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[v9,00/14] Restricted DMA

Message ID 20210611152659.2142983-1-tientzu@chromium.org (mailing list archive)
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Series Restricted DMA | expand


Claire Chang June 11, 2021, 3:26 p.m. UTC
This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
leading to data leakage or corruption.

For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
full chain of exploits; [2], [3]).

To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms [4]).

[1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
[1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
[2] https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
[3] https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
[4] https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132

Address the comments in v7 to
  - set swiotlb active pool to dev->dma_io_tlb_mem
  - get rid of get_io_tlb_mem
  - dig out the device struct for is_swiotlb_active
  - move debugfs_create_dir out of swiotlb_create_debugfs
  - do set_memory_decrypted conditionally in swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
  - use IS_ENABLED in kernel/dma/direct.c
  - fix redefinition of 'of_dma_set_restricted_buffer'

- Fix reserved-memory.txt and add the reg property in example.
- Fix sizeof for of_property_count_elems_of_size in
- Apply Will's suggestion to try the OF node having DMA configuration in
- Fix typo in the comment of drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Add error message for PageHighMem in
  kernel/dma/swiotlb.c#rmem_swiotlb_device_init and move it to
- Fix the message string in rmem_swiotlb_setup.

Fix debugfs, PageHighMem and comment style in rmem_swiotlb_device_init

Address the comments in v5

Rebase on latest linux-next

- Fix spinlock bad magic
- Use rmem->name for debugfs entry
- Address the comments in v3

Using only one reserved memory region for both streaming DMA and memory

Building on top of swiotlb.

Using dma_map_ops.

Claire Chang (14):
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs
  swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Bounce data from/to restricted DMA pool if available
  swiotlb: Move alloc_size to find_slots
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
  dma-direct: Add a new wrapper __dma_direct_free_pages()
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support.
  dma-direct: Allocate memory from restricted DMA pool if available
  dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
  of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool

 .../reserved-memory/reserved-memory.txt       |  36 ++-
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/i915_gem_internal.c  |   2 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_ttm.c         |   2 +-
 drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c                     |  12 +-
 drivers/of/address.c                          |  33 +++
 drivers/of/device.c                           |   6 +
 drivers/of/of_private.h                       |   6 +
 drivers/pci/xen-pcifront.c                    |   2 +-
 drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c                     |   2 +-
 include/linux/device.h                        |   4 +
 include/linux/swiotlb.h                       |  45 +++-
 kernel/dma/Kconfig                            |  14 +
 kernel/dma/direct.c                           |  62 +++--
 kernel/dma/direct.h                           |   9 +-
 kernel/dma/swiotlb.c                          | 242 +++++++++++++-----
 15 files changed, 376 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)


Claire Chang June 15, 2021, 1:30 p.m. UTC | #1
v10 here: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1446882/