diff mbox series

[v2,27/29] mm/memory_hotplug: extend offline_and_remove_memory() to handle more than one memory block

Message ID 20201112133815.13332-28-david@redhat.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series virtio-mem: Big Block Mode (BBM) | expand

Commit Message

David Hildenbrand Nov. 12, 2020, 1:38 p.m. UTC
virtio-mem soon wants to use offline_and_remove_memory() memory that
exceeds a single Linux memory block (memory_block_size_bytes()). Let's
remove that restriction.

Let's remember the old state and try to restore that if anything goes
wrong. While re-onlining can, in general, fail, it's highly unlikely to
happen (usually only when a notifier fails to allocate memory, and these
are rather rare).

This will be used by virtio-mem to offline+remove memory ranges that are
bigger than a single memory block - for example, with a device block
size of 1 GiB (e.g., gigantic pages in the hypervisor) and a Linux memory
block size of 128MB.

While we could compress the state into 2 bit, using 8 bit is much
easier.

This handling is similar, but different to acpi_scan_try_to_offline():

a) We don't try to offline twice. I am not sure if this CONFIG_MEMCG
optimization is still relevant - it should only apply to ZONE_NORMAL
(where we have no guarantees). If relevant, we can always add it.

b) acpi_scan_try_to_offline() simply onlines all memory in case
something goes wrong. It doesn't restore previous online type. Let's do
that, so we won't overwrite what e.g., user space configured.

Reviewed-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
---
 mm/memory_hotplug.c | 105 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 89 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

Comments

Andrew Morton Nov. 18, 2020, 4:53 a.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, 12 Nov 2020 14:38:13 +0100 David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> wrote:

> virtio-mem soon wants to use offline_and_remove_memory() memory that
> exceeds a single Linux memory block (memory_block_size_bytes()). Let's
> remove that restriction.
> 
> Let's remember the old state and try to restore that if anything goes
> wrong. While re-onlining can, in general, fail, it's highly unlikely to
> happen (usually only when a notifier fails to allocate memory, and these
> are rather rare).
> 
> This will be used by virtio-mem to offline+remove memory ranges that are
> bigger than a single memory block - for example, with a device block
> size of 1 GiB (e.g., gigantic pages in the hypervisor) and a Linux memory
> block size of 128MB.
> 
> While we could compress the state into 2 bit, using 8 bit is much
> easier.
> 
> This handling is similar, but different to acpi_scan_try_to_offline():
> 
> a) We don't try to offline twice. I am not sure if this CONFIG_MEMCG
> optimization is still relevant - it should only apply to ZONE_NORMAL
> (where we have no guarantees). If relevant, we can always add it.
> 
> b) acpi_scan_try_to_offline() simply onlines all memory in case
> something goes wrong. It doesn't restore previous online type. Let's do
> that, so we won't overwrite what e.g., user space configured.
> 
> ...
>

uint8_t is a bit of a mouthful.  u8 is less typing ;)  Doesn't matter.

Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
David Hildenbrand Nov. 18, 2020, 8:59 a.m. UTC | #2
On 18.11.20 05:53, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Thu, 12 Nov 2020 14:38:13 +0100 David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> wrote:
> 
>> virtio-mem soon wants to use offline_and_remove_memory() memory that
>> exceeds a single Linux memory block (memory_block_size_bytes()). Let's
>> remove that restriction.
>>
>> Let's remember the old state and try to restore that if anything goes
>> wrong. While re-onlining can, in general, fail, it's highly unlikely to
>> happen (usually only when a notifier fails to allocate memory, and these
>> are rather rare).
>>
>> This will be used by virtio-mem to offline+remove memory ranges that are
>> bigger than a single memory block - for example, with a device block
>> size of 1 GiB (e.g., gigantic pages in the hypervisor) and a Linux memory
>> block size of 128MB.
>>
>> While we could compress the state into 2 bit, using 8 bit is much
>> easier.
>>
>> This handling is similar, but different to acpi_scan_try_to_offline():
>>
>> a) We don't try to offline twice. I am not sure if this CONFIG_MEMCG
>> optimization is still relevant - it should only apply to ZONE_NORMAL
>> (where we have no guarantees). If relevant, we can always add it.
>>
>> b) acpi_scan_try_to_offline() simply onlines all memory in case
>> something goes wrong. It doesn't restore previous online type. Let's do
>> that, so we won't overwrite what e.g., user space configured.
>>
>> ...
>>
> 
> uint8_t is a bit of a mouthful.  u8 is less typing ;)  Doesn't matter.

In case I have to resend, I'll change it :)

> 
> Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

Thanks!
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index b44d4c7ba73b..217080ca93e5 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1806,39 +1806,112 @@  int remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(remove_memory);
 
+static int try_offline_memory_block(struct memory_block *mem, void *arg)
+{
+	uint8_t online_type = MMOP_ONLINE_KERNEL;
+	uint8_t **online_types = arg;
+	struct page *page;
+	int rc;
+
+	/*
+	 * Sense the online_type via the zone of the memory block. Offlining
+	 * with multiple zones within one memory block will be rejected
+	 * by offlining code ... so we don't care about that.
+	 */
+	page = pfn_to_online_page(section_nr_to_pfn(mem->start_section_nr));
+	if (page && zone_idx(page_zone(page)) == ZONE_MOVABLE)
+		online_type = MMOP_ONLINE_MOVABLE;
+
+	rc = device_offline(&mem->dev);
+	/*
+	 * Default is MMOP_OFFLINE - change it only if offlining succeeded,
+	 * so try_reonline_memory_block() can do the right thing.
+	 */
+	if (!rc)
+		**online_types = online_type;
+
+	(*online_types)++;
+	/* Ignore if already offline. */
+	return rc < 0 ? rc : 0;
+}
+
+static int try_reonline_memory_block(struct memory_block *mem, void *arg)
+{
+	uint8_t **online_types = arg;
+	int rc;
+
+	if (**online_types != MMOP_OFFLINE) {
+		mem->online_type = **online_types;
+		rc = device_online(&mem->dev);
+		if (rc < 0)
+			pr_warn("%s: Failed to re-online memory: %d",
+				__func__, rc);
+	}
+
+	/* Continue processing all remaining memory blocks. */
+	(*online_types)++;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /*
- * Try to offline and remove a memory block. Might take a long time to
- * finish in case memory is still in use. Primarily useful for memory devices
- * that logically unplugged all memory (so it's no longer in use) and want to
- * offline + remove the memory block.
+ * Try to offline and remove memory. Might take a long time to finish in case
+ * memory is still in use. Primarily useful for memory devices that logically
+ * unplugged all memory (so it's no longer in use) and want to offline + remove
+ * that memory.
  */
 int offline_and_remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
 {
-	struct memory_block *mem;
-	int rc = -EINVAL;
+	const unsigned long mb_count = size / memory_block_size_bytes();
+	uint8_t *online_types, *tmp;
+	int rc;
 
 	if (!IS_ALIGNED(start, memory_block_size_bytes()) ||
-	    size != memory_block_size_bytes())
-		return rc;
+	    !IS_ALIGNED(size, memory_block_size_bytes()) || !size)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/*
+	 * We'll remember the old online type of each memory block, so we can
+	 * try to revert whatever we did when offlining one memory block fails
+	 * after offlining some others succeeded.
+	 */
+	online_types = kmalloc_array(mb_count, sizeof(*online_types),
+				     GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!online_types)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	/*
+	 * Initialize all states to MMOP_OFFLINE, so when we abort processing in
+	 * try_offline_memory_block(), we'll skip all unprocessed blocks in
+	 * try_reonline_memory_block().
+	 */
+	memset(online_types, MMOP_OFFLINE, mb_count);
 
 	lock_device_hotplug();
-	mem = find_memory_block(__pfn_to_section(PFN_DOWN(start)));
-	if (mem)
-		rc = device_offline(&mem->dev);
-	/* Ignore if the device is already offline. */
-	if (rc > 0)
-		rc = 0;
+
+	tmp = online_types;
+	rc = walk_memory_blocks(start, size, &tmp, try_offline_memory_block);
 
 	/*
-	 * In case we succeeded to offline the memory block, remove it.
+	 * In case we succeeded to offline all memory, remove it.
 	 * This cannot fail as it cannot get onlined in the meantime.
 	 */
 	if (!rc) {
 		rc = try_remove_memory(nid, start, size);
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(rc);
+		if (rc)
+			pr_err("%s: Failed to remove memory: %d", __func__, rc);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Rollback what we did. While memory onlining might theoretically fail
+	 * (nacked by a notifier), it barely ever happens.
+	 */
+	if (rc) {
+		tmp = online_types;
+		walk_memory_blocks(start, size, &tmp,
+				   try_reonline_memory_block);
 	}
 	unlock_device_hotplug();
 
+	kfree(online_types);
 	return rc;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(offline_and_remove_memory);