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[v3,11/11] libnvdimm: add documentation for nvdimm security support

Message ID 153134848996.41955.6478972336094538817.stgit@djiang5-desk3.ch.intel.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Dave Jiang July 11, 2018, 10:34 p.m. UTC
Add theory of operation for the security support that's going into
libnvdimm.

Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
---
 Documentation/nvdimm/security |   70 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 70 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/nvdimm/security
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Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/nvdimm/security b/Documentation/nvdimm/security
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..756205c9aa4c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/nvdimm/security
@@ -0,0 +1,70 @@ 
+NVDIMM SECURITY
+===============
+
+1. Introduction
+---------------
+
+With the introduction of Intel DSM v1.7 specification [1], security DSMs are
+introduced. The spec added the following security DSMs: "get security state",
+"set passphrase", "disable passphrase", "unlock unit", "freeze lock",
+"secure erase", and "overwrite". A security_ops data structure has been
+added to struct dimm in order to support the security operations and generic
+APIs are exposed to allow vendor neutral operations.
+
+2. Sysfs Interface
+------------------
+The "security" sysfs attribute is provided in the nvdimm sysfs directory. For
+example:
+/sys/devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXSYBUS:00/ACPI0012:00/ndbus0/nmem0/security
+
+The "show" function of that attribute will display the security state for
+that DIMM. The following states are available: disabled, unlocked, locked,
+frozen, and unsupported.
+
+The "store" function takes several commands when the attribute is written to
+in order to support some of the security functionalities:
+update - enable security. Add or update current key.
+disable - disable enabled security and remove key.
+freeze - freeze changing of security states.
+erase - generate new ecryption key for DIMM and crypto-scrambles all existing
+	user data.
+
+3. Key Management
+-----------------
+
+The key is associted to the payload by the DIMM id. For example:
+# cat /sys/devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXSYBUS:00/ACPI0012:00/ndbus0/nmem0/nfit/id
+8089-a2-1740-00000133
+The DIMM id would be provided along with the key payload (passphrase) to
+the kernel.
+
+The security keys are managed on the basis of a single key per DIMM. The
+key "passphrase" is expected to be 32bytes long or padded to 32bytes. This is
+similar to the ATA security specification [2]. A key is initially acquired
+via the request_key() kernel API call and retrieved from userspace. It is up to
+the user to provide an upcall application to retrieve the key in whatever
+fashion meets their security requirements.
+
+The payload provided to the key can be a 32bytes payload or 64bytes payload
+when doing an "update". The payload is viewed as 64 bytes in the following
+format:
+[32 bytes current key data zero padded][32 bytes new key data zero padded]
+However, a 32bytes payload can be provided and will be assumed as the old
+key to be 32 bytes of 0s and the provided 32bytes payload is the new key.
+It is up to the user upcall function how that's presented as the key payload
+to the kernel.
+
+All the other security functions that require a provided key can accept a
+32bytes payload or 64bytes. If the payload is 64bytes, then second 32bytes
+will be ignored and the first 32bytes contains the expected "passphrase".
+
+4. Unlocking
+------------
+When the DIMMs are being enumerated by the kernel, the kernel will attempt to
+retrieve the key from its keyring. If that fails, it will attempt to
+acquire the key from the userspace upcall function. This is the only time
+a locked DIMM can be unlocked. Once unlocked, the DIMM will remain unlocked
+until reboot.
+
+[1]: http://pmem.io/documents/NVDIMM_DSM_Interface-V1.7.pdf
+[2]: http://www.t13.org/documents/UploadedDocuments/docs2006/e05179r4-ACS-SecurityClarifications.pdf