diff mbox series

[06/18] i386: Introduce module-level cpu topology to CPUX86State

Message ID 20230202094929.343799-7-zhao1.liu@linux.intel.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series Support smp.clusters for x86 | expand

Commit Message

Zhao Liu Feb. 2, 2023, 9:49 a.m. UTC
From: Zhuocheng Ding <zhuocheng.ding@intel.com>

smp command has the "clusters" parameter but x86 hasn't supported that
level. Though "clusters" was introduced to help define L2 cache topology
[1], using cluster to define x86's L2 cache topology will cause the
compatibility problem:

Currently, x86 defaults that the L2 cache is shared in one core, which
actually implies a default setting "cores per L2 cache is 1" and
therefore implicitly defaults to having as many L2 caches as cores.

For example (i386 PC machine):
-smp 16,sockets=2,dies=2,cores=2,threads=2,maxcpus=16 (*)

Considering the topology of the L2 cache, this (*) implicitly means "1
core per L2 cache" and "2 L2 caches per die".

If we use cluster to configure L2 cache topology with the new default
setting "clusters per L2 cache is 1", the above semantics will change
to "2 cores per cluster" and "1 cluster per L2 cache", that is, "2
cores per L2 cache".

So the same command (*) will cause changes in the L2 cache topology,
further affecting the performance of the virtual machine.

Therefore, x86 should only treat cluster as a cpu topology level and
avoid using it to change L2 cache by default for compatibility.

"cluster" in smp is the CPU topology level which is between "core" and

For x86, the "cluster" in smp is corresponding to the module level [2],
which is above the core level. So use the "module" other than "cluster"
in i386 code.

And please note that x86 already has a cpu topology level also named
"cluster" [2], this level is at the upper level of the package. Here,
the cluster in x86 cpu topology is completely different from the
"clusters" as the smp parameter. After the module level is introduced,
the cluster as the smp parameter will actually refer to the module level
of x86.

[1]: 0d87178 (hw/core/machine: Introduce CPU cluster topology support)
[2]: SDM, vol.3, ch.9, 9.9.1 Hierarchical Mapping of Shared Resources.

Signed-off-by: Zhuocheng Ding <zhuocheng.ding@intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Zhao Liu <zhao1.liu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Zhao Liu <zhao1.liu@intel.com>
 hw/i386/x86.c     | 1 +
 target/i386/cpu.c | 1 +
 target/i386/cpu.h | 6 ++++++
 3 files changed, 8 insertions(+)
diff mbox series


diff --git a/hw/i386/x86.c b/hw/i386/x86.c
index 78cc131926c8..66902d1c0923 100644
--- a/hw/i386/x86.c
+++ b/hw/i386/x86.c
@@ -305,6 +305,7 @@  void x86_cpu_pre_plug(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
     init_topo_info(&topo_info, x86ms);
     env->nr_dies = ms->smp.dies;
+    env->nr_modules = ms->smp.clusters;
      * If APIC ID is not set,
diff --git a/target/i386/cpu.c b/target/i386/cpu.c
index 4cda84eb96f1..61ec9a7499b8 100644
--- a/target/i386/cpu.c
+++ b/target/i386/cpu.c
@@ -6781,6 +6781,7 @@  static void x86_cpu_initfn(Object *obj)
     CPUX86State *env = &cpu->env;
     env->nr_dies = 1;
+    env->nr_modules = 1;
     object_property_add(obj, "feature-words", "X86CPUFeatureWordInfo",
diff --git a/target/i386/cpu.h b/target/i386/cpu.h
index d4bc19577a21..f3afea765982 100644
--- a/target/i386/cpu.h
+++ b/target/i386/cpu.h
@@ -1810,7 +1810,13 @@  typedef struct CPUArchState {
     TPRAccess tpr_access_type;
+    /* Number of dies per package. */
     unsigned nr_dies;
+    /*
+     * Number of modules per die. Module level in x86 cpu topology is
+     * corresponding to smp.clusters.
+     */
+    unsigned nr_modules;
 } CPUX86State;
 struct kvm_msrs;