diff mbox series

[v4,12/15] kasan: fix bug detection via ksize for HW_TAGS mode

Message ID f32ad74a60b28d8402482a38476f02bb7600f620.1610733117.git.andreyknvl@google.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series kasan: HW_TAGS tests support and fixes | expand

Commit Message

Andrey Konovalov Jan. 15, 2021, 5:52 p.m. UTC
The currently existing kasan_check_read/write() annotations are intended
to be used for kernel modules that have KASAN compiler instrumentation
disabled. Thus, they are only relevant for the software KASAN modes that
rely on compiler instrumentation.

However there's another use case for these annotations: ksize() checks
that the object passed to it is indeed accessible before unpoisoning the
whole object. This is currently done via __kasan_check_read(), which is
compiled away for the hardware tag-based mode that doesn't rely on
compiler instrumentation. This leads to KASAN missing detecting some
memory corruptions.

Provide another annotation called kasan_check_byte() that is available
for all KASAN modes. As the implementation rename and reuse
kasan_check_invalid_free(). Use this new annotation in ksize().
To avoid having ksize() as the top frame in the reported stack trace
pass _RET_IP_ to __kasan_check_byte().

Also add a new ksize_uaf() test that checks that a use-after-free is
detected via ksize() itself, and via plain accesses that happen later.

Link: https://linux-review.googlesource.com/id/Iaabf771881d0f9ce1b969f2a62938e99d3308ec5
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
---
 include/linux/kasan-checks.h |  6 ++++++
 include/linux/kasan.h        | 17 +++++++++++++++++
 lib/test_kasan.c             | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 mm/kasan/common.c            | 11 ++++++++++-
 mm/kasan/generic.c           |  4 ++--
 mm/kasan/kasan.h             | 10 +++++-----
 mm/kasan/sw_tags.c           |  6 +++---
 mm/slab_common.c             | 16 +++++++++-------
 8 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/include/linux/kasan-checks.h b/include/linux/kasan-checks.h
index ca5e89fb10d3..3d6d22a25bdc 100644
--- a/include/linux/kasan-checks.h
+++ b/include/linux/kasan-checks.h
@@ -4,6 +4,12 @@ 
 
 #include <linux/types.h>
 
+/*
+ * The annotations present in this file are only relevant for the software
+ * KASAN modes that rely on compiler instrumentation, and will be optimized
+ * away for the hardware tag-based KASAN mode. Use kasan_check_byte() instead.
+ */
+
 /*
  * __kasan_check_*: Always available when KASAN is enabled. This may be used
  * even in compilation units that selectively disable KASAN, but must use KASAN
diff --git a/include/linux/kasan.h b/include/linux/kasan.h
index bba1637827c3..5bedd5ee481f 100644
--- a/include/linux/kasan.h
+++ b/include/linux/kasan.h
@@ -242,6 +242,19 @@  static __always_inline void kasan_kfree_large(void *ptr)
 		__kasan_kfree_large(ptr, _RET_IP_);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Unlike kasan_check_read/write(), kasan_check_byte() is performed even for
+ * the hardware tag-based mode that doesn't rely on compiler instrumentation.
+ */
+bool __kasan_check_byte(const void *addr, unsigned long ip);
+static __always_inline bool kasan_check_byte(const void *addr)
+{
+	if (kasan_enabled())
+		return __kasan_check_byte(addr, _RET_IP_);
+	return true;
+}
+
+
 bool kasan_save_enable_multi_shot(void);
 void kasan_restore_multi_shot(bool enabled);
 
@@ -297,6 +310,10 @@  static inline void *kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size,
 	return (void *)object;
 }
 static inline void kasan_kfree_large(void *ptr) {}
+static inline bool kasan_check_byte(const void *address)
+{
+	return true;
+}
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN */
 
diff --git a/lib/test_kasan.c b/lib/test_kasan.c
index a06e7946f581..566d894ba20b 100644
--- a/lib/test_kasan.c
+++ b/lib/test_kasan.c
@@ -496,6 +496,7 @@  static void kasan_global_oob(struct kunit *test)
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, *(volatile char *)p);
 }
 
+/* Check that ksize() makes the whole object accessible. */
 static void ksize_unpoisons_memory(struct kunit *test)
 {
 	char *ptr;
@@ -514,6 +515,24 @@  static void ksize_unpoisons_memory(struct kunit *test)
 	kfree(ptr);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Check that a use-after-free is detected by ksize() and via normal accesses
+ * after it.
+ */
+static void ksize_uaf(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	char *ptr;
+	int size = 128 - KASAN_GRANULE_SIZE;
+
+	ptr = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+	KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ptr);
+	kfree(ptr);
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, ksize(ptr));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, kasan_int_result = *ptr);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, kasan_int_result = *(ptr + size));
+}
+
 static void kasan_stack_oob(struct kunit *test)
 {
 	char stack_array[10];
@@ -907,6 +926,7 @@  static struct kunit_case kasan_kunit_test_cases[] = {
 	KUNIT_CASE(kasan_alloca_oob_left),
 	KUNIT_CASE(kasan_alloca_oob_right),
 	KUNIT_CASE(ksize_unpoisons_memory),
+	KUNIT_CASE(ksize_uaf),
 	KUNIT_CASE(kmem_cache_double_free),
 	KUNIT_CASE(kmem_cache_invalid_free),
 	KUNIT_CASE(kasan_memchr),
diff --git a/mm/kasan/common.c b/mm/kasan/common.c
index eedc3e0fe365..b18189ef3a92 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/common.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/common.c
@@ -345,7 +345,7 @@  static bool ____kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object,
 	if (unlikely(cache->flags & SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU))
 		return false;
 
-	if (kasan_check_invalid_free(tagged_object)) {
+	if (!kasan_byte_accessible(tagged_object)) {
 		kasan_report_invalid_free(tagged_object, ip);
 		return true;
 	}
@@ -490,3 +490,12 @@  void __kasan_kfree_large(void *ptr, unsigned long ip)
 		kasan_report_invalid_free(ptr, ip);
 	/* The object will be poisoned by kasan_free_pages(). */
 }
+
+bool __kasan_check_byte(const void *address, unsigned long ip)
+{
+	if (!kasan_byte_accessible(address)) {
+		kasan_report((unsigned long)address, 1, false, ip);
+		return false;
+	}
+	return true;
+}
diff --git a/mm/kasan/generic.c b/mm/kasan/generic.c
index acab8862dc67..3f17a1218055 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/generic.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/generic.c
@@ -185,11 +185,11 @@  bool kasan_check_range(unsigned long addr, size_t size, bool write,
 	return check_region_inline(addr, size, write, ret_ip);
 }
 
-bool kasan_check_invalid_free(void *addr)
+bool kasan_byte_accessible(const void *addr)
 {
 	s8 shadow_byte = READ_ONCE(*(s8 *)kasan_mem_to_shadow(addr));
 
-	return shadow_byte < 0 || shadow_byte >= KASAN_GRANULE_SIZE;
+	return shadow_byte >= 0 && shadow_byte < KASAN_GRANULE_SIZE;
 }
 
 void kasan_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cache)
diff --git a/mm/kasan/kasan.h b/mm/kasan/kasan.h
index 292dfbc37deb..bd4ee6fab648 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/kasan.h
+++ b/mm/kasan/kasan.h
@@ -329,20 +329,20 @@  static inline void kasan_unpoison(const void *address, size_t size)
 			round_up(size, KASAN_GRANULE_SIZE), get_tag(address));
 }
 
-static inline bool kasan_check_invalid_free(void *addr)
+static inline bool kasan_byte_accessible(const void *addr)
 {
 	u8 ptr_tag = get_tag(addr);
-	u8 mem_tag = hw_get_mem_tag(addr);
+	u8 mem_tag = hw_get_mem_tag((void *)addr);
 
-	return (mem_tag == KASAN_TAG_INVALID) ||
-		(ptr_tag != KASAN_TAG_KERNEL && ptr_tag != mem_tag);
+	return (mem_tag != KASAN_TAG_INVALID) &&
+		(ptr_tag == KASAN_TAG_KERNEL || ptr_tag == mem_tag);
 }
 
 #else /* CONFIG_KASAN_HW_TAGS */
 
 void kasan_poison(const void *address, size_t size, u8 value);
 void kasan_unpoison(const void *address, size_t size);
-bool kasan_check_invalid_free(void *addr);
+bool kasan_byte_accessible(const void *addr);
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_HW_TAGS */
 
diff --git a/mm/kasan/sw_tags.c b/mm/kasan/sw_tags.c
index cc271fceb5d5..94c2d33be333 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/sw_tags.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/sw_tags.c
@@ -118,13 +118,13 @@  bool kasan_check_range(unsigned long addr, size_t size, bool write,
 	return true;
 }
 
-bool kasan_check_invalid_free(void *addr)
+bool kasan_byte_accessible(const void *addr)
 {
 	u8 tag = get_tag(addr);
 	u8 shadow_byte = READ_ONCE(*(u8 *)kasan_mem_to_shadow(kasan_reset_tag(addr)));
 
-	return (shadow_byte == KASAN_TAG_INVALID) ||
-		(tag != KASAN_TAG_KERNEL && tag != shadow_byte);
+	return (shadow_byte != KASAN_TAG_INVALID) &&
+		(tag == KASAN_TAG_KERNEL || tag == shadow_byte);
 }
 
 #define DEFINE_HWASAN_LOAD_STORE(size)					\
diff --git a/mm/slab_common.c b/mm/slab_common.c
index e981c80d216c..9c12cf4212ea 100644
--- a/mm/slab_common.c
+++ b/mm/slab_common.c
@@ -1157,19 +1157,21 @@  size_t ksize(const void *objp)
 	size_t size;
 
 	/*
-	 * We need to check that the pointed to object is valid, and only then
-	 * unpoison the shadow memory below. We use __kasan_check_read(), to
-	 * generate a more useful report at the time ksize() is called (rather
-	 * than later where behaviour is undefined due to potential
-	 * use-after-free or double-free).
+	 * We need to first check that the pointer to the object is valid, and
+	 * only then unpoison the memory. The report printed from ksize() is
+	 * more useful, then when it's printed later when the behaviour could
+	 * be undefined due to a potential use-after-free or double-free.
 	 *
-	 * If the pointed to memory is invalid we return 0, to avoid users of
+	 * We use kasan_check_byte(), which is supported for the hardware
+	 * tag-based KASAN mode, unlike kasan_check_read/write().
+	 *
+	 * If the pointed to memory is invalid, we return 0 to avoid users of
 	 * ksize() writing to and potentially corrupting the memory region.
 	 *
 	 * We want to perform the check before __ksize(), to avoid potentially
 	 * crashing in __ksize() due to accessing invalid metadata.
 	 */
-	if (unlikely(ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(objp)) || !__kasan_check_read(objp, 1))
+	if (unlikely(ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(objp)) || !kasan_check_byte(objp))
 		return 0;
 
 	size = __ksize(objp);