diff mbox series

[v3,1/4] acpi: Set proper maximum size for "etc/table-loader" blob

Message ID 20210304105554.121674-2-david@redhat.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series acpi: Set proper maximum size for "etc/table-loader" blob | expand

Commit Message

David Hildenbrand March 4, 2021, 10:55 a.m. UTC
The resizeable memory region / RAMBlock that is created for the cmd blob
has a maximum size of whole host pages (e.g., 4k), because RAMBlocks
work on full host pages. In addition, in i386 ACPI code:
  acpi_align_size(tables->linker->cmd_blob, ACPI_BUILD_ALIGN_SIZE);
makes sure to align to multiples of 4k, padding with 0.

For example, if our cmd_blob is created with a size of 2k, the maximum
size is 4k - we cannot grow beyond that. Growing might be required
due to guest action when rebuilding the tables, but also on incoming

This automatic generation of the maximum size used to be sufficient,
however, there are cases where we cross host pages now when growing at
runtime: we exceed the maximum size of the RAMBlock and can crash QEMU when
trying to resize the resizeable memory region / RAMBlock:
  $ build/qemu-system-x86_64 --enable-kvm \
      -machine q35,nvdimm=on \
      -smp 1 \
      -cpu host \
      -m size=2G,slots=8,maxmem=4G \
      -object memory-backend-file,id=mem0,mem-path=/tmp/nvdimm,size=256M \
      -device nvdimm,label-size=131072,memdev=mem0,id=nvdimm0,slot=1 \
      -nodefaults \
      -device vmgenid \
      -device intel-iommu

Results in:
  Unexpected error in qemu_ram_resize() at ../softmmu/physmem.c:1850:
  qemu-system-x86_64: Size too large: /rom@etc/table-loader:
    0x2000 > 0x1000: Invalid argument

In this configuration, we consume exactly 4k (32 entries, 128 bytes each)
when creating the VM. However, once the guest boots up and maps the MCFG,
we also create the MCFG table and end up consuming 2 additional entries
(pointer + checksum) -- which is where we try resizing the memory region
/ RAMBlock, however, the maximum size does not allow for it.

Currently, we get the following maximum sizes for our different
mutable tables based on behavior of resizeable RAMBlock:

  hw       table                max_size
  -------  ---------------------------------------------------------

  virt     "etc/acpi/tables"    ACPI_BUILD_TABLE_MAX_SIZE (0x200000)
  virt     "etc/table-loader"   HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(initial_size)
  virt     "etc/acpi/rsdp"      HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(initial_size)

  i386     "etc/acpi/tables"    ACPI_BUILD_TABLE_MAX_SIZE (0x200000)
  i386     "etc/table-loader"   HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(initial_size)
  i386     "etc/acpi/rsdp"      HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(initial_size)

  microvm  "etc/acpi/tables"    ACPI_BUILD_TABLE_MAX_SIZE (0x200000)
  microvm  "etc/table-loader"   HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(initial_size)
  microvm  "etc/acpi/rsdp"      HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(initial_size)

Let's set the maximum table size for "etc/table-loader" to 64k, so we
can properly grow at runtime, which should be good enough for the future.

Migration is not concerned with the maximum size of a RAMBlock, only
with the used size - so existing setups are not affected. Of course, we
cannot migrate a VM that would have crash when started on older QEMU from
new QEMU to older QEMU without failing early on the destination when
synchronizing the RAM state:
    qemu-system-x86_64: Size too large: /rom@etc/table-loader: 0x2000 > 0x1000: Invalid argument
    qemu-system-x86_64: error while loading state for instance 0x0 of device 'ram'
    qemu-system-x86_64: load of migration failed: Invalid argument

We'll refactor the code next, to make sure we get rid of this implicit
behavior for "etc/acpi/rsdp" as well and to make the code easier to

Reviewed-by: Igor Mammedov <imammedo@redhat.com>
Cc: Alistair Francis <alistair.francis@xilinx.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Igor Mammedov <imammedo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
Cc: Shannon Zhao <shannon.zhaosl@gmail.com>
Cc: Marcel Apfelbaum <marcel.apfelbaum@gmail.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Richard Henderson <richard.henderson@linaro.org>
Cc: Laszlo Ersek <lersek@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
 hw/arm/virt-acpi-build.c    | 3 ++-
 hw/i386/acpi-build.c        | 3 ++-
 hw/i386/acpi-microvm.c      | 2 +-
 include/hw/acpi/aml-build.h | 1 +
 4 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
diff mbox series


diff --git a/hw/arm/virt-acpi-build.c b/hw/arm/virt-acpi-build.c
index f9c9df916c..a91550de6f 100644
--- a/hw/arm/virt-acpi-build.c
+++ b/hw/arm/virt-acpi-build.c
@@ -865,7 +865,8 @@  void virt_acpi_setup(VirtMachineState *vms)
     build_state->linker_mr =
         acpi_add_rom_blob(virt_acpi_build_update, build_state,
-                          tables.linker->cmd_blob, ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_FILE, 0);
+                          tables.linker->cmd_blob, ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_FILE,
+                          ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_MAX_SIZE);
     fw_cfg_add_file(vms->fw_cfg, ACPI_BUILD_TPMLOG_FILE, tables.tcpalog->data,
diff --git a/hw/i386/acpi-build.c b/hw/i386/acpi-build.c
index 31a5f6f4a5..a75138ea5a 100644
--- a/hw/i386/acpi-build.c
+++ b/hw/i386/acpi-build.c
@@ -2524,7 +2524,8 @@  void acpi_setup(void)
     build_state->linker_mr =
         acpi_add_rom_blob(acpi_build_update, build_state,
-                          tables.linker->cmd_blob, ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_FILE, 0);
+                          tables.linker->cmd_blob, ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_FILE,
+                          ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_MAX_SIZE);
     fw_cfg_add_file(x86ms->fw_cfg, ACPI_BUILD_TPMLOG_FILE,
                     tables.tcpalog->data, acpi_data_len(tables.tcpalog));
diff --git a/hw/i386/acpi-microvm.c b/hw/i386/acpi-microvm.c
index 54b3af478a..01f1945ac1 100644
--- a/hw/i386/acpi-microvm.c
+++ b/hw/i386/acpi-microvm.c
@@ -255,7 +255,7 @@  void acpi_setup_microvm(MicrovmMachineState *mms)
     acpi_add_rom_blob(acpi_build_no_update, NULL,
-                      "etc/table-loader", 0);
+                      "etc/table-loader", ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_MAX_SIZE);
     acpi_add_rom_blob(acpi_build_no_update, NULL,
                       ACPI_BUILD_RSDP_FILE, 0);
diff --git a/include/hw/acpi/aml-build.h b/include/hw/acpi/aml-build.h
index 380d3e3924..a22c6a4c86 100644
--- a/include/hw/acpi/aml-build.h
+++ b/include/hw/acpi/aml-build.h
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ 
 /* Reserve RAM space for tables: add another order of magnitude. */
 #define ACPI_BUILD_TABLE_MAX_SIZE         0x200000
+#define ACPI_BUILD_LOADER_MAX_SIZE        0x10000