diff mbox

[v5,3/6] arm64: Add a description on 48-bit address space with 4KB pages

Message ID 000301cf64e5$d27f9a20$777ece60$@samsung.com
State New, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

??? May 1, 2014, 2:34 a.m. UTC
This patch adds memory layout and translation lookup information
about 48-bit address space with 4K pages. The description is based
on 4 levels of translation tables.

Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Jungseok Lee <jays.lee@samsung.com>
Reviewed-by: Sungjinn Chung <sungjinn.chung@samsung.com>
---
 Documentation/arm64/memory.txt |   59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

Comments

Christoffer Dall May 1, 2014, 10:06 a.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, May 01, 2014 at 11:34:05AM +0900, Jungseok Lee wrote:
> This patch adds memory layout and translation lookup information
> about 48-bit address space with 4K pages. The description is based
> on 4 levels of translation tables.
> 
> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Cc: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Jungseok Lee <jays.lee@samsung.com>
> Reviewed-by: Sungjinn Chung <sungjinn.chung@samsung.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/arm64/memory.txt |   59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>  1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt b/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
> index d50fa61..8142709 100644
> --- a/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
> @@ -8,10 +8,11 @@ This document describes the virtual memory layout used by the AArch64
>  Linux kernel. The architecture allows up to 4 levels of translation
>  tables with a 4KB page size and up to 3 levels with a 64KB page size.
>  
> -AArch64 Linux uses 3 levels of translation tables with the 4KB page
> -configuration, allowing 39-bit (512GB) virtual addresses for both user
> -and kernel. With 64KB pages, only 2 levels of translation tables are
> -used but the memory layout is the same.
> +AArch64 Linux uses 3 levels and 4 levels of translation tables with

uses either 3 or 4 levels of translation?

> +the 4KB page configuration, allowing 39-bit (512GB) and 48-bit (256TB)
> +virtual addresses, respectively, for both user and kernel. With 64KB
> +pages, only 2 levels of translation tables are used but the memory layout
> +is the same.

Perhaps it's worth clarifying that with 64KB and 2 levels of translation
tables we are limited to a 42-bit address space here.

>  
>  User addresses have bits 63:39 set to 0 while the kernel addresses have
>  the same bits set to 1. TTBRx selection is given by bit 63 of the
> @@ -21,7 +22,7 @@ The swapper_pgd_dir address is written to TTBR1 and never written to
>  TTBR0.
>  
>  
> -AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages:
> +AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages + 3 levels:
>  
>  Start			End			Size		Use
>  -----------------------------------------------------------------------
> @@ -48,7 +49,34 @@ ffffffbffc000000	ffffffbfffffffff	  64MB		modules
>  ffffffc000000000	ffffffffffffffff	 256GB		kernel logical memory map
>  
>  
> -AArch64 Linux memory layout with 64KB pages:
> +AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages + 4 levels:
> +
> +Start			End			Size		Use
> +-----------------------------------------------------------------------
> +0000000000000000	0000ffffffffffff	 256TB		user
> +
> +ffff000000000000	ffff7bfffffeffff	~124TB		vmalloc
> +
> +ffff7bffffff0000	ffff7bffffffffff	  64KB		[guard page]
> +
> +ffff7c0000000000	ffff7dffffffffff	   2TB		vmemmap
> +
> +ffff7e0000000000	ffff7ffffbbfffff	  ~2TB		[guard, future vmmemap]

hmm, I may be completely confused, but if VMALLOC_END is defined to be 
(PAGE_OFFSET - UL(0x400000000) - SZ_64K), how can we squeeze ~4TB into a 16 GB hole?

> +
> +ffff7ffffa000000	ffff7ffffaffffff	  16MB		PCI I/O space
> +
> +ffff7ffffb000000	ffff7ffffbbfffff	  12MB		[guard]
> +
> +ffff7ffffbc00000	ffff7ffffbdfffff	   2MB		earlyprintk device

shouldn't this be "fixed mappings" now?

> +
> +ffff7ffffbe00000	ffff7ffffbffffff	   2MB		[guard]
> +
> +ffff7ffffc000000	ffff7fffffffffff	  64MB		modules
> +
> +ffff800000000000	ffffffffffffffff	 128TB		kernel logical memory map
> +
> +
> +AArch64 Linux memory layout with 64KB pages + 2 levels:
>  
>  Start			End			Size		Use
>  -----------------------------------------------------------------------
> @@ -75,7 +103,7 @@ fffffdfffc000000	fffffdffffffffff	  64MB		modules
>  fffffe0000000000	ffffffffffffffff	   2TB		kernel logical memory map
>  
>  
> -Translation table lookup with 4KB pages:
> +Translation table lookup with 4KB pages + 3 levels:
>  
>  +--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
>  |63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|
> @@ -90,7 +118,22 @@ Translation table lookup with 4KB pages:
>   +-------------------------------------------------> [63] TTBR0/1
>  
>  
> -Translation table lookup with 64KB pages:
> +Translation table lookup with 4KB pages + 4 levels:
> +
> ++--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
> +|63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|
> ++--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
> + |                 |         |         |         |         |
> + |                 |         |         |         |         v
> + |                 |         |         |         |   [11:0]  in-page offset
> + |                 |         |         |         +-> [20:12] L3 index
> + |                 |         |         +-----------> [29:21] L2 index
> + |                 |         +---------------------> [38:30] L1 index
> + |                 +-------------------------------> [47:39] L0 index
> + +-------------------------------------------------> [63] TTBR0/1
> +
> +
> +Translation table lookup with 64KB pages + 2 levels:
>  
>  +--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
>  |63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|
> -- 
> 1.7.10.4
> 
> 
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??? May 2, 2014, 2:13 a.m. UTC | #2
On Thursday, May 01, 2014 7:06 PM, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> On Thu, May 01, 2014 at 11:34:05AM +0900, Jungseok Lee wrote:
> > This patch adds memory layout and translation lookup information about
> > 48-bit address space with 4K pages. The description is based on 4
> > levels of translation tables.
> >
> > Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > Cc: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Jungseok Lee <jays.lee@samsung.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Sungjinn Chung <sungjinn.chung@samsung.com>
> > ---
> >  Documentation/arm64/memory.txt |   59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
> >  1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
> > b/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt index d50fa61..8142709 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
> > +++ b/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
> > @@ -8,10 +8,11 @@ This document describes the virtual memory layout
> > used by the AArch64  Linux kernel. The architecture allows up to 4
> > levels of translation  tables with a 4KB page size and up to 3 levels with a 64KB page size.
> >
> > -AArch64 Linux uses 3 levels of translation tables with the 4KB page
> > -configuration, allowing 39-bit (512GB) virtual addresses for both
> > user -and kernel. With 64KB pages, only 2 levels of translation tables
> > are -used but the memory layout is the same.
> > +AArch64 Linux uses 3 levels and 4 levels of translation tables with
> 
> uses either 3 or 4 levels of translation?

Yes, you are right. I will fix it.

> > +the 4KB page configuration, allowing 39-bit (512GB) and 48-bit
> > +(256TB) virtual addresses, respectively, for both user and kernel.
> > +With 64KB pages, only 2 levels of translation tables are used but the
> > +memory layout is the same.
> 
> Perhaps it's worth clarifying that with 64KB and 2 levels of translation tables we are limited to a
> 42-bit address space here.

Okay, I will add it.

> >
> >  User addresses have bits 63:39 set to 0 while the kernel addresses
> > have  the same bits set to 1. TTBRx selection is given by bit 63 of
> > the @@ -21,7 +22,7 @@ The swapper_pgd_dir address is written to TTBR1
> > and never written to  TTBR0.
> >
> >
> > -AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages:
> > +AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages + 3 levels:
> >
> >  Start			End			Size		Use
> >  -----------------------------------------------------------------------
> > @@ -48,7 +49,34 @@ ffffffbffc000000	ffffffbfffffffff	  64MB		modules
> >  ffffffc000000000	ffffffffffffffff	 256GB		kernel logical memory map
> >
> >
> > -AArch64 Linux memory layout with 64KB pages:
> > +AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages + 4 levels:
> > +
> > +Start			End			Size		Use
> > +-----------------------------------------------------------------------
> > +0000000000000000	0000ffffffffffff	 256TB		user
> > +
> > +ffff000000000000	ffff7bfffffeffff	~124TB		vmalloc
> > +
> > +ffff7bffffff0000	ffff7bffffffffff	  64KB		[guard page]
> > +
> > +ffff7c0000000000	ffff7dffffffffff	   2TB		vmemmap
> > +
> > +ffff7e0000000000	ffff7ffffbbfffff	  ~2TB		[guard, future vmmemap]
> 
> hmm, I may be completely confused, but if VMALLOC_END is defined to be (PAGE_OFFSET - UL(0x400000000)
> - SZ_64K), how can we squeeze ~4TB into a 16 GB hole?

In the 5th patch, VMALLOC_END is changed to (PAGE_OFFSET - UL(0x40000000000)
- SZ_64K) when 4 level is set.

> > +
> > +ffff7ffffa000000	ffff7ffffaffffff	  16MB		PCI I/O space
> > +
> > +ffff7ffffb000000	ffff7ffffbbfffff	  12MB		[guard]
> > +
> > +ffff7ffffbc00000	ffff7ffffbdfffff	   2MB		earlyprintk device
> 
> shouldn't this be "fixed mappings" now?

Thanks!! I will fix it.

Best Regards
Jungseok Lee

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diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt b/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
index d50fa61..8142709 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/memory.txt
@@ -8,10 +8,11 @@  This document describes the virtual memory layout used by the AArch64
 Linux kernel. The architecture allows up to 4 levels of translation
 tables with a 4KB page size and up to 3 levels with a 64KB page size.
 
-AArch64 Linux uses 3 levels of translation tables with the 4KB page
-configuration, allowing 39-bit (512GB) virtual addresses for both user
-and kernel. With 64KB pages, only 2 levels of translation tables are
-used but the memory layout is the same.
+AArch64 Linux uses 3 levels and 4 levels of translation tables with
+the 4KB page configuration, allowing 39-bit (512GB) and 48-bit (256TB)
+virtual addresses, respectively, for both user and kernel. With 64KB
+pages, only 2 levels of translation tables are used but the memory layout
+is the same.
 
 User addresses have bits 63:39 set to 0 while the kernel addresses have
 the same bits set to 1. TTBRx selection is given by bit 63 of the
@@ -21,7 +22,7 @@  The swapper_pgd_dir address is written to TTBR1 and never written to
 TTBR0.
 
 
-AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages:
+AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages + 3 levels:
 
 Start			End			Size		Use
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -48,7 +49,34 @@  ffffffbffc000000	ffffffbfffffffff	  64MB		modules
 ffffffc000000000	ffffffffffffffff	 256GB		kernel logical memory map
 
 
-AArch64 Linux memory layout with 64KB pages:
+AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages + 4 levels:
+
+Start			End			Size		Use
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+0000000000000000	0000ffffffffffff	 256TB		user
+
+ffff000000000000	ffff7bfffffeffff	~124TB		vmalloc
+
+ffff7bffffff0000	ffff7bffffffffff	  64KB		[guard page]
+
+ffff7c0000000000	ffff7dffffffffff	   2TB		vmemmap
+
+ffff7e0000000000	ffff7ffffbbfffff	  ~2TB		[guard, future vmmemap]
+
+ffff7ffffa000000	ffff7ffffaffffff	  16MB		PCI I/O space
+
+ffff7ffffb000000	ffff7ffffbbfffff	  12MB		[guard]
+
+ffff7ffffbc00000	ffff7ffffbdfffff	   2MB		earlyprintk device
+
+ffff7ffffbe00000	ffff7ffffbffffff	   2MB		[guard]
+
+ffff7ffffc000000	ffff7fffffffffff	  64MB		modules
+
+ffff800000000000	ffffffffffffffff	 128TB		kernel logical memory map
+
+
+AArch64 Linux memory layout with 64KB pages + 2 levels:
 
 Start			End			Size		Use
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -75,7 +103,7 @@  fffffdfffc000000	fffffdffffffffff	  64MB		modules
 fffffe0000000000	ffffffffffffffff	   2TB		kernel logical memory map
 
 
-Translation table lookup with 4KB pages:
+Translation table lookup with 4KB pages + 3 levels:
 
 +--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
 |63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|
@@ -90,7 +118,22 @@  Translation table lookup with 4KB pages:
  +-------------------------------------------------> [63] TTBR0/1
 
 
-Translation table lookup with 64KB pages:
+Translation table lookup with 4KB pages + 4 levels:
+
++--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
+|63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|
++--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
+ |                 |         |         |         |         |
+ |                 |         |         |         |         v
+ |                 |         |         |         |   [11:0]  in-page offset
+ |                 |         |         |         +-> [20:12] L3 index
+ |                 |         |         +-----------> [29:21] L2 index
+ |                 |         +---------------------> [38:30] L1 index
+ |                 +-------------------------------> [47:39] L0 index
+ +-------------------------------------------------> [63] TTBR0/1
+
+
+Translation table lookup with 64KB pages + 2 levels:
 
 +--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
 |63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|