diff mbox series

[081/156] mm/page_alloc: move pages to tail in move_to_free_list()

Message ID 20201016024623.nWqdKkX7m%akpm@linux-foundation.org
State New
Headers show
Series [001/156] device-dax/kmem: fix resource release | expand

Commit Message

Andrew Morton Oct. 16, 2020, 2:46 a.m. UTC
From: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Subject: mm/page_alloc: move pages to tail in move_to_free_list()

Whenever we move pages between freelists via move_to_free_list()/
move_freepages_block(), we don't actually touch the pages:
1. Page isolation doesn't actually touch the pages, it simply isolates
   pageblocks and moves all free pages to the MIGRATE_ISOLATE freelist.
   When undoing isolation, we move the pages back to the target list.
2. Page stealing (steal_suitable_fallback()) moves free pages directly
   between lists without touching them.
3. reserve_highatomic_pageblock()/unreserve_highatomic_pageblock() moves
   free pages directly between freelists without touching them.

We already place pages to the tail of the freelists when undoing isolation
via __putback_isolated_page(), let's do it in any case (e.g., if order <=
pageblock_order) and document the behavior. To simplify, let's move the
pages to the tail for all move_to_free_list()/move_freepages_block() users.

In 2., the target list is empty, so there should be no change.  In 3., we
might observe a change, however, highatomic is more concerned about
allocations succeeding than cache hotness - if we ever realize this change
degrades a workload, we can special-case this instance and add a proper

This change results in all pages getting onlined via online_pages() to be
placed to the tail of the freelist.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201005121534.15649-4-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Acked-by: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com>
Cc: "K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@microsoft.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Wei Liu <wei.liu@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

 mm/page_alloc.c     |   10 +++++++---
 mm/page_isolation.c |    5 +++++
 2 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
diff mbox series


--- a/mm/page_alloc.c~mm-page_alloc-move-pages-to-tail-in-move_to_free_list
+++ a/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -901,13 +901,17 @@  static inline void add_to_free_list_tail
-/* Used for pages which are on another list */
+ * Used for pages which are on another list. Move the pages to the tail
+ * of the list - so the moved pages won't immediately be considered for
+ * allocation again (e.g., optimization for memory onlining).
+ */
 static inline void move_to_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
 				     unsigned int order, int migratetype)
 	struct free_area *area = &zone->free_area[order];
-	list_move(&page->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
+	list_move_tail(&page->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
 static inline void del_page_from_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
@@ -2340,7 +2344,7 @@  static inline struct page *__rmqueue_cma
- * Move the free pages in a range to the free lists of the requested type.
+ * Move the free pages in a range to the freelist tail of the requested type.
  * Note that start_page and end_pages are not aligned on a pageblock
  * boundary. If alignment is required, use move_freepages_block()
--- a/mm/page_isolation.c~mm-page_alloc-move-pages-to-tail-in-move_to_free_list
+++ a/mm/page_isolation.c
@@ -106,6 +106,11 @@  static void unset_migratetype_isolate(st
 	 * If we isolate freepage with more than pageblock_order, there
 	 * should be no freepage in the range, so we could avoid costly
 	 * pageblock scanning for freepage moving.
+	 *
+	 * We didn't actually touch any of the isolated pages, so place them
+	 * to the tail of the freelist. This is an optimization for memory
+	 * onlining - just onlined memory won't immediately be considered for
+	 * allocation.
 	if (!isolated_page) {
 		nr_pages = move_freepages_block(zone, page, migratetype, NULL);