diff mbox series

[v1,8/9] driver core: fw_devlink: Make cycle detection more robust

Message ID 20220810060040.321697-9-saravanak@google.com (mailing list archive)
State Awaiting Upstream
Delegated to: Geert Uytterhoeven
Headers show
Series fw_devlink improvements | expand

Commit Message

Saravana Kannan Aug. 10, 2022, 6 a.m. UTC
fw_devlink could only detect a single and simple cycle because it relied
mainly on device link cycle detection code that only checked for cycles
between devices. The expectation was that the firmware wouldn't have
complicated cycles and multiple cycles between devices. That expectation
has been proven to be wrong.

For example, fw_devlink could handle:

+-+        +-+
|A+------> |B+
+-+        +++
 ^          |
 |          |
 +----------+

But it couldn't handle even something as "simple" as:

 +---------------------+
 |                     |
 v                     |
+-+        +-+        +++
|A+------> |B+------> |C|
+-+        +++        +-+
 ^          |
 |          |
 +----------+

But firmware has even more complicated cycles like:

    +---------------------+
    |                     |
    v                     |
   +-+       +---+       +++
+--+A+------>| B +-----> |C|<--+
|  +-+       ++--+       +++   |
|   ^         | ^         |    |
|   |         | |         |    |
|   +---------+ +---------+    |
|                              |
+------------------------------+

And this is without including parent child dependencies or nodes in the
cycle that are just firmware nodes that'll never have a struct device
created for them.

The proper way to treat these devices it to not force any probe ordering
between them, while still enforce dependencies between node in the
cycles (A, B and C) and their consumers.

So this patch goes all out and just deals with all types of cycles. It
does this by:

1. Following dependencies across device links, parent-child and fwnode
   links.
2. When it find cycles, it mark the device links and fwnode links as
   such instead of just deleting them or making the indistinguishable
   from proxy SYNC_STATE_ONLY device links.

This way, when new nodes get added, we can immediately find and mark any
new cycles whether the new node is a device or firmware node.

Signed-off-by: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>
---
 drivers/base/core.c | 245 +++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
 1 file changed, 130 insertions(+), 115 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/base/core.c b/drivers/base/core.c
index 296cfb714fe1..2f012e826986 100644
--- a/drivers/base/core.c
+++ b/drivers/base/core.c
@@ -1864,47 +1864,6 @@  static void fw_devlink_unblock_consumers(struct device *dev)
 	device_links_write_unlock();
 }
 
-/**
- * fw_devlink_relax_cycle - Convert cyclic links to SYNC_STATE_ONLY links
- * @con: Device to check dependencies for.
- * @sup: Device to check against.
- *
- * Check if @sup depends on @con or any device dependent on it (its child or
- * its consumer etc).  When such a cyclic dependency is found, convert all
- * device links created solely by fw_devlink into SYNC_STATE_ONLY device links.
- * This is the equivalent of doing fw_devlink=permissive just between the
- * devices in the cycle. We need to do this because, at this point, fw_devlink
- * can't tell which of these dependencies is not a real dependency.
- *
- * Return 1 if a cycle is found. Otherwise, return 0.
- */
-static int fw_devlink_relax_cycle(struct device *con, void *sup)
-{
-	struct device_link *link;
-	int ret;
-
-	if (con == sup)
-		return 1;
-
-	ret = device_for_each_child(con, sup, fw_devlink_relax_cycle);
-	if (ret)
-		return ret;
-
-	list_for_each_entry(link, &con->links.consumers, s_node) {
-		if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_CYCLE) &&
-		    device_link_flag_is_sync_state_only(link->flags))
-			continue;
-
-		if (!fw_devlink_relax_cycle(link->consumer, sup))
-			continue;
-
-		ret = 1;
-
-		fw_devlink_relax_link(link);
-		link->flags |= DL_FLAG_CYCLE;
-	}
-	return ret;
-}
 
 static bool fwnode_init_without_drv(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode)
 {
@@ -1935,6 +1894,113 @@  static bool fwnode_ancestor_init_without_drv(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode)
 	return false;
 }
 
+/**
+ * __fw_devlink_relax_cycles - Relax and mark dependency cycles.
+ * @con: Potential consumer device.
+ * @sup_handle: Potential supplier's fwnode.
+ *
+ * Needs to be called with fwnode_lock and device link lock held.
+ *
+ * Check if @sup_handle or any of its ancestors or suppliers direct/indirectly
+ * depend on @con.  This function can detect multiple cyles between @sup_handle
+ * and @con. When such dependency cycles are found, convert all device links
+ * created solely by fw_devlink into SYNC_STATE_ONLY device links.  Also, mark
+ * all fwnode links in the cycle with FWLINK_FLAG_CYCLE so that when they are
+ * converted into a device link in the future, they are created as
+ * SYNC_STATE_ONLY device links.  This is the equivalent of doing
+ * fw_devlink=permissive just between the devices in the cycle. We need to do
+ * this because, at this point, fw_devlink can't tell which of these
+ * dependencies is not a real dependency.
+ *
+ * Return true if one or more cycles were found. Otherwise, return false.
+ */
+static bool __fw_devlink_relax_cycles(struct device *con,
+				 struct fwnode_handle *sup_handle)
+{
+	struct fwnode_link *link;
+	struct device_link *dev_link;
+	struct device *sup_dev = NULL, *par_dev = NULL;
+	bool ret = false;
+
+	if (!sup_handle)
+		return false;
+
+	/*
+	 * We aren't trying to find all cycles. Just a cycle between con and
+	 * sup_handle.
+	 */
+	if (sup_handle->flags & FWNODE_FLAG_VISITED)
+		return false;
+
+	sup_handle->flags |= FWNODE_FLAG_VISITED;
+
+	sup_dev = get_dev_from_fwnode(sup_handle);
+
+	/* Termination condition. */
+	if (sup_dev == con) {
+		ret = true;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * If sup_dev is bound to a driver and @con hasn't started binding to
+	 * a driver, @sup_dev can't be a consumer of @con.  So, no need to
+	 * check further.
+	 */
+	if (sup_dev && sup_dev->links.status ==  DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND &&
+	    con->links.status == DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER) {
+		ret = false;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry(link, &sup_handle->suppliers, c_hook) {
+		if (__fw_devlink_relax_cycles(con, link->supplier)) {
+			__fwnode_link_cycle(link);
+			ret = true;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Give priority to device parent over fwnode parent to account for any
+	 * quirks in how fwnodes are converted to devices.
+	 */
+	if (sup_dev) {
+		par_dev = sup_dev->parent;
+		get_device(par_dev);
+	} else {
+		par_dev = fwnode_get_next_parent_dev(sup_handle);
+	}
+
+	if (par_dev)
+		ret |= __fw_devlink_relax_cycles(con, par_dev->fwnode);
+
+	if (!sup_dev)
+		goto out;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(dev_link, &sup_dev->links.suppliers, c_node) {
+		/*
+		 * Ignore a SYNC_STATE_ONLY flag only if it wasn't marked as a
+		 * such due to a cycle.
+		 */
+		if (device_link_flag_is_sync_state_only(dev_link->flags) &&
+		    !(dev_link->flags & DL_FLAG_CYCLE))
+			continue;
+
+		if (__fw_devlink_relax_cycles(con,
+					      dev_link->supplier->fwnode)) {
+			fw_devlink_relax_link(dev_link);
+			dev_link->flags |= DL_FLAG_CYCLE;
+			ret = true;
+		}
+	}
+
+out:
+	sup_handle->flags &= ~FWNODE_FLAG_VISITED;
+	put_device(sup_dev);
+	put_device(par_dev);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /**
  * fw_devlink_create_devlink - Create a device link from a consumer to fwnode
  * @con: consumer device for the device link
@@ -1987,6 +2053,21 @@  static int fw_devlink_create_devlink(struct device *con,
 	    fwnode_is_ancestor_of(sup_handle, con->fwnode))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	/*
+	 * SYNC_STATE_ONLY device links don't block probing and supports cycles.
+	 * So cycle detection isn't necessary and shouldn't be done.
+	 */
+	if (!(flags & DL_FLAG_SYNC_STATE_ONLY)) {
+		device_links_write_lock();
+		if (__fw_devlink_relax_cycles(con, sup_handle)) {
+			__fwnode_link_cycle(link);
+			flags = fw_devlink_get_flags(link->flags);
+			dev_info(con, "Fixed dependency cycle(s) with %pfwf\n",
+				 sup_handle);
+		}
+		device_links_write_unlock();
+	}
+
 	sup_dev = get_dev_from_fwnode(sup_handle);
 	if (sup_dev) {
 		/*
@@ -1996,23 +2077,16 @@  static int fw_devlink_create_devlink(struct device *con,
 		 */
 		if (sup_dev->links.status == DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER &&
 		    sup_handle->flags & FWNODE_FLAG_INITIALIZED) {
+			dev_dbg(con,
+				"Not linking %pfwf - dev might never probe\n",
+				sup_handle);
 			ret = -EINVAL;
 			goto out;
 		}
 
-		/*
-		 * If this fails, it is due to cycles in device links.  Just
-		 * give up on this link and treat it as invalid.
-		 */
-		if (!device_link_add(con, sup_dev, flags) &&
-		    !(flags & DL_FLAG_SYNC_STATE_ONLY)) {
-			dev_info(con, "Fixing up cyclic dependency with %s\n",
-				 dev_name(sup_dev));
-			device_links_write_lock();
-			fw_devlink_relax_cycle(con, sup_dev);
-			device_links_write_unlock();
-			device_link_add(con, sup_dev,
-					FW_DEVLINK_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE);
+		if (!device_link_add(con, sup_dev, flags)) {
+			dev_err(con, "Failed to create device link with %s\n",
+				dev_name(sup_dev));
 			ret = -EINVAL;
 		}
 
@@ -2025,49 +2099,12 @@  static int fw_devlink_create_devlink(struct device *con,
 	 */
 	if (fwnode_init_without_drv(sup_handle) ||
 	    fwnode_ancestor_init_without_drv(sup_handle)) {
-		dev_dbg(con, "Not linking %pfwP - Might never probe\n",
+		dev_dbg(con, "Not linking %pfwf - might never become dev\n",
 			sup_handle);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	/*
-	 * DL_FLAG_SYNC_STATE_ONLY doesn't block probing and supports
-	 * cycles. So cycle detection isn't necessary and shouldn't be
-	 * done.
-	 */
-	if (flags & DL_FLAG_SYNC_STATE_ONLY)
-		return -EAGAIN;
-
-	/*
-	 * If we can't find the supplier device from its fwnode, it might be
-	 * due to a cyclic dependency between fwnodes. Some of these cycles can
-	 * be broken by applying logic. Check for these types of cycles and
-	 * break them so that devices in the cycle probe properly.
-	 *
-	 * If the supplier's parent is dependent on the consumer, then the
-	 * consumer and supplier have a cyclic dependency. Since fw_devlink
-	 * can't tell which of the inferred dependencies are incorrect, don't
-	 * enforce probe ordering between any of the devices in this cyclic
-	 * dependency. Do this by relaxing all the fw_devlink device links in
-	 * this cycle and by treating the fwnode link between the consumer and
-	 * the supplier as an invalid dependency.
-	 */
-	sup_dev = fwnode_get_next_parent_dev(sup_handle);
-	if (sup_dev && device_is_dependent(con, sup_dev)) {
-		dev_info(con, "Fixing up cyclic dependency with %pfwP (%s)\n",
-			 sup_handle, dev_name(sup_dev));
-		device_links_write_lock();
-		fw_devlink_relax_cycle(con, sup_dev);
-		device_links_write_unlock();
-		ret = -EINVAL;
-	} else {
-		/*
-		 * Can't check for cycles or no cycles. So let's try
-		 * again later.
-		 */
-		ret = -EAGAIN;
-	}
-
+	ret = -EAGAIN;
 out:
 	put_device(sup_dev);
 	return ret;
@@ -2174,7 +2211,6 @@  static void __fw_devlink_link_to_suppliers(struct device *dev,
 
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(link, tmp, &fwnode->suppliers, c_hook) {
 		int ret;
-		struct device *sup_dev;
 		struct fwnode_handle *sup = link->supplier;
 
 		ret = fw_devlink_create_devlink(dev, sup, link);
@@ -2182,27 +2218,6 @@  static void __fw_devlink_link_to_suppliers(struct device *dev,
 			continue;
 
 		__fwnode_link_del(link);
-
-		/* If no device link was created, nothing more to do. */
-		if (ret)
-			continue;
-
-		/*
-		 * If a device link was successfully created to a supplier, we
-		 * now need to try and link the supplier to all its suppliers.
-		 *
-		 * This is needed to detect and delete false dependencies in
-		 * fwnode links that haven't been converted to a device link
-		 * yet. See comments in fw_devlink_create_devlink() for more
-		 * details on the false dependency.
-		 *
-		 * Without deleting these false dependencies, some devices will
-		 * never probe because they'll keep waiting for their false
-		 * dependency fwnode links to be converted to device links.
-		 */
-		sup_dev = get_dev_from_fwnode(sup);
-		__fw_devlink_link_to_suppliers(sup_dev, sup_dev->fwnode);
-		put_device(sup_dev);
 	}
 
 	/*