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[v2] mm/sparse: never partially remove memmap for early section

Message ID 20200625223534.18024-1-richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com
State New
Headers show
Series [v2] mm/sparse: never partially remove memmap for early section | expand

Commit Message

Wei Yang June 25, 2020, 10:35 p.m. UTC
For early sections, its memmap is handled specially even sub-section is
enabled. The memmap could only be populated as a whole.

Quoted from the comment of section_activate():

    * The early init code does not consider partially populated
    * initial sections, it simply assumes that memory will never be
    * referenced.  If we hot-add memory into such a section then we
    * do not need to populate the memmap and can simply reuse what
    * is already there.

While current section_deactivate() breaks this rule. When hot-remove a
sub-section, section_deactivate() would depopulate its memmap. The
consequence is if we hot-add this subsection again, its memmap never get
proper populated.

We can reproduce the case by following steps:

1. Hacking qemu to allow sub-section early section

   diff --git a/hw/i386/pc.c b/hw/i386/pc.c
   index 51b3050d01..c6a78d83c0 100644
   --- a/hw/i386/pc.c
   +++ b/hw/i386/pc.c
   @@ -1010,7 +1010,7 @@ void pc_memory_init(PCMachineState *pcms,

            machine->device_memory->base =
   -            ROUND_UP(0x100000000ULL + x86ms->above_4g_mem_size, 1 * GiB);
   +            0x100000000ULL + x86ms->above_4g_mem_size;

            if (pcmc->enforce_aligned_dimm) {
                /* size device region assuming 1G page max alignment per slot */

2. Bootup qemu with PSE disabled and a sub-section aligned memory size

   Part of the qemu command would look like this:

   sudo x86_64-softmmu/qemu-system-x86_64 \
       --enable-kvm -cpu host,pse=off \
       -m 4160M,maxmem=20G,slots=1 \
       -smp sockets=2,cores=16 \
       -numa node,nodeid=0,cpus=0-1 -numa node,nodeid=1,cpus=2-3 \
       -machine pc,nvdimm \
       -nographic \
       -object memory-backend-ram,id=mem0,size=8G \
       -device nvdimm,id=vm0,memdev=mem0,node=0,addr=0x144000000,label-size=128k

3. Re-config a pmem device with sub-section size in guest

   ndctl create-namespace --force --reconfig=namespace0.0 --mode=devdax --size=16M

Then you would see the following call trace:

   pmem0: detected capacity change from 0 to 16777216
   BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: ffffec73c51000b4
   #PF: supervisor write access in kernel mode
   #PF: error_code(0x0002) - not-present page
   PGD 81ff8067 P4D 81ff8067 PUD 81ff7067 PMD 1437cb067 PTE 0
   Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP NOPTI
   CPU: 16 PID: 1348 Comm: ndctl Kdump: loaded Tainted: G        W         5.8.0-rc2+ #24
   Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.13.0-0-gf21b5a4aeb02-prebuilt.qemu.4
   RIP: 0010:memmap_init_zone+0x154/0x1c2
   Code: 77 16 f6 40 10 02 74 10 48 03 48 08 48 89 cb 48 c1 eb 0c e9 3a ff ff ff 48 89 df 48 c1 e7 06 48f
   RSP: 0018:ffffbdc7011a39b0 EFLAGS: 00010282
   RAX: ffffec73c5100088 RBX: 0000000000144002 RCX: 0000000000144000
   RDX: 0000000000000004 RSI: 007ffe0000000000 RDI: ffffec73c5100080
   RBP: 027ffe0000000000 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: ffff9f8d38f6d708
   R10: ffffec73c0000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000004
   R13: 0000000000000001 R14: 0000000000144200 R15: 0000000000000000
   FS:  00007efe6b65d780(0000) GS:ffff9f8d3f780000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
   CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
   CR2: ffffec73c51000b4 CR3: 000000007d718000 CR4: 0000000000340ee0
   Call Trace:
    dev_dax_probe+0x69/0x160 [device_dax]
    ? driver_allows_async_probing+0x50/0x50
    __dax_pmem_probe+0x1f2/0x219 [dax_pmem_core]
    dax_pmem_probe+0xc/0x1b [dax_pmem]
    nvdimm_bus_probe+0x69/0x1c0 [libnvdimm]

Fixes: ba72b4c8cf60 ("mm/sparsemem: support sub-section hotplug")
Signed-off-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
 mm/sparse.c | 10 +++++++---
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
diff mbox series


diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index b2b9a3e34696..a06085738295 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -825,10 +825,14 @@  static void section_deactivate(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
-	if (section_is_early && memmap)
-		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
-	else
+	/*
+	 * The memmap of early sections is always fully populated. See
+	 * section_activate() and pfn_valid() .
+	 */
+	if (!section_is_early)
 		depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
+	else if (memmap)
+		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
 	if (empty)
 		ms->section_mem_map = (unsigned long)NULL;