diff mbox series

[v3,3/6] mm: introduce memfd_secret system call to create "secret" memory areas

Message ID 20200804095035.18778-4-rppt@kernel.org
State New
Headers show
Series mm: introduce memfd_secret system call to create "secret" memory areas | expand

Commit Message

Mike Rapoport Aug. 4, 2020, 9:50 a.m. UTC
From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>

Introduce "memfd_secret" system call with the ability to create memory
areas visible only in the context of the owning process and not mapped not
only to other processes but in the kernel page tables as well.

The user will create a file descriptor using the memfd_secret() system call
where flags supplied as a parameter to this system call will define the
desired protection mode for the memory associated with that file
descriptor. Currently there are two protection modes:

* exclusive - the memory area is unmapped from the kernel direct map and it
              is present only in the page tables of the owning mm.
* uncached  - the memory area is present only in the page tables of the
              owning mm and it is mapped there as uncached.

For instance, the following example will create an uncached mapping (error
handling is omitted):

	fd = memfd_secret(SECRETMEM_UNCACHED);
	ftruncate(fd, MAP_SIZE);
	ptr = mmap(NULL, MAP_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);

Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
---
 arch/Kconfig                   |   7 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig               |   1 +
 include/uapi/linux/magic.h     |   1 +
 include/uapi/linux/secretmem.h |   9 ++
 kernel/sys_ni.c                |   2 +
 mm/Kconfig                     |   4 +
 mm/Makefile                    |   1 +
 mm/secretmem.c                 | 271 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 8 files changed, 296 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/secretmem.h
 create mode 100644 mm/secretmem.c

Comments

Randy Dunlap Aug. 5, 2020, 1:05 p.m. UTC | #1
On 8/4/20 2:50 AM, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index f2104cc0d35c..8378175e72a4 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -872,4 +872,8 @@ config ARCH_HAS_HUGEPD
>  config MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS
>          bool
>  
> +config SECRETMEM
> +        def_bool ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP && !EMBEDDED

use tab above, not spaces.

> +	select GENERIC_ALLOCATOR
> +
>  endmenu
Kirill A. Shutemov Aug. 6, 2020, 10:27 a.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Aug 04, 2020 at 12:50:32PM +0300, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> 
> Introduce "memfd_secret" system call with the ability to create memory
> areas visible only in the context of the owning process and not mapped not
> only to other processes but in the kernel page tables as well.
> 
> The user will create a file descriptor using the memfd_secret() system call
> where flags supplied as a parameter to this system call will define the
> desired protection mode for the memory associated with that file
> descriptor. Currently there are two protection modes:
> 
> * exclusive - the memory area is unmapped from the kernel direct map and it
>               is present only in the page tables of the owning mm.
> * uncached  - the memory area is present only in the page tables of the
>               owning mm and it is mapped there as uncached.

I'm not sure why flag for exclusive mode is needed. It has to be default.
And if you want uncached on top of that set the flag.
What am I missing?
Mike Rapoport Aug. 6, 2020, 11:11 a.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, Aug 05, 2020 at 06:05:18AM -0700, Randy Dunlap wrote:
> On 8/4/20 2:50 AM, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> > diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> > index f2104cc0d35c..8378175e72a4 100644
> > --- a/mm/Kconfig
> > +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> > @@ -872,4 +872,8 @@ config ARCH_HAS_HUGEPD
> >  config MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS
> >          bool
> >  
> > +config SECRETMEM
> > +        def_bool ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP && !EMBEDDED
> 
> use tab above, not spaces.

Will fix.

> > +	select GENERIC_ALLOCATOR
> > +
> >  endmenu
> 
> 
> -- 
> ~Randy
>
Mike Rapoport Aug. 6, 2020, 11:14 a.m. UTC | #4
On Thu, Aug 06, 2020 at 01:27:57PM +0300, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 04, 2020 at 12:50:32PM +0300, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> > From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> > 
> > Introduce "memfd_secret" system call with the ability to create memory
> > areas visible only in the context of the owning process and not mapped not
> > only to other processes but in the kernel page tables as well.
> > 
> > The user will create a file descriptor using the memfd_secret() system call
> > where flags supplied as a parameter to this system call will define the
> > desired protection mode for the memory associated with that file
> > descriptor. Currently there are two protection modes:
> > 
> > * exclusive - the memory area is unmapped from the kernel direct map and it
> >               is present only in the page tables of the owning mm.
> > * uncached  - the memory area is present only in the page tables of the
> >               owning mm and it is mapped there as uncached.
> 
> I'm not sure why flag for exclusive mode is needed. It has to be default.
> And if you want uncached on top of that set the flag.

Makes sense.

> What am I missing?
>
> -- 
>  Kirill A. Shutemov
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 8cc35dc556c7..ba2a4b0594a9 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -979,6 +979,13 @@  config HAVE_SPARSE_SYSCALL_NR
 	  entries at 4000, 5000 and 6000 locations. This option turns on syscall
 	  related optimizations for a given architecture.
 
+config HAVE_SECRETMEM_UNCACHED
+       bool
+       help
+          An architecture can select this if its semantics of non-cached
+          mappings can be used to prevent speculative loads and it is
+          useful for secret protection.
+
 source "kernel/gcov/Kconfig"
 
 source "scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig"
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 883da0abf779..c235b869b022 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -218,6 +218,7 @@  config X86
 	select HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK
 	select HAVE_USER_RETURN_NOTIFIER
 	select HAVE_GENERIC_VDSO
+	select HAVE_SECRETMEM_UNCACHED
 	select HOTPLUG_SMT			if SMP
 	select IRQ_FORCED_THREADING
 	select NEED_SG_DMA_LENGTH
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
index f3956fc11de6..35687dcb1a42 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
@@ -97,5 +97,6 @@ 
 #define DEVMEM_MAGIC		0x454d444d	/* "DMEM" */
 #define Z3FOLD_MAGIC		0x33
 #define PPC_CMM_MAGIC		0xc7571590
+#define SECRETMEM_MAGIC		0x5345434d	/* "SECM" */
 
 #endif /* __LINUX_MAGIC_H__ */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/secretmem.h b/include/uapi/linux/secretmem.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cef7a59f7492
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/secretmem.h
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_SECRERTMEM_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_SECRERTMEM_H
+
+/* secretmem operation modes */
+#define SECRETMEM_EXCLUSIVE	0x1
+#define SECRETMEM_UNCACHED	0x2
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SECRERTMEM_H */
diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
index 3b69a560a7ac..fd40e1c083e5 100644
--- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
+++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
@@ -349,6 +349,8 @@  COND_SYSCALL(pkey_mprotect);
 COND_SYSCALL(pkey_alloc);
 COND_SYSCALL(pkey_free);
 
+/* memfd_secret */
+COND_SYSCALL(memfd_secret);
 
 /*
  * Architecture specific weak syscall entries.
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index f2104cc0d35c..8378175e72a4 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -872,4 +872,8 @@  config ARCH_HAS_HUGEPD
 config MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS
         bool
 
+config SECRETMEM
+        def_bool ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP && !EMBEDDED
+	select GENERIC_ALLOCATOR
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 6e9d46b2efc9..c2aa7a393b73 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -121,3 +121,4 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_MEMFD_CREATE) += memfd.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS) += mapping_dirty_helpers.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PTDUMP_CORE) += ptdump.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING) += page_reporting.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SECRETMEM) += secretmem.o
diff --git a/mm/secretmem.c b/mm/secretmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..65cd6660991d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/secretmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,271 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/memfd.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/pseudo_fs.h>
+#include <linux/set_memory.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+
+#include <uapi/linux/secretmem.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/magic.h>
+
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+
+#include "internal.h"
+
+#undef pr_fmt
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "secretmem: " fmt
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SECRETMEM_UNCACHED
+#define SECRETMEM_MODE_MASK	(SECRETMEM_EXCLUSIVE | SECRETMEM_UNCACHED)
+#else
+#define SECRETMEM_MODE_MASK	(SECRETMEM_EXCLUSIVE)
+#endif
+
+#define SECRETMEM_FLAGS_MASK	SECRETMEM_MODE_MASK
+
+struct secretmem_ctx {
+	unsigned int mode;
+};
+
+static struct page *secretmem_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp)
+{
+	/*
+	 * FIXME: use a cache of large pages to reduce the direct map
+	 * fragmentation
+	 */
+	return alloc_page(gfp);
+}
+
+static vm_fault_t secretmem_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+	struct address_space *mapping = vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
+	struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file);
+	pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff;
+	unsigned long addr;
+	struct page *page;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (((loff_t)vmf->pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT) >= i_size_read(inode))
+		return vmf_error(-EINVAL);
+
+	page = find_get_entry(mapping, offset);
+	if (!page) {
+		page = secretmem_alloc_page(vmf->gfp_mask);
+		if (!page)
+			return vmf_error(-ENOMEM);
+
+		ret = add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, offset, vmf->gfp_mask);
+		if (unlikely(ret))
+			goto err_put_page;
+
+		ret = set_direct_map_invalid_noflush(page);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_del_page_cache;
+
+		addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
+		flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, addr + PAGE_SIZE);
+
+		__SetPageUptodate(page);
+
+		ret = VM_FAULT_LOCKED;
+	}
+
+	vmf->page = page;
+	return ret;
+
+err_del_page_cache:
+	delete_from_page_cache(page);
+err_put_page:
+	put_page(page);
+	return vmf_error(ret);
+}
+
+static const struct vm_operations_struct secretmem_vm_ops = {
+	.fault = secretmem_fault,
+};
+
+static int secretmem_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	struct secretmem_ctx *ctx = file->private_data;
+	unsigned long mode = ctx->mode;
+	unsigned long len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+
+	if (!mode)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE)) == 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (mlock_future_check(vma->vm_mm, vma->vm_flags | VM_LOCKED, len))
+		return -EAGAIN;
+
+	switch (mode) {
+	case SECRETMEM_UNCACHED:
+		vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
+		fallthrough;
+	case SECRETMEM_EXCLUSIVE:
+		vma->vm_ops = &secretmem_vm_ops;
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	vma->vm_flags |= VM_LOCKED;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+const struct file_operations secretmem_fops = {
+	.mmap		= secretmem_mmap,
+};
+
+static bool secretmem_isolate_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static int secretmem_migratepage(struct address_space *mapping,
+				 struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
+				 enum migrate_mode mode)
+{
+	return -EBUSY;
+}
+
+static void secretmem_freepage(struct page *page)
+{
+	set_direct_map_default_noflush(page);
+}
+
+static const struct address_space_operations secretmem_aops = {
+	.freepage	= secretmem_freepage,
+	.migratepage	= secretmem_migratepage,
+	.isolate_page	= secretmem_isolate_page,
+};
+
+static struct vfsmount *secretmem_mnt;
+
+static struct file *secretmem_file_create(unsigned long flags)
+{
+	struct file *file = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	struct secretmem_ctx *ctx;
+	struct inode *inode;
+
+	inode = alloc_anon_inode(secretmem_mnt->mnt_sb);
+	if (IS_ERR(inode))
+		return ERR_CAST(inode);
+
+	ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!ctx)
+		goto err_free_inode;
+
+	file = alloc_file_pseudo(inode, secretmem_mnt, "secretmem",
+				 O_RDWR, &secretmem_fops);
+	if (IS_ERR(file))
+		goto err_free_ctx;
+
+	mapping_set_unevictable(inode->i_mapping);
+
+	inode->i_mapping->private_data = ctx;
+	inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &secretmem_aops;
+
+	/* pretend we are a normal file with zero size */
+	inode->i_mode |= S_IFREG;
+	inode->i_size = 0;
+
+	file->private_data = ctx;
+
+	ctx->mode = flags & SECRETMEM_MODE_MASK;
+
+	return file;
+
+err_free_ctx:
+	kfree(ctx);
+err_free_inode:
+	iput(inode);
+	return file;
+}
+
+SYSCALL_DEFINE1(memfd_secret, unsigned long, flags)
+{
+	struct file *file;
+	unsigned int mode;
+	int fd, err;
+
+	/* make sure local flags do not confict with global fcntl.h */
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(SECRETMEM_FLAGS_MASK & O_CLOEXEC);
+
+	if (flags & ~(SECRETMEM_FLAGS_MASK | O_CLOEXEC))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* modes are mutually exclusive, only one mode bit should be set */
+	mode = flags & SECRETMEM_FLAGS_MASK;
+	if (ffs(mode) != fls(mode))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		return fd;
+
+	file = secretmem_file_create(flags);
+	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(file);
+		goto err_put_fd;
+	}
+
+	file->f_flags |= O_LARGEFILE;
+
+	fd_install(fd, file);
+	return fd;
+
+err_put_fd:
+	put_unused_fd(fd);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static void secretmem_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	struct secretmem_ctx *ctx = inode->i_private;
+
+	truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data);
+	clear_inode(inode);
+	kfree(ctx);
+}
+
+static const struct super_operations secretmem_super_ops = {
+	.evict_inode = secretmem_evict_inode,
+};
+
+static int secretmem_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc)
+{
+	struct pseudo_fs_context *ctx = init_pseudo(fc, SECRETMEM_MAGIC);
+
+	if (!ctx)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	ctx->ops = &secretmem_super_ops;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct file_system_type secretmem_fs = {
+	.name		= "secretmem",
+	.init_fs_context = secretmem_init_fs_context,
+	.kill_sb	= kill_anon_super,
+};
+
+static int secretmem_init(void)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	secretmem_mnt = kern_mount(&secretmem_fs);
+	if (IS_ERR(secretmem_mnt))
+		ret = PTR_ERR(secretmem_mnt);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+fs_initcall(secretmem_init);