diff mbox series

[v4,2/2] tools/xg: Clean up xend-style overrides for CPU policies

Message ID ce6dc0221bbab353b6f47cf4bbbbcdf3aacc0cb8.1716992707.git.alejandro.vallejo@cloud.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series Clean the policy manipulation path in domain creation | expand

Commit Message

Alejandro Vallejo May 29, 2024, 2:30 p.m. UTC
Factor out policy getters/setters from both (CPUID and MSR) policy override
functions. Additionally, use host policy rather than featureset when
preparing the cur policy, saving one hypercall and several lines of
boilerplate.

No functional change intended.

Signed-off-by: Alejandro Vallejo <alejandro.vallejo@cloud.com>
---
v4:
  * Indentation adjustment.
  * Fix unhandled corner case using bsearch() with MSR and leaf buffers
---
 tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c | 437 ++++++++++----------------------
 1 file changed, 130 insertions(+), 307 deletions(-)

Comments

Roger Pau Monné May 30, 2024, 9:41 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, May 29, 2024 at 03:30:38PM +0100, Alejandro Vallejo wrote:
> Factor out policy getters/setters from both (CPUID and MSR) policy override
> functions. Additionally, use host policy rather than featureset when
> preparing the cur policy, saving one hypercall and several lines of
> boilerplate.
> 
> No functional change intended.

One change that's worth mentioning is that now the policy gets set
only once per domain, as the whole policy is prepared and uploaded to
the hypervisor, rather than uploading a partial policy which is then
further adjusted by xc_{cpuid_xend,msr}_policy() calls.

> 
> Signed-off-by: Alejandro Vallejo <alejandro.vallejo@cloud.com>

Reviewed-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>

> ---
> v4:
>   * Indentation adjustment.
>   * Fix unhandled corner case using bsearch() with MSR and leaf buffers
> ---
>  tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c | 437 ++++++++++----------------------
>  1 file changed, 130 insertions(+), 307 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c b/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c
> index 6cab5c60bb41..552ec2ab7312 100644
> --- a/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c
> +++ b/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c
> @@ -36,6 +36,34 @@ enum {
>  #define bitmaskof(idx)      (1u << ((idx) & 31))
>  #define featureword_of(idx) ((idx) >> 5)
>  
> +static int deserialize_policy(xc_interface *xch, xc_cpu_policy_t *policy)
> +{
> +    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
> +    int rc;
> +
> +    rc = x86_cpuid_copy_from_buffer(&policy->policy, policy->leaves,
> +                                    policy->nr_leaves, &err_leaf, &err_subleaf);
> +    if ( rc )
> +    {
> +        if ( err_leaf != -1 )
> +            ERROR("Failed to deserialise CPUID (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x) (%d = %s)",
> +                  err_leaf, err_subleaf, -rc, strerror(-rc));
> +        return rc;
> +    }
> +
> +    rc = x86_msr_copy_from_buffer(&policy->policy, policy->msrs,
> +                                  policy->nr_msrs, &err_msr);
> +    if ( rc )
> +    {
> +        if ( err_msr != -1 )
> +            ERROR("Failed to deserialise MSR (err MSR %#x) (%d = %s)",
> +                  err_msr, -rc, strerror(-rc));
> +        return rc;
> +    }
> +
> +    return 0;
> +}
> +
>  int xc_get_cpu_levelling_caps(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t *caps)
>  {
>      struct xen_sysctl sysctl = {};
> @@ -260,102 +288,37 @@ static int compare_leaves(const void *l, const void *r)
>      return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static xen_cpuid_leaf_t *find_leaf(
> -    xen_cpuid_leaf_t *leaves, unsigned int nr_leaves,
> -    const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend)
> +static xen_cpuid_leaf_t *find_leaf(xc_cpu_policy_t *p,
> +                                   const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend)
>  {
>      const xen_cpuid_leaf_t key = { xend->leaf, xend->subleaf };
>  
> -    return bsearch(&key, leaves, nr_leaves, sizeof(*leaves), compare_leaves);
> +    return bsearch(&key, p->leaves, p->nr_leaves,
> +                   sizeof(*p->leaves), compare_leaves);
>  }
>  
> -static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(
> -    xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend)
> +static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid,
> +                                const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend,
> +                                xc_cpu_policy_t *host,
> +                                xc_cpu_policy_t *def,
> +                                xc_cpu_policy_t *cur)
>  {
> -    int rc;
> -    bool hvm;
> -    xc_domaininfo_t di;
> -    unsigned int nr_leaves, nr_msrs;
> -    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
> -    /*
> -     * Three full policies.  The host, default for the domain type,
> -     * and domain current.
> -     */
> -    xen_cpuid_leaf_t *host = NULL, *def = NULL, *cur = NULL;
> -    unsigned int nr_host, nr_def, nr_cur;
> -
> -    if ( (rc = xc_domain_getinfo_single(xch, domid, &di)) < 0 )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d info", domid);
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto fail;
> -    }
> -    hvm = di.flags & XEN_DOMINF_hvm_guest;
> -
> -    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_size(xch, &nr_leaves, &nr_msrs);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain policy info size");
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto fail;
> -    }
> -
> -    rc = -ENOMEM;
> -    if ( (host = calloc(nr_leaves, sizeof(*host))) == NULL ||
> -         (def  = calloc(nr_leaves, sizeof(*def)))  == NULL ||
> -         (cur  = calloc(nr_leaves, sizeof(*cur)))  == NULL )
> -    {
> -        ERROR("Unable to allocate memory for %u CPUID leaves", nr_leaves);
> -        goto fail;
> -    }
> -
> -    /* Get the domain's current policy. */
> -    nr_msrs = 0;
> -    nr_cur = nr_leaves;
> -    rc = get_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, &nr_cur, cur, &nr_msrs, NULL);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d current policy", domid);
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto fail;
> -    }
> +    if ( !xend )
> +        return 0;
>  
> -    /* Get the domain type's default policy. */
> -    nr_msrs = 0;
> -    nr_def = nr_leaves;
> -    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
> -                                        : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
> -                               &nr_def, def, &nr_msrs, NULL);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain %s def policy", hvm ? "hvm" : "pv");
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto fail;
> -    }
> +    if ( !host || !def || !cur )
> +        return -EINVAL;
>  
> -    /* Get the host policy. */
> -    nr_msrs = 0;
> -    nr_host = nr_leaves;
> -    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_host,
> -                               &nr_host, host, &nr_msrs, NULL);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain host policy");
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto fail;
> -    }
> -
> -    rc = -EINVAL;
>      for ( ; xend->leaf != XEN_CPUID_INPUT_UNUSED; ++xend )
>      {
> -        xen_cpuid_leaf_t *cur_leaf = find_leaf(cur, nr_cur, xend);
> -        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *def_leaf = find_leaf(def, nr_def, xend);
> -        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *host_leaf = find_leaf(host, nr_host, xend);
> +        xen_cpuid_leaf_t *cur_leaf = find_leaf(cur, xend);
> +        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *def_leaf = find_leaf(def, xend);
> +        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *host_leaf = find_leaf(host, xend);
>  
>          if ( cur_leaf == NULL || def_leaf == NULL || host_leaf == NULL )
>          {
>              ERROR("Missing leaf %#x, subleaf %#x", xend->leaf, xend->subleaf);
> -            goto fail;
> +            return -EINVAL;
>          }
>  
>          for ( unsigned int i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(xend->policy); i++ )
> @@ -384,7 +347,7 @@ static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(
>                  {
>                      ERROR("Bad character '%c' in policy[%d] string '%s'",
>                            xend->policy[i][j], i, xend->policy[i]);
> -                    goto fail;
> +                    return -EINVAL;
>                  }
>  
>                  clear_bit(31 - j, cur_reg);
> @@ -394,25 +357,7 @@ static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(
>          }
>      }
>  
> -    /* Feed the transformed currrent policy back up to Xen. */
> -    rc = xc_set_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, nr_cur, cur, 0, NULL,
> -                                  &err_leaf, &err_subleaf, &err_msr);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to set d%d's policy (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x, msr %#x)",
> -               domid, err_leaf, err_subleaf, err_msr);
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto fail;
> -    }
> -
> -    /* Success! */
> -
> - fail:
> -    free(cur);
> -    free(def);
> -    free(host);
> -
> -    return rc;
> +    return 0;
>  }
>  
>  static int compare_msr(const void *l, const void *r)
> @@ -426,104 +371,37 @@ static int compare_msr(const void *l, const void *r)
>      return lhs->idx < rhs->idx ? -1 : 1;
>  }
>  
> -static xen_msr_entry_t *find_msr(
> -    xen_msr_entry_t *msrs, unsigned int nr_msrs,
> -    uint32_t index)
> +static xen_msr_entry_t *find_msr(xc_cpu_policy_t *p,
> +                                 uint32_t index)
>  {
>      const xen_msr_entry_t key = { .idx = index };
>  
> -    return bsearch(&key, msrs, nr_msrs, sizeof(*msrs), compare_msr);
> +    return bsearch(&key, p->msrs, p->nr_msrs, sizeof(*p->msrs), compare_msr);
>  }
>  
> -
>  static int xc_msr_policy(xc_interface *xch, domid_t domid,
> -                         const struct xc_msr *msr)
> +                         const struct xc_msr *msr,
> +                         xc_cpu_policy_t *host,
> +                         xc_cpu_policy_t *def,
> +                         xc_cpu_policy_t *cur)
>  {
> -    int rc;
> -    bool hvm;
> -    xc_domaininfo_t di;
> -    unsigned int nr_leaves, nr_msrs;
> -    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
> -    /*
> -     * Three full policies.  The host, default for the domain type,
> -     * and domain current.
> -     */
> -    xen_msr_entry_t *host = NULL, *def = NULL, *cur = NULL;
> -    unsigned int nr_host, nr_def, nr_cur;
> -
> -    if ( (rc = xc_domain_getinfo_single(xch, domid, &di)) < 0 )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d info", domid);
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> -    hvm = di.flags & XEN_DOMINF_hvm_guest;
> -
> -    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_size(xch, &nr_leaves, &nr_msrs);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain policy info size");
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> -
> -    if ( (host = calloc(nr_msrs, sizeof(*host))) == NULL ||
> -         (def  = calloc(nr_msrs, sizeof(*def)))  == NULL ||
> -         (cur  = calloc(nr_msrs, sizeof(*cur)))  == NULL )
> -    {
> -        ERROR("Unable to allocate memory for %u CPUID leaves", nr_leaves);
> -        rc = -ENOMEM;
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> -
> -    /* Get the domain's current policy. */
> -    nr_leaves = 0;
> -    nr_cur = nr_msrs;
> -    rc = get_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, &nr_leaves, NULL, &nr_cur, cur);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d current policy", domid);
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> -
> -    /* Get the domain type's default policy. */
> -    nr_leaves = 0;
> -    nr_def = nr_msrs;
> -    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
> -                                        : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
> -                               &nr_leaves, NULL, &nr_def, def);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain %s def policy", hvm ? "hvm" : "pv");
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> +    if ( !msr )
> +        return 0;
>  
> -    /* Get the host policy. */
> -    nr_leaves = 0;
> -    nr_host = nr_msrs;
> -    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_host,
> -                               &nr_leaves, NULL, &nr_host, host);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain host policy");
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> +    if ( !host || !def || !cur )
> +        return -EINVAL;
>  
>      for ( ; msr->index != XC_MSR_INPUT_UNUSED; ++msr )
>      {
> -        xen_msr_entry_t *cur_msr = find_msr(cur, nr_cur, msr->index);
> -        const xen_msr_entry_t *def_msr = find_msr(def, nr_def, msr->index);
> -        const xen_msr_entry_t *host_msr = find_msr(host, nr_host, msr->index);
>          unsigned int i;
> +        xen_msr_entry_t *cur_msr = find_msr(cur, msr->index);
> +        const xen_msr_entry_t *def_msr = find_msr(def, msr->index);
> +        const xen_msr_entry_t *host_msr = find_msr(host, msr->index);
>  
>          if ( cur_msr == NULL || def_msr == NULL || host_msr == NULL )
>          {
>              ERROR("Missing MSR %#x", msr->index);
> -            rc = -ENOENT;
> -            goto out;
> +            return -ENOENT;
>          }
>  
>          for ( i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(msr->policy) - 1; i++ )
> @@ -542,8 +420,7 @@ static int xc_msr_policy(xc_interface *xch, domid_t domid,
>              {
>                  ERROR("MSR index %#x: bad character '%c' in policy string '%s'",
>                        msr->index, msr->policy[i], msr->policy);
> -                rc = -EINVAL;
> -                goto out;
> +                return -EINVAL;
>              }
>  
>              if ( val )
> @@ -553,25 +430,7 @@ static int xc_msr_policy(xc_interface *xch, domid_t domid,
>          }
>      }
>  
> -    /* Feed the transformed policy back up to Xen. */
> -    rc = xc_set_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, 0, NULL, nr_cur, cur,
> -                                  &err_leaf, &err_subleaf, &err_msr);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        PERROR("Failed to set d%d's policy (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x, msr %#x)",
> -               domid, err_leaf, err_subleaf, err_msr);
> -        rc = -errno;
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> -
> -    /* Success! */
> -
> - out:
> -    free(cur);
> -    free(def);
> -    free(host);
> -
> -    return rc;
> +    return 0;
>  }
>  
>  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
> @@ -583,14 +442,17 @@ int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
>      int rc;
>      bool hvm;
>      xc_domaininfo_t di;
> -    struct xc_cpu_policy *p = xc_cpu_policy_init();
> -    unsigned int i, nr_leaves = ARRAY_SIZE(p->leaves), nr_msrs = 0;
> -    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
> -    uint32_t host_featureset[FEATURESET_NR_ENTRIES] = {};
> -    uint32_t len = ARRAY_SIZE(host_featureset);
> +    unsigned int i;
>  
> -    if ( !p )
> -        return -ENOMEM;
> +    struct xc_cpu_policy *host = xc_cpu_policy_init();
> +    struct xc_cpu_policy *def = xc_cpu_policy_init();
> +    struct xc_cpu_policy *cur = xc_cpu_policy_init();
> +
> +    if ( !host || !def || !cur )
> +    {
> +        rc = -ENOMEM;
> +        goto out;
> +    }
>  
>      if ( (rc = xc_domain_getinfo_single(xch, domid, &di)) < 0 )
>      {
> @@ -600,21 +462,19 @@ int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
>      }
>      hvm = di.flags & XEN_DOMINF_hvm_guest;
>  
> -    /* Get the host policy. */
> -    rc = xc_get_cpu_featureset(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_featureset_host,
> -                               &len, host_featureset);
> -    /* Tolerate "buffer too small", as we've got the bits we need. */
> -    if ( rc && errno != ENOBUFS )
> +    /* Get the raw host policy */
> +    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_system(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_host, host);
> +    if ( rc )
>      {
> -        PERROR("Failed to obtain host featureset");
> +        PERROR("Failed to obtain host policy");
>          rc = -errno;
>          goto out;
>      }
>  
>      /* Get the domain's default policy. */
> -    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
> -                                        : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
> -                               &nr_leaves, p->leaves, &nr_msrs, NULL);
> +    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_system(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
> +                                           : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
> +                                  def);
>      if ( rc )
>      {
>          PERROR("Failed to obtain %s default policy", hvm ? "hvm" : "pv");
> @@ -622,14 +482,8 @@ int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
>          goto out;
>      }
>  
> -    rc = x86_cpuid_copy_from_buffer(&p->policy, p->leaves, nr_leaves,
> -                                    &err_leaf, &err_subleaf);
> -    if ( rc )
> -    {
> -        ERROR("Failed to deserialise CPUID (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x) (%d = %s)",
> -              err_leaf, err_subleaf, -rc, strerror(-rc));
> -        goto out;
> -    }
> +    /* Copy the deserialised default policy to modify it */
> +    memcpy(cur, def, sizeof(*cur));

That memcpy() worries me a bit if in the future we have dynamically
allocated fields inside the policy.  I guess we will remember to
modify this.

Thanks, Roger.
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c b/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c
index 6cab5c60bb41..552ec2ab7312 100644
--- a/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c
+++ b/tools/libs/guest/xg_cpuid_x86.c
@@ -36,6 +36,34 @@  enum {
 #define bitmaskof(idx)      (1u << ((idx) & 31))
 #define featureword_of(idx) ((idx) >> 5)
 
+static int deserialize_policy(xc_interface *xch, xc_cpu_policy_t *policy)
+{
+    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
+    int rc;
+
+    rc = x86_cpuid_copy_from_buffer(&policy->policy, policy->leaves,
+                                    policy->nr_leaves, &err_leaf, &err_subleaf);
+    if ( rc )
+    {
+        if ( err_leaf != -1 )
+            ERROR("Failed to deserialise CPUID (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x) (%d = %s)",
+                  err_leaf, err_subleaf, -rc, strerror(-rc));
+        return rc;
+    }
+
+    rc = x86_msr_copy_from_buffer(&policy->policy, policy->msrs,
+                                  policy->nr_msrs, &err_msr);
+    if ( rc )
+    {
+        if ( err_msr != -1 )
+            ERROR("Failed to deserialise MSR (err MSR %#x) (%d = %s)",
+                  err_msr, -rc, strerror(-rc));
+        return rc;
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
 int xc_get_cpu_levelling_caps(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t *caps)
 {
     struct xen_sysctl sysctl = {};
@@ -260,102 +288,37 @@  static int compare_leaves(const void *l, const void *r)
     return 0;
 }
 
-static xen_cpuid_leaf_t *find_leaf(
-    xen_cpuid_leaf_t *leaves, unsigned int nr_leaves,
-    const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend)
+static xen_cpuid_leaf_t *find_leaf(xc_cpu_policy_t *p,
+                                   const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend)
 {
     const xen_cpuid_leaf_t key = { xend->leaf, xend->subleaf };
 
-    return bsearch(&key, leaves, nr_leaves, sizeof(*leaves), compare_leaves);
+    return bsearch(&key, p->leaves, p->nr_leaves,
+                   sizeof(*p->leaves), compare_leaves);
 }
 
-static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(
-    xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend)
+static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid,
+                                const struct xc_xend_cpuid *xend,
+                                xc_cpu_policy_t *host,
+                                xc_cpu_policy_t *def,
+                                xc_cpu_policy_t *cur)
 {
-    int rc;
-    bool hvm;
-    xc_domaininfo_t di;
-    unsigned int nr_leaves, nr_msrs;
-    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
-    /*
-     * Three full policies.  The host, default for the domain type,
-     * and domain current.
-     */
-    xen_cpuid_leaf_t *host = NULL, *def = NULL, *cur = NULL;
-    unsigned int nr_host, nr_def, nr_cur;
-
-    if ( (rc = xc_domain_getinfo_single(xch, domid, &di)) < 0 )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d info", domid);
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    hvm = di.flags & XEN_DOMINF_hvm_guest;
-
-    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_size(xch, &nr_leaves, &nr_msrs);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain policy info size");
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    rc = -ENOMEM;
-    if ( (host = calloc(nr_leaves, sizeof(*host))) == NULL ||
-         (def  = calloc(nr_leaves, sizeof(*def)))  == NULL ||
-         (cur  = calloc(nr_leaves, sizeof(*cur)))  == NULL )
-    {
-        ERROR("Unable to allocate memory for %u CPUID leaves", nr_leaves);
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    /* Get the domain's current policy. */
-    nr_msrs = 0;
-    nr_cur = nr_leaves;
-    rc = get_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, &nr_cur, cur, &nr_msrs, NULL);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d current policy", domid);
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto fail;
-    }
+    if ( !xend )
+        return 0;
 
-    /* Get the domain type's default policy. */
-    nr_msrs = 0;
-    nr_def = nr_leaves;
-    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
-                                        : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
-                               &nr_def, def, &nr_msrs, NULL);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain %s def policy", hvm ? "hvm" : "pv");
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto fail;
-    }
+    if ( !host || !def || !cur )
+        return -EINVAL;
 
-    /* Get the host policy. */
-    nr_msrs = 0;
-    nr_host = nr_leaves;
-    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_host,
-                               &nr_host, host, &nr_msrs, NULL);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain host policy");
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    rc = -EINVAL;
     for ( ; xend->leaf != XEN_CPUID_INPUT_UNUSED; ++xend )
     {
-        xen_cpuid_leaf_t *cur_leaf = find_leaf(cur, nr_cur, xend);
-        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *def_leaf = find_leaf(def, nr_def, xend);
-        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *host_leaf = find_leaf(host, nr_host, xend);
+        xen_cpuid_leaf_t *cur_leaf = find_leaf(cur, xend);
+        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *def_leaf = find_leaf(def, xend);
+        const xen_cpuid_leaf_t *host_leaf = find_leaf(host, xend);
 
         if ( cur_leaf == NULL || def_leaf == NULL || host_leaf == NULL )
         {
             ERROR("Missing leaf %#x, subleaf %#x", xend->leaf, xend->subleaf);
-            goto fail;
+            return -EINVAL;
         }
 
         for ( unsigned int i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(xend->policy); i++ )
@@ -384,7 +347,7 @@  static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(
                 {
                     ERROR("Bad character '%c' in policy[%d] string '%s'",
                           xend->policy[i][j], i, xend->policy[i]);
-                    goto fail;
+                    return -EINVAL;
                 }
 
                 clear_bit(31 - j, cur_reg);
@@ -394,25 +357,7 @@  static int xc_cpuid_xend_policy(
         }
     }
 
-    /* Feed the transformed currrent policy back up to Xen. */
-    rc = xc_set_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, nr_cur, cur, 0, NULL,
-                                  &err_leaf, &err_subleaf, &err_msr);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to set d%d's policy (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x, msr %#x)",
-               domid, err_leaf, err_subleaf, err_msr);
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    /* Success! */
-
- fail:
-    free(cur);
-    free(def);
-    free(host);
-
-    return rc;
+    return 0;
 }
 
 static int compare_msr(const void *l, const void *r)
@@ -426,104 +371,37 @@  static int compare_msr(const void *l, const void *r)
     return lhs->idx < rhs->idx ? -1 : 1;
 }
 
-static xen_msr_entry_t *find_msr(
-    xen_msr_entry_t *msrs, unsigned int nr_msrs,
-    uint32_t index)
+static xen_msr_entry_t *find_msr(xc_cpu_policy_t *p,
+                                 uint32_t index)
 {
     const xen_msr_entry_t key = { .idx = index };
 
-    return bsearch(&key, msrs, nr_msrs, sizeof(*msrs), compare_msr);
+    return bsearch(&key, p->msrs, p->nr_msrs, sizeof(*p->msrs), compare_msr);
 }
 
-
 static int xc_msr_policy(xc_interface *xch, domid_t domid,
-                         const struct xc_msr *msr)
+                         const struct xc_msr *msr,
+                         xc_cpu_policy_t *host,
+                         xc_cpu_policy_t *def,
+                         xc_cpu_policy_t *cur)
 {
-    int rc;
-    bool hvm;
-    xc_domaininfo_t di;
-    unsigned int nr_leaves, nr_msrs;
-    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
-    /*
-     * Three full policies.  The host, default for the domain type,
-     * and domain current.
-     */
-    xen_msr_entry_t *host = NULL, *def = NULL, *cur = NULL;
-    unsigned int nr_host, nr_def, nr_cur;
-
-    if ( (rc = xc_domain_getinfo_single(xch, domid, &di)) < 0 )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d info", domid);
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto out;
-    }
-    hvm = di.flags & XEN_DOMINF_hvm_guest;
-
-    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_size(xch, &nr_leaves, &nr_msrs);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain policy info size");
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto out;
-    }
-
-    if ( (host = calloc(nr_msrs, sizeof(*host))) == NULL ||
-         (def  = calloc(nr_msrs, sizeof(*def)))  == NULL ||
-         (cur  = calloc(nr_msrs, sizeof(*cur)))  == NULL )
-    {
-        ERROR("Unable to allocate memory for %u CPUID leaves", nr_leaves);
-        rc = -ENOMEM;
-        goto out;
-    }
-
-    /* Get the domain's current policy. */
-    nr_leaves = 0;
-    nr_cur = nr_msrs;
-    rc = get_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, &nr_leaves, NULL, &nr_cur, cur);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain d%d current policy", domid);
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto out;
-    }
-
-    /* Get the domain type's default policy. */
-    nr_leaves = 0;
-    nr_def = nr_msrs;
-    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
-                                        : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
-                               &nr_leaves, NULL, &nr_def, def);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain %s def policy", hvm ? "hvm" : "pv");
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto out;
-    }
+    if ( !msr )
+        return 0;
 
-    /* Get the host policy. */
-    nr_leaves = 0;
-    nr_host = nr_msrs;
-    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_host,
-                               &nr_leaves, NULL, &nr_host, host);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain host policy");
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto out;
-    }
+    if ( !host || !def || !cur )
+        return -EINVAL;
 
     for ( ; msr->index != XC_MSR_INPUT_UNUSED; ++msr )
     {
-        xen_msr_entry_t *cur_msr = find_msr(cur, nr_cur, msr->index);
-        const xen_msr_entry_t *def_msr = find_msr(def, nr_def, msr->index);
-        const xen_msr_entry_t *host_msr = find_msr(host, nr_host, msr->index);
         unsigned int i;
+        xen_msr_entry_t *cur_msr = find_msr(cur, msr->index);
+        const xen_msr_entry_t *def_msr = find_msr(def, msr->index);
+        const xen_msr_entry_t *host_msr = find_msr(host, msr->index);
 
         if ( cur_msr == NULL || def_msr == NULL || host_msr == NULL )
         {
             ERROR("Missing MSR %#x", msr->index);
-            rc = -ENOENT;
-            goto out;
+            return -ENOENT;
         }
 
         for ( i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(msr->policy) - 1; i++ )
@@ -542,8 +420,7 @@  static int xc_msr_policy(xc_interface *xch, domid_t domid,
             {
                 ERROR("MSR index %#x: bad character '%c' in policy string '%s'",
                       msr->index, msr->policy[i], msr->policy);
-                rc = -EINVAL;
-                goto out;
+                return -EINVAL;
             }
 
             if ( val )
@@ -553,25 +430,7 @@  static int xc_msr_policy(xc_interface *xch, domid_t domid,
         }
     }
 
-    /* Feed the transformed policy back up to Xen. */
-    rc = xc_set_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, 0, NULL, nr_cur, cur,
-                                  &err_leaf, &err_subleaf, &err_msr);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        PERROR("Failed to set d%d's policy (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x, msr %#x)",
-               domid, err_leaf, err_subleaf, err_msr);
-        rc = -errno;
-        goto out;
-    }
-
-    /* Success! */
-
- out:
-    free(cur);
-    free(def);
-    free(host);
-
-    return rc;
+    return 0;
 }
 
 int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
@@ -583,14 +442,17 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
     int rc;
     bool hvm;
     xc_domaininfo_t di;
-    struct xc_cpu_policy *p = xc_cpu_policy_init();
-    unsigned int i, nr_leaves = ARRAY_SIZE(p->leaves), nr_msrs = 0;
-    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
-    uint32_t host_featureset[FEATURESET_NR_ENTRIES] = {};
-    uint32_t len = ARRAY_SIZE(host_featureset);
+    unsigned int i;
 
-    if ( !p )
-        return -ENOMEM;
+    struct xc_cpu_policy *host = xc_cpu_policy_init();
+    struct xc_cpu_policy *def = xc_cpu_policy_init();
+    struct xc_cpu_policy *cur = xc_cpu_policy_init();
+
+    if ( !host || !def || !cur )
+    {
+        rc = -ENOMEM;
+        goto out;
+    }
 
     if ( (rc = xc_domain_getinfo_single(xch, domid, &di)) < 0 )
     {
@@ -600,21 +462,19 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
     }
     hvm = di.flags & XEN_DOMINF_hvm_guest;
 
-    /* Get the host policy. */
-    rc = xc_get_cpu_featureset(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_featureset_host,
-                               &len, host_featureset);
-    /* Tolerate "buffer too small", as we've got the bits we need. */
-    if ( rc && errno != ENOBUFS )
+    /* Get the raw host policy */
+    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_system(xch, XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_host, host);
+    if ( rc )
     {
-        PERROR("Failed to obtain host featureset");
+        PERROR("Failed to obtain host policy");
         rc = -errno;
         goto out;
     }
 
     /* Get the domain's default policy. */
-    rc = get_system_cpu_policy(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
-                                        : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
-                               &nr_leaves, p->leaves, &nr_msrs, NULL);
+    rc = xc_cpu_policy_get_system(xch, hvm ? XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_hvm_default
+                                           : XEN_SYSCTL_cpu_policy_pv_default,
+                                  def);
     if ( rc )
     {
         PERROR("Failed to obtain %s default policy", hvm ? "hvm" : "pv");
@@ -622,14 +482,8 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
         goto out;
     }
 
-    rc = x86_cpuid_copy_from_buffer(&p->policy, p->leaves, nr_leaves,
-                                    &err_leaf, &err_subleaf);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        ERROR("Failed to deserialise CPUID (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x) (%d = %s)",
-              err_leaf, err_subleaf, -rc, strerror(-rc));
-        goto out;
-    }
+    /* Copy the deserialised default policy to modify it */
+    memcpy(cur, def, sizeof(*cur));
 
     if ( restore )
     {
@@ -647,18 +501,18 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
          * - Re-enable features which have become (possibly) off by default.
          */
 
-        p->policy.basic.rdrand = test_bit(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND, host_featureset);
-        p->policy.feat.hle = test_bit(X86_FEATURE_HLE, host_featureset);
-        p->policy.feat.rtm = test_bit(X86_FEATURE_RTM, host_featureset);
+        cur->policy.basic.rdrand = host->policy.basic.rdrand;
+        cur->policy.feat.hle = host->policy.feat.hle;
+        cur->policy.feat.rtm = host->policy.feat.rtm;
 
         if ( hvm )
         {
-            p->policy.feat.mpx = test_bit(X86_FEATURE_MPX, host_featureset);
+            cur->policy.feat.mpx = host->policy.feat.mpx;
         }
 
-        p->policy.basic.max_leaf = min(p->policy.basic.max_leaf, 0xdu);
-        p->policy.feat.max_subleaf = 0;
-        p->policy.extd.max_leaf = min(p->policy.extd.max_leaf, 0x8000001c);
+        cur->policy.basic.max_leaf = min(cur->policy.basic.max_leaf, 0xdu);
+        cur->policy.feat.max_subleaf = 0;
+        cur->policy.extd.max_leaf = min(cur->policy.extd.max_leaf, 0x8000001c);
     }
 
     if ( featureset )
@@ -702,17 +556,17 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
             }
         }
 
-        x86_cpu_featureset_to_policy(feat, &p->policy);
+        x86_cpu_featureset_to_policy(feat, &cur->policy);
     }
     else
     {
-        p->policy.extd.itsc = itsc;
+        cur->policy.extd.itsc = itsc;
 
         if ( hvm )
         {
-            p->policy.basic.pae = pae;
-            p->policy.basic.vmx = nested_virt;
-            p->policy.extd.svm = nested_virt;
+            cur->policy.basic.pae = pae;
+            cur->policy.basic.vmx = nested_virt;
+            cur->policy.extd.svm = nested_virt;
         }
     }
 
@@ -722,8 +576,8 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
          * On hardware without CPUID Faulting, PV guests see real topology.
          * As a consequence, they also need to see the host htt/cmp fields.
          */
-        p->policy.basic.htt       = test_bit(X86_FEATURE_HTT, host_featureset);
-        p->policy.extd.cmp_legacy = test_bit(X86_FEATURE_CMP_LEGACY, host_featureset);
+        cur->policy.basic.htt       = host->policy.basic.htt;
+        cur->policy.extd.cmp_legacy = host->policy.extd.cmp_legacy;
     }
     else
     {
@@ -731,28 +585,28 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
          * Topology for HVM guests is entirely controlled by Xen.  For now, we
          * hardcode APIC_ID = vcpu_id * 2 to give the illusion of no SMT.
          */
-        p->policy.basic.htt = true;
-        p->policy.extd.cmp_legacy = false;
+        cur->policy.basic.htt = true;
+        cur->policy.extd.cmp_legacy = false;
 
         /*
          * Leaf 1 EBX[23:16] is Maximum Logical Processors Per Package.
          * Update to reflect vLAPIC_ID = vCPU_ID * 2, but make sure to avoid
          * overflow.
          */
-        if ( !p->policy.basic.lppp )
-            p->policy.basic.lppp = 2;
-        else if ( !(p->policy.basic.lppp & 0x80) )
-            p->policy.basic.lppp *= 2;
+        if ( !cur->policy.basic.lppp )
+            cur->policy.basic.lppp = 2;
+        else if ( !(cur->policy.basic.lppp & 0x80) )
+            cur->policy.basic.lppp *= 2;
 
-        switch ( p->policy.x86_vendor )
+        switch ( cur->policy.x86_vendor )
         {
         case X86_VENDOR_INTEL:
-            for ( i = 0; (p->policy.cache.subleaf[i].type &&
-                          i < ARRAY_SIZE(p->policy.cache.raw)); ++i )
+            for ( i = 0; cur->policy.cache.subleaf[i].type &&
+                         i < ARRAY_SIZE(cur->policy.cache.raw); ++i )
             {
-                p->policy.cache.subleaf[i].cores_per_package =
-                    (p->policy.cache.subleaf[i].cores_per_package << 1) | 1;
-                p->policy.cache.subleaf[i].threads_per_cache = 0;
+                cur->policy.cache.subleaf[i].cores_per_package =
+                    (cur->policy.cache.subleaf[i].cores_per_package << 1) | 1;
+                cur->policy.cache.subleaf[i].threads_per_cache = 0;
             }
             break;
 
@@ -772,49 +626,46 @@  int xc_cpuid_apply_policy(xc_interface *xch, uint32_t domid, bool restore,
              * apic_id_size values greater than 7.  Limit the value to
              * 7 for now.
              */
-            if ( p->policy.extd.nc < 0x7f )
+            if ( cur->policy.extd.nc < 0x7f )
             {
-                if ( p->policy.extd.apic_id_size != 0 && p->policy.extd.apic_id_size < 0x7 )
-                    p->policy.extd.apic_id_size++;
+                if ( cur->policy.extd.apic_id_size != 0 &&
+                     cur->policy.extd.apic_id_size < 0x7 )
+                    cur->policy.extd.apic_id_size++;
 
-                p->policy.extd.nc = (p->policy.extd.nc << 1) | 1;
+                cur->policy.extd.nc = (cur->policy.extd.nc << 1) | 1;
             }
             break;
         }
     }
 
-    nr_leaves = ARRAY_SIZE(p->leaves);
-    rc = x86_cpuid_copy_to_buffer(&p->policy, p->leaves, &nr_leaves);
-    if ( rc )
+    if ( xend || msr )
     {
-        ERROR("Failed to serialise CPUID (%d = %s)", -rc, strerror(-rc));
-        goto out;
+        /* The overrides are over the serialised form of the policy */
+        if ( (rc = xc_cpu_policy_serialise(xch, cur)) )
+            goto out;
+
+        if ( (rc = xc_cpuid_xend_policy(xch, domid, xend, host, def, cur)) )
+            goto out;
+        if ( (rc = xc_msr_policy(xch, domid, msr, host, def, cur)) )
+            goto out;
+
+        if ( (rc = deserialize_policy(xch, cur)) )
+            goto out;
     }
 
-    rc = xc_set_domain_cpu_policy(xch, domid, nr_leaves, p->leaves, 0, NULL,
-                                  &err_leaf, &err_subleaf, &err_msr);
+    rc = xc_cpu_policy_set_domain(xch, domid, cur);
     if ( rc )
     {
-        PERROR("Failed to set d%d's policy (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x, msr %#x)",
-               domid, err_leaf, err_subleaf, err_msr);
         rc = -errno;
         goto out;
     }
 
-    if ( xend && (rc = xc_cpuid_xend_policy(xch, domid, xend)) )
-        goto out;
-
-    if ( msr )
-    {
-        rc = xc_msr_policy(xch, domid, msr);
-        if ( rc )
-            goto out;
-    }
-
     rc = 0;
 
 out:
-    xc_cpu_policy_destroy(p);
+    xc_cpu_policy_destroy(def);
+    xc_cpu_policy_destroy(host);
+    xc_cpu_policy_destroy(cur);
 
     return rc;
 }
@@ -834,34 +685,6 @@  void xc_cpu_policy_destroy(xc_cpu_policy_t *policy)
     }
 }
 
-static int deserialize_policy(xc_interface *xch, xc_cpu_policy_t *policy)
-{
-    uint32_t err_leaf = -1, err_subleaf = -1, err_msr = -1;
-    int rc;
-
-    rc = x86_cpuid_copy_from_buffer(&policy->policy, policy->leaves,
-                                    policy->nr_leaves, &err_leaf, &err_subleaf);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        if ( err_leaf != -1 )
-            ERROR("Failed to deserialise CPUID (err leaf %#x, subleaf %#x) (%d = %s)",
-                  err_leaf, err_subleaf, -rc, strerror(-rc));
-        return rc;
-    }
-
-    rc = x86_msr_copy_from_buffer(&policy->policy, policy->msrs,
-                                  policy->nr_msrs, &err_msr);
-    if ( rc )
-    {
-        if ( err_msr != -1 )
-            ERROR("Failed to deserialise MSR (err MSR %#x) (%d = %s)",
-                  err_msr, -rc, strerror(-rc));
-        return rc;
-    }
-
-    return 0;
-}
-
 int xc_cpu_policy_get_system(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int policy_idx,
                              xc_cpu_policy_t *policy)
 {