diff mbox series

[v4,2/3] Documentation: riscv: Add documentation that describes the VM layout

Message ID 20210409061500.14673-3-alex@ghiti.fr (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series Move kernel mapping outside the linear mapping | expand

Commit Message

Alex Ghiti April 9, 2021, 6:14 a.m. UTC
This new document presents the RISC-V virtual memory layout and is based
one the x86 one: it describes the different limits of the different regions
of the virtual address space.

Signed-off-by: Alexandre Ghiti <alex@ghiti.fr>
---
 Documentation/riscv/index.rst     |  1 +
 Documentation/riscv/vm-layout.rst | 63 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 64 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/riscv/vm-layout.rst
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/riscv/index.rst b/Documentation/riscv/index.rst
index 6e6e39482502..ea915c196048 100644
--- a/Documentation/riscv/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/riscv/index.rst
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@  RISC-V architecture
     :maxdepth: 1
 
     boot-image-header
+    vm-layout
     pmu
     patch-acceptance
 
diff --git a/Documentation/riscv/vm-layout.rst b/Documentation/riscv/vm-layout.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..329d32098af4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/riscv/vm-layout.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@ 
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+=====================================
+Virtual Memory Layout on RISC-V Linux
+=====================================
+
+:Author: Alexandre Ghiti <alex@ghiti.fr>
+:Date: 12 February 2021
+
+This document describes the virtual memory layout used by the RISC-V Linux
+Kernel.
+
+RISC-V Linux Kernel 32bit
+=========================
+
+RISC-V Linux Kernel SV32
+------------------------
+
+TODO
+
+RISC-V Linux Kernel 64bit
+=========================
+
+The RISC-V privileged architecture document states that the 64bit addresses
+"must have bits 63–48 all equal to bit 47, or else a page-fault exception will
+occur.": that splits the virtual address space into 2 halves separated by a very
+big hole, the lower half is where the userspace resides, the upper half is where
+the RISC-V Linux Kernel resides.
+
+RISC-V Linux Kernel SV39
+------------------------
+
+::
+
+  ========================================================================================================================
+      Start addr    |   Offset   |     End addr     |  Size   | VM area description
+  ========================================================================================================================
+                    |            |                  |         |
+   0000000000000000 |    0       | 0000003fffffffff |  256 GB | user-space virtual memory, different per mm
+  __________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+                    |            |                  |         |
+   0000004000000000 | +256    GB | ffffffbfffffffff | ~16M TB | ... huge, almost 64 bits wide hole of non-canonical
+                    |            |                  |         |     virtual memory addresses up to the -256 GB
+                    |            |                  |         |     starting offset of kernel mappings.
+  __________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+                                                              |
+                                                              | Kernel-space virtual memory, shared between all processes:
+  ____________________________________________________________|___________________________________________________________
+                    |            |                  |         |
+   ffffffc000000000 | -256    GB | ffffffc7ffffffff |   32 GB | kasan
+   ffffffcefee00000 | -196    GB | ffffffcefeffffff |    2 MB | fixmap
+   ffffffceff000000 | -196    GB | ffffffceffffffff |   16 MB | PCI io
+   ffffffcf00000000 | -196    GB | ffffffcfffffffff |    4 GB | vmemmap
+   ffffffd000000000 | -192    GB | ffffffdfffffffff |   64 GB | vmalloc/ioremap space
+   ffffffe000000000 | -128    GB | ffffffff7fffffff |  124 GB | direct mapping of all physical memory
+  __________________|____________|__________________|_________|____________________________________________________________
+                                                              |
+                                                              |
+  ____________________________________________________________|____________________________________________________________
+                    |            |                  |         |
+   ffffffff00000000 |   -4    GB | ffffffff7fffffff |    2 GB | modules
+   ffffffff80000000 |   -2    GB | ffffffffffffffff |    2 GB | kernel, BPF
+  __________________|____________|__________________|_________|____________________________________________________________