diff mbox series

[v3] mm: cma: indefinitely retry allocations in cma_alloc

Message ID 6904d64c97ca71b14ed0548a0287162bb6fb4b7b.1600922611.git.cgoldswo@codeaurora.org
State New
Headers show
Series [v3] mm: cma: indefinitely retry allocations in cma_alloc | expand

Commit Message

Chris Goldsworthy Sept. 24, 2020, 5:16 a.m. UTC
CMA allocations will fail if 'pinned' pages are in a CMA area, since we
cannot migrate pinned pages. The _refcount of a struct page being greater
than _mapcount for that page can cause pinning for anonymous pages.  This
is because try_to_unmap(), which (1) is called in the CMA allocation path,
and (2) decrements both _refcount and _mapcount for a page, will stop
unmapping a page from VMAs once the _mapcount for a page reaches 0.  This
implies that after try_to_unmap() has finished successfully for a page
where _recount > _mapcount, that _refcount will be greater than 0.  Later
in the CMA allocation path in migrate_page_move_mapping(), we will have one
more reference count than intended for anonymous pages, meaning the
allocation will fail for that page.

If a process ends up causing _refcount > _mapcount for a page (by either
incrementing _recount or decrementing _mapcount), such that the process is
context switched out after modifying one refcount but before modifying the
other, the page will be temporarily pinned.

One example of where _refcount can be greater than _mapcount is inside of
zap_pte_range(), which is called for all the entries of a PMD when a
process is exiting, to unmap the process's memory.  Inside of
zap_pte_range(), after unammping a page with page_remove_rmap(), we have
that _recount > _mapcount.  _refcount can only be decremented after a TLB
flush is performed for the page - this doesn't occur until enough pages
have been batched together for flushing.  The flush can either occur inside
of zap_pte_range() (during the same invocation or a later one), or if there
aren't enough pages collected by the time we unmap all of the pages in a
process, the flush will occur in tlb_finish_mmu() in exit_mmap().  After
the flush has occurred, tlb_batch_pages_flush() will decrement the
references on the flushed pages.

Another such example like the above is inside of copy_one_pte(), which is
called during a fork. For PTEs for which pte_present(pte) == true,
copy_one_pte() will increment the _refcount field followed by the
_mapcount field of a page.

So, inside of cma_alloc(), add the option of letting users pass in
__GFP_NOFAIL to indicate that we should retry CMA allocations indefinitely,
in the event that alloc_contig_range() returns -EBUSY after having scanned
a whole CMA-region bitmap.

Signed-off-by: Chris Goldsworthy <cgoldswo@codeaurora.org>
Co-developed-by: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
---
 arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c       |  2 +-
 drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c           |  2 +-
 drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c                   |  2 +-
 drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c |  2 +-
 include/linux/cma.h                        |  2 +-
 kernel/dma/contiguous.c                    |  4 ++--
 mm/Kconfig                                 | 11 ++++++++++
 mm/cma.c                                   | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 mm/cma_debug.c                             |  2 +-
 mm/hugetlb.c                               |  4 ++--
 10 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

Comments

David Hildenbrand Sept. 25, 2020, 12:18 p.m. UTC | #1
On 24.09.20 07:16, Chris Goldsworthy wrote:
> CMA allocations will fail if 'pinned' pages are in a CMA area, since we
> cannot migrate pinned pages. The _refcount of a struct page being greater
> than _mapcount for that page can cause pinning for anonymous pages.  This
> is because try_to_unmap(), which (1) is called in the CMA allocation path,
> and (2) decrements both _refcount and _mapcount for a page, will stop
> unmapping a page from VMAs once the _mapcount for a page reaches 0.  This
> implies that after try_to_unmap() has finished successfully for a page
> where _recount > _mapcount, that _refcount will be greater than 0.  Later
> in the CMA allocation path in migrate_page_move_mapping(), we will have one
> more reference count than intended for anonymous pages, meaning the
> allocation will fail for that page.
> 
> If a process ends up causing _refcount > _mapcount for a page (by either
> incrementing _recount or decrementing _mapcount), such that the process is
> context switched out after modifying one refcount but before modifying the
> other, the page will be temporarily pinned.
> 
> One example of where _refcount can be greater than _mapcount is inside of
> zap_pte_range(), which is called for all the entries of a PMD when a
> process is exiting, to unmap the process's memory.  Inside of
> zap_pte_range(), after unammping a page with page_remove_rmap(), we have
> that _recount > _mapcount.  _refcount can only be decremented after a TLB
> flush is performed for the page - this doesn't occur until enough pages
> have been batched together for flushing.  The flush can either occur inside
> of zap_pte_range() (during the same invocation or a later one), or if there
> aren't enough pages collected by the time we unmap all of the pages in a
> process, the flush will occur in tlb_finish_mmu() in exit_mmap().  After
> the flush has occurred, tlb_batch_pages_flush() will decrement the
> references on the flushed pages.
> 
> Another such example like the above is inside of copy_one_pte(), which is
> called during a fork. For PTEs for which pte_present(pte) == true,
> copy_one_pte() will increment the _refcount field followed by the
> _mapcount field of a page.
> 
> So, inside of cma_alloc(), add the option of letting users pass in
> __GFP_NOFAIL to indicate that we should retry CMA allocations indefinitely,
> in the event that alloc_contig_range() returns -EBUSY after having scanned
> a whole CMA-region bitmap.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Chris Goldsworthy <cgoldswo@codeaurora.org>
> Co-developed-by: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
> Signed-off-by: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c       |  2 +-
>  drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c           |  2 +-
>  drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c                   |  2 +-
>  drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c |  2 +-
>  include/linux/cma.h                        |  2 +-
>  kernel/dma/contiguous.c                    |  4 ++--
>  mm/Kconfig                                 | 11 ++++++++++
>  mm/cma.c                                   | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  mm/cma_debug.c                             |  2 +-
>  mm/hugetlb.c                               |  4 ++--
>  10 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
> index 073617c..21c3f6a 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
> @@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ struct page *kvm_alloc_hpt_cma(unsigned long nr_pages)
>  	VM_BUG_ON(order_base_2(nr_pages) < KVM_CMA_CHUNK_ORDER - PAGE_SHIFT);
>  
>  	return cma_alloc(kvm_cma, nr_pages, order_base_2(HPT_ALIGN_PAGES),
> -			 false);
> +			 0);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_alloc_hpt_cma);
>  
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c b/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
> index 626cf7f..7657359 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
> @@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ static int cma_heap_allocate(struct dma_heap *heap,
>  	helper_buffer->heap = heap;
>  	helper_buffer->size = len;
>  
> -	cma_pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, false);
> +	cma_pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, 0);
>  	if (!cma_pages)
>  		goto free_buf;
>  
> diff --git a/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c b/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
> index 9e06628..11c4e3b 100644
> --- a/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
> +++ b/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
> @@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ static void vmcp_response_alloc(struct vmcp_session *session)
>  	 * anymore the system won't work anyway.
>  	 */
>  	if (order > 2)
> -		page = cma_alloc(vmcp_cma, nr_pages, 0, false);
> +		page = cma_alloc(vmcp_cma, nr_pages, 0, 0);
>  	if (page) {
>  		session->response = (char *)page_to_phys(page);
>  		session->cma_alloc = 1;
> diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
> index bf65e67..128d3a5 100644
> --- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
> +++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
> @@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ static int ion_cma_allocate(struct ion_heap *heap, struct ion_buffer *buffer,
>  	if (align > CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT)
>  		align = CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT;
>  
> -	pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, false);
> +	pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, 0);
>  	if (!pages)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/cma.h b/include/linux/cma.h
> index 6ff79fe..2bd8544 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cma.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cma.h
> @@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ extern int cma_init_reserved_mem(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size,
>  					const char *name,
>  					struct cma **res_cma);
>  extern struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
> -			      bool no_warn);
> +			      gfp_t gfp_mask);
>  extern bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, const struct page *pages, unsigned int count);
>  
>  extern int cma_for_each_area(int (*it)(struct cma *cma, void *data), void *data);
> diff --git a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
> index cff7e60..55c62b2 100644
> --- a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
> +++ b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
> @@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ struct page *dma_alloc_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t count,
>  	if (align > CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT)
>  		align = CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT;
>  
> -	return cma_alloc(dev_get_cma_area(dev), count, align, no_warn);
> +	return cma_alloc(dev_get_cma_area(dev), count, align, no_warn ? __GFP_NOWARN : 0);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> @@ -219,7 +219,7 @@ static struct page *cma_alloc_aligned(struct cma *cma, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
>  {
>  	unsigned int align = min(get_order(size), CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT);
>  
> -	return cma_alloc(cma, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, align, gfp & __GFP_NOWARN);
> +	return cma_alloc(cma, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, align, gfp);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index 6c97488..83a5135 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -524,6 +524,17 @@ config CMA_AREAS
>  
>  	  If unsure, leave the default value "7".
>  
> +config CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION
> +	int "Sleep duration between retries"
> +	depends on CMA
> +	default 100
> +	help
> +	  Time to sleep for in milliseconds between the indefinite
> +	  retries of a CMA allocation that are induced by passing
> +	  __GFP_NOFAIL to cma_alloc().
> +
> +	  If unsure, leave the value as "100".
> +
>  config MEM_SOFT_DIRTY
>  	bool "Track memory changes"
>  	depends on CHECKPOINT_RESTORE && HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY && PROC_FS
> diff --git a/mm/cma.c b/mm/cma.c
> index 7f415d7..4fbad2b 100644
> --- a/mm/cma.c
> +++ b/mm/cma.c
> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
>  #include <linux/highmem.h>
>  #include <linux/io.h>
>  #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>  #include <trace/events/cma.h>
>  
>  #include "cma.h"
> @@ -403,13 +404,15 @@ static inline void cma_debug_show_areas(struct cma *cma) { }
>   * @cma:   Contiguous memory region for which the allocation is performed.
>   * @count: Requested number of pages.
>   * @align: Requested alignment of pages (in PAGE_SIZE order).
> - * @no_warn: Avoid printing message about failed allocation
> + * @gfp_mask: If __GFP_NOWARN is passed, suppress messages about failed
> + *	      allocations. If __GFP_NOFAIL is passed, try doing the CMA
> + *	      allocation indefinitely until the allocation succeeds.
>   *
>   * This function allocates part of contiguous memory on specific
>   * contiguous memory area.
>   */
>  struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
> -		       bool no_warn)
> +		       gfp_t gfp_mask)
>  {
>  	unsigned long mask, offset;
>  	unsigned long pfn = -1;
> @@ -442,8 +445,28 @@ struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
>  				bitmap_maxno, start, bitmap_count, mask,
>  				offset);
>  		if (bitmap_no >= bitmap_maxno) {
> -			mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> -			break;
> +			if (ret == -EBUSY && gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL) {
> +				mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> +
> +				/*
> +				 * Page may be momentarily pinned by some other
> +				 * process which has been scheduled out, e.g.
> +				 * in exit path, during unmap call, or process
> +				 * fork and so cannot be freed there. Sleep
> +				 * for 100ms and retry the allocation.
> +				 */
> +				start = 0;
> +				ret = -ENOMEM;
> +				msleep(CONFIG_CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION);
> +				continue;
> +			} else {
> +				/*
> +				 * ret == -ENOMEM - all bits in cma->bitmap are
> +				 * set, so we break accordingly.
> +				 */
> +				mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> +				break;
> +			}
>  		}
>  		bitmap_set(cma->bitmap, bitmap_no, bitmap_count);
>  		/*
> @@ -456,7 +479,7 @@ struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
>  		pfn = cma->base_pfn + (bitmap_no << cma->order_per_bit);
>  		mutex_lock(&cma_mutex);
>  		ret = alloc_contig_range(pfn, pfn + count, MIGRATE_CMA,
> -				     GFP_KERNEL | (no_warn ? __GFP_NOWARN : 0));
> +				     GFP_KERNEL | (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN));

Right, we definetly don't want to pass the flag further down.

Alternative would be cma_alloc_nofail(). That helps avoid people passing
 stuff like GFP_USER and wondering why it doesn't have an effect.
Chris Goldsworthy Sept. 25, 2020, 11:13 p.m. UTC | #2
On 2020-09-25 05:18, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> On 24.09.20 07:16, Chris Goldsworthy wrote:
>> -				     GFP_KERNEL | (no_warn ? __GFP_NOWARN : 0));
>> +				     GFP_KERNEL | (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN));
> 
> Right, we definetly don't want to pass the flag further down.
> 
> Alternative would be cma_alloc_nofail(). That helps avoid people 
> passing
>  stuff like GFP_USER and wondering why it doesn't have an effect.

But since we're doing a logical AND with __GFP_NOWARN, we're not passing 
any other values down - this makes it equivalent to the previous 
version, in that only __GFP_NOWARN can be passed to 
alloc_contig_range().
Minchan Kim Sept. 27, 2020, 7:23 p.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, Sep 23, 2020 at 10:16:25PM -0700, Chris Goldsworthy wrote:
> CMA allocations will fail if 'pinned' pages are in a CMA area, since we
> cannot migrate pinned pages. The _refcount of a struct page being greater
> than _mapcount for that page can cause pinning for anonymous pages.  This
> is because try_to_unmap(), which (1) is called in the CMA allocation path,
> and (2) decrements both _refcount and _mapcount for a page, will stop
> unmapping a page from VMAs once the _mapcount for a page reaches 0.  This
> implies that after try_to_unmap() has finished successfully for a page
> where _recount > _mapcount, that _refcount will be greater than 0.  Later
> in the CMA allocation path in migrate_page_move_mapping(), we will have one
> more reference count than intended for anonymous pages, meaning the
> allocation will fail for that page.
> 
> If a process ends up causing _refcount > _mapcount for a page (by either
> incrementing _recount or decrementing _mapcount), such that the process is
> context switched out after modifying one refcount but before modifying the
> other, the page will be temporarily pinned.
> 
> One example of where _refcount can be greater than _mapcount is inside of
> zap_pte_range(), which is called for all the entries of a PMD when a
> process is exiting, to unmap the process's memory.  Inside of
> zap_pte_range(), after unammping a page with page_remove_rmap(), we have
> that _recount > _mapcount.  _refcount can only be decremented after a TLB
> flush is performed for the page - this doesn't occur until enough pages
> have been batched together for flushing.  The flush can either occur inside
> of zap_pte_range() (during the same invocation or a later one), or if there
> aren't enough pages collected by the time we unmap all of the pages in a
> process, the flush will occur in tlb_finish_mmu() in exit_mmap().  After
> the flush has occurred, tlb_batch_pages_flush() will decrement the
> references on the flushed pages.
> 
> Another such example like the above is inside of copy_one_pte(), which is
> called during a fork. For PTEs for which pte_present(pte) == true,
> copy_one_pte() will increment the _refcount field followed by the
> _mapcount field of a page.
> 
> So, inside of cma_alloc(), add the option of letting users pass in
> __GFP_NOFAIL to indicate that we should retry CMA allocations indefinitely,
> in the event that alloc_contig_range() returns -EBUSY after having scanned
> a whole CMA-region bitmap.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Chris Goldsworthy <cgoldswo@codeaurora.org>
> Co-developed-by: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
> Signed-off-by: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c       |  2 +-
>  drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c           |  2 +-
>  drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c                   |  2 +-
>  drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c |  2 +-
>  include/linux/cma.h                        |  2 +-
>  kernel/dma/contiguous.c                    |  4 ++--
>  mm/Kconfig                                 | 11 ++++++++++
>  mm/cma.c                                   | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  mm/cma_debug.c                             |  2 +-
>  mm/hugetlb.c                               |  4 ++--
>  10 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
> index 073617c..21c3f6a 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
> @@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ struct page *kvm_alloc_hpt_cma(unsigned long nr_pages)
>  	VM_BUG_ON(order_base_2(nr_pages) < KVM_CMA_CHUNK_ORDER - PAGE_SHIFT);
>  
>  	return cma_alloc(kvm_cma, nr_pages, order_base_2(HPT_ALIGN_PAGES),
> -			 false);
> +			 0);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_alloc_hpt_cma);
>  
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c b/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
> index 626cf7f..7657359 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
> @@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ static int cma_heap_allocate(struct dma_heap *heap,
>  	helper_buffer->heap = heap;
>  	helper_buffer->size = len;
>  
> -	cma_pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, false);
> +	cma_pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, 0);
>  	if (!cma_pages)
>  		goto free_buf;
>  
> diff --git a/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c b/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
> index 9e06628..11c4e3b 100644
> --- a/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
> +++ b/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
> @@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ static void vmcp_response_alloc(struct vmcp_session *session)
>  	 * anymore the system won't work anyway.
>  	 */
>  	if (order > 2)
> -		page = cma_alloc(vmcp_cma, nr_pages, 0, false);
> +		page = cma_alloc(vmcp_cma, nr_pages, 0, 0);
>  	if (page) {
>  		session->response = (char *)page_to_phys(page);
>  		session->cma_alloc = 1;
> diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
> index bf65e67..128d3a5 100644
> --- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
> +++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
> @@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ static int ion_cma_allocate(struct ion_heap *heap, struct ion_buffer *buffer,
>  	if (align > CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT)
>  		align = CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT;
>  
> -	pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, false);
> +	pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, 0);
>  	if (!pages)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/cma.h b/include/linux/cma.h
> index 6ff79fe..2bd8544 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cma.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cma.h
> @@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ extern int cma_init_reserved_mem(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size,
>  					const char *name,
>  					struct cma **res_cma);
>  extern struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
> -			      bool no_warn);
> +			      gfp_t gfp_mask);
>  extern bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, const struct page *pages, unsigned int count);
>  
>  extern int cma_for_each_area(int (*it)(struct cma *cma, void *data), void *data);
> diff --git a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
> index cff7e60..55c62b2 100644
> --- a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
> +++ b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
> @@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ struct page *dma_alloc_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t count,
>  	if (align > CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT)
>  		align = CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT;
>  
> -	return cma_alloc(dev_get_cma_area(dev), count, align, no_warn);
> +	return cma_alloc(dev_get_cma_area(dev), count, align, no_warn ? __GFP_NOWARN : 0);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> @@ -219,7 +219,7 @@ static struct page *cma_alloc_aligned(struct cma *cma, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
>  {
>  	unsigned int align = min(get_order(size), CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT);
>  
> -	return cma_alloc(cma, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, align, gfp & __GFP_NOWARN);
> +	return cma_alloc(cma, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, align, gfp);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index 6c97488..83a5135 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -524,6 +524,17 @@ config CMA_AREAS
>  
>  	  If unsure, leave the default value "7".
>  
> +config CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION
> +	int "Sleep duration between retries"
> +	depends on CMA
> +	default 100
> +	help
> +	  Time to sleep for in milliseconds between the indefinite
> +	  retries of a CMA allocation that are induced by passing
> +	  __GFP_NOFAIL to cma_alloc().
> +
> +	  If unsure, leave the value as "100".

What's the point of this new config? If we need it, How could admin set their value?
How does it make bad if we just use simple default vaule?
IOW, I'd like to avoid introducing new config if we don't see good
justifcation.

> +
>  config MEM_SOFT_DIRTY
>  	bool "Track memory changes"
>  	depends on CHECKPOINT_RESTORE && HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY && PROC_FS
> diff --git a/mm/cma.c b/mm/cma.c
> index 7f415d7..4fbad2b 100644
> --- a/mm/cma.c
> +++ b/mm/cma.c
> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
>  #include <linux/highmem.h>
>  #include <linux/io.h>
>  #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>  #include <trace/events/cma.h>
>  
>  #include "cma.h"
> @@ -403,13 +404,15 @@ static inline void cma_debug_show_areas(struct cma *cma) { }
>   * @cma:   Contiguous memory region for which the allocation is performed.
>   * @count: Requested number of pages.
>   * @align: Requested alignment of pages (in PAGE_SIZE order).
> - * @no_warn: Avoid printing message about failed allocation
> + * @gfp_mask: If __GFP_NOWARN is passed, suppress messages about failed
> + *	      allocations. If __GFP_NOFAIL is passed, try doing the CMA
> + *	      allocation indefinitely until the allocation succeeds.
>   *
>   * This function allocates part of contiguous memory on specific
>   * contiguous memory area.
>   */
>  struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
> -		       bool no_warn)
> +		       gfp_t gfp_mask)
>  {
>  	unsigned long mask, offset;
>  	unsigned long pfn = -1;
> @@ -442,8 +445,28 @@ struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
>  				bitmap_maxno, start, bitmap_count, mask,
>  				offset);
>  		if (bitmap_no >= bitmap_maxno) {
> -			mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> -			break;
> +			if (ret == -EBUSY && gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL) {
> +				mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> +
> +				/*
> +				 * Page may be momentarily pinned by some other
> +				 * process which has been scheduled out, e.g.
> +				 * in exit path, during unmap call, or process
> +				 * fork and so cannot be freed there. Sleep
> +				 * for 100ms and retry the allocation.
> +				 */
> +				start = 0;
> +				ret = -ENOMEM;
> +				msleep(CONFIG_CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION);

Should it be uninterruptible, really?
Chris Goldsworthy Sept. 28, 2020, 8:10 p.m. UTC | #4
On 2020-09-27 12:23, Minchan Kim wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 23, 2020 at 10:16:25PM -0700, Chris Goldsworthy wrote:
>> CMA allocations will fail if 'pinned' pages are in a CMA area, since 
>> we


>> 
>> +config CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION
>> +	int "Sleep duration between retries"
>> +	depends on CMA
>> +	default 100
>> +	help
>> +	  Time to sleep for in milliseconds between the indefinite
>> +	  retries of a CMA allocation that are induced by passing
>> +	  __GFP_NOFAIL to cma_alloc().
>> +
>> +	  If unsure, leave the value as "100".
> 
> What's the point of this new config? If we need it, How could admin
> set their value?
> How does it make bad if we just use simple default vaule?
> IOW, I'd like to avoid introducing new config if we don't see good
> justifcation.

I thought that it would be useful for developers, but I guess it would 
be much better for this to be runtime configurable.  But, I don't think 
there's a strong reason to be able to configure the value - 100 ms has 
worked for us.  I'll update scrap this option in a follow-up patch, and 
will use 100 ms as the sleeping time.

>> +
>>  config MEM_SOFT_DIRTY
>>  	bool "Track memory changes"
>>  	depends on CHECKPOINT_RESTORE && HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY && PROC_FS
>> diff --git a/mm/cma.c b/mm/cma.c
>> index 7f415d7..4fbad2b 100644
>> --- a/mm/cma.c
>> +++ b/mm/cma.c
>> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
>>  #include <linux/highmem.h>
>>  #include <linux/io.h>
>>  #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
>> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>>  #include <trace/events/cma.h>
>> 
>>  #include "cma.h"
>> @@ -403,13 +404,15 @@ static inline void cma_debug_show_areas(struct 
>> cma *cma) { }
>>   * @cma:   Contiguous memory region for which the allocation is 
>> performed.
>>   * @count: Requested number of pages.
>>   * @align: Requested alignment of pages (in PAGE_SIZE order).
>> - * @no_warn: Avoid printing message about failed allocation
>> + * @gfp_mask: If __GFP_NOWARN is passed, suppress messages about 
>> failed
>> + *	      allocations. If __GFP_NOFAIL is passed, try doing the CMA
>> + *	      allocation indefinitely until the allocation succeeds.
>>   *
>>   * This function allocates part of contiguous memory on specific
>>   * contiguous memory area.
>>   */
>>  struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int 
>> align,
>> -		       bool no_warn)
>> +		       gfp_t gfp_mask)
>>  {
>>  	unsigned long mask, offset;
>>  	unsigned long pfn = -1;
>> @@ -442,8 +445,28 @@ struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t 
>> count, unsigned int align,
>>  				bitmap_maxno, start, bitmap_count, mask,
>>  				offset);
>>  		if (bitmap_no >= bitmap_maxno) {
>> -			mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
>> -			break;
>> +			if (ret == -EBUSY && gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL) {
>> +				mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
>> +
>> +				/*
>> +				 * Page may be momentarily pinned by some other
>> +				 * process which has been scheduled out, e.g.
>> +				 * in exit path, during unmap call, or process
>> +				 * fork and so cannot be freed there. Sleep
>> +				 * for 100ms and retry the allocation.
>> +				 */
>> +				start = 0;
>> +				ret = -ENOMEM;
>> +				msleep(CONFIG_CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION);
> 
> Should it be uninterruptible, really?

Good point - I'll replace the msleep() this with 
schedule_timeout_killable() in the follow-up patch.
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
index 073617c..21c3f6a 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@  struct page *kvm_alloc_hpt_cma(unsigned long nr_pages)
 	VM_BUG_ON(order_base_2(nr_pages) < KVM_CMA_CHUNK_ORDER - PAGE_SHIFT);
 
 	return cma_alloc(kvm_cma, nr_pages, order_base_2(HPT_ALIGN_PAGES),
-			 false);
+			 0);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_alloc_hpt_cma);
 
diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c b/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
index 626cf7f..7657359 100644
--- a/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
+++ b/drivers/dma-buf/heaps/cma_heap.c
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@  static int cma_heap_allocate(struct dma_heap *heap,
 	helper_buffer->heap = heap;
 	helper_buffer->size = len;
 
-	cma_pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, false);
+	cma_pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, 0);
 	if (!cma_pages)
 		goto free_buf;
 
diff --git a/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c b/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
index 9e06628..11c4e3b 100644
--- a/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
+++ b/drivers/s390/char/vmcp.c
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@  static void vmcp_response_alloc(struct vmcp_session *session)
 	 * anymore the system won't work anyway.
 	 */
 	if (order > 2)
-		page = cma_alloc(vmcp_cma, nr_pages, 0, false);
+		page = cma_alloc(vmcp_cma, nr_pages, 0, 0);
 	if (page) {
 		session->response = (char *)page_to_phys(page);
 		session->cma_alloc = 1;
diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
index bf65e67..128d3a5 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_cma_heap.c
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@  static int ion_cma_allocate(struct ion_heap *heap, struct ion_buffer *buffer,
 	if (align > CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT)
 		align = CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT;
 
-	pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, false);
+	pages = cma_alloc(cma_heap->cma, nr_pages, align, 0);
 	if (!pages)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
diff --git a/include/linux/cma.h b/include/linux/cma.h
index 6ff79fe..2bd8544 100644
--- a/include/linux/cma.h
+++ b/include/linux/cma.h
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@  extern int cma_init_reserved_mem(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size,
 					const char *name,
 					struct cma **res_cma);
 extern struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
-			      bool no_warn);
+			      gfp_t gfp_mask);
 extern bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, const struct page *pages, unsigned int count);
 
 extern int cma_for_each_area(int (*it)(struct cma *cma, void *data), void *data);
diff --git a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
index cff7e60..55c62b2 100644
--- a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
+++ b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@  struct page *dma_alloc_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t count,
 	if (align > CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT)
 		align = CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT;
 
-	return cma_alloc(dev_get_cma_area(dev), count, align, no_warn);
+	return cma_alloc(dev_get_cma_area(dev), count, align, no_warn ? __GFP_NOWARN : 0);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@  static struct page *cma_alloc_aligned(struct cma *cma, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
 {
 	unsigned int align = min(get_order(size), CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT);
 
-	return cma_alloc(cma, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, align, gfp & __GFP_NOWARN);
+	return cma_alloc(cma, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, align, gfp);
 }
 
 /**
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 6c97488..83a5135 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -524,6 +524,17 @@  config CMA_AREAS
 
 	  If unsure, leave the default value "7".
 
+config CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION
+	int "Sleep duration between retries"
+	depends on CMA
+	default 100
+	help
+	  Time to sleep for in milliseconds between the indefinite
+	  retries of a CMA allocation that are induced by passing
+	  __GFP_NOFAIL to cma_alloc().
+
+	  If unsure, leave the value as "100".
+
 config MEM_SOFT_DIRTY
 	bool "Track memory changes"
 	depends on CHECKPOINT_RESTORE && HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY && PROC_FS
diff --git a/mm/cma.c b/mm/cma.c
index 7f415d7..4fbad2b 100644
--- a/mm/cma.c
+++ b/mm/cma.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/highmem.h>
 #include <linux/io.h>
 #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 #include <trace/events/cma.h>
 
 #include "cma.h"
@@ -403,13 +404,15 @@  static inline void cma_debug_show_areas(struct cma *cma) { }
  * @cma:   Contiguous memory region for which the allocation is performed.
  * @count: Requested number of pages.
  * @align: Requested alignment of pages (in PAGE_SIZE order).
- * @no_warn: Avoid printing message about failed allocation
+ * @gfp_mask: If __GFP_NOWARN is passed, suppress messages about failed
+ *	      allocations. If __GFP_NOFAIL is passed, try doing the CMA
+ *	      allocation indefinitely until the allocation succeeds.
  *
  * This function allocates part of contiguous memory on specific
  * contiguous memory area.
  */
 struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
-		       bool no_warn)
+		       gfp_t gfp_mask)
 {
 	unsigned long mask, offset;
 	unsigned long pfn = -1;
@@ -442,8 +445,28 @@  struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
 				bitmap_maxno, start, bitmap_count, mask,
 				offset);
 		if (bitmap_no >= bitmap_maxno) {
-			mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
-			break;
+			if (ret == -EBUSY && gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL) {
+				mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
+
+				/*
+				 * Page may be momentarily pinned by some other
+				 * process which has been scheduled out, e.g.
+				 * in exit path, during unmap call, or process
+				 * fork and so cannot be freed there. Sleep
+				 * for 100ms and retry the allocation.
+				 */
+				start = 0;
+				ret = -ENOMEM;
+				msleep(CONFIG_CMA_RETRY_SLEEP_DURATION);
+				continue;
+			} else {
+				/*
+				 * ret == -ENOMEM - all bits in cma->bitmap are
+				 * set, so we break accordingly.
+				 */
+				mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
+				break;
+			}
 		}
 		bitmap_set(cma->bitmap, bitmap_no, bitmap_count);
 		/*
@@ -456,7 +479,7 @@  struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
 		pfn = cma->base_pfn + (bitmap_no << cma->order_per_bit);
 		mutex_lock(&cma_mutex);
 		ret = alloc_contig_range(pfn, pfn + count, MIGRATE_CMA,
-				     GFP_KERNEL | (no_warn ? __GFP_NOWARN : 0));
+				     GFP_KERNEL | (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN));
 		mutex_unlock(&cma_mutex);
 		if (ret == 0) {
 			page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
@@ -485,7 +508,7 @@  struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
 			page_kasan_tag_reset(page + i);
 	}
 
-	if (ret && !no_warn) {
+	if (ret && !(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN)) {
 		pr_err("%s: alloc failed, req-size: %zu pages, ret: %d\n",
 			__func__, count, ret);
 		cma_debug_show_areas(cma);
diff --git a/mm/cma_debug.c b/mm/cma_debug.c
index d5bf8aa..76aea84 100644
--- a/mm/cma_debug.c
+++ b/mm/cma_debug.c
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@  static int cma_alloc_mem(struct cma *cma, int count)
 	if (!mem)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	p = cma_alloc(cma, count, 0, false);
+	p = cma_alloc(cma, count, 0, 0);
 	if (!p) {
 		kfree(mem);
 		return -ENOMEM;
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index 67fc6383..97bdba9 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -1260,7 +1260,7 @@  static struct page *alloc_gigantic_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask,
 
 		if (hugetlb_cma[nid]) {
 			page = cma_alloc(hugetlb_cma[nid], nr_pages,
-					huge_page_order(h), true);
+					huge_page_order(h), __GFP_NOWARN);
 			if (page)
 				return page;
 		}
@@ -1271,7 +1271,7 @@  static struct page *alloc_gigantic_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask,
 					continue;
 
 				page = cma_alloc(hugetlb_cma[node], nr_pages,
-						huge_page_order(h), true);
+						huge_page_order(h), __GFP_NOWARN);
 				if (page)
 					return page;
 			}