diff mbox series

[109/178] mm/vmalloc: hugepage vmalloc mappings

Message ID 20210430055849.NYlibNTaE%akpm@linux-foundation.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [001/178] arch/ia64/kernel/head.S: remove duplicate include | expand

Commit Message

Andrew Morton April 30, 2021, 5:58 a.m. UTC
From: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Subject: mm/vmalloc: hugepage vmalloc mappings

Support huge page vmalloc mappings.  Config option HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC
enables support on architectures that define HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP and
supports PMD sized vmap mappings.

vmalloc will attempt to allocate PMD-sized pages if allocating PMD size or
larger, and fall back to small pages if that was unsuccessful.

Architectures must ensure that any arch specific vmalloc allocations that
require PAGE_SIZE mappings (e.g., module allocations vs strict module rwx)
use the VM_NOHUGE flag to inhibit larger mappings.

This can result in more internal fragmentation and memory overhead for a
given allocation, an option nohugevmalloc is added to disable at boot.

[colin.king@canonical.com: fix read of uninitialized pointer area]
  Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210318155955.18220-1-colin.king@canonical.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210317062402.533919-14-npiggin@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Ding Tianhong <dingtianhong@huawei.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 arch/Kconfig            |   11 +
 include/linux/vmalloc.h |   21 +++
 mm/page_alloc.c         |    5 
 mm/vmalloc.c            |  220 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 4 files changed, 209 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

--- a/arch/Kconfig~mm-vmalloc-hugepage-vmalloc-mappings
+++ a/arch/Kconfig
@@ -829,6 +829,17 @@  config HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PU
 config HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP
 	bool
 
+#
+#  Archs that select this would be capable of PMD-sized vmaps (i.e.,
+#  arch_vmap_pmd_supported() returns true), and they must make no assumptions
+#  that vmalloc memory is mapped with PAGE_SIZE ptes. The VM_NO_HUGE_VMAP flag
+#  can be used to prohibit arch-specific allocations from using hugepages to
+#  help with this (e.g., modules may require it).
+#
+config HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC
+	depends on HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP
+	bool
+
 config ARCH_WANT_HUGE_PMD_SHARE
 	bool
 
--- a/include/linux/vmalloc.h~mm-vmalloc-hugepage-vmalloc-mappings
+++ a/include/linux/vmalloc.h
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@  struct notifier_block;		/* in notifier.h
 #define VM_KASAN		0x00000080      /* has allocated kasan shadow memory */
 #define VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS	0x00000100	/* reset direct map and flush TLB on unmap, can't be freed in atomic context */
 #define VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES	0x00000200	/* put pages and free array in vfree */
+#define VM_NO_HUGE_VMAP		0x00000400	/* force PAGE_SIZE pte mapping */
 
 /*
  * VM_KASAN is used slighly differently depending on CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC.
@@ -54,6 +55,9 @@  struct vm_struct {
 	unsigned long		size;
 	unsigned long		flags;
 	struct page		**pages;
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC
+	unsigned int		page_order;
+#endif
 	unsigned int		nr_pages;
 	phys_addr_t		phys_addr;
 	const void		*caller;
@@ -188,6 +192,22 @@  void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area
 extern struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr);
 extern struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr);
 
+static inline bool is_vm_area_hugepages(const void *addr)
+{
+	/*
+	 * This may not 100% tell if the area is mapped with > PAGE_SIZE
+	 * page table entries, if for some reason the architecture indicates
+	 * larger sizes are available but decides not to use them, nothing
+	 * prevents that. This only indicates the size of the physical page
+	 * allocated in the vmalloc layer.
+	 */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC
+	return find_vm_area(addr)->page_order > 0;
+#else
+	return false;
+#endif
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
 int vmap_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
 			phys_addr_t phys_addr, pgprot_t prot,
@@ -205,6 +225,7 @@  static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_pe
 	if (vm)
 		vm->flags |= VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS;
 }
+
 #else
 static inline int
 map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c~mm-vmalloc-hugepage-vmalloc-mappings
+++ a/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/padata.h>
 #include <linux/khugepaged.h>
 #include <linux/buffer_head.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
 
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
@@ -8222,6 +8223,7 @@  void *__init alloc_large_system_hash(con
 	void *table = NULL;
 	gfp_t gfp_flags;
 	bool virt;
+	bool huge;
 
 	/* allow the kernel cmdline to have a say */
 	if (!numentries) {
@@ -8289,6 +8291,7 @@  void *__init alloc_large_system_hash(con
 		} else if (get_order(size) >= MAX_ORDER || hashdist) {
 			table = __vmalloc(size, gfp_flags);
 			virt = true;
+			huge = is_vm_area_hugepages(table);
 		} else {
 			/*
 			 * If bucketsize is not a power-of-two, we may free
@@ -8305,7 +8308,7 @@  void *__init alloc_large_system_hash(con
 
 	pr_info("%s hash table entries: %ld (order: %d, %lu bytes, %s)\n",
 		tablename, 1UL << log2qty, ilog2(size) - PAGE_SHIFT, size,
-		virt ? "vmalloc" : "linear");
+		virt ? (huge ? "vmalloc hugepage" : "vmalloc") : "linear");
 
 	if (_hash_shift)
 		*_hash_shift = log2qty;
--- a/mm/vmalloc.c~mm-vmalloc-hugepage-vmalloc-mappings
+++ a/mm/vmalloc.c
@@ -42,6 +42,19 @@ 
 #include "internal.h"
 #include "pgalloc-track.h"
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC
+static bool __ro_after_init vmap_allow_huge = true;
+
+static int __init set_nohugevmalloc(char *str)
+{
+	vmap_allow_huge = false;
+	return 0;
+}
+early_param("nohugevmalloc", set_nohugevmalloc);
+#else /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC */
+static const bool vmap_allow_huge = false;
+#endif	/* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC */
+
 bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x)
 {
 	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x;
@@ -483,31 +496,12 @@  static int vmap_pages_p4d_range(pgd_t *p
 	return 0;
 }
 
-/**
- * map_kernel_range_noflush - map kernel VM area with the specified pages
- * @addr: start of the VM area to map
- * @size: size of the VM area to map
- * @prot: page protection flags to use
- * @pages: pages to map
- *
- * Map PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr.  The VM area @addr and @size specify should
- * have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends.
- *
- * NOTE:
- * This function does NOT do any cache flushing.  The caller is responsible for
- * calling flush_cache_vmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this
- * function.
- *
- * RETURNS:
- * 0 on success, -errno on failure.
- */
-int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size,
-			     pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages)
+static int vmap_small_pages_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+		pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages)
 {
 	unsigned long start = addr;
-	unsigned long end = addr + size;
-	unsigned long next;
 	pgd_t *pgd;
+	unsigned long next;
 	int err = 0;
 	int nr = 0;
 	pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0;
@@ -529,6 +523,66 @@  int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned lo
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int vmap_pages_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+		pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, unsigned int page_shift)
+{
+	unsigned int i, nr = (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+	WARN_ON(page_shift < PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC) ||
+			page_shift == PAGE_SHIFT)
+		return vmap_small_pages_range_noflush(addr, end, prot, pages);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr; i += 1U << (page_shift - PAGE_SHIFT)) {
+		int err;
+
+		err = vmap_range_noflush(addr, addr + (1UL << page_shift),
+					__pa(page_address(pages[i])), prot,
+					page_shift);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+
+		addr += 1UL << page_shift;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int vmap_pages_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+		pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, unsigned int page_shift)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	err = vmap_pages_range_noflush(addr, end, prot, pages, page_shift);
+	flush_cache_vmap(addr, end);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/**
+ * map_kernel_range_noflush - map kernel VM area with the specified pages
+ * @addr: start of the VM area to map
+ * @size: size of the VM area to map
+ * @prot: page protection flags to use
+ * @pages: pages to map
+ *
+ * Map PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr.  The VM area @addr and @size specify should
+ * have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends.
+ *
+ * NOTE:
+ * This function does NOT do any cache flushing.  The caller is responsible for
+ * calling flush_cache_vmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this
+ * function.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * 0 on success, -errno on failure.
+ */
+int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size,
+			     pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages)
+{
+	return vmap_pages_range_noflush(addr, addr + size, prot, pages, PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
 int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot,
 		struct page **pages)
 {
@@ -2112,6 +2166,24 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_ram);
 
 static struct vm_struct *vmlist __initdata;
 
+static inline unsigned int vm_area_page_order(struct vm_struct *vm)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC
+	return vm->page_order;
+#else
+	return 0;
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline void set_vm_area_page_order(struct vm_struct *vm, unsigned int order)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMALLOC
+	vm->page_order = order;
+#else
+	BUG_ON(order != 0);
+#endif
+}
+
 /**
  * vm_area_add_early - add vmap area early during boot
  * @vm: vm_struct to add
@@ -2422,6 +2494,7 @@  static inline void set_area_direct_map(c
 {
 	int i;
 
+	/* HUGE_VMALLOC passes small pages to set_direct_map */
 	for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++)
 		if (page_address(area->pages[i]))
 			set_direct_map(area->pages[i]);
@@ -2431,6 +2504,7 @@  static inline void set_area_direct_map(c
 static void vm_remove_mappings(struct vm_struct *area, int deallocate_pages)
 {
 	unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0;
+	unsigned int page_order = vm_area_page_order(area);
 	int flush_reset = area->flags & VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS;
 	int flush_dmap = 0;
 	int i;
@@ -2455,11 +2529,14 @@  static void vm_remove_mappings(struct vm
 	 * map. Find the start and end range of the direct mappings to make sure
 	 * the vm_unmap_aliases() flush includes the direct map.
 	 */
-	for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) {
+	for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i += 1U << page_order) {
 		unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(area->pages[i]);
 		if (addr) {
+			unsigned long page_size;
+
+			page_size = PAGE_SIZE << page_order;
 			start = min(addr, start);
-			end = max(addr + PAGE_SIZE, end);
+			end = max(addr + page_size, end);
 			flush_dmap = 1;
 		}
 	}
@@ -2500,13 +2577,14 @@  static void __vunmap(const void *addr, i
 	vm_remove_mappings(area, deallocate_pages);
 
 	if (deallocate_pages) {
+		unsigned int page_order = vm_area_page_order(area);
 		int i;
 
-		for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) {
+		for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i += 1U << page_order) {
 			struct page *page = area->pages[i];
 
 			BUG_ON(!page);
-			__free_pages(page, 0);
+			__free_pages(page, page_order);
 		}
 		atomic_long_sub(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages);
 
@@ -2697,15 +2775,19 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmap_pfn);
 #endif /* CONFIG_VMAP_PFN */
 
 static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct vm_struct *area, gfp_t gfp_mask,
-				 pgprot_t prot, int node)
+				 pgprot_t prot, unsigned int page_shift,
+				 int node)
 {
 	const gfp_t nested_gfp = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) | __GFP_ZERO;
-	unsigned int nr_pages = get_vm_area_size(area) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)area->addr;
+	unsigned long size = get_vm_area_size(area);
 	unsigned long array_size;
-	unsigned int i;
+	unsigned int nr_small_pages = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	unsigned int page_order;
 	struct page **pages;
+	unsigned int i;
 
-	array_size = (unsigned long)nr_pages * sizeof(struct page *);
+	array_size = (unsigned long)nr_small_pages * sizeof(struct page *);
 	gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOWARN;
 	if (!(gfp_mask & (GFP_DMA | GFP_DMA32)))
 		gfp_mask |= __GFP_HIGHMEM;
@@ -2724,30 +2806,38 @@  static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct
 	}
 
 	area->pages = pages;
-	area->nr_pages = nr_pages;
+	area->nr_pages = nr_small_pages;
+	set_vm_area_page_order(area, page_shift - PAGE_SHIFT);
 
-	for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) {
-		struct page *page;
+	page_order = vm_area_page_order(area);
 
-		if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
-			page = alloc_page(gfp_mask);
-		else
-			page = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp_mask, 0);
+	/*
+	 * Careful, we allocate and map page_order pages, but tracking is done
+	 * per PAGE_SIZE page so as to keep the vm_struct APIs independent of
+	 * the physical/mapped size.
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i += 1U << page_order) {
+		struct page *page;
+		int p;
 
+		/* Compound pages required for remap_vmalloc_page */
+		page = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp_mask | __GFP_COMP, page_order);
 		if (unlikely(!page)) {
 			/* Successfully allocated i pages, free them in __vfree() */
 			area->nr_pages = i;
 			atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages);
 			goto fail;
 		}
-		area->pages[i] = page;
+
+		for (p = 0; p < (1U << page_order); p++)
+			area->pages[i + p] = page + p;
+
 		if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask))
 			cond_resched();
 	}
 	atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages);
 
-	if (map_kernel_range((unsigned long)area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area),
-			prot, pages) < 0)
+	if (vmap_pages_range(addr, addr + size, prot, pages, page_shift) < 0)
 		goto fail;
 
 	return area->addr;
@@ -2755,7 +2845,7 @@  static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct
 fail:
 	warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL,
 			  "vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated %ld of %ld bytes",
-			  (area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), area->size);
+			  (area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), size);
 	__vfree(area->addr);
 	return NULL;
 }
@@ -2786,19 +2876,45 @@  void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long
 	struct vm_struct *area;
 	void *addr;
 	unsigned long real_size = size;
+	unsigned long real_align = align;
+	unsigned int shift = PAGE_SHIFT;
 
-	size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
-	if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages())
+	if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages()) {
+		area = NULL;
 		goto fail;
+	}
+
+	if (vmap_allow_huge && !(vm_flags & VM_NO_HUGE_VMAP) &&
+			arch_vmap_pmd_supported(prot)) {
+		unsigned long size_per_node;
 
-	area = __get_vm_area_node(real_size, align, VM_ALLOC | VM_UNINITIALIZED |
+		/*
+		 * Try huge pages. Only try for PAGE_KERNEL allocations,
+		 * others like modules don't yet expect huge pages in
+		 * their allocations due to apply_to_page_range not
+		 * supporting them.
+		 */
+
+		size_per_node = size;
+		if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
+			size_per_node /= num_online_nodes();
+		if (size_per_node >= PMD_SIZE) {
+			shift = PMD_SHIFT;
+			align = max(real_align, 1UL << shift);
+			size = ALIGN(real_size, 1UL << shift);
+		}
+	}
+
+again:
+	size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
+	area = __get_vm_area_node(size, align, VM_ALLOC | VM_UNINITIALIZED |
 				vm_flags, start, end, node, gfp_mask, caller);
 	if (!area)
 		goto fail;
 
-	addr = __vmalloc_area_node(area, gfp_mask, prot, node);
+	addr = __vmalloc_area_node(area, gfp_mask, prot, shift, node);
 	if (!addr)
-		return NULL;
+		goto fail;
 
 	/*
 	 * In this function, newly allocated vm_struct has VM_UNINITIALIZED
@@ -2812,8 +2928,18 @@  void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long
 	return addr;
 
 fail:
-	warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL,
+	if (shift > PAGE_SHIFT) {
+		shift = PAGE_SHIFT;
+		align = real_align;
+		size = real_size;
+		goto again;
+	}
+
+	if (!area) {
+		/* Warn for area allocation, page allocations already warn */
+		warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL,
 			  "vmalloc: allocation failure: %lu bytes", real_size);
+	}
 	return NULL;
 }