned int max_ptes_swap;
+	unsigned int max_ptes_shared;
 	unsigned long pages_to_scan;
 };
 
@@ -276,6 +277,7 @@  static void write_settings(struct settings *settings)
 			khugepaged->scan_sleep_millisecs);
 	write_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_none", khugepaged->max_ptes_none);
 	write_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_swap", khugepaged->max_ptes_swap);
+	write_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_shared", khugepaged->max_ptes_shared);
 	write_num("khugepaged/pages_to_scan", khugepaged->pages_to_scan);
 }
 
@@ -312,6 +314,7 @@  static void save_settings(void)
 			read_num("khugepaged/scan_sleep_millisecs"),
 		.max_ptes_none = read_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_none"),
 		.max_ptes_swap = read_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_swap"),
+		.max_ptes_shared = read_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_shared"),
 		.pages_to_scan = read_num("khugepaged/pages_to_scan"),
 	};
 	success("OK");
@@ -786,12 +789,90 @@  static void collapse_fork_compound(void)
 			fail("Fail");
 		fill_memory(p, 0, page_size);
 
+		write_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_shared", hpage_pmd_nr - 1);
 		if (wait_for_scan("Collapse PTE table full of compound pages in child", p))
 			fail("Timeout");
 		else if (check_huge(p))
 			success("OK");
 		else
 			fail("Fail");
+		write_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_shared",
+				default_settings.khugepaged.max_ptes_shared);
+
+		validate_memory(p, 0, hpage_pmd_size);
+		munmap(p, hpage_pmd_size);
+		exit(exit_status);
+	}
+
+	wait(&wstatus);
+	exit_status += WEXITSTATUS(wstatus);
+
+	printf("Check if parent still has huge page...");
+	if (check_huge(p))
+		success("OK");
+	else
+		fail("Fail");
+	validate_memory(p, 0, hpage_pmd_size);
+	munmap(p, hpage_pmd_size);
+}
+
+static void collapse_max_ptes_shared()
+{
+	int max_ptes_shared = read_num("khugepaged/max_ptes_shared");
+	int wstatus;
+	void *p;
+
+	p = alloc_mapping();
+
+	printf("Allocate huge page...");
+	madvise(p, hpage_pmd_size, MADV_HUGEPAGE);
+	fill_memory(p, 0, hpage_pmd_size);
+	if (check_huge(p))
+		success("OK");
+	else
+		fail("Fail");
+
+	printf("Share huge page over fork()...");
+	if (!fork()) {
+		/* Do not touch settings on child exit */
+		skip_settings_restore = true;
+		exit_status = 0;
+
+		if (check_huge(p))
+			success("OK");
+		else
+			fail("Fail");
+
+		printf("Trigger CoW in %d of %d...",
+				hpage_pmd_nr - max_ptes_shared - 1, hpage_pmd_nr);
+		fill_memory(p, 0, (hpage_pmd_nr - max_ptes_shared - 1) * page_size);
+		if (!check_huge(p))
+			success("OK");
+		else
+			fail("Fail");
+
+		if (wait_for_scan("Do not collapse with max_ptes_shared exeeded", p))
+			fail("Timeout");
+		else if (!check_huge(p))
+			success("OK");
+		else
+			fail("Fail");
+
+		printf("Trigger CoW in %d of %d...",
+				hpage_pmd_nr - max_ptes_shared, hpage_pmd_nr);
+		fill_memory(p, 0, (hpage_pmd_nr - max_ptes_shared) * page_size);
+		if (!check_huge(p))
+			success("OK");
+		else
+			fail("Fail");
+
+
+		if (wait_for_scan("Collapse with max_ptes_shared PTEs shared", p))
+			fail("Timeout");
+		else if (check_huge(p))
+			success("OK");
+		else
+			fail("Fail");
 
 		validate_memory(p, 0, hpage_pmd_size);
 		munmap(p, hpage_pmd_size);
@@ -820,6 +901,7 @@  int main(void)
 
 	default_settings.khugepaged.max_ptes_none = hpage_pmd_nr - 1;
 	default_settings.khugepaged.max_ptes_swap = hpage_pmd_nr / 8;
+	default_settings.khugepaged.max_ptes_shared = hpage_pmd_nr / 2;
 	default_settings.khugepaged.pages_to_scan = hpage_pmd_nr * 8;
 
 	save_settings();
@@ -836,6 +918,7 @@  int main(void)
 	collapse_full_of_compound();
 	collapse_fork();
 	collapse_fork_compound();
+	collapse_max_ptes_shared();
 
 	restore_settings(0);
 }