diff mbox series

[119/200] mm: introduce debug_pagealloc_{map,unmap}_pages() helpers

Message ID 20201215031020.R9KaM5WPA%akpm@linux-foundation.org (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series [001/200] kthread: add kthread_work tracepoints | expand

Commit Message

Andrew Morton Dec. 15, 2020, 3:10 a.m. UTC
From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Subject: mm: introduce debug_pagealloc_{map,unmap}_pages() helpers

Patch series "arch, mm: improve robustness of direct map manipulation", v7.

During recent discussion about KVM protected memory, David raised a
concern about usage of __kernel_map_pages() outside of DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
scope [1].

Indeed, for architectures that define CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP it is
possible that __kernel_map_pages() would fail, but since this function is
void, the failure will go unnoticed.

Moreover, there's lack of consistency of __kernel_map_pages() semantics
across architectures as some guard this function with #ifdef
DEBUG_PAGEALLOC, some refuse to update the direct map if page allocation
debugging is disabled at run time and some allow modifying the direct map
regardless of DEBUG_PAGEALLOC settings.

This set straightens this out by restoring dependency of
__kernel_map_pages() on DEBUG_PAGEALLOC and updating the call sites

Since currently the only user of __kernel_map_pages() outside
DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is hibernation, it is updated to make direct map accesses
there more explicit.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/2759b4bf-e1e3-d006-7d86-78a40348269d@redhat.com

This patch (of 4):

When CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is enabled, it unmaps pages from the kernel
direct mapping after free_pages().  The pages than need to be mapped back
before they could be used.  Theese mapping operations use
__kernel_map_pages() guarded with with debug_pagealloc_enabled().

The only place that calls __kernel_map_pages() without checking whether
DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is enabled is the hibernation code that presumes
availability of this function when ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP is set.  Still,
on arm64, __kernel_map_pages() will bail out when DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is not
enabled but set_direct_map_invalid_noflush() may render some pages not
present in the direct map and hibernation code won't be able to save such

To make page allocation debugging and hibernation interaction more robust,
the dependency on DEBUG_PAGEALLOC or ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP has to be
made more explicit.

Start with combining the guard condition and the call to
__kernel_map_pages() into debug_pagealloc_map_pages() and
debug_pagealloc_unmap_pages() functions to emphasize that
__kernel_map_pages() should not be called without DEBUG_PAGEALLOC and use
these new functions to map/unmap pages when page allocation debugging is

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201109192128.960-1-rppt@kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201109192128.960-2-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: "Edgecombe, Rick P" <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>
Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

 include/linux/mm.h  |   15 +++++++++++++++
 mm/memory_hotplug.c |    3 +--
 mm/page_alloc.c     |    6 ++----
 mm/slab.c           |    2 +-
 4 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
diff mbox series


--- a/include/linux/mm.h~mm-introduce-debug_pagealloc_mapunmap_pages-helpers
+++ a/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2943,12 +2943,27 @@  kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int
 	__kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable);
+static inline void debug_pagealloc_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages)
+	if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static())
+		__kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, 1);
+static inline void debug_pagealloc_unmap_pages(struct page *page, int numpages)
+	if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static())
+		__kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, 0);
 extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page);
 static inline void
 kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {}
+static inline void debug_pagealloc_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages) {}
+static inline void debug_pagealloc_unmap_pages(struct page *page, int numpages) {}
 static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; }
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c~mm-introduce-debug_pagealloc_mapunmap_pages-helpers
+++ a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -596,8 +596,7 @@  void generic_online_page(struct page *pa
 	 * so we should map it first. This is better than introducing a special
 	 * case in page freeing fast path.
-	if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static())
-		kernel_map_pages(page, 1 << order, 1);
+	debug_pagealloc_map_pages(page, 1 << order);
 	__free_pages_core(page, order);
 	totalram_pages_add(1UL << order);
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c~mm-introduce-debug_pagealloc_mapunmap_pages-helpers
+++ a/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1273,8 +1273,7 @@  static __always_inline bool free_pages_p
 	arch_free_page(page, order);
-	if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static())
-		kernel_map_pages(page, 1 << order, 0);
+	debug_pagealloc_unmap_pages(page, 1 << order);
 	kasan_free_nondeferred_pages(page, order);
@@ -2279,8 +2278,7 @@  inline void post_alloc_hook(struct page
 	arch_alloc_page(page, order);
-	if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static())
-		kernel_map_pages(page, 1 << order, 1);
+	debug_pagealloc_map_pages(page, 1 << order);
 	kasan_alloc_pages(page, order);
 	kernel_poison_pages(page, 1 << order, 1);
 	set_page_owner(page, order, gfp_flags);
--- a/mm/slab.c~mm-introduce-debug_pagealloc_mapunmap_pages-helpers
+++ a/mm/slab.c
@@ -1435,7 +1435,7 @@  static void slab_kernel_map(struct kmem_
 	if (!is_debug_pagealloc_cache(cachep))
-	kernel_map_pages(virt_to_page(objp), cachep->size / PAGE_SIZE, map);
+	__kernel_map_pages(virt_to_page(objp), cachep->size / PAGE_SIZE, map);