diff mbox series

[125/143] drivers/base/memory: introduce memory_block_{online,offline}

Message ID 20210505013933.fxp7H_YxM%akpm@linux-foundation.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [001/143] mm: introduce and use mapping_empty() | expand

Commit Message

Andrew Morton May 5, 2021, 1:39 a.m. UTC
From: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Subject: drivers/base/memory: introduce memory_block_{online,offline}

Patch series "Allocate memmap from hotadded memory (per device)", v10.

The primary goal of this patchset is to reduce memory overhead of the
hot-added memory (at least for SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP memory model).  The
current way we use to populate memmap (struct page array) has two main

a) it consumes an additional memory until the hotadded memory itself is
   onlined and

b) memmap might end up on a different numa node which is especially
   true for movable_node configuration.

c) due to fragmentation we might end up populating memmap with base

One way to mitigate all these issues is to simply allocate memmap array
(which is the largest memory footprint of the physical memory hotplug)
from the hot-added memory itself.  SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP memory model allows
us to map any pfn range so the memory doesn't need to be online to be
usable for the array.  See patch 4 for more details.  This feature is only
usable when CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP is set.

[Overall design]:

Implementation wise we reuse vmem_altmap infrastructure to override the
default allocator used by vmemap_populate.  memory_block structure gains a
new field called nr_vmemmap_pages, which accounts for the number of
vmemmap pages used by that memory_block.  E.g: On x86_64, that is 512
vmemmap pages on small memory bloks and 4096 on large memory blocks (1GB)

We also introduce new two functions: memory_block_{online,offline}.  These
functions take care of initializing/unitializing vmemmap pages prior to
calling {online,offline}_pages, so the latter functions can remain totally

More details can be found in the respective changelogs.

This patch (of 8):

This is a preparatory patch that introduces two new functions:
memory_block_online() and memory_block_offline().

For now, these functions will only call online_pages() and offline_pages()
respectively, but they will be later in charge of preparing the vmemmap
pages, carrying out the initialization and proper accounting of such

Since memory_block struct contains all the information, pass this struct
down the chain till the end functions.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210421102701.25051-1-osalvador@suse.de
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210421102701.25051-2-osalvador@suse.de
Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

 drivers/base/memory.c |   33 +++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
diff mbox series


--- a/drivers/base/memory.c~drivers-base-memory-introduce-memory_block_onlineoffline
+++ a/drivers/base/memory.c
@@ -169,30 +169,41 @@  int memory_notify(unsigned long val, voi
 	return blocking_notifier_call_chain(&memory_chain, val, v);
+static int memory_block_online(struct memory_block *mem)
+	unsigned long start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(mem->start_section_nr);
+	unsigned long nr_pages = PAGES_PER_SECTION * sections_per_block;
+	return online_pages(start_pfn, nr_pages, mem->online_type, mem->nid);
+static int memory_block_offline(struct memory_block *mem)
+	unsigned long start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(mem->start_section_nr);
+	unsigned long nr_pages = PAGES_PER_SECTION * sections_per_block;
+	return offline_pages(start_pfn, nr_pages);
  * MEMORY_HOTPLUG depends on SPARSEMEM in mm/Kconfig, so it is
  * OK to have direct references to sparsemem variables in here.
 static int
-memory_block_action(unsigned long start_section_nr, unsigned long action,
-		    int online_type, int nid)
+memory_block_action(struct memory_block *mem, unsigned long action)
-	unsigned long start_pfn;
-	unsigned long nr_pages = PAGES_PER_SECTION * sections_per_block;
 	int ret;
-	start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(start_section_nr);
 	switch (action) {
 	case MEM_ONLINE:
-		ret = online_pages(start_pfn, nr_pages, online_type, nid);
+		ret = memory_block_online(mem);
-		ret = offline_pages(start_pfn, nr_pages);
+		ret = memory_block_offline(mem);
 		WARN(1, KERN_WARNING "%s(%ld, %ld) unknown action: "
-		     "%ld\n", __func__, start_section_nr, action, action);
+		     "%ld\n", __func__, mem->start_section_nr, action, action);
 		ret = -EINVAL;
@@ -210,9 +221,7 @@  static int memory_block_change_state(str
 	if (to_state == MEM_OFFLINE)
 		mem->state = MEM_GOING_OFFLINE;
-	ret = memory_block_action(mem->start_section_nr, to_state,
-				  mem->online_type, mem->nid);
+	ret = memory_block_action(mem, to_state);
 	mem->state = ret ? from_state_req : to_state;
 	return ret;