diff mbox series

[059/118] kfence: use pt_regs to generate stack trace on faults

Message ID 20210226011908.sduPPjrs1%akpm@linux-foundation.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [001/118] mm: make pagecache tagged lookups return only head pages | expand

Commit Message

Andrew Morton Feb. 26, 2021, 1:19 a.m. UTC
From: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Subject: kfence: use pt_regs to generate stack trace on faults

Instead of removing the fault handling portion of the stack trace based on
the fault handler's name, just use struct pt_regs directly.

Change kfence_handle_page_fault() to take a struct pt_regs, and plumb it
through to kfence_report_error() for out-of-bounds, use-after-free, or
invalid access errors, where pt_regs is used to generate the stack trace.

If the kernel is a DEBUG_KERNEL, also show registers for more information.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201105092133.2075331-1-elver@google.com
Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Suggested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 arch/arm64/include/asm/kfence.h |    2 
 arch/arm64/mm/fault.c           |    2 
 arch/x86/include/asm/kfence.h   |    6 --
 arch/x86/mm/fault.c             |    2 
 include/linux/kfence.h          |    5 +-
 mm/kfence/core.c                |   10 ++--
 mm/kfence/kfence.h              |    4 -
 mm/kfence/report.c              |   63 +++++++++++++++++-------------
 8 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kfence.h~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kfence.h
@@ -10,8 +10,6 @@ 
 
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
 
-#define KFENCE_SKIP_ARCH_FAULT_HANDLER "el1_sync"
-
 static inline bool arch_kfence_init_pool(void) { return true; }
 
 static inline bool kfence_protect_page(unsigned long addr, bool protect)
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
@@ -390,7 +390,7 @@  static void __do_kernel_fault(unsigned l
 	} else if (addr < PAGE_SIZE) {
 		msg = "NULL pointer dereference";
 	} else {
-		if (kfence_handle_page_fault(addr))
+		if (kfence_handle_page_fault(addr, regs))
 			return;
 
 		msg = "paging request";
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kfence.h~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/arch/x86/include/asm/kfence.h
@@ -16,12 +16,6 @@ 
 #include <asm/set_memory.h>
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 
-/*
- * The page fault handler entry function, up to which the stack trace is
- * truncated in reports.
- */
-#define KFENCE_SKIP_ARCH_FAULT_HANDLER "asm_exc_page_fault"
-
 /* Force 4K pages for __kfence_pool. */
 static inline bool arch_kfence_init_pool(void)
 {
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -682,7 +682,7 @@  page_fault_oops(struct pt_regs *regs, un
 		efi_crash_gracefully_on_page_fault(address);
 
 	/* Only not-present faults should be handled by KFENCE. */
-	if (!(error_code & X86_PF_PROT) && kfence_handle_page_fault(address))
+	if (!(error_code & X86_PF_PROT) && kfence_handle_page_fault(address, regs))
 		return;
 
 oops:
--- a/include/linux/kfence.h~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/include/linux/kfence.h
@@ -186,6 +186,7 @@  static __always_inline __must_check bool
 /**
  * kfence_handle_page_fault() - perform page fault handling for KFENCE pages
  * @addr: faulting address
+ * @regs: current struct pt_regs (can be NULL, but shows full stack trace)
  *
  * Return:
  * * false - address outside KFENCE pool,
@@ -196,7 +197,7 @@  static __always_inline __must_check bool
  * cases KFENCE prints an error message and marks the offending page as
  * present, so that the kernel can proceed.
  */
-bool __must_check kfence_handle_page_fault(unsigned long addr);
+bool __must_check kfence_handle_page_fault(unsigned long addr, struct pt_regs *regs);
 
 #else /* CONFIG_KFENCE */
 
@@ -209,7 +210,7 @@  static inline size_t kfence_ksize(const
 static inline void *kfence_object_start(const void *addr) { return NULL; }
 static inline void __kfence_free(void *addr) { }
 static inline bool __must_check kfence_free(void *addr) { return false; }
-static inline bool __must_check kfence_handle_page_fault(unsigned long addr) { return false; }
+static inline bool __must_check kfence_handle_page_fault(unsigned long addr, struct pt_regs *regs) { return false; }
 
 #endif
 
--- a/mm/kfence/core.c~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/mm/kfence/core.c
@@ -216,7 +216,7 @@  static inline bool check_canary_byte(u8
 		return true;
 
 	atomic_long_inc(&counters[KFENCE_COUNTER_BUGS]);
-	kfence_report_error((unsigned long)addr, addr_to_metadata((unsigned long)addr),
+	kfence_report_error((unsigned long)addr, NULL, addr_to_metadata((unsigned long)addr),
 			    KFENCE_ERROR_CORRUPTION);
 	return false;
 }
@@ -351,7 +351,7 @@  static void kfence_guarded_free(void *ad
 	if (meta->state != KFENCE_OBJECT_ALLOCATED || meta->addr != (unsigned long)addr) {
 		/* Invalid or double-free, bail out. */
 		atomic_long_inc(&counters[KFENCE_COUNTER_BUGS]);
-		kfence_report_error((unsigned long)addr, meta, KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID_FREE);
+		kfence_report_error((unsigned long)addr, NULL, meta, KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID_FREE);
 		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&meta->lock, flags);
 		return;
 	}
@@ -766,7 +766,7 @@  void __kfence_free(void *addr)
 		kfence_guarded_free(addr, meta, false);
 }
 
-bool kfence_handle_page_fault(unsigned long addr)
+bool kfence_handle_page_fault(unsigned long addr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	const int page_index = (addr - (unsigned long)__kfence_pool) / PAGE_SIZE;
 	struct kfence_metadata *to_report = NULL;
@@ -829,11 +829,11 @@  bool kfence_handle_page_fault(unsigned l
 
 out:
 	if (to_report) {
-		kfence_report_error(addr, to_report, error_type);
+		kfence_report_error(addr, regs, to_report, error_type);
 		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&to_report->lock, flags);
 	} else {
 		/* This may be a UAF or OOB access, but we can't be sure. */
-		kfence_report_error(addr, NULL, KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID);
+		kfence_report_error(addr, regs, NULL, KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID);
 	}
 
 	return kfence_unprotect(addr); /* Unprotect and let access proceed. */
--- a/mm/kfence/kfence.h~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/mm/kfence/kfence.h
@@ -105,8 +105,8 @@  enum kfence_error_type {
 	KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID_FREE,	/* Invalid free. */
 };
 
-void kfence_report_error(unsigned long address, const struct kfence_metadata *meta,
-			 enum kfence_error_type type);
+void kfence_report_error(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs,
+			 const struct kfence_metadata *meta, enum kfence_error_type type);
 
 void kfence_print_object(struct seq_file *seq, const struct kfence_metadata *meta);
 
--- a/mm/kfence/report.c~kfence-use-pt_regs-to-generate-stack-trace-on-faults
+++ a/mm/kfence/report.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/lockdep.h>
 #include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/sched/debug.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 #include <linux/stacktrace.h>
 #include <linux/string.h>
@@ -41,7 +42,6 @@  static int get_stack_skipnr(const unsign
 {
 	char buf[64];
 	int skipnr, fallback = 0;
-	bool is_access_fault = false;
 
 	if (type) {
 		/* Depending on error type, find different stack entries. */
@@ -49,8 +49,12 @@  static int get_stack_skipnr(const unsign
 		case KFENCE_ERROR_UAF:
 		case KFENCE_ERROR_OOB:
 		case KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID:
-			is_access_fault = true;
-			break;
+			/*
+			 * kfence_handle_page_fault() may be called with pt_regs
+			 * set to NULL; in that case we'll simply show the full
+			 * stack trace.
+			 */
+			return 0;
 		case KFENCE_ERROR_CORRUPTION:
 		case KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID_FREE:
 			break;
@@ -60,26 +64,21 @@  static int get_stack_skipnr(const unsign
 	for (skipnr = 0; skipnr < num_entries; skipnr++) {
 		int len = scnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%ps", (void *)stack_entries[skipnr]);
 
-		if (is_access_fault) {
-			if (!strncmp(buf, KFENCE_SKIP_ARCH_FAULT_HANDLER, len))
-				goto found;
-		} else {
-			if (str_has_prefix(buf, "kfence_") || str_has_prefix(buf, "__kfence_") ||
-			    !strncmp(buf, "__slab_free", len)) {
-				/*
-				 * In case of tail calls from any of the below
-				 * to any of the above.
-				 */
-				fallback = skipnr + 1;
-			}
-
-			/* Also the *_bulk() variants by only checking prefixes. */
-			if (str_has_prefix(buf, "kfree") ||
-			    str_has_prefix(buf, "kmem_cache_free") ||
-			    str_has_prefix(buf, "__kmalloc") ||
-			    str_has_prefix(buf, "kmem_cache_alloc"))
-				goto found;
+		if (str_has_prefix(buf, "kfence_") || str_has_prefix(buf, "__kfence_") ||
+		    !strncmp(buf, "__slab_free", len)) {
+			/*
+			 * In case of tail calls from any of the below
+			 * to any of the above.
+			 */
+			fallback = skipnr + 1;
 		}
+
+		/* Also the *_bulk() variants by only checking prefixes. */
+		if (str_has_prefix(buf, "kfree") ||
+		    str_has_prefix(buf, "kmem_cache_free") ||
+		    str_has_prefix(buf, "__kmalloc") ||
+		    str_has_prefix(buf, "kmem_cache_alloc"))
+			goto found;
 	}
 	if (fallback < num_entries)
 		return fallback;
@@ -157,13 +156,20 @@  static void print_diff_canary(unsigned l
 	pr_cont(" ]");
 }
 
-void kfence_report_error(unsigned long address, const struct kfence_metadata *meta,
-			 enum kfence_error_type type)
+void kfence_report_error(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs,
+			 const struct kfence_metadata *meta, enum kfence_error_type type)
 {
 	unsigned long stack_entries[KFENCE_STACK_DEPTH] = { 0 };
-	int num_stack_entries = stack_trace_save(stack_entries, KFENCE_STACK_DEPTH, 1);
-	int skipnr = get_stack_skipnr(stack_entries, num_stack_entries, &type);
 	const ptrdiff_t object_index = meta ? meta - kfence_metadata : -1;
+	int num_stack_entries;
+	int skipnr = 0;
+
+	if (regs) {
+		num_stack_entries = stack_trace_save_regs(regs, stack_entries, KFENCE_STACK_DEPTH, 0);
+	} else {
+		num_stack_entries = stack_trace_save(stack_entries, KFENCE_STACK_DEPTH, 1);
+		skipnr = get_stack_skipnr(stack_entries, num_stack_entries, &type);
+	}
 
 	/* Require non-NULL meta, except if KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID. */
 	if (WARN_ON(type != KFENCE_ERROR_INVALID && !meta))
@@ -227,7 +233,10 @@  void kfence_report_error(unsigned long a
 
 	/* Print report footer. */
 	pr_err("\n");
-	dump_stack_print_info(KERN_ERR);
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL) && regs)
+		show_regs(regs);
+	else
+		dump_stack_print_info(KERN_ERR);
 	pr_err("==================================================================\n");
 
 	lockdep_on();