diff mbox series

[RFC,v2,17/18] spapr: Added PEF based guest memory protection

Message ID 20200521034304.340040-18-david@gibson.dropbear.id.au
State New, archived
Headers show
Series Refactor configuration of guest memory protection | expand

Commit Message

David Gibson May 21, 2020, 3:43 a.m. UTC
Some upcoming POWER machines have a system called PEF (Protected
Execution Framework) which uses a small ultravisor to allow guests to
run in a way that they can't be eavesdropped by the hypervisor.  The
effect is roughly similar to AMD SEV, although the mechanisms are
quite different.

Most of the work of this is done between the guest, KVM and the
ultravisor, with little need for involvement by qemu.  However qemu
does need to tell KVM to allow secure VMs.

Because the availability of secure mode is a guest visible difference
which depends on havint the right hardware and firmware, we don't
enable this by default.  In order to run a secure guest you need to
create a "pef-guest" object and set the guest-memory-protection machine property to point to it.

Note that this just *allows* secure guests, the architecture of PEF is
such that the guest still needs to talk to the ultravisor to enter
secure mode, so we can't know if the guest actually is secure until
well after machine creation time.

Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
---
 target/ppc/Makefile.objs |  2 +-
 target/ppc/pef.c         | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 target/ppc/pef.c

Comments

Greg Kurz May 25, 2020, 11:14 a.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, 21 May 2020 13:43:03 +1000
David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au> wrote:

> Some upcoming POWER machines have a system called PEF (Protected
> Execution Framework) which uses a small ultravisor to allow guests to

s/Framework/Facility

> run in a way that they can't be eavesdropped by the hypervisor.  The
> effect is roughly similar to AMD SEV, although the mechanisms are
> quite different.
> 
> Most of the work of this is done between the guest, KVM and the
> ultravisor, with little need for involvement by qemu.  However qemu
> does need to tell KVM to allow secure VMs.
> 
> Because the availability of secure mode is a guest visible difference
> which depends on havint the right hardware and firmware, we don't

s/havint/having

> enable this by default.  In order to run a secure guest you need to
> create a "pef-guest" object and set the guest-memory-protection machine property to point to it.
> 

Wrap line after "machine" maybe ?

> Note that this just *allows* secure guests, the architecture of PEF is
> such that the guest still needs to talk to the ultravisor to enter
> secure mode, so we can't know if the guest actually is secure until
> well after machine creation time.
> 

Maybe worth mentioning that this is for KVM only. Also, this is
silently ignored with TCG since pef_kvm_init() isn't called in
this case. Would it make sense to print some warning like we
do for these spapr caps that we don't support with TCG ?

> Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
> ---
>  target/ppc/Makefile.objs |  2 +-
>  target/ppc/pef.c         | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>  create mode 100644 target/ppc/pef.c
> 
> diff --git a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> index e8fa18ce13..ac93b9700e 100644
> --- a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> +++ b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> @@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ obj-y += machine.o mmu_helper.o mmu-hash32.o monitor.o arch_dump.o
>  obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-hash64.o mmu-book3s-v3.o compat.o
>  obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-radix64.o
>  endif
> -obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o pef.o
>  obj-$(call lnot,$(CONFIG_KVM)) += kvm-stub.o
>  obj-y += dfp_helper.o
>  obj-y += excp_helper.o
> diff --git a/target/ppc/pef.c b/target/ppc/pef.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..823daf3e9c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/target/ppc/pef.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
> +/*
> + * PEF (Protected Execution Framework) for POWER support

s/Framework/Facility

> + *
> + * Copyright David Gibson, Redhat Inc. 2020
> + *
> + * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
> + * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include "qemu/osdep.h"
> +

I had to include some more headers to build this.

#include "exec/guest-memory-protection.h"
#include "qapi/error.h"
#include "qom/object_interfaces.h"
#include "sysemu/kvm.h"

> +#define TYPE_PEF_GUEST "pef-guest"
> +#define PEF_GUEST(obj)                                  \
> +    OBJECT_CHECK(PefGuestState, (obj), TYPE_SEV_GUEST)

s/TYPE_SEV_GUEST/TYPE_PEF_GUEST

> +
> +typedef struct PefGuestState PefGuestState;
> +
> +/**
> + * PefGuestState:
> + *
> + * The PefGuestState object is used for creating and managing a PEF
> + * guest.
> + *
> + * # $QEMU \
> + *         -object pef-guest,id=pef0 \
> + *         -machine ...,guest-memory-protection=pef0
> + */
> +struct PefGuestState {
> +    Object parent_obj;
> +};
> +
> +static Error *pef_mig_blocker;

Unused.

> +
> +static int pef_kvm_init(GuestMemoryProtection *gmpo, Error **errp)
> +{
> +    PefGuestState *pef = PEF_GUEST(gmpo);

Unused.

> +
> +    if (!kvm_check_extension(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST)) {
> +        error_setg(errp,
> +                   "KVM implementation does not support Secure VMs (is an ultravisor running?)");
> +        return -1;
> +    } else {
> +        int ret = kvm_vm_enable_cap(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST, 0, 1);
> +
> +        if (ret < 0) {
> +            error_setg(errp,
> +                       "Error enabling PEF with KVM");
> +            return -1;
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +    return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void pef_guest_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
> +{
> +    GuestMemoryProtectionClass *gmpc = GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION_CLASS(oc);
> +
> +    gmpc->kvm_init = pef_kvm_init;
> +}
> +
> +static const TypeInfo pef_guest_info = {
> +    .parent = TYPE_OBJECT,
> +    .name = TYPE_PEF_GUEST,
> +    .instance_size = sizeof(PefGuestState),
> +    .class_init = pef_guest_class_init,
> +    .interfaces = (InterfaceInfo[]) {
> +        { TYPE_GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION },
> +        { TYPE_USER_CREATABLE },
> +        { }
> +    }
> +};
> +
> +static void
> +pef_register_types(void)
> +{
> +    type_register_static(&pef_guest_info);
> +}
> +
> +type_init(pef_register_types);
Ram Pai May 29, 2020, 7:59 a.m. UTC | #2
On Thu, May 21, 2020 at 01:43:03PM +1000, David Gibson wrote:
> Some upcoming POWER machines have a system called PEF (Protected
> Execution Framework) which uses a small ultravisor to allow guests to

Framework -> Facility

> run in a way that they can't be eavesdropped by the hypervisor.  The
> effect is roughly similar to AMD SEV, although the mechanisms are
> quite different.
> 
> Most of the work of this is done between the guest, KVM and the
> ultravisor, with little need for involvement by qemu.  However qemu
> does need to tell KVM to allow secure VMs.
> 
> Because the availability of secure mode is a guest visible difference
> which depends on havint the right hardware and firmware, we don't

havint -> having

> enable this by default.  In order to run a secure guest you need to
> create a "pef-guest" object and set the guest-memory-protection machine property to point to it.
> 
> Note that this just *allows* secure guests, the architecture of PEF is
> such that the guest still needs to talk to the ultravisor to enter
> secure mode, so we can't know if the guest actually is secure until
> well after machine creation time.

In fact, Qemu has no direct way of knowing if the guest has turned
secure or not, even after machine creation time. There are indirect ways
for Qemu to know that, but nothing informs Qemu explicitly about it. 

So maybe we should just say...

"..
 such that the guest still needs to talk to the ultravisor to enter
 secure mode, so we can't directly know if the guest actually is secure." 


> 
> Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
> ---
>  target/ppc/Makefile.objs |  2 +-
>  target/ppc/pef.c         | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>  create mode 100644 target/ppc/pef.c
> 
> diff --git a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> index e8fa18ce13..ac93b9700e 100644
> --- a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> +++ b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> @@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ obj-y += machine.o mmu_helper.o mmu-hash32.o monitor.o arch_dump.o
>  obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-hash64.o mmu-book3s-v3.o compat.o
>  obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-radix64.o
>  endif
> -obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o pef.o
>  obj-$(call lnot,$(CONFIG_KVM)) += kvm-stub.o
>  obj-y += dfp_helper.o
>  obj-y += excp_helper.o
> diff --git a/target/ppc/pef.c b/target/ppc/pef.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..823daf3e9c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/target/ppc/pef.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
> +/*
> + * PEF (Protected Execution Framework) for POWER support
> + *
> + * Copyright David Gibson, Redhat Inc. 2020
> + *
> + * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
> + * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include "qemu/osdep.h"
> +
> +#define TYPE_PEF_GUEST "pef-guest"
> +#define PEF_GUEST(obj)                                  \
> +    OBJECT_CHECK(PefGuestState, (obj), TYPE_SEV_GUEST)
> +
> +typedef struct PefGuestState PefGuestState;
> +
> +/**
> + * PefGuestState:
> + *
> + * The PefGuestState object is used for creating and managing a PEF
> + * guest.
> + *
> + * # $QEMU \
> + *         -object pef-guest,id=pef0 \
> + *         -machine ...,guest-memory-protection=pef0
> + */
> +struct PefGuestState {
> +    Object parent_obj;
> +};
> +
> +static Error *pef_mig_blocker;
> +
> +static int pef_kvm_init(GuestMemoryProtection *gmpo, Error **errp)
> +{
> +    PefGuestState *pef = PEF_GUEST(gmpo);
> +
> +    if (!kvm_check_extension(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST)) {
> +        error_setg(errp,
> +                   "KVM implementation does not support Secure VMs (is an ultravisor running?)");
> +        return -1;
> +    } else {
> +        int ret = kvm_vm_enable_cap(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST, 0, 1);
> +
> +        if (ret < 0) {
> +            error_setg(errp,
> +                       "Error enabling PEF with KVM");
> +            return -1;
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +    return 0;
> +}

This looks correct to me.

> +
> +static void pef_guest_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
> +{
> +    GuestMemoryProtectionClass *gmpc = GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION_CLASS(oc);
> +
> +    gmpc->kvm_init = pef_kvm_init;
> +}
> +
> +static const TypeInfo pef_guest_info = {
> +    .parent = TYPE_OBJECT,
> +    .name = TYPE_PEF_GUEST,
> +    .instance_size = sizeof(PefGuestState),
> +    .class_init = pef_guest_class_init,
> +    .interfaces = (InterfaceInfo[]) {
> +        { TYPE_GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION },
> +        { TYPE_USER_CREATABLE },
> +        { }
> +    }
> +};
> +
> +static void
> +pef_register_types(void)
> +{
> +    type_register_static(&pef_guest_info);
> +}
> +
> +type_init(pef_register_types);

Acked-by: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>

Thanks for doing this!

BTW: Will there be a new machine type defined for running secure VMs?

RP
David Gibson June 4, 2020, 3:46 a.m. UTC | #3
On Fri, May 29, 2020 at 12:59:40AM -0700, Ram Pai wrote:
> On Thu, May 21, 2020 at 01:43:03PM +1000, David Gibson wrote:
> > Some upcoming POWER machines have a system called PEF (Protected
> > Execution Framework) which uses a small ultravisor to allow guests to
> 
> Framework -> Facility
> 
> > run in a way that they can't be eavesdropped by the hypervisor.  The
> > effect is roughly similar to AMD SEV, although the mechanisms are
> > quite different.
> > 
> > Most of the work of this is done between the guest, KVM and the
> > ultravisor, with little need for involvement by qemu.  However qemu
> > does need to tell KVM to allow secure VMs.
> > 
> > Because the availability of secure mode is a guest visible difference
> > which depends on havint the right hardware and firmware, we don't
> 
> havint -> having
> 
> > enable this by default.  In order to run a secure guest you need to
> > create a "pef-guest" object and set the guest-memory-protection machine property to point to it.
> > 
> > Note that this just *allows* secure guests, the architecture of PEF is
> > such that the guest still needs to talk to the ultravisor to enter
> > secure mode, so we can't know if the guest actually is secure until
> > well after machine creation time.
> 
> In fact, Qemu has no direct way of knowing if the guest has turned
> secure or not, even after machine creation time. There are indirect ways
> for Qemu to know that, but nothing informs Qemu explicitly about it. 
> 
> So maybe we should just say...
> 
> "..
>  such that the guest still needs to talk to the ultravisor to enter
>  secure mode, so we can't directly know if the guest actually is secure." 
> 
> 
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
> > ---
> >  target/ppc/Makefile.objs |  2 +-
> >  target/ppc/pef.c         | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  2 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >  create mode 100644 target/ppc/pef.c
> > 
> > diff --git a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> > index e8fa18ce13..ac93b9700e 100644
> > --- a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> > +++ b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
> > @@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ obj-y += machine.o mmu_helper.o mmu-hash32.o monitor.o arch_dump.o
> >  obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-hash64.o mmu-book3s-v3.o compat.o
> >  obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-radix64.o
> >  endif
> > -obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o pef.o
> >  obj-$(call lnot,$(CONFIG_KVM)) += kvm-stub.o
> >  obj-y += dfp_helper.o
> >  obj-y += excp_helper.o
> > diff --git a/target/ppc/pef.c b/target/ppc/pef.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000..823daf3e9c
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/target/ppc/pef.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
> > +/*
> > + * PEF (Protected Execution Framework) for POWER support
> > + *
> > + * Copyright David Gibson, Redhat Inc. 2020
> > + *
> > + * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
> > + * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
> > + *
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include "qemu/osdep.h"
> > +
> > +#define TYPE_PEF_GUEST "pef-guest"
> > +#define PEF_GUEST(obj)                                  \
> > +    OBJECT_CHECK(PefGuestState, (obj), TYPE_SEV_GUEST)
> > +
> > +typedef struct PefGuestState PefGuestState;
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * PefGuestState:
> > + *
> > + * The PefGuestState object is used for creating and managing a PEF
> > + * guest.
> > + *
> > + * # $QEMU \
> > + *         -object pef-guest,id=pef0 \
> > + *         -machine ...,guest-memory-protection=pef0
> > + */
> > +struct PefGuestState {
> > +    Object parent_obj;
> > +};
> > +
> > +static Error *pef_mig_blocker;
> > +
> > +static int pef_kvm_init(GuestMemoryProtection *gmpo, Error **errp)
> > +{
> > +    PefGuestState *pef = PEF_GUEST(gmpo);
> > +
> > +    if (!kvm_check_extension(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST)) {
> > +        error_setg(errp,
> > +                   "KVM implementation does not support Secure VMs (is an ultravisor running?)");
> > +        return -1;
> > +    } else {
> > +        int ret = kvm_vm_enable_cap(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST, 0, 1);
> > +
> > +        if (ret < 0) {
> > +            error_setg(errp,
> > +                       "Error enabling PEF with KVM");
> > +            return -1;
> > +        }
> > +    }
> > +
> > +    return 0;
> > +}
> 
> This looks correct to me.
> 
> > +
> > +static void pef_guest_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
> > +{
> > +    GuestMemoryProtectionClass *gmpc = GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION_CLASS(oc);
> > +
> > +    gmpc->kvm_init = pef_kvm_init;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const TypeInfo pef_guest_info = {
> > +    .parent = TYPE_OBJECT,
> > +    .name = TYPE_PEF_GUEST,
> > +    .instance_size = sizeof(PefGuestState),
> > +    .class_init = pef_guest_class_init,
> > +    .interfaces = (InterfaceInfo[]) {
> > +        { TYPE_GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION },
> > +        { TYPE_USER_CREATABLE },
> > +        { }
> > +    }
> > +};
> > +
> > +static void
> > +pef_register_types(void)
> > +{
> > +    type_register_static(&pef_guest_info);
> > +}
> > +
> > +type_init(pef_register_types);
> 
> Acked-by: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>
> 
> Thanks for doing this!
> 
> BTW: Will there be a new machine type defined for running secure VMs?

I wasn't planning on it.  Part of the point of this unified
configuration is that we can reasonably have libvirt and upper layers
tell qemu to do this without needing specific machine type hacks.
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
index e8fa18ce13..ac93b9700e 100644
--- a/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
+++ b/target/ppc/Makefile.objs
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@  obj-y += machine.o mmu_helper.o mmu-hash32.o monitor.o arch_dump.o
 obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-hash64.o mmu-book3s-v3.o compat.o
 obj-$(TARGET_PPC64) += mmu-radix64.o
 endif
-obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o pef.o
 obj-$(call lnot,$(CONFIG_KVM)) += kvm-stub.o
 obj-y += dfp_helper.o
 obj-y += excp_helper.o
diff --git a/target/ppc/pef.c b/target/ppc/pef.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..823daf3e9c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/target/ppc/pef.c
@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@ 
+/*
+ * PEF (Protected Execution Framework) for POWER support
+ *
+ * Copyright David Gibson, Redhat Inc. 2020
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+
+#define TYPE_PEF_GUEST "pef-guest"
+#define PEF_GUEST(obj)                                  \
+    OBJECT_CHECK(PefGuestState, (obj), TYPE_SEV_GUEST)
+
+typedef struct PefGuestState PefGuestState;
+
+/**
+ * PefGuestState:
+ *
+ * The PefGuestState object is used for creating and managing a PEF
+ * guest.
+ *
+ * # $QEMU \
+ *         -object pef-guest,id=pef0 \
+ *         -machine ...,guest-memory-protection=pef0
+ */
+struct PefGuestState {
+    Object parent_obj;
+};
+
+static Error *pef_mig_blocker;
+
+static int pef_kvm_init(GuestMemoryProtection *gmpo, Error **errp)
+{
+    PefGuestState *pef = PEF_GUEST(gmpo);
+
+    if (!kvm_check_extension(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST)) {
+        error_setg(errp,
+                   "KVM implementation does not support Secure VMs (is an ultravisor running?)");
+        return -1;
+    } else {
+        int ret = kvm_vm_enable_cap(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST, 0, 1);
+
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            error_setg(errp,
+                       "Error enabling PEF with KVM");
+            return -1;
+        }
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void pef_guest_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
+{
+    GuestMemoryProtectionClass *gmpc = GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION_CLASS(oc);
+
+    gmpc->kvm_init = pef_kvm_init;
+}
+
+static const TypeInfo pef_guest_info = {
+    .parent = TYPE_OBJECT,
+    .name = TYPE_PEF_GUEST,
+    .instance_size = sizeof(PefGuestState),
+    .class_init = pef_guest_class_init,
+    .interfaces = (InterfaceInfo[]) {
+        { TYPE_GUEST_MEMORY_PROTECTION },
+        { TYPE_USER_CREATABLE },
+        { }
+    }
+};
+
+static void
+pef_register_types(void)
+{
+    type_register_static(&pef_guest_info);
+}
+
+type_init(pef_register_types);