diff mbox series

man2: new page describing memfd_secret() system call

Message ID 20210727124140.1487079-1-rppt@kernel.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series man2: new page describing memfd_secret() system call | expand

Commit Message

Mike Rapoport July 27, 2021, 12:41 p.m. UTC
From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>

Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
---

Hi,

There were a lot of changes to memfd_secret implementation since the
previous posting of this man page, so its contents also changed
significantly and there is not much sense to call it v2.

 man2/memfd_secret.2 | 143 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 143 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man2/memfd_secret.2

Comments

Alejandro Colomar (man-pages) July 28, 2021, 8:44 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi Mike,

On 7/27/21 2:41 PM, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> 
> Hi,
> 
> There were a lot of changes to memfd_secret implementation since the
> previous posting of this man page, so its contents also changed
> significantly and there is not much sense to call it v2.

Please see some minor comments below.
Other than that, the page looks good to me.

Thanks,

Alex

> 
>   man2/memfd_secret.2 | 143 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   1 file changed, 143 insertions(+)
>   create mode 100644 man2/memfd_secret.2
> 
> diff --git a/man2/memfd_secret.2 b/man2/memfd_secret.2
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000..e6eee7018
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/man2/memfd_secret.2
> @@ -0,0 +1,143 @@
> +.\" Copyright (c) 2021, IBM Corporation.
> +.\" Written by Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> +.\"
> +.\" Based on memfd_create(2) man page
> +.\" Copyright (C) 2014 Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
> +.\" and Copyright (C) 2014 David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
> +.\"
> +.\" %%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+)
> +.\"
> +.\" This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> +.\" it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> +.\" the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> +.\" (at your option) any later version.
> +.\"
> +.\" This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> +.\" but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> +.\" MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> +.\" GNU General Public License for more details.
> +.\"
> +.\" You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
> +.\" License along with this manual; if not, see
> +.\" <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> +.\" %%%LICENSE_END
> +.\"
> +.TH MEMFD_SECRET 2 2020-08-02 Linux "Linux Programmer's Manual"
> +.SH NAME
> +memfd_secret \- create an anonymous file to access secret memory regions
> +.SH SYNOPSIS
> +.nf
> +.BI "int memfd_secret(unsigned int " flags ");"
> +.fi
> +.PP
> +.IR Note :
> +There is no glibc wrapper for this system call; see NOTES.

Please see the new syntax we're using for syscalls without a wrapper. 
You can check for example membarrier(2):
<https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/docs/man-pages/man-pages.git/tree/man2/membarrier.2>

Also please make sure you provide a complete include list for normal 
usage of the syscall (that is, includes providing syscall(2), 
SYS_memfd_secret, and any other constants used by the syscall).

> +.SH DESCRIPTION
> +.BR memfd_secret ()
> +creates an anonymous file and returns a file descriptor that refers to it.
> +The file provides a way to create and access memory regions
> +with stronger protection than usual RAM-based files and
> +anonymous memory mappings.
> +Once all references to the file are dropped, it is automatically released.
> +The initial size of the file is set to 0.
> +Following the call, the file size should be set using
> +.BR ftruncate (2).
> +.PP
> +The memory areas backing the file created with
> +.BR memfd_create(2)
> +are visible only to the contexts that have access to the file descriptor.
> +These areas are removed from the kernel page tables
> +and only the page tables of the processes holding the file descriptor
> +map the corresponding physical memory.
> +.PP
> +The following values may be bitwise ORed in
> +.IR flags

s/.IR/.I/

> +to control the behavior of
> +.BR memfd_secret (2):
> +.TP
> +.BR FD_CLOEXEC

s/.BR/.B/

> +Set the close-on-exec flag on the new file descriptor.
> +See the description of the
> +.B O_CLOEXEC
> +flag in
> +.BR open (2)
> +for reasons why this may be useful.
> +.PP
> +As its return value,
> +.BR memfd_secret ()
> +returns a new file descriptor that can be used to refer to an anonymous file.
> +This file descriptor is opened for both reading and writing
> +.RB ( O_RDWR )
> +and
> +.B O_LARGEFILE
> +is set for the file descriptor.
> +.PP
> +With respect to
> +.BR fork (2)
> +and
> +.BR execve (2),
> +the usual semantics apply for the file descriptor created by
> +.BR memfd_secret ().
> +A copy of the file descriptor is inherited by the child produced by
> +.BR fork (2)
> +and refers to the same file.
> +The file descriptor is preserved across
> +.BR execve (2),
> +unless the close-on-exec flag has been set.
> +.PP
> +The memory regions backed with
> +.BR memfd_secret ()
> +are locked in the same way as
> +.BR mlock (2),
> +however the implementation will not try to
> +populate the whole range during the
> +.BR mmap (2)
> +call.
> +The amount of memory allowed for memory mappings
> +of the file descriptor obeys the same rules as
> +.BR mlock (2)
> +and cannot exceed
> +.BR RLIMIT_MEMLOCK .
> +.SH RETURN VALUE
> +On success,
> +.BR memfd_secret ()
> +returns a new file descriptor.
> +On error, \-1 is returned and
> +.I errno
> +is set to indicate the error.
> +.SH ERRORS
> +.TP
> +.B EINVAL
> +.I flags
> +included unknown bits.
> +.TP
> +.B EMFILE
> +The per-process limit on the number of open file descriptors has been reached.
> +.TP
> +.B EMFILE
> +The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been reached.
> +.TP
> +.B ENOMEM
> +There was insufficient memory to create a new anonymous file.
> +.TP
> +.B ENOSYS
> +.BR memfd_secret ()
> +is not implemented on this architecture.
> +.SH VERSIONS
> +The
> +.BR memfd_secret (2)
> +system call first appeared in Linux 5.14.
> +.SH CONFORMING TO
> +The
> +.BR memfd_secret (2)
> +system call is Linux-specific.
> +.SH NOTES
> +.PP
> +Glibc does not provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using
> +.BR syscall (2).

We removed these notes when we changed the syntax in the synopsis.
See commit 39df5bd6bc66eccd25fdfac4e9c3381219c6686f (man-pages) as an 
example.

> +.SH SEE ALSO
> +.BR fcntl (2),
> +.BR ftruncate (2),
> +.BR mlock (2),
> +.BR mmap (2),
> +.BR setrlimit (2)
>
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/man2/memfd_secret.2 b/man2/memfd_secret.2
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..e6eee7018
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man2/memfd_secret.2
@@ -0,0 +1,143 @@ 
+.\" Copyright (c) 2021, IBM Corporation.
+.\" Written by Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
+.\"
+.\" Based on memfd_create(2) man page
+.\" Copyright (C) 2014 Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
+.\" and Copyright (C) 2014 David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+)
+.\"
+.\" This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+.\" it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+.\" the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+.\" (at your option) any later version.
+.\"
+.\" This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+.\" but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+.\" MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+.\" GNU General Public License for more details.
+.\"
+.\" You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
+.\" License along with this manual; if not, see
+.\" <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH MEMFD_SECRET 2 2020-08-02 Linux "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+memfd_secret \- create an anonymous file to access secret memory regions
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.BI "int memfd_secret(unsigned int " flags ");"
+.fi
+.PP
+.IR Note :
+There is no glibc wrapper for this system call; see NOTES.
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+.BR memfd_secret ()
+creates an anonymous file and returns a file descriptor that refers to it.
+The file provides a way to create and access memory regions
+with stronger protection than usual RAM-based files and
+anonymous memory mappings.
+Once all references to the file are dropped, it is automatically released.
+The initial size of the file is set to 0.
+Following the call, the file size should be set using
+.BR ftruncate (2).
+.PP
+The memory areas backing the file created with
+.BR memfd_create(2)
+are visible only to the contexts that have access to the file descriptor.
+These areas are removed from the kernel page tables
+and only the page tables of the processes holding the file descriptor
+map the corresponding physical memory.
+.PP
+The following values may be bitwise ORed in
+.IR flags
+to control the behavior of
+.BR memfd_secret (2):
+.TP
+.BR FD_CLOEXEC
+Set the close-on-exec flag on the new file descriptor.
+See the description of the
+.B O_CLOEXEC
+flag in
+.BR open (2)
+for reasons why this may be useful.
+.PP
+As its return value,
+.BR memfd_secret ()
+returns a new file descriptor that can be used to refer to an anonymous file.
+This file descriptor is opened for both reading and writing
+.RB ( O_RDWR )
+and
+.B O_LARGEFILE
+is set for the file descriptor.
+.PP
+With respect to
+.BR fork (2)
+and
+.BR execve (2),
+the usual semantics apply for the file descriptor created by
+.BR memfd_secret ().
+A copy of the file descriptor is inherited by the child produced by
+.BR fork (2)
+and refers to the same file.
+The file descriptor is preserved across
+.BR execve (2),
+unless the close-on-exec flag has been set.
+.PP
+The memory regions backed with
+.BR memfd_secret ()
+are locked in the same way as
+.BR mlock (2),
+however the implementation will not try to
+populate the whole range during the
+.BR mmap (2)
+call.
+The amount of memory allowed for memory mappings
+of the file descriptor obeys the same rules as
+.BR mlock (2)
+and cannot exceed
+.BR RLIMIT_MEMLOCK .
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+On success,
+.BR memfd_secret ()
+returns a new file descriptor.
+On error, \-1 is returned and
+.I errno
+is set to indicate the error.
+.SH ERRORS
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+.I flags
+included unknown bits.
+.TP
+.B EMFILE
+The per-process limit on the number of open file descriptors has been reached.
+.TP
+.B EMFILE
+The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been reached.
+.TP
+.B ENOMEM
+There was insufficient memory to create a new anonymous file.
+.TP
+.B ENOSYS
+.BR memfd_secret ()
+is not implemented on this architecture.
+.SH VERSIONS
+The
+.BR memfd_secret (2)
+system call first appeared in Linux 5.14.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+The
+.BR memfd_secret (2)
+system call is Linux-specific.
+.SH NOTES
+.PP
+Glibc does not provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using
+.BR syscall (2).
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR fcntl (2),
+.BR ftruncate (2),
+.BR mlock (2),
+.BR mmap (2),
+.BR setrlimit (2)