diff mbox series

[024/118] mm: vmstat: add some comments on internal storage of byte items

Message ID 20210226011651.UY-aB_mq-%akpm@linux-foundation.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [001/118] mm: make pagecache tagged lookups return only head pages | expand

Commit Message

Andrew Morton Feb. 26, 2021, 1:16 a.m. UTC
From: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Subject: mm: vmstat: add some comments on internal storage of byte items

Byte-accounted items are used for slab object accounting at the cgroup
level, because the objects in a slab page can belong to different cgroups.
At the global level these items always change in multiples of whole slab
pages.  The vmstat code exploits this and stores these items as pages
internally, which allows for more compact per-cpu data.

This optimization isn't self-evident from the asserts and the division in
the stat update functions.  Provide the reader with some context.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210202184411.118614-1-hannes@cmpxchg.org
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 include/linux/vmstat.h |    6 ++++++
 mm/vmstat.c            |   12 ++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+)
diff mbox series

Patch

--- a/include/linux/vmstat.h~mm-vmstat-add-some-comments-on-internal-storage-of-byte-items
+++ a/include/linux/vmstat.h
@@ -313,6 +313,12 @@  static inline void __mod_node_page_state
 			enum node_stat_item item, int delta)
 {
 	if (vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)) {
+		/*
+		 * Only cgroups use subpage accounting right now; at
+		 * the global level, these items still change in
+		 * multiples of whole pages. Store them as pages
+		 * internally to keep the per-cpu counters compact.
+		 */
 		VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(delta & (PAGE_SIZE - 1));
 		delta >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
 	}
--- a/mm/vmstat.c~mm-vmstat-add-some-comments-on-internal-storage-of-byte-items
+++ a/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -342,6 +342,12 @@  void __mod_node_page_state(struct pglist
 	long t;
 
 	if (vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)) {
+		/*
+		 * Only cgroups use subpage accounting right now; at
+		 * the global level, these items still change in
+		 * multiples of whole pages. Store them as pages
+		 * internally to keep the per-cpu counters compact.
+		 */
 		VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(delta & (PAGE_SIZE - 1));
 		delta >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
 	}
@@ -551,6 +557,12 @@  static inline void mod_node_state(struct
 	long o, n, t, z;
 
 	if (vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)) {
+		/*
+		 * Only cgroups use subpage accounting right now; at
+		 * the global level, these items still change in
+		 * multiples of whole pages. Store them as pages
+		 * internally to keep the per-cpu counters compact.
+		 */
 		VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(delta & (PAGE_SIZE - 1));
 		delta >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
 	}