diff mbox series

[021/118] mm/page_alloc: count CMA pages per zone and print them in /proc/zoneinfo

Message ID 20210226011640.TAscLZVgD%akpm@linux-foundation.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [001/118] mm: make pagecache tagged lookups return only head pages | expand

Commit Message

Andrew Morton Feb. 26, 2021, 1:16 a.m. UTC
From: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Subject: mm/page_alloc: count CMA pages per zone and print them in /proc/zoneinfo

Let's count the number of CMA pages per zone and print them in

Having access to the total number of CMA pages per zone is helpful for
debugging purposes to know where exactly the CMA pages ended up, and to
figure out how many pages of a zone might behave differently, even after
some of these pages might already have been allocated.

As one example, CMA pages part of a kernel zone cannot be used for
ordinary kernel allocations but instead behave more like ZONE_MOVABLE.

For now, we are only able to get the global nr+free cma pages from
/proc/meminfo and the free cma pages per zone from /proc/zoneinfo.

Example after this patch when booting a 6 GiB QEMU VM with
  # cat /proc/zoneinfo | grep cma
          cma      0
        nr_free_cma  0
          cma      0
        nr_free_cma  0
          cma      524288
        nr_free_cma  493016
          cma      0
          cma      0
  # cat /proc/meminfo | grep Cma
  CmaTotal:        2097152 kB
  CmaFree:         1972064 kB

Note: We print even without CONFIG_CMA, just like "nr_free_cma"; this way,
      one can be sure when spotting "cma 0", that there are definetly no
      CMA pages located in a zone.

[david@redhat.com: v2]
  Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210128164533.18566-1-david@redhat.com
[david@redhat.com: v3]
  Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210129113451.22085-1-david@redhat.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210127101813.6370-3-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

 include/linux/mmzone.h |   15 +++++++++++++++
 mm/page_alloc.c        |    1 +
 mm/vmstat.c            |    6 ++++--
 3 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff mbox series


--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h~mm-page_alloc-count-cma-pages-per-zone-and-print-them-in-proc-zoneinfo
+++ a/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -503,6 +503,9 @@  struct zone {
 	 * bootmem allocator):
 	 *	managed_pages = present_pages - reserved_pages;
+	 * cma pages is present pages that are assigned for CMA use
+	 *
 	 * So present_pages may be used by memory hotplug or memory power
 	 * management logic to figure out unmanaged pages by checking
 	 * (present_pages - managed_pages). And managed_pages should be used
@@ -527,6 +530,9 @@  struct zone {
 	atomic_long_t		managed_pages;
 	unsigned long		spanned_pages;
 	unsigned long		present_pages;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
+	unsigned long		cma_pages;
 	const char		*name;
@@ -624,6 +630,15 @@  static inline unsigned long zone_managed
 	return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&zone->managed_pages);
+static inline unsigned long zone_cma_pages(struct zone *zone)
+#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
+	return zone->cma_pages;
+	return 0;
 static inline unsigned long zone_end_pfn(const struct zone *zone)
 	return zone->zone_start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages;
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c~mm-page_alloc-count-cma-pages-per-zone-and-print-them-in-proc-zoneinfo
+++ a/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2168,6 +2168,7 @@  void __init init_cma_reserved_pageblock(
 	adjust_managed_page_count(page, pageblock_nr_pages);
+	page_zone(page)->cma_pages += pageblock_nr_pages;
--- a/mm/vmstat.c~mm-page_alloc-count-cma-pages-per-zone-and-print-them-in-proc-zoneinfo
+++ a/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -1637,14 +1637,16 @@  static void zoneinfo_show_print(struct s
 		   "\n        high     %lu"
 		   "\n        spanned  %lu"
 		   "\n        present  %lu"
-		   "\n        managed  %lu",
+		   "\n        managed  %lu"
+		   "\n        cma      %lu",
 		   zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES),
-		   zone_managed_pages(zone));
+		   zone_managed_pages(zone),
+		   zone_cma_pages(zone));
 		   "\n        protection: (%ld",