diff mbox series

[2/3] mm, page_alloc: Add a bulk page allocator

Message ID 20210224102603.19524-3-mgorman@techsingularity.net (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series Introduce a bulk order-0 page allocator for sunrpc | expand

Commit Message

Mel Gorman Feb. 24, 2021, 10:26 a.m. UTC
This patch adds a new page allocator interface via alloc_pages_bulk,
and __alloc_pages_bulk_nodemask. A caller requests a number of pages
to be allocated and added to a list. They can be freed in bulk using
free_pages_bulk().

The API is not guaranteed to return the requested number of pages and
may fail if the preferred allocation zone has limited free memory, the
cpuset changes during the allocation or page debugging decides to fail
an allocation. It's up to the caller to request more pages in batch
if necessary.

Note that this implementation is not very efficient and could be improved
but it would require refactoring. The intent is to make it available early
to determine what semantics are required by different callers. Once the
full semantics are nailed down, it can be refactored.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
---
 include/linux/gfp.h |  13 +++++
 mm/page_alloc.c     | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 124 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/include/linux/gfp.h b/include/linux/gfp.h
index 6e479e9c48ce..f2a1ae4b95b9 100644
--- a/include/linux/gfp.h
+++ b/include/linux/gfp.h
@@ -501,6 +501,10 @@  static inline int arch_make_page_accessible(struct page *page)
 }
 #endif
 
+int __alloc_pages_bulk_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, int preferred_nid,
+				nodemask_t *nodemask, int nr_pages,
+				struct list_head *list);
+
 struct page *
 __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid,
 							nodemask_t *nodemask);
@@ -511,6 +515,14 @@  __alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid)
 	return __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_mask, order, preferred_nid, NULL);
 }
 
+/* Bulk allocate order-0 pages */
+static inline unsigned long
+alloc_pages_bulk(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long nr_pages, struct list_head *list)
+{
+	return __alloc_pages_bulk_nodemask(gfp_mask, numa_mem_id(), NULL,
+							nr_pages, list);
+}
+
 /*
  * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. The node must be valid and
  * online. For more general interface, see alloc_pages_node().
@@ -580,6 +592,7 @@  void * __meminit alloc_pages_exact_nid(int nid, size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask);
 
 extern void __free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
 extern void free_pages(unsigned long addr, unsigned int order);
+extern void free_pages_bulk(struct list_head *list);
 
 struct page_frag_cache;
 extern void __page_frag_cache_drain(struct page *page, unsigned int count);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 519a60d5b6f7..a36344bc1045 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -4435,6 +4435,21 @@  static void wake_all_kswapds(unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask,
 	}
 }
 
+/* Drop reference counts and free order-0 pages from a list. */
+void free_pages_bulk(struct list_head *list)
+{
+	struct page *page, *next;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(page, next, list, lru) {
+		trace_mm_page_free_batched(page);
+		if (put_page_testzero(page)) {
+			list_del(&page->lru);
+			__free_pages_ok(page, 0, FPI_NONE);
+		}
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_pages_bulk);
+
 static inline unsigned int
 gfp_to_alloc_flags(gfp_t gfp_mask)
 {
@@ -4918,6 +4933,9 @@  static inline bool prepare_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
 		struct alloc_context *ac, gfp_t *alloc_mask,
 		unsigned int *alloc_flags)
 {
+	gfp_mask &= gfp_allowed_mask;
+	*alloc_mask = gfp_mask;
+
 	ac->highest_zoneidx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask);
 	ac->zonelist = node_zonelist(preferred_nid, gfp_mask);
 	ac->nodemask = nodemask;
@@ -4959,6 +4977,99 @@  static inline bool prepare_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
 	return true;
 }
 
+/*
+ * This is a batched version of the page allocator that attempts to
+ * allocate nr_pages quickly from the preferred zone and add them to list.
+ */
+int __alloc_pages_bulk_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, int preferred_nid,
+			nodemask_t *nodemask, int nr_pages,
+			struct list_head *alloc_list)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct zone *zone;
+	struct zoneref *z;
+	struct per_cpu_pages *pcp;
+	struct list_head *pcp_list;
+	struct alloc_context ac;
+	gfp_t alloc_mask;
+	unsigned int alloc_flags;
+	int alloced = 0;
+
+	if (nr_pages == 1)
+		goto failed;
+
+	/* May set ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT, fragmentation will return 1 page. */
+	if (!prepare_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0, preferred_nid, nodemask, &ac, &alloc_mask, &alloc_flags))
+		return 0;
+	gfp_mask = alloc_mask;
+
+	/* Find an allowed local zone that meets the high watermark. */
+	for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, ac.zonelist, ac.highest_zoneidx, ac.nodemask) {
+		unsigned long mark;
+
+		if (cpusets_enabled() && (alloc_flags & ALLOC_CPUSET) &&
+		    !__cpuset_zone_allowed(zone, gfp_mask)) {
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		if (nr_online_nodes > 1 && zone != ac.preferred_zoneref->zone &&
+		    zone_to_nid(zone) != zone_to_nid(ac.preferred_zoneref->zone)) {
+			goto failed;
+		}
+
+		mark = wmark_pages(zone, alloc_flags & ALLOC_WMARK_MASK) + nr_pages;
+		if (zone_watermark_fast(zone, 0,  mark,
+				zonelist_zone_idx(ac.preferred_zoneref),
+				alloc_flags, gfp_mask)) {
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	if (!zone)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Attempt the batch allocation */
+	local_irq_save(flags);
+	pcp = &this_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset)->pcp;
+	pcp_list = &pcp->lists[ac.migratetype];
+
+	while (alloced < nr_pages) {
+		page = __rmqueue_pcplist(zone, ac.migratetype, alloc_flags,
+								pcp, pcp_list);
+		if (!page)
+			break;
+
+		prep_new_page(page, 0, gfp_mask, 0);
+		list_add(&page->lru, alloc_list);
+		alloced++;
+	}
+
+	if (!alloced)
+		goto failed_irq;
+
+	if (alloced) {
+		__count_zid_vm_events(PGALLOC, zone_idx(zone), alloced);
+		zone_statistics(zone, zone);
+	}
+
+	local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+	return alloced;
+
+failed_irq:
+	local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+failed:
+	page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_mask, 0, preferred_nid, nodemask);
+	if (page) {
+		alloced++;
+		list_add(&page->lru, alloc_list);
+	}
+
+	return alloced;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__alloc_pages_bulk_nodemask);
+
 /*
  * This is the 'heart' of the zoned buddy allocator.
  */
@@ -4980,8 +5091,6 @@  __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid,
 		return NULL;
 	}
 
-	gfp_mask &= gfp_allowed_mask;
-	alloc_mask = gfp_mask;
 	if (!prepare_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order, preferred_nid, nodemask, &ac, &alloc_mask, &alloc_flags))
 		return NULL;