diff mbox series

[1/2] PCI: pciehp: fix concurrent sub-tree removal deadlock

Message ID 20240612181024.3577119-2-kbusch@meta.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Delegated to: Bjorn Helgaas
Headers show
Series pcie hotplug and error fixes | expand

Commit Message

Keith Busch June 12, 2024, 6:10 p.m. UTC
From: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>

PCIe hotplug events modify the topology in their IRQ thread once it can
acquire the global pci_rescan_remove_lock.

If a different removal event happens to acquire that lock first, and
that removal event is for the parent device of the bridge processing the
other hotplug event, then we are deadlocked: the parent removal will
wait indefinitely on the child's IRQ thread because the parent is
holding the global lock the child thread needs to make forward progress.

Introduce a new locking function that aborts if the device is being
removed. The following are stack traces of the deadlock:

Task A:

  pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x41/0x120
  pciehp_disable_slot+0x3c/0xc0
  pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x28f/0x3e0
  pciehp_ist+0xc3/0x210
  irq_thread_fn+0x19/0x40

Task B:

  __synchronize_irq+0x5b/0x90
  free_irq+0x192/0x2e0
  pcie_shutdown_notification+0x3b/0x40
  pciehp_remove+0x23/0x50
  pcie_port_remove_service+0x2c/0x40
  device_release_driver_internal+0x11f/0x180
  bus_remove_device+0xc5/0x110
  device_del+0x126/0x340
  device_unregister+0x13/0x50
  remove_iter+0x17/0x20
  device_for_each_child+0x4a/0x70
  pcie_portdrv_remove+0x23/0x40
  pci_device_remove+0x24/0x60
  device_release_driver_internal+0x11f/0x180
  pci_stop_bus_device+0x57/0x80
  pci_stop_bus_device+0x2c/0x80
  pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0xe/0x20
  pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x76/0x120
  pciehp_disable_slot+0x3c/0xc0
  pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x28f/0x3e0
  pciehp_ist+0xc3/0x210
  irq_thread_fn+0x19/0x40

Signed-off-by: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
---
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_pci.c | 12 +++++++++---
 drivers/pci/pci.h                |  1 +
 drivers/pci/probe.c              | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/pci.h              |  2 ++
 4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_pci.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_pci.c
index ad12515a4a121..ca6237b0732c8 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_pci.c
@@ -34,9 +34,12 @@  int pciehp_configure_device(struct controller *ctrl)
 	struct pci_dev *dev;
 	struct pci_dev *bridge = ctrl->pcie->port;
 	struct pci_bus *parent = bridge->subordinate;
-	int num, ret = 0;
+	int num, ret;
 
-	pci_lock_rescan_remove();
+	ret = pci_trylock_rescan_remove(bridge);
+	if (!ret)
+		return -ENODEV;
+	ret = 0;
 
 	dev = pci_get_slot(parent, PCI_DEVFN(0, 0));
 	if (dev) {
@@ -93,6 +96,7 @@  void pciehp_unconfigure_device(struct controller *ctrl, bool presence)
 	struct pci_dev *dev, *temp;
 	struct pci_bus *parent = ctrl->pcie->port->subordinate;
 	u16 command;
+	int ret;
 
 	ctrl_dbg(ctrl, "%s: domain:bus:dev = %04x:%02x:00\n",
 		 __func__, pci_domain_nr(parent), parent->number);
@@ -100,7 +104,9 @@  void pciehp_unconfigure_device(struct controller *ctrl, bool presence)
 	if (!presence)
 		pci_walk_bus(parent, pci_dev_set_disconnected, NULL);
 
-	pci_lock_rescan_remove();
+	ret = pci_trylock_rescan_remove(parent->self);
+	if (!ret)
+		return;
 
 	/*
 	 * Stopping an SR-IOV PF device removes all the associated VFs,
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.h b/drivers/pci/pci.h
index fd44565c47562..f525490a02122 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci.h
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci.h
@@ -370,6 +370,7 @@  static inline int pci_dev_set_disconnected(struct pci_dev *dev, void *unused)
 {
 	pci_dev_set_io_state(dev, pci_channel_io_perm_failure);
 	pci_doe_disconnected(dev);
+	pci_notify_disconnected();
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
index 5fbabb4e3425f..d2e19a1d1a45b 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
@@ -3302,6 +3302,7 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_rescan_bus);
  * routines should always be executed under this mutex.
  */
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(pci_rescan_remove_lock);
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(pci_lock_wq);
 
 void pci_lock_rescan_remove(void)
 {
@@ -3309,12 +3310,35 @@  void pci_lock_rescan_remove(void)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_lock_rescan_remove);
 
+/*
+ * pci_trylock_rescan_remove() - keep trying to take the lock until successful
+ *				 or notified the device is disconnected
+ *
+ * Returns 1 if the lock was successfully taken, 0 otherwise.
+ */
+bool pci_trylock_rescan_remove(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	wait_event(pci_lock_wq,
+		   (ret = mutex_trylock(&pci_rescan_remove_lock)) == 1 ||
+		   pci_dev_is_disconnected(dev));
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 void pci_unlock_rescan_remove(void)
 {
 	mutex_unlock(&pci_rescan_remove_lock);
+	wake_up_all(&pci_lock_wq);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_unlock_rescan_remove);
 
+void pci_notify_disconnected(void)
+{
+	wake_up_all(&pci_lock_wq);
+}
+
 static int __init pci_sort_bf_cmp(const struct device *d_a,
 				  const struct device *d_b)
 {
diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index cafc5ab1cbcb4..b05aaf9aac6c8 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -1442,7 +1442,9 @@  void set_pcie_hotplug_bridge(struct pci_dev *pdev);
 unsigned int pci_rescan_bus_bridge_resize(struct pci_dev *bridge);
 unsigned int pci_rescan_bus(struct pci_bus *bus);
 void pci_lock_rescan_remove(void);
+bool pci_trylock_rescan_remove(struct pci_dev *dev);
 void pci_unlock_rescan_remove(void);
+void pci_notify_disconnected(void);
 
 /* Vital Product Data routines */
 ssize_t pci_read_vpd(struct pci_dev *dev, loff_t pos, size_t count, void *buf);