diff mbox series

[v6,2/3] amd/msr: allow passthrough of VIRT_SPEC_CTRL for HVM guests

Message ID 20220517153127.40276-3-roger.pau@citrix.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series amd/msr: implement MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL for HVM guests | expand

Commit Message

Roger Pau Monné May 17, 2022, 3:31 p.m. UTC
Allow HVM guests access to MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL if the platform Xen is
running on has support for it.  This requires adding logic in the
vm{entry,exit} paths for SVM in order to context switch between the
hypervisor value and the guest one.  The added handlers for context
switch will also be used for the legacy SSBD support.

Introduce a new synthetic feature leaf (X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM)
to signal whether VIRT_SPEC_CTRL needs to be handled on guest
vm{entry,exit}.

Suggested-by: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
---
Changes since v5:
 - Add comment regarding VIRT_SSBD exposure.
 - Store guest value in 'val' local variable in
   vmentry_virt_spec_ctrl.

Changes since v4:
 - Fix exposing in the max policy.

Changes since v3:
 - Always trap write accesses to VIRT_SPEC_CTRL in order to cache the
   guest setting.
 - Do not use the 'S' annotation for the VIRT_SSBD feature.

Changes since v2:
 - Reword part of the commit message regarding annotation change.
 - Fix MSR intercept.
 - Add handling of VIRT_SPEC_CTRL to guest_{rd,wr}msr when using
   VIRT_SSBD also.

Changes since v1:
 - Introduce virt_spec_ctrl vCPU field.
 - Context switch VIRT_SPEC_CTRL on vmentry/vmexit separately from
   SPEC_CTRL.
---
 xen/arch/x86/cpuid.c                   | 14 +++++++++++
 xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/entry.S           |  8 ++++++
 xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c             | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 xen/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h |  1 +
 xen/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h         | 10 ++++++++
 xen/arch/x86/msr.c                     | 16 +++++++++---
 xen/arch/x86/spec_ctrl.c               |  9 ++++++-
 7 files changed, 88 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

Comments

Jan Beulich May 17, 2022, 3:33 p.m. UTC | #1
On 17.05.2022 17:31, Roger Pau Monne wrote:
> Allow HVM guests access to MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL if the platform Xen is
> running on has support for it.  This requires adding logic in the
> vm{entry,exit} paths for SVM in order to context switch between the
> hypervisor value and the guest one.  The added handlers for context
> switch will also be used for the legacy SSBD support.
> 
> Introduce a new synthetic feature leaf (X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM)
> to signal whether VIRT_SPEC_CTRL needs to be handled on guest
> vm{entry,exit}.
> 
> Suggested-by: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com>
> Signed-off-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>

Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/cpuid.c b/xen/arch/x86/cpuid.c
index 979dcf8164..a4a366ad84 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/cpuid.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/cpuid.c
@@ -541,6 +541,13 @@  static void __init calculate_hvm_max_policy(void)
          raw_cpuid_policy.basic.sep )
         __set_bit(X86_FEATURE_SEP, hvm_featureset);
 
+    /*
+     * VIRT_SSBD is exposed in the default policy as a result of
+     * VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM being set, it also needs exposing in the max policy.
+     */
+    if ( boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM) )
+        __set_bit(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SSBD, hvm_featureset);
+
     /*
      * If Xen isn't virtualising MSR_SPEC_CTRL for HVM guests (functional
      * availability, or admin choice), hide the feature.
@@ -597,6 +604,13 @@  static void __init calculate_hvm_def_policy(void)
     guest_common_feature_adjustments(hvm_featureset);
     guest_common_default_feature_adjustments(hvm_featureset);
 
+    /*
+     * Only expose VIRT_SSBD if AMD_SSBD is not available, and thus
+     * VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM is set.
+     */
+    if ( boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM) )
+        __set_bit(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SSBD, hvm_featureset);
+
     sanitise_featureset(hvm_featureset);
     cpuid_featureset_to_policy(hvm_featureset, p);
     recalculate_xstate(p);
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/entry.S b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/entry.S
index 4ae55a2ef6..2f63a2e3c6 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/entry.S
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/entry.S
@@ -19,6 +19,8 @@ 
 
         .file "svm/entry.S"
 
+#include <xen/lib.h>
+
 #include <asm/asm_defns.h>
 #include <asm/page.h>
 
@@ -57,6 +59,9 @@  __UNLIKELY_END(nsvm_hap)
 
         clgi
 
+        ALTERNATIVE "", STR(call vmentry_virt_spec_ctrl), \
+                        X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM
+
         /* WARNING! `ret`, `call *`, `jmp *` not safe beyond this point. */
         /* SPEC_CTRL_EXIT_TO_SVM       Req: b=curr %rsp=regs/cpuinfo, Clob: acd */
         .macro svm_vmentry_spec_ctrl
@@ -114,6 +119,9 @@  __UNLIKELY_END(nsvm_hap)
         ALTERNATIVE "", svm_vmexit_spec_ctrl, X86_FEATURE_SC_MSR_HVM
         /* WARNING! `ret`, `call *`, `jmp *` not safe before this point. */
 
+        ALTERNATIVE "", STR(call vmexit_virt_spec_ctrl), \
+                        X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM
+
         stgi
 GLOBAL(svm_stgi_label)
         mov  %rsp,%rdi
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c
index 2455835eda..c4bdeaff52 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ 
 #include <asm/hvm/svm/svmdebug.h>
 #include <asm/hvm/svm/nestedsvm.h>
 #include <asm/hvm/nestedhvm.h>
+#include <asm/spec_ctrl.h>
 #include <asm/x86_emulate.h>
 #include <public/sched.h>
 #include <asm/hvm/vpt.h>
@@ -610,6 +611,16 @@  static void cf_check svm_cpuid_policy_changed(struct vcpu *v)
     svm_intercept_msr(v, MSR_SPEC_CTRL,
                       cp->extd.ibrs ? MSR_INTERCEPT_NONE : MSR_INTERCEPT_RW);
 
+    /*
+     * Always trap write accesses to VIRT_SPEC_CTRL in order to cache the guest
+     * setting and avoid having to perform a rdmsr on vmexit to get the guest
+     * setting even if VIRT_SSBD is offered to Xen itself.
+     */
+    svm_intercept_msr(v, MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL,
+                      cp->extd.virt_ssbd && cpu_has_virt_ssbd &&
+                      !cpu_has_amd_ssbd ?
+                      MSR_INTERCEPT_WRITE : MSR_INTERCEPT_RW);
+
     /* Give access to MSR_PRED_CMD if the guest has been told about it. */
     svm_intercept_msr(v, MSR_PRED_CMD,
                       cp->extd.ibpb ? MSR_INTERCEPT_NONE : MSR_INTERCEPT_RW);
@@ -3105,6 +3116,30 @@  void svm_vmexit_handler(struct cpu_user_regs *regs)
     vmcb_set_vintr(vmcb, intr);
 }
 
+/* Called with GIF=0. */
+void vmexit_virt_spec_ctrl(void)
+{
+    unsigned int val = opt_ssbd ? SPEC_CTRL_SSBD : 0;
+
+    if ( val == current->arch.msrs->virt_spec_ctrl.raw )
+        return;
+
+    if ( cpu_has_virt_ssbd )
+        wrmsr(MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL, val, 0);
+}
+
+/* Called with GIF=0. */
+void vmentry_virt_spec_ctrl(void)
+{
+    unsigned int val = current->arch.msrs->virt_spec_ctrl.raw;
+
+    if ( val == (opt_ssbd ? SPEC_CTRL_SSBD : 0) )
+        return;
+
+    if ( cpu_has_virt_ssbd )
+        wrmsr(MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL, val, 0);
+}
+
 /*
  * Local variables:
  * mode: C
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
index 7413febd7a..2240547b64 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@  XEN_CPUFEATURE(SC_VERW_HVM,       X86_SYNTH(24)) /* VERW used by Xen for HVM */
 XEN_CPUFEATURE(SC_VERW_IDLE,      X86_SYNTH(25)) /* VERW used by Xen for idle */
 XEN_CPUFEATURE(XEN_SHSTK,         X86_SYNTH(26)) /* Xen uses CET Shadow Stacks */
 XEN_CPUFEATURE(XEN_IBT,           X86_SYNTH(27)) /* Xen uses CET Indirect Branch Tracking */
+XEN_CPUFEATURE(VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM,   X86_SYNTH(28)) /* MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL exposed to HVM */
 
 /* Bug words follow the synthetic words. */
 #define X86_NR_BUG 1
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h b/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
index ab6fbb5051..de18e90b2e 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
@@ -375,6 +375,16 @@  struct vcpu_msrs
      */
     uint32_t tsc_aux;
 
+    /*
+     * 0xc001011f - MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL (if !X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD)
+     *
+     * AMD only. Guest selected value, context switched on guest VM
+     * entry/exit.
+     */
+    struct {
+        uint32_t raw;
+    } virt_spec_ctrl;
+
     /*
      * 0xc00110{27,19-1b} MSR_AMD64_DR{0-3}_ADDRESS_MASK
      *
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/msr.c b/xen/arch/x86/msr.c
index 72c175fd8b..a1e268eea9 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/msr.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/msr.c
@@ -385,7 +385,10 @@  int guest_rdmsr(struct vcpu *v, uint32_t msr, uint64_t *val)
         if ( !cp->extd.virt_ssbd )
             goto gp_fault;
 
-        *val = msrs->spec_ctrl.raw & SPEC_CTRL_SSBD;
+        if ( cpu_has_amd_ssbd )
+            *val = msrs->spec_ctrl.raw & SPEC_CTRL_SSBD;
+        else
+            *val = msrs->virt_spec_ctrl.raw;
         break;
 
     case MSR_AMD64_DE_CFG:
@@ -678,10 +681,15 @@  int guest_wrmsr(struct vcpu *v, uint32_t msr, uint64_t val)
             goto gp_fault;
 
         /* Only supports SSBD bit, the rest are ignored. */
-        if ( val & SPEC_CTRL_SSBD )
-            msrs->spec_ctrl.raw |= SPEC_CTRL_SSBD;
+        if ( cpu_has_amd_ssbd )
+        {
+            if ( val & SPEC_CTRL_SSBD )
+                msrs->spec_ctrl.raw |= SPEC_CTRL_SSBD;
+            else
+                msrs->spec_ctrl.raw &= ~SPEC_CTRL_SSBD;
+        }
         else
-            msrs->spec_ctrl.raw &= ~SPEC_CTRL_SSBD;
+            msrs->virt_spec_ctrl.raw = val & SPEC_CTRL_SSBD;
         break;
 
     case MSR_AMD64_DE_CFG:
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/spec_ctrl.c b/xen/arch/x86/spec_ctrl.c
index f338bfe292..0d5ec877d1 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/spec_ctrl.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/spec_ctrl.c
@@ -406,9 +406,12 @@  static void __init print_details(enum ind_thunk thunk, uint64_t caps)
            (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SC_MSR_HVM) ||
             boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SC_RSB_HVM) ||
             boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_MD_CLEAR)   ||
+            boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM) ||
             opt_eager_fpu)                           ? ""               : " None",
            boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SC_MSR_HVM)      ? " MSR_SPEC_CTRL" : "",
-           boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SC_MSR_HVM)      ? " MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL" : "",
+           (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SC_MSR_HVM) ||
+            boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM)) ? " MSR_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL"
+                                                       : "",
            boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SC_RSB_HVM)      ? " RSB"           : "",
            opt_eager_fpu                             ? " EAGER_FPU"     : "",
            boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_MD_CLEAR)        ? " MD_CLEAR"      : "");
@@ -1069,6 +1072,10 @@  void __init init_speculation_mitigations(void)
             setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_SC_MSR_HVM);
     }
 
+    /* Support VIRT_SPEC_CTRL.SSBD if AMD_SSBD is not available. */
+    if ( opt_msr_sc_hvm && !cpu_has_amd_ssbd && cpu_has_virt_ssbd )
+        setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SC_MSR_HVM);
+
     /* If we have IBRS available, see whether we should use it. */
     if ( has_spec_ctrl && ibrs )
         default_xen_spec_ctrl |= SPEC_CTRL_IBRS;