diff mbox series

[for-4.15,v5,3/3] xen/iommu: x86: Clear the root page-table before freeing the page-tables

Message ID 20210226105640.12037-4-julien@xen.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series xen/iommu: Collection of bug fixes for IOMMU teardown | expand

Commit Message

Julien Grall Feb. 26, 2021, 10:56 a.m. UTC
From: Julien Grall <jgrall@amazon.com>

The new per-domain IOMMU page-table allocator will now free the
page-tables when domain's resources are relinquished. However, the
per-domain IOMMU structure will still contain a dangling pointer to
the root page-table.

Xen may access the IOMMU page-tables afterwards at least in the case of
PV domain:

(XEN) Xen call trace:
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04025b4b2>] R iommu.c#addr_to_dma_page_maddr+0x12e/0x1d8
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04025b695>] F iommu.c#intel_iommu_unmap_page+0x5d/0xf8
(XEN)    [<ffff82d0402695f3>] F iommu_unmap+0x9c/0x129
(XEN)    [<ffff82d0402696a6>] F iommu_legacy_unmap+0x26/0x63
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c5c7>] F mm.c#cleanup_page_mappings+0x139/0x144
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c61d>] F put_page+0x4b/0xb3
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c87f>] F put_page_from_l1e+0x136/0x13b
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cada>] F devalidate_page+0x256/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d8d6>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l2e+0x8a/0xcf
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cc27>] F devalidate_page+0x3a3/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d807>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l3e+0x8a/0xcf
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cdf0>] F devalidate_page+0x56c/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d6c7>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l4e+0x69/0x6d
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cf24>] F devalidate_page+0x6a0/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d92e>] F put_page_type_preemptible+0x13/0x15
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04032598a>] F domain.c#relinquish_memory+0x1ff/0x4e9
(XEN)    [<ffff82d0403295f2>] F domain_relinquish_resources+0x2b6/0x36a
(XEN)    [<ffff82d040205cdf>] F domain_kill+0xb8/0x141
(XEN)    [<ffff82d040236cac>] F do_domctl+0xb6f/0x18e5
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04031d098>] F pv_hypercall+0x2f0/0x55f
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04039b432>] F lstar_enter+0x112/0x120

This will result to a use after-free and possibly an host crash or
memory corruption.

It would not be possible to free the page-tables further down in
domain_relinquish_resources() because cleanup_page_mappings() will only
be called when the last reference on the page dropped. This may happen
much later if another domain still hold a reference.

After all the PCI devices have been de-assigned, nobody should use the
IOMMU page-tables and it is therefore pointless to try to modify them.

So we can simply clear any reference to the root page-table in the
per-domain IOMMU structure. This requires to introduce a new callback of
the method will depend on the IOMMU driver used.

Take the opportunity to add an ASSERT() in arch_iommu_domain_destroy()
to check if we freed all the IOMMU page tables.

Fixes: 3eef6d07d722 ("x86/iommu: convert VT-d code to use new page table allocator")
Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <jgrall@amazon.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>

---
    Changes in v5:
        - Add Jan's reviewed-by
        - Fix typo
        - Use ! rather than == NULL

    Changes in v4:
        - Move the patch later in the series as we need to prevent
        iommu_map() to allocate memory first.
        - Add an ASSERT() in arch_iommu_domain_destroy().

    Changes in v3:
        - Move the patch earlier in the series
        - Reword the commit message

    Changes in v2:
        - Introduce clear_root_pgtable()
        - Move the patch later in the series
---
 xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c | 12 +++++++++++-
 xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c         | 12 +++++++++++-
 xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c         | 13 +++++++++++++
 xen/include/xen/iommu.h                     |  1 +
 4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Comments

Tian, Kevin March 1, 2021, 2:54 a.m. UTC | #1
> From: Julien Grall <julien@xen.org>
> Sent: Friday, February 26, 2021 6:57 PM
> 
> From: Julien Grall <jgrall@amazon.com>
> 
> The new per-domain IOMMU page-table allocator will now free the
> page-tables when domain's resources are relinquished. However, the
> per-domain IOMMU structure will still contain a dangling pointer to
> the root page-table.
> 
> Xen may access the IOMMU page-tables afterwards at least in the case of
> PV domain:
> 
> (XEN) Xen call trace:
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04025b4b2>] R
> iommu.c#addr_to_dma_page_maddr+0x12e/0x1d8
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04025b695>] F
> iommu.c#intel_iommu_unmap_page+0x5d/0xf8
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d0402695f3>] F iommu_unmap+0x9c/0x129
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d0402696a6>] F iommu_legacy_unmap+0x26/0x63
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c5c7>] F mm.c#cleanup_page_mappings+0x139/0x144
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c61d>] F put_page+0x4b/0xb3
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c87f>] F put_page_from_l1e+0x136/0x13b
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cada>] F devalidate_page+0x256/0x8dc
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d8d6>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l2e+0x8a/0xcf
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cc27>] F devalidate_page+0x3a3/0x8dc
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d807>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l3e+0x8a/0xcf
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cdf0>] F devalidate_page+0x56c/0x8dc
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d6c7>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l4e+0x69/0x6d
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cf24>] F devalidate_page+0x6a0/0x8dc
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d92e>] F put_page_type_preemptible+0x13/0x15
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04032598a>] F domain.c#relinquish_memory+0x1ff/0x4e9
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d0403295f2>] F domain_relinquish_resources+0x2b6/0x36a
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d040205cdf>] F domain_kill+0xb8/0x141
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d040236cac>] F do_domctl+0xb6f/0x18e5
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04031d098>] F pv_hypercall+0x2f0/0x55f
> (XEN)    [<ffff82d04039b432>] F lstar_enter+0x112/0x120
> 
> This will result to a use after-free and possibly an host crash or
> memory corruption.
> 
> It would not be possible to free the page-tables further down in
> domain_relinquish_resources() because cleanup_page_mappings() will only
> be called when the last reference on the page dropped. This may happen
> much later if another domain still hold a reference.
> 
> After all the PCI devices have been de-assigned, nobody should use the
> IOMMU page-tables and it is therefore pointless to try to modify them.
> 
> So we can simply clear any reference to the root page-table in the
> per-domain IOMMU structure. This requires to introduce a new callback of
> the method will depend on the IOMMU driver used.
> 
> Take the opportunity to add an ASSERT() in arch_iommu_domain_destroy()
> to check if we freed all the IOMMU page tables.
> 
> Fixes: 3eef6d07d722 ("x86/iommu: convert VT-d code to use new page table
> allocator")
> Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <jgrall@amazon.com>
> Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>

Reviewed-by: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>

> 
> ---
>     Changes in v5:
>         - Add Jan's reviewed-by
>         - Fix typo
>         - Use ! rather than == NULL
> 
>     Changes in v4:
>         - Move the patch later in the series as we need to prevent
>         iommu_map() to allocate memory first.
>         - Add an ASSERT() in arch_iommu_domain_destroy().
> 
>     Changes in v3:
>         - Move the patch earlier in the series
>         - Reword the commit message
> 
>     Changes in v2:
>         - Introduce clear_root_pgtable()
>         - Move the patch later in the series
> ---
>  xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c | 12 +++++++++++-
>  xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c         | 12 +++++++++++-
>  xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c         | 13 +++++++++++++
>  xen/include/xen/iommu.h                     |  1 +
>  4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c
> b/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c
> index 42b5a5a9bec4..085fe2f5771e 100644
> --- a/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c
> +++ b/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c
> @@ -381,9 +381,18 @@ static int amd_iommu_assign_device(struct domain
> *d, u8 devfn,
>      return reassign_device(pdev->domain, d, devfn, pdev);
>  }
> 
> +static void amd_iommu_clear_root_pgtable(struct domain *d)
> +{
> +    struct domain_iommu *hd = dom_iommu(d);
> +
> +    spin_lock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
> +    hd->arch.amd.root_table = NULL;
> +    spin_unlock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
> +}
> +
>  static void amd_iommu_domain_destroy(struct domain *d)
>  {
> -    dom_iommu(d)->arch.amd.root_table = NULL;
> +    ASSERT(!dom_iommu(d)->arch.amd.root_table);
>  }
> 
>  static int amd_iommu_add_device(u8 devfn, struct pci_dev *pdev)
> @@ -565,6 +574,7 @@ static const struct iommu_ops __initconstrel
> _iommu_ops = {
>      .remove_device = amd_iommu_remove_device,
>      .assign_device  = amd_iommu_assign_device,
>      .teardown = amd_iommu_domain_destroy,
> +    .clear_root_pgtable = amd_iommu_clear_root_pgtable,
>      .map_page = amd_iommu_map_page,
>      .unmap_page = amd_iommu_unmap_page,
>      .iotlb_flush = amd_iommu_flush_iotlb_pages,
> diff --git a/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c
> b/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c
> index b549a71530d5..475efb3be3bd 100644
> --- a/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c
> +++ b/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c
> @@ -1726,6 +1726,15 @@ out:
>      return ret;
>  }
> 
> +static void iommu_clear_root_pgtable(struct domain *d)
> +{
> +    struct domain_iommu *hd = dom_iommu(d);
> +
> +    spin_lock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
> +    hd->arch.vtd.pgd_maddr = 0;
> +    spin_unlock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
> +}
> +
>  static void iommu_domain_teardown(struct domain *d)
>  {
>      struct domain_iommu *hd = dom_iommu(d);
> @@ -1740,7 +1749,7 @@ static void iommu_domain_teardown(struct
> domain *d)
>          xfree(mrmrr);
>      }
> 
> -    hd->arch.vtd.pgd_maddr = 0;
> +    ASSERT(!hd->arch.vtd.pgd_maddr);
>  }
> 
>  static int __must_check intel_iommu_map_page(struct domain *d, dfn_t dfn,
> @@ -2731,6 +2740,7 @@ static struct iommu_ops __initdata vtd_ops = {
>      .remove_device = intel_iommu_remove_device,
>      .assign_device  = intel_iommu_assign_device,
>      .teardown = iommu_domain_teardown,
> +    .clear_root_pgtable = iommu_clear_root_pgtable,
>      .map_page = intel_iommu_map_page,
>      .unmap_page = intel_iommu_unmap_page,
>      .lookup_page = intel_iommu_lookup_page,
> diff --git a/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c
> b/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c
> index ad19b7dd461c..b90bb31bfeea 100644
> --- a/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c
> +++ b/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c
> @@ -149,6 +149,13 @@ int arch_iommu_domain_init(struct domain *d)
> 
>  void arch_iommu_domain_destroy(struct domain *d)
>  {
> +    /*
> +     * There should be not page-tables left allocated by the time the
> +     * domain is destroyed. Note that arch_iommu_domain_destroy() is
> +     * called unconditionally, so pgtables may be uninitialized.
> +     */
> +    ASSERT(!dom_iommu(d)->platform_ops ||
> +           page_list_empty(&dom_iommu(d)->arch.pgtables.list));
>  }
> 
>  static bool __hwdom_init hwdom_iommu_map(const struct domain *d,
> @@ -273,6 +280,12 @@ int iommu_free_pgtables(struct domain *d)
>      /* After this barrier, no new IOMMU mappings can be inserted. */
>      spin_barrier(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
> 
> +    /*
> +     * Pages will be moved to the free list below. So we want to
> +     * clear the root page-table to avoid any potential use after-free.
> +     */
> +    hd->platform_ops->clear_root_pgtable(d);
> +
>      while ( (pg = page_list_remove_head(&hd->arch.pgtables.list)) )
>      {
>          free_domheap_page(pg);
> diff --git a/xen/include/xen/iommu.h b/xen/include/xen/iommu.h
> index 863a68fe1622..d59ed7cbad43 100644
> --- a/xen/include/xen/iommu.h
> +++ b/xen/include/xen/iommu.h
> @@ -272,6 +272,7 @@ struct iommu_ops {
> 
>      int (*adjust_irq_affinities)(void);
>      void (*sync_cache)(const void *addr, unsigned int size);
> +    void (*clear_root_pgtable)(struct domain *d);
>  #endif /* CONFIG_X86 */
> 
>      int __must_check (*suspend)(void);
> --
> 2.17.1
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c b/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c
index 42b5a5a9bec4..085fe2f5771e 100644
--- a/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c
+++ b/xen/drivers/passthrough/amd/pci_amd_iommu.c
@@ -381,9 +381,18 @@  static int amd_iommu_assign_device(struct domain *d, u8 devfn,
     return reassign_device(pdev->domain, d, devfn, pdev);
 }
 
+static void amd_iommu_clear_root_pgtable(struct domain *d)
+{
+    struct domain_iommu *hd = dom_iommu(d);
+
+    spin_lock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
+    hd->arch.amd.root_table = NULL;
+    spin_unlock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
+}
+
 static void amd_iommu_domain_destroy(struct domain *d)
 {
-    dom_iommu(d)->arch.amd.root_table = NULL;
+    ASSERT(!dom_iommu(d)->arch.amd.root_table);
 }
 
 static int amd_iommu_add_device(u8 devfn, struct pci_dev *pdev)
@@ -565,6 +574,7 @@  static const struct iommu_ops __initconstrel _iommu_ops = {
     .remove_device = amd_iommu_remove_device,
     .assign_device  = amd_iommu_assign_device,
     .teardown = amd_iommu_domain_destroy,
+    .clear_root_pgtable = amd_iommu_clear_root_pgtable,
     .map_page = amd_iommu_map_page,
     .unmap_page = amd_iommu_unmap_page,
     .iotlb_flush = amd_iommu_flush_iotlb_pages,
diff --git a/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c b/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c
index b549a71530d5..475efb3be3bd 100644
--- a/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c
+++ b/xen/drivers/passthrough/vtd/iommu.c
@@ -1726,6 +1726,15 @@  out:
     return ret;
 }
 
+static void iommu_clear_root_pgtable(struct domain *d)
+{
+    struct domain_iommu *hd = dom_iommu(d);
+
+    spin_lock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
+    hd->arch.vtd.pgd_maddr = 0;
+    spin_unlock(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
+}
+
 static void iommu_domain_teardown(struct domain *d)
 {
     struct domain_iommu *hd = dom_iommu(d);
@@ -1740,7 +1749,7 @@  static void iommu_domain_teardown(struct domain *d)
         xfree(mrmrr);
     }
 
-    hd->arch.vtd.pgd_maddr = 0;
+    ASSERT(!hd->arch.vtd.pgd_maddr);
 }
 
 static int __must_check intel_iommu_map_page(struct domain *d, dfn_t dfn,
@@ -2731,6 +2740,7 @@  static struct iommu_ops __initdata vtd_ops = {
     .remove_device = intel_iommu_remove_device,
     .assign_device  = intel_iommu_assign_device,
     .teardown = iommu_domain_teardown,
+    .clear_root_pgtable = iommu_clear_root_pgtable,
     .map_page = intel_iommu_map_page,
     .unmap_page = intel_iommu_unmap_page,
     .lookup_page = intel_iommu_lookup_page,
diff --git a/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c b/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c
index ad19b7dd461c..b90bb31bfeea 100644
--- a/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c
+++ b/xen/drivers/passthrough/x86/iommu.c
@@ -149,6 +149,13 @@  int arch_iommu_domain_init(struct domain *d)
 
 void arch_iommu_domain_destroy(struct domain *d)
 {
+    /*
+     * There should be not page-tables left allocated by the time the
+     * domain is destroyed. Note that arch_iommu_domain_destroy() is
+     * called unconditionally, so pgtables may be uninitialized.
+     */
+    ASSERT(!dom_iommu(d)->platform_ops ||
+           page_list_empty(&dom_iommu(d)->arch.pgtables.list));
 }
 
 static bool __hwdom_init hwdom_iommu_map(const struct domain *d,
@@ -273,6 +280,12 @@  int iommu_free_pgtables(struct domain *d)
     /* After this barrier, no new IOMMU mappings can be inserted. */
     spin_barrier(&hd->arch.mapping_lock);
 
+    /*
+     * Pages will be moved to the free list below. So we want to
+     * clear the root page-table to avoid any potential use after-free.
+     */
+    hd->platform_ops->clear_root_pgtable(d);
+
     while ( (pg = page_list_remove_head(&hd->arch.pgtables.list)) )
     {
         free_domheap_page(pg);
diff --git a/xen/include/xen/iommu.h b/xen/include/xen/iommu.h
index 863a68fe1622..d59ed7cbad43 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/iommu.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/iommu.h
@@ -272,6 +272,7 @@  struct iommu_ops {
 
     int (*adjust_irq_affinities)(void);
     void (*sync_cache)(const void *addr, unsigned int size);
+    void (*clear_root_pgtable)(struct domain *d);
 #endif /* CONFIG_X86 */
 
     int __must_check (*suspend)(void);