diff mbox series

[v7,6/7] tools: add example application to initialize dom0less PV drivers

Message ID 20220513210730.679871-6-sstabellini@kernel.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series dom0less PV drivers | expand

Commit Message

Stefano Stabellini May 13, 2022, 9:07 p.m. UTC
From: Luca Miccio <lucmiccio@gmail.com>

Add an example application that can be run in dom0 to complete the
dom0less domains initialization so that they can get access to xenstore
and use PV drivers.

The application sets "connection" to XENSTORE_RECONNECT on the xenstore
page before calling xs_introduce_domain to signal that the connection is
not ready yet to be used. XENSTORE_RECONNECT is reset soon after by
xenstored.

Signed-off-by: Luca Miccio <lucmiccio@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@xilinx.com>
CC: Wei Liu <wl@xen.org>
CC: Anthony PERARD <anthony.perard@citrix.com>
CC: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
---
Changes in v8:
- check on HVM_PARAM_STORE_EVTCHN to see if the domain is xen,enhanced
- fix ubuntu native build, #include <sys/mman.h> for PROT_* definitions

Changes in v7:
- use PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE instead XS_READ | XS_WRITE

Changes in v6:
- include xs_wire.h and use its definitions

Changes in v5:
- set XS_CONNECTION_STATE_RECONNECTING before xs_introduce_domain

Changes in v4:
- only alloc xs page (no other magic pages)
- add xenstore permissions
- check all return values
- rename restore_xenstore to create_xenstore
- set target_memkb
- set start_time properly
- close xs transaction on error
- call xc_dom_gnttab_seed instead of xc_dom_gnttab_init
- xs_open instead of xs_daemon_open

Changes in v3:
- handle xenstore errors
- add an in-code comment about xenstore entries
- less verbose output
- clean-up error path in main

Changes in v2:
- do not set HVM_PARAM_STORE_EVTCHN twice
- rename restore_xenstore to create_xenstore
- increase maxmem

connection reconnecting
---
 tools/helpers/Makefile        |  13 ++
 tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c | 340 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 353 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c
---
 tools/helpers/Makefile        |  13 ++
 tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c | 345 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 358 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c

Comments

Julien Grall May 14, 2022, 4:19 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi Stefano,

On 13/05/2022 22:07, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> diff --git a/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c b/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..3e7ad54da7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,345 @@
> +#include <stdbool.h>
> +#include <syslog.h>
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <err.h>
> +#include <stdlib.h>
> +#include <sys/mman.h>
> +#include <sys/time.h>
> +#include <xenstore.h>
> +#include <xenctrl.h>
> +#include <xenguest.h>
> +#include <libxl.h>
> +#include <xenevtchn.h>
> +#include <xenforeignmemory.h>
> +#include <xen/io/xs_wire.h>
> +
> +#include "init-dom-json.h"
> +
> +#define XENSTORE_PFN_OFFSET 1
> +#define STR_MAX_LENGTH 64

Sorry, I should have spotted this earlier. Looking at the nodes below, 
the node control/platform-feature-multiprocessor-suspend would result to 
63 characters without even the domid:

42sh> echo -n 
'/local/domain//control/platform-feature-multiprocessor-suspend' | wc -c
62

So I think it would be wiser to bump the value to 128 here.

> +static bool do_xs_write_dom(struct xs_handle *xsh, xs_transaction_t t,
> +                            domid_t domid, char *path, char *val)
> +{
> +    char full_path[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
> +    struct xs_permissions perms[2];
> +
> +    perms[0].id = domid;
> +    perms[0].perms = XS_PERM_NONE;
> +    perms[1].id = 0;
> +    perms[1].perms = XS_PERM_READ;
> +
> +    if (snprintf(full_path, STR_MAX_LENGTH,
> +                 "/local/domain/%u/%s", domid, path) < 0)

The issue I mentionned above would not have been spotted because you 
only check the value is negative. From glibc version 2.1,
snprintf() returns the number of character (excluding the NUL bytes) it 
would have written if the buffer is big enough.

So to avoid writing a truncated node, you will want to check the return 
value is > 0 && < (STR_MAX_LENGTH - 1).

Looking at the code below, there are a few wrong use of snprintf(). To 
avoid another round (we are at v7 already), I would be OK if they are 
dealt after so long we bump the size of the buffer.

The rest of the code looks ok:

Acked-by: Julien Grall <jgrall@amazon.com>

Cheers,
Stefano Stabellini May 24, 2022, 11:34 p.m. UTC | #2
On Sat, 14 May 2022, Julien Grall wrote:
> On 13/05/2022 22:07, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> > diff --git a/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c b/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000..3e7ad54da7
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,345 @@
> > +#include <stdbool.h>
> > +#include <syslog.h>
> > +#include <stdio.h>
> > +#include <err.h>
> > +#include <stdlib.h>
> > +#include <sys/mman.h>
> > +#include <sys/time.h>
> > +#include <xenstore.h>
> > +#include <xenctrl.h>
> > +#include <xenguest.h>
> > +#include <libxl.h>
> > +#include <xenevtchn.h>
> > +#include <xenforeignmemory.h>
> > +#include <xen/io/xs_wire.h>
> > +
> > +#include "init-dom-json.h"
> > +
> > +#define XENSTORE_PFN_OFFSET 1
> > +#define STR_MAX_LENGTH 64
> 
> Sorry, I should have spotted this earlier. Looking at the nodes below, the
> node control/platform-feature-multiprocessor-suspend would result to 63
> characters without even the domid:
> 
> 42sh> echo -n '/local/domain//control/platform-feature-multiprocessor-suspend'
> | wc -c
> 62
> 
> So I think it would be wiser to bump the value to 128 here.
> 
> > +static bool do_xs_write_dom(struct xs_handle *xsh, xs_transaction_t t,
> > +                            domid_t domid, char *path, char *val)
> > +{
> > +    char full_path[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
> > +    struct xs_permissions perms[2];
> > +
> > +    perms[0].id = domid;
> > +    perms[0].perms = XS_PERM_NONE;
> > +    perms[1].id = 0;
> > +    perms[1].perms = XS_PERM_READ;
> > +
> > +    if (snprintf(full_path, STR_MAX_LENGTH,
> > +                 "/local/domain/%u/%s", domid, path) < 0)
> 
> The issue I mentionned above would not have been spotted because you only
> check the value is negative. From glibc version 2.1,
> snprintf() returns the number of character (excluding the NUL bytes) it would
> have written if the buffer is big enough.
> 
> So to avoid writing a truncated node, you will want to check the return value
> is > 0 && < (STR_MAX_LENGTH - 1).
> 
> Looking at the code below, there are a few wrong use of snprintf(). To avoid
> another round (we are at v7 already), I would be OK if they are dealt after so
> long we bump the size of the buffer.
> 
> The rest of the code looks ok:
> 
> Acked-by: Julien Grall <jgrall@amazon.com>

Thank you that is very reasonable. I committed the series with
STR_MAX_LENGTH set to 128. I'll send a separate patch to improve the
snprintf checks.
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/tools/helpers/Makefile b/tools/helpers/Makefile
index 7f6c422440..8d78ab1e90 100644
--- a/tools/helpers/Makefile
+++ b/tools/helpers/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,9 @@  ifeq ($(CONFIG_Linux),y)
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_X86),y)
 PROGS += init-xenstore-domain
 endif
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARM),y)
+PROGS += init-dom0less
+endif
 endif
 
 XEN_INIT_DOM0_OBJS = xen-init-dom0.o init-dom-json.o
@@ -26,6 +29,13 @@  $(INIT_XENSTORE_DOMAIN_OBJS): CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_libxenstore)
 $(INIT_XENSTORE_DOMAIN_OBJS): CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_libxenlight)
 $(INIT_XENSTORE_DOMAIN_OBJS): CFLAGS += -include $(XEN_ROOT)/tools/config.h
 
+INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS = init-dom0less.o init-dom-json.o
+$(INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS): CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_libxentoollog)
+$(INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS): CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_libxenstore)
+$(INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS): CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_libxenlight)
+$(INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS): CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_libxenctrl)
+$(INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS): CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_libxenevtchn)
+
 .PHONY: all
 all: $(PROGS)
 
@@ -35,6 +45,9 @@  xen-init-dom0: $(XEN_INIT_DOM0_OBJS)
 init-xenstore-domain: $(INIT_XENSTORE_DOMAIN_OBJS)
 	$(CC) $(LDFLAGS) -o $@ $(INIT_XENSTORE_DOMAIN_OBJS) $(LDLIBS_libxentoollog) $(LDLIBS_libxenstore) $(LDLIBS_libxenctrl) $(LDLIBS_libxenguest) $(LDLIBS_libxenlight) $(APPEND_LDFLAGS)
 
+init-dom0less: $(INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS)
+	$(CC) $(LDFLAGS) -o $@ $(INIT_DOM0LESS_OBJS) $(LDLIBS_libxenctrl) $(LDLIBS_libxenevtchn) $(LDLIBS_libxentoollog) $(LDLIBS_libxenstore) $(LDLIBS_libxenlight) $(LDLIBS_libxenguest) $(LDLIBS_libxenforeignmemory) $(APPEND_LDFLAGS)
+
 .PHONY: install
 install: all
 	$(INSTALL_DIR) $(DESTDIR)$(LIBEXEC_BIN)
diff --git a/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c b/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..3e7ad54da7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/helpers/init-dom0less.c
@@ -0,0 +1,345 @@ 
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <syslog.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <err.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <xenstore.h>
+#include <xenctrl.h>
+#include <xenguest.h>
+#include <libxl.h>
+#include <xenevtchn.h>
+#include <xenforeignmemory.h>
+#include <xen/io/xs_wire.h>
+
+#include "init-dom-json.h"
+
+#define XENSTORE_PFN_OFFSET 1
+#define STR_MAX_LENGTH 64
+
+static int alloc_xs_page(struct xc_interface_core *xch,
+                         libxl_dominfo *info,
+                         uint64_t *xenstore_pfn)
+{
+    int rc;
+    const xen_pfn_t base = GUEST_MAGIC_BASE >> XC_PAGE_SHIFT;
+    xen_pfn_t p2m = (GUEST_MAGIC_BASE >> XC_PAGE_SHIFT) + XENSTORE_PFN_OFFSET;
+
+    rc = xc_domain_setmaxmem(xch, info->domid,
+                             info->max_memkb + (XC_PAGE_SIZE/1024));
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+
+    rc = xc_domain_populate_physmap_exact(xch, info->domid, 1, 0, 0, &p2m);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+
+    *xenstore_pfn = base + XENSTORE_PFN_OFFSET;
+    rc = xc_clear_domain_page(xch, info->domid, *xenstore_pfn);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static bool do_xs_write_dom(struct xs_handle *xsh, xs_transaction_t t,
+                            domid_t domid, char *path, char *val)
+{
+    char full_path[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    struct xs_permissions perms[2];
+
+    perms[0].id = domid;
+    perms[0].perms = XS_PERM_NONE;
+    perms[1].id = 0;
+    perms[1].perms = XS_PERM_READ;
+
+    if (snprintf(full_path, STR_MAX_LENGTH,
+                 "/local/domain/%u/%s", domid, path) < 0)
+        return false;
+    if (!xs_write(xsh, t, full_path, val, strlen(val)))
+        return false;
+    return xs_set_permissions(xsh, t, full_path, perms, 2);
+}
+
+static bool do_xs_write_libxl(struct xs_handle *xsh, xs_transaction_t t,
+                              domid_t domid, char *path, char *val)
+{
+    char full_path[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+
+    if (snprintf(full_path, STR_MAX_LENGTH,
+                 "/libxl/%u/%s", domid, path) < 0)
+        return false;
+    return xs_write(xsh, t, full_path, val, strlen(val));
+}
+
+static bool do_xs_write_vm(struct xs_handle *xsh, xs_transaction_t t,
+                           libxl_uuid uuid, char *path, char *val)
+{
+    char full_path[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+
+    if (snprintf(full_path, STR_MAX_LENGTH,
+                 "/vm/" LIBXL_UUID_FMT "/%s", LIBXL_UUID_BYTES(uuid), path) < 0)
+        return false;
+    return xs_write(xsh, t, full_path, val, strlen(val));
+}
+
+/*
+ * The xenstore nodes are the xenstore nodes libxl writes at domain
+ * creation.
+ *
+ * The list was retrieved by running xenstore-ls on a corresponding
+ * domain started by xl/libxl.
+ */
+static int create_xenstore(struct xs_handle *xsh,
+                           libxl_dominfo *info, libxl_uuid uuid,
+                           evtchn_port_t xenstore_port)
+{
+    domid_t domid;
+    unsigned int i;
+    char uuid_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char dom_name_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char vm_val_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char id_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char max_memkb_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char target_memkb_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char cpu_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char xenstore_port_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    char ring_ref_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    xs_transaction_t t;
+    struct timeval start_time;
+    char start_time_str[STR_MAX_LENGTH];
+    int rc;
+
+    if (gettimeofday(&start_time, NULL) < 0)
+        return -errno;
+    rc = snprintf(start_time_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "%jd.%02d",
+            (intmax_t)start_time.tv_sec, (int)start_time.tv_usec / 10000);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+
+    domid = info->domid;
+    rc = snprintf(id_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "%u", domid);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+    rc = snprintf(dom_name_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "dom0less-%u", domid);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+    rc = snprintf(uuid_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, LIBXL_UUID_FMT, LIBXL_UUID_BYTES(uuid));
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+    rc = snprintf(vm_val_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH,
+                  "vm/" LIBXL_UUID_FMT, LIBXL_UUID_BYTES(uuid));
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+    rc = snprintf(max_memkb_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "%lu", info->max_memkb);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+    rc = snprintf(target_memkb_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "%lu", info->current_memkb);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+    rc = snprintf(ring_ref_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "%lld",
+                  (GUEST_MAGIC_BASE >> XC_PAGE_SHIFT) + XENSTORE_PFN_OFFSET);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+    rc = snprintf(xenstore_port_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "%u", xenstore_port);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+
+retry_transaction:
+    t = xs_transaction_start(xsh);
+    if (t == XBT_NULL)
+        return -errno;
+
+    rc = -EIO;
+    /* /vm */
+    if (!do_xs_write_vm(xsh, t, uuid, "name", dom_name_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_vm(xsh, t, uuid, "uuid", uuid_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_vm(xsh, t, uuid, "start_time", start_time_str)) goto err;
+
+    /* /domain */
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "vm", vm_val_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "name", dom_name_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "cpu", "")) goto err;
+    for (i = 0; i < info->vcpu_max_id; i++) {
+        rc = snprintf(cpu_str, STR_MAX_LENGTH, "cpu/%u/availability/", i);
+        if (rc < 0)
+            goto err;
+        rc = -EIO;
+        if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, cpu_str,
+                             (info->cpupool & (1 << i)) ? "online" : "offline"))
+            goto err;
+    }
+
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "memory", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "memory/static-max", max_memkb_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "memory/target", target_memkb_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "memory/videoram", "-1")) goto err;
+
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "device", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "device/suspend", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "device/suspend/event-channel", "")) goto err;
+
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control/shutdown", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control/feature-poweroff", "1")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control/feature-reboot", "1")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control/feature-suspend", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control/sysrq", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control/platform-feature-multiprocessor-suspend", "1")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "control/platform-feature-xs_reset_watches", "1")) goto err;
+
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "domid", id_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "data", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "drivers", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "feature", "")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "attr", "")) goto err;
+
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "store/port", xenstore_port_str)) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_dom(xsh, t, domid, "store/ring-ref", ring_ref_str)) goto err;
+
+    if (!do_xs_write_libxl(xsh, t, domid, "type", "pvh")) goto err;
+    if (!do_xs_write_libxl(xsh, t, domid, "dm-version", "qemu_xen")) goto err;
+
+    if (!xs_transaction_end(xsh, t, false)) {
+        if (errno == EAGAIN)
+            goto retry_transaction;
+        else
+            return -errno;
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+
+err:
+    xs_transaction_end(xsh, t, true);
+    return rc;
+}
+
+static int init_domain(struct xs_handle *xsh,
+                       struct xc_interface_core *xch,
+                       xenforeignmemory_handle *xfh,
+                       libxl_dominfo *info)
+{
+    libxl_uuid uuid;
+    uint64_t xenstore_evtchn, xenstore_pfn;
+    int rc;
+    struct xenstore_domain_interface *intf;
+
+    printf("Init dom0less domain: %u\n", info->domid);
+
+    rc = xc_hvm_param_get(xch, info->domid, HVM_PARAM_STORE_EVTCHN,
+                          &xenstore_evtchn);
+    if (rc != 0) {
+        printf("Failed to get HVM_PARAM_STORE_EVTCHN\n");
+        return 1;
+    }
+
+    /* no xen,enhanced; nothing to do */
+    if (!xenstore_evtchn)
+        return 0;
+
+    /* Alloc xenstore page */
+    if (alloc_xs_page(xch, info, &xenstore_pfn) != 0) {
+        printf("Error on alloc magic pages\n");
+        return 1;
+    }
+
+    intf = xenforeignmemory_map(xfh, info->domid, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, 1,
+                                &xenstore_pfn, NULL);
+    if (!intf) {
+        printf("Error mapping xenstore page\n");
+        return 1;
+    }
+    intf->connection = XENSTORE_RECONNECT;
+    xenforeignmemory_unmap(xfh, intf, 1);
+
+    rc = xc_dom_gnttab_seed(xch, info->domid, true,
+                            (xen_pfn_t)-1, xenstore_pfn, 0, 0);
+    if (rc)
+        err(1, "xc_dom_gnttab_seed");
+
+    libxl_uuid_generate(&uuid);
+    xc_domain_sethandle(xch, info->domid, libxl_uuid_bytearray(&uuid));
+
+    rc = gen_stub_json_config(info->domid, &uuid);
+    if (rc)
+        err(1, "gen_stub_json_config");
+
+    /* Now everything is ready: set HVM_PARAM_STORE_PFN */
+    rc = xc_hvm_param_set(xch, info->domid, HVM_PARAM_STORE_PFN,
+                          xenstore_pfn);
+    if (rc < 0)
+        return rc;
+
+    rc = create_xenstore(xsh, info, uuid, xenstore_evtchn);
+    if (rc)
+        err(1, "writing to xenstore");
+
+    rc = xs_introduce_domain(xsh, info->domid,
+            (GUEST_MAGIC_BASE >> XC_PAGE_SHIFT) + XENSTORE_PFN_OFFSET,
+            xenstore_evtchn);
+    if (!rc)
+        err(1, "xs_introduce_domain");
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/* Check if domain has been configured in XS */
+static bool domain_exists(struct xs_handle *xsh, int domid)
+{
+    return xs_is_domain_introduced(xsh, domid);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+    libxl_dominfo *info = NULL;
+    libxl_ctx *ctx;
+    int nb_vm = 0, rc = 0, i;
+    struct xs_handle *xsh = NULL;
+    struct xc_interface_core *xch = NULL;
+    xenforeignmemory_handle *xfh = NULL;
+
+    /* TODO reuse libxl xsh connection */
+    xsh = xs_open(0);
+    xch = xc_interface_open(0, 0, 0);
+    xfh = xenforeignmemory_open(0, 0);
+    if (xsh == NULL || xch == NULL || xfh == NULL) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Cannot open xc/xs/xenforeignmemory interfaces");
+        rc = -errno;
+        goto out;
+    }
+
+    rc = libxl_ctx_alloc(&ctx, LIBXL_VERSION, 0, NULL);
+    if (rc) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "cannot init xl context\n");
+        goto out;
+    }
+
+    info = libxl_list_domain(ctx, &nb_vm);
+    if (!info) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "libxl_list_vm failed.\n");
+        rc = -1;
+        goto out;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < nb_vm; i++) {
+        domid_t domid = info[i].domid;
+
+        /* Don't need to check for Dom0 */
+        if (!domid)
+            continue;
+
+        printf("Checking domid: %u\n", domid);
+        if (!domain_exists(xsh, domid)) {
+            rc = init_domain(xsh, xch, xfh, &info[i]);
+            if (rc < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "init_domain failed.\n");
+                goto out;
+            }
+        } else {
+            printf("Domain %u has already been initialized\n", domid);
+        }
+    }
+out:
+    libxl_dominfo_list_free(info, nb_vm);
+    return rc;
+}