diff mbox

[10/47] xfs: generic functions to scrub metadata and btrees

Message ID 148374940999.30431.4622256745625012297.stgit@birch.djwong.org
State Superseded, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Darrick J. Wong Jan. 7, 2017, 12:36 a.m. UTC
Create a function that walks a btree, checking the integrity of each
btree block (headers, keys, records) and calling back to the caller
to perform further checks on the records.  Add some helper functions
so that we report detailed scrub errors in a uniform manner in dmesg.
These are helper functions for subsequent patches.

Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
---
 fs/xfs/Makefile            |    1 
 fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c  |    2 
 fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h  |    2 
 fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.c  |   41 ++-
 fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.h  |   17 +
 fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_format.h |    2 
 fs/xfs/repair/btree.c      |  658 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/xfs/repair/btree.h      |   95 ++++++
 fs/xfs/repair/common.c     |  234 ++++++++++++++++
 fs/xfs/repair/common.h     |   53 ++++
 10 files changed, 1095 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 fs/xfs/repair/btree.c
 create mode 100644 fs/xfs/repair/btree.h



--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-xfs" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/fs/xfs/Makefile b/fs/xfs/Makefile
index 4c2199a..baec6d5 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/Makefile
+++ b/fs/xfs/Makefile
@@ -103,6 +103,7 @@  xfs-y				+= xfs_aops.o \
 
 # online scrub/repair
 xfs-$(CONFIG_XFS_DEBUG)		+= $(addprefix repair/, \
+				   btree.o \
 				   common.o \
 				   )
 
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c
index e496447..1b6bddb 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c
@@ -629,7 +629,7 @@  const struct xfs_buf_ops xfs_agfl_buf_ops = {
 /*
  * Read in the allocation group free block array.
  */
-STATIC int				/* error */
+int					/* error */
 xfs_alloc_read_agfl(
 	xfs_mount_t	*mp,		/* mount point structure */
 	xfs_trans_t	*tp,		/* transaction pointer */
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h
index 0dc34bf..89a23be 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h
@@ -217,6 +217,8 @@  xfs_alloc_get_rec(
 
 int xfs_read_agf(struct xfs_mount *mp, struct xfs_trans *tp,
 			xfs_agnumber_t agno, int flags, struct xfs_buf **bpp);
+int xfs_alloc_read_agfl(struct xfs_mount *mp, struct xfs_trans *tp,
+			xfs_agnumber_t agno, struct xfs_buf **bpp);
 int xfs_alloc_fix_freelist(struct xfs_alloc_arg *args, int flags);
 int xfs_free_extent_fix_freelist(struct xfs_trans *tp, xfs_agnumber_t agno,
 		struct xfs_buf **agbp);
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.c
index 1e68fd8..3fa30a2 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.c
@@ -552,7 +552,7 @@  xfs_btree_ptr_offset(
 /*
  * Return a pointer to the n-th record in the btree block.
  */
-STATIC union xfs_btree_rec *
+union xfs_btree_rec *
 xfs_btree_rec_addr(
 	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur,
 	int			n,
@@ -565,7 +565,7 @@  xfs_btree_rec_addr(
 /*
  * Return a pointer to the n-th key in the btree block.
  */
-STATIC union xfs_btree_key *
+union xfs_btree_key *
 xfs_btree_key_addr(
 	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur,
 	int			n,
@@ -578,7 +578,7 @@  xfs_btree_key_addr(
 /*
  * Return a pointer to the n-th high key in the btree block.
  */
-STATIC union xfs_btree_key *
+union xfs_btree_key *
 xfs_btree_high_key_addr(
 	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur,
 	int			n,
@@ -591,7 +591,7 @@  xfs_btree_high_key_addr(
 /*
  * Return a pointer to the n-th block pointer in the btree block.
  */
-STATIC union xfs_btree_ptr *
+union xfs_btree_ptr *
 xfs_btree_ptr_addr(
 	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur,
 	int			n,
@@ -625,7 +625,7 @@  xfs_btree_get_iroot(
  * Retrieve the block pointer from the cursor at the given level.
  * This may be an inode btree root or from a buffer.
  */
-STATIC struct xfs_btree_block *		/* generic btree block pointer */
+struct xfs_btree_block *		/* generic btree block pointer */
 xfs_btree_get_block(
 	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur,	/* btree cursor */
 	int			level,	/* level in btree */
@@ -1736,7 +1736,7 @@  xfs_btree_decrement(
 	return error;
 }
 
-STATIC int
+int
 xfs_btree_lookup_get_block(
 	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur,	/* btree cursor */
 	int			level,	/* level in the btree */
@@ -4882,3 +4882,32 @@  xfs_btree_count_blocks(
 	return xfs_btree_visit_blocks(cur, xfs_btree_count_blocks_helper,
 			blocks);
 }
+
+/* If there's an extent, we're done. */
+STATIC int
+xfs_btree_has_record_helper(
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cur,
+	union xfs_btree_rec		*rec,
+	void				*priv)
+{
+	return XFS_BTREE_QUERY_RANGE_ABORT;
+}
+
+/* Is there a record covering a given range of keys? */
+int
+xfs_btree_has_record(
+	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur,
+	union xfs_btree_irec	*low,
+	union xfs_btree_irec	*high,
+	bool			*exists)
+{
+	int			error;
+
+	error = xfs_btree_query_range(cur, low, high,
+			&xfs_btree_has_record_helper, NULL);
+	if (error && error != XFS_BTREE_QUERY_RANGE_ABORT)
+		return error;
+	*exists = error == XFS_BTREE_QUERY_RANGE_ABORT;
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.h b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.h
index 4feea6d..ca2cd5a 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_btree.h
@@ -161,7 +161,6 @@  struct xfs_btree_ops {
 
 	const struct xfs_buf_ops	*buf_ops;
 
-#if defined(DEBUG) || defined(XFS_WARN)
 	/* check that k1 is lower than k2 */
 	int	(*keys_inorder)(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur,
 				union xfs_btree_key *k1,
@@ -171,7 +170,6 @@  struct xfs_btree_ops {
 	int	(*recs_inorder)(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur,
 				union xfs_btree_rec *r1,
 				union xfs_btree_rec *r2);
-#endif
 };
 
 /*
@@ -504,4 +502,19 @@  int xfs_btree_visit_blocks(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur,
 
 int xfs_btree_count_blocks(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, xfs_extlen_t *blocks);
 
+union xfs_btree_rec *xfs_btree_rec_addr(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, int n,
+		struct xfs_btree_block *block);
+union xfs_btree_key *xfs_btree_key_addr(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, int n,
+		struct xfs_btree_block *block);
+union xfs_btree_key *xfs_btree_high_key_addr(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, int n,
+		struct xfs_btree_block *block);
+union xfs_btree_ptr *xfs_btree_ptr_addr(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, int n,
+		struct xfs_btree_block *block);
+int xfs_btree_lookup_get_block(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, int level,
+		union xfs_btree_ptr *pp, struct xfs_btree_block **blkp);
+struct xfs_btree_block *xfs_btree_get_block(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur,
+		int level, struct xfs_buf **bpp);
+int xfs_btree_has_record(struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, union xfs_btree_irec *low,
+		union xfs_btree_irec *high, bool *exists);
+
 #endif	/* __XFS_BTREE_H__ */
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_format.h b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_format.h
index 6b7579e..301effc 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_format.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_format.h
@@ -518,7 +518,7 @@  static inline int xfs_sb_version_hasftype(struct xfs_sb *sbp)
 		 (sbp->sb_features2 & XFS_SB_VERSION2_FTYPE));
 }
 
-static inline int xfs_sb_version_hasfinobt(xfs_sb_t *sbp)
+static inline bool xfs_sb_version_hasfinobt(xfs_sb_t *sbp)
 {
 	return (XFS_SB_VERSION_NUM(sbp) == XFS_SB_VERSION_5) &&
 		(sbp->sb_features_ro_compat & XFS_SB_FEAT_RO_COMPAT_FINOBT);
diff --git a/fs/xfs/repair/btree.c b/fs/xfs/repair/btree.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6956503
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/xfs/repair/btree.c
@@ -0,0 +1,658 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * Author: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc.,  51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+#include "xfs.h"
+#include "xfs_fs.h"
+#include "xfs_shared.h"
+#include "xfs_format.h"
+#include "xfs_trans_resv.h"
+#include "xfs_mount.h"
+#include "xfs_defer.h"
+#include "xfs_btree.h"
+#include "xfs_bit.h"
+#include "xfs_log_format.h"
+#include "xfs_trans.h"
+#include "xfs_trace.h"
+#include "xfs_sb.h"
+#include "xfs_inode.h"
+#include "xfs_alloc.h"
+#include "repair/common.h"
+#include "repair/btree.h"
+
+/* btree scrubbing */
+
+const char * const btree_types[] = {
+	[XFS_BTNUM_BNO]		= "bnobt",
+	[XFS_BTNUM_CNT]		= "cntbt",
+	[XFS_BTNUM_RMAP]	= "rmapbt",
+	[XFS_BTNUM_BMAP]	= "bmapbt",
+	[XFS_BTNUM_INO]		= "inobt",
+	[XFS_BTNUM_FINO]	= "finobt",
+	[XFS_BTNUM_REFC]	= "refcountbt",
+};
+
+/* Format the trace parameters for the tree cursor. */
+static inline void
+xfs_scrub_btree_format(
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cur,
+	int				level,
+	char				*bt_type,
+	size_t				type_len,
+	char				*bt_ptr,
+	size_t				ptr_len,
+	xfs_fsblock_t			*fsbno)
+{
+	char				*type = NULL;
+	struct xfs_btree_block		*block;
+	struct xfs_buf			*bp;
+
+	switch (cur->bc_btnum) {
+	case XFS_BTNUM_BMAP:
+		switch (cur->bc_private.b.whichfork) {
+		case XFS_DATA_FORK:
+			type = "data";
+			break;
+		case XFS_ATTR_FORK:
+			type = "attr";
+			break;
+		case XFS_COW_FORK:
+			type = "CoW";
+			break;
+		}
+		snprintf(bt_type, type_len, "inode %llu %s fork",
+				(unsigned long long)cur->bc_private.b.ip->i_ino,
+				type);
+		break;
+	default:
+		strncpy(bt_type, btree_types[cur->bc_btnum], type_len);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	if (level < cur->bc_nlevels && cur->bc_ptrs[level] >= 1) {
+		block = xfs_btree_get_block(cur, level, &bp);
+		snprintf(bt_ptr, ptr_len, " %s %d/%d",
+				level == 0 ? "rec" : "ptr",
+				cur->bc_ptrs[level],
+				be16_to_cpu(block->bb_numrecs));
+	} else
+		bt_ptr[0] = 0;
+
+	if (level < cur->bc_nlevels && cur->bc_bufs[level])
+		*fsbno = XFS_DADDR_TO_FSB(cur->bc_mp,
+				cur->bc_bufs[level]->b_bn);
+	else if (cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_LONG_PTRS)
+		*fsbno = XFS_INO_TO_FSB(cur->bc_mp,
+				cur->bc_private.b.ip->i_ino);
+	else
+		*fsbno = XFS_AGB_TO_FSB(cur->bc_mp, cur->bc_private.a.agno, 0);
+}
+
+/* Check for btree corruption. */
+bool
+xfs_scrub_btree_ok(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cur,
+	int				level,
+	bool				fs_ok,
+	const char			*check,
+	const char			*func,
+	int				line)
+{
+	char				bt_ptr[24];
+	char				bt_type[48];
+	xfs_fsblock_t			fsbno;
+
+	if (fs_ok)
+		return fs_ok;
+
+	sc->sm->sm_flags |= XFS_SCRUB_FLAG_CORRUPT;
+	xfs_scrub_btree_format(cur, level, bt_type, 48, bt_ptr, 24, &fsbno);
+
+	trace_xfs_scrub_btree_error(cur->bc_mp, bt_type, bt_ptr,
+			XFS_FSB_TO_AGNO(cur->bc_mp, fsbno),
+			XFS_FSB_TO_AGBNO(cur->bc_mp, fsbno),
+			check, func, line);
+	return fs_ok;
+}
+
+/* Check for btree operation errors . */
+bool
+xfs_scrub_btree_op_ok(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cur,
+	int				level,
+	int				*error,
+	const char			*func,
+	int				line)
+{
+	char				bt_ptr[24];
+	char				bt_type[48];
+	xfs_fsblock_t			fsbno;
+
+	if (*error == 0)
+		return true;
+
+	xfs_scrub_btree_format(cur, level, bt_type, 48, bt_ptr, 24, &fsbno);
+
+	return xfs_scrub_op_ok(sc,
+			XFS_FSB_TO_AGNO(cur->bc_mp, fsbno),
+			XFS_FSB_TO_AGBNO(cur->bc_mp, fsbno),
+			bt_type, error, func, line);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Make sure this record is in order and doesn't stray outside of the parent
+ * keys.
+ */
+STATIC int
+xfs_scrub_btree_rec(
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree	*bs)
+{
+	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur = bs->cur;
+	union xfs_btree_rec	*rec;
+	union xfs_btree_key	key;
+	union xfs_btree_key	hkey;
+	union xfs_btree_key	*keyp;
+	struct xfs_btree_block	*block;
+	struct xfs_btree_block	*keyblock;
+	struct xfs_buf		*bp;
+
+	block = xfs_btree_get_block(cur, 0, &bp);
+	rec = xfs_btree_rec_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[0], block);
+
+	if (bp)
+		trace_xfs_scrub_btree_rec(cur->bc_mp,
+				XFS_FSB_TO_AGNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					XFS_DADDR_TO_FSB(cur->bc_mp, bp->b_bn)),
+				XFS_FSB_TO_AGBNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					XFS_DADDR_TO_FSB(cur->bc_mp, bp->b_bn)),
+				cur->bc_btnum, 0, cur->bc_nlevels,
+				cur->bc_ptrs[0]);
+	else if (cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_ROOT_IN_INODE)
+		trace_xfs_scrub_btree_rec(cur->bc_mp,
+				XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					cur->bc_private.b.ip->i_ino),
+				XFS_INO_TO_AGBNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					cur->bc_private.b.ip->i_ino),
+				cur->bc_btnum, 0, cur->bc_nlevels,
+				cur->bc_ptrs[0]);
+	else
+		trace_xfs_scrub_btree_rec(cur->bc_mp,
+				NULLAGNUMBER, NULLAGBLOCK,
+				cur->bc_btnum, 0, cur->bc_nlevels,
+				cur->bc_ptrs[0]);
+
+	/* If this isn't the first record, are they in order? */
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTREC_CHECK(bs, bs->firstrec ||
+			cur->bc_ops->recs_inorder(cur, &bs->lastrec, rec));
+	bs->firstrec = false;
+	bs->lastrec = *rec;
+
+	if (cur->bc_nlevels == 1)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Is this at least as large as the parent low key? */
+	cur->bc_ops->init_key_from_rec(&key, rec);
+	keyblock = xfs_btree_get_block(cur, 1, &bp);
+	keyp = xfs_btree_key_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[1], keyblock);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, 1,
+			cur->bc_ops->diff_two_keys(cur, &key, keyp) >= 0);
+
+	if (!(cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_OVERLAPPING))
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Is this no larger than the parent high key? */
+	cur->bc_ops->init_high_key_from_rec(&hkey, rec);
+	keyp = xfs_btree_high_key_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[1], keyblock);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, 1,
+			cur->bc_ops->diff_two_keys(cur, keyp, &hkey) >= 0);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Make sure this key is in order and doesn't stray outside of the parent
+ * keys.
+ */
+STATIC int
+xfs_scrub_btree_key(
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree	*bs,
+	int			level)
+{
+	struct xfs_btree_cur	*cur = bs->cur;
+	union xfs_btree_key	*key;
+	union xfs_btree_key	*keyp;
+	struct xfs_btree_block	*block;
+	struct xfs_btree_block	*keyblock;
+	struct xfs_buf		*bp;
+
+	block = xfs_btree_get_block(cur, level, &bp);
+	key = xfs_btree_key_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[level], block);
+
+	if (bp)
+		trace_xfs_scrub_btree_key(cur->bc_mp,
+				XFS_FSB_TO_AGNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					XFS_DADDR_TO_FSB(cur->bc_mp, bp->b_bn)),
+				XFS_FSB_TO_AGBNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					XFS_DADDR_TO_FSB(cur->bc_mp, bp->b_bn)),
+				cur->bc_btnum, level, cur->bc_nlevels,
+				cur->bc_ptrs[level]);
+	else if (cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_ROOT_IN_INODE)
+		trace_xfs_scrub_btree_key(cur->bc_mp,
+				XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					cur->bc_private.b.ip->i_ino),
+				XFS_INO_TO_AGBNO(cur->bc_mp,
+					cur->bc_private.b.ip->i_ino),
+				cur->bc_btnum, level, cur->bc_nlevels,
+				cur->bc_ptrs[level]);
+	else
+		trace_xfs_scrub_btree_key(cur->bc_mp,
+				NULLAGNUMBER, NULLAGBLOCK,
+				cur->bc_btnum, level, cur->bc_nlevels,
+				cur->bc_ptrs[level]);
+
+	/* If this isn't the first key, are they in order? */
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, bs->firstkey[level] ||
+			cur->bc_ops->keys_inorder(cur, &bs->lastkey[level],
+					key));
+	bs->firstkey[level] = false;
+	bs->lastkey[level] = *key;
+
+	if (level + 1 >= cur->bc_nlevels)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Is this at least as large as the parent low key? */
+	keyblock = xfs_btree_get_block(cur, level + 1, &bp);
+	keyp = xfs_btree_key_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[level + 1], keyblock);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level,
+			cur->bc_ops->diff_two_keys(cur, key, keyp) >= 0);
+
+	if (!(cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_OVERLAPPING))
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Is this no larger than the parent high key? */
+	key = xfs_btree_high_key_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[level], block);
+	keyp = xfs_btree_high_key_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[level + 1], keyblock);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level,
+			cur->bc_ops->diff_two_keys(cur, keyp, key) >= 0);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Check a btree pointer. */
+static int
+xfs_scrub_btree_ptr(
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree		*bs,
+	int				level,
+	union xfs_btree_ptr		*ptr)
+{
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cur = bs->cur;
+	xfs_daddr_t			daddr;
+	xfs_daddr_t			eofs;
+
+	if ((cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_ROOT_IN_INODE) &&
+			level == cur->bc_nlevels) {
+		if (cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_LONG_PTRS) {
+			XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, ptr->l == 0, corrupt);
+		} else {
+			XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, ptr->s == 0, corrupt);
+		}
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_LONG_PTRS) {
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level,
+				ptr->l != cpu_to_be64(NULLFSBLOCK), corrupt);
+
+		daddr = XFS_FSB_TO_DADDR(cur->bc_mp, be64_to_cpu(ptr->l));
+	} else {
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level,
+				cur->bc_private.a.agno != NULLAGNUMBER, corrupt);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level,
+				ptr->s != cpu_to_be32(NULLAGBLOCK), corrupt);
+
+		daddr = XFS_AGB_TO_DADDR(cur->bc_mp, cur->bc_private.a.agno,
+				be32_to_cpu(ptr->s));
+	}
+	eofs = XFS_FSB_TO_BB(cur->bc_mp, cur->bc_mp->m_sb.sb_dblocks);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, daddr != 0, corrupt);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, daddr < eofs, corrupt);
+
+	return 0;
+
+corrupt:
+	return -EFSCORRUPTED;
+}
+
+/* Check the siblings of a large format btree block. */
+STATIC int
+xfs_scrub_btree_lblock_check_siblings(
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree		*bs,
+	struct xfs_btree_block		*block)
+{
+	struct xfs_btree_block		*pblock;
+	struct xfs_buf			*pbp;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*ncur = NULL;
+	union xfs_btree_ptr		*pp;
+	xfs_fsblock_t			leftsib;
+	xfs_fsblock_t			rightsib;
+	xfs_fsblock_t			fsbno;
+	int				level;
+	int				success;
+	int				error = 0;
+
+	leftsib = be64_to_cpu(block->bb_u.l.bb_leftsib);
+	rightsib = be64_to_cpu(block->bb_u.l.bb_rightsib);
+	level = xfs_btree_get_level(block);
+
+	/* Root block should never have siblings. */
+	if (level == bs->cur->bc_nlevels - 1) {
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, leftsib == NULLFSBLOCK);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, rightsib == NULLFSBLOCK);
+		return error;
+	}
+
+	/* Does the left sibling match the parent level left block? */
+	if (leftsib != NULLFSBLOCK) {
+		error = xfs_btree_dup_cursor(bs->cur, &ncur);
+		if (error)
+			return error;
+		error = xfs_btree_decrement(ncur, level + 1, &success);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(bs, level + 1, &error, out_cur);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, success, out_cur);
+
+		pblock = xfs_btree_get_block(ncur, level + 1, &pbp);
+		pp = xfs_btree_ptr_addr(ncur, ncur->bc_ptrs[level + 1], pblock);
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_ptr(bs, level + 1, pp)) {
+			fsbno = be64_to_cpu(pp->l);
+			XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, fsbno == leftsib);
+		}
+
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(ncur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+		ncur = NULL;
+	}
+
+	/* Does the right sibling match the parent level right block? */
+	if (!error && rightsib != NULLFSBLOCK) {
+		error = xfs_btree_dup_cursor(bs->cur, &ncur);
+		if (error)
+			return error;
+		error = xfs_btree_increment(ncur, level + 1, &success);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(bs, level + 1, &error, out_cur);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, success, out_cur);
+
+		pblock = xfs_btree_get_block(ncur, level + 1, &pbp);
+		pp = xfs_btree_ptr_addr(ncur, ncur->bc_ptrs[level + 1], pblock);
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_ptr(bs, level + 1, pp)) {
+			fsbno = be64_to_cpu(pp->l);
+			XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, fsbno == rightsib);
+		}
+
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(ncur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+		ncur = NULL;
+	}
+
+out_cur:
+	if (ncur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(ncur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+	return error;
+}
+
+/* Check the siblings of a small format btree block. */
+STATIC int
+xfs_scrub_btree_sblock_check_siblings(
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree		*bs,
+	struct xfs_btree_block		*block)
+{
+	struct xfs_btree_block		*pblock;
+	struct xfs_buf			*pbp;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*ncur = NULL;
+	union xfs_btree_ptr		*pp;
+	xfs_agblock_t			leftsib;
+	xfs_agblock_t			rightsib;
+	xfs_agblock_t			agbno;
+	int				level;
+	int				success;
+	int				error = 0;
+
+	leftsib = be32_to_cpu(block->bb_u.s.bb_leftsib);
+	rightsib = be32_to_cpu(block->bb_u.s.bb_rightsib);
+	level = xfs_btree_get_level(block);
+
+	/* Root block should never have siblings. */
+	if (level == bs->cur->bc_nlevels - 1) {
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, leftsib == NULLAGBLOCK);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, rightsib == NULLAGBLOCK);
+		return error;
+	}
+
+	/* Does the left sibling match the parent level left block? */
+	if (leftsib != NULLAGBLOCK) {
+		error = xfs_btree_dup_cursor(bs->cur, &ncur);
+		if (error)
+			return error;
+		error = xfs_btree_decrement(ncur, level + 1, &success);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(bs, level + 1, &error, out_cur);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, success, verify_rightsib);
+
+		pblock = xfs_btree_get_block(ncur, level + 1, &pbp);
+		pp = xfs_btree_ptr_addr(ncur, ncur->bc_ptrs[level + 1], pblock);
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_ptr(bs, level + 1, pp)) {
+			agbno = be32_to_cpu(pp->s);
+			XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, agbno == leftsib);
+		}
+
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(ncur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+		ncur = NULL;
+	}
+
+verify_rightsib:
+	if (ncur) {
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(ncur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+		ncur = NULL;
+	}
+
+	/* Does the right sibling match the parent level right block? */
+	if (rightsib != NULLAGBLOCK) {
+		error = xfs_btree_dup_cursor(bs->cur, &ncur);
+		if (error)
+			return error;
+		error = xfs_btree_increment(ncur, level + 1, &success);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(bs, level + 1, &error, out_cur);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, success, out_cur);
+
+		pblock = xfs_btree_get_block(ncur, level + 1, &pbp);
+		pp = xfs_btree_ptr_addr(ncur, ncur->bc_ptrs[level + 1], pblock);
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_ptr(bs, level + 1, pp)) {
+			agbno = be32_to_cpu(pp->s);
+			XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, agbno == rightsib);
+		}
+
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(ncur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+		ncur = NULL;
+	}
+
+out_cur:
+	if (ncur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(ncur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+	return error;
+}
+
+/* Grab and scrub a btree block. */
+STATIC int
+xfs_scrub_btree_block(
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree		*bs,
+	int				level,
+	union xfs_btree_ptr		*pp,
+	struct xfs_btree_block		**pblock,
+	struct xfs_buf			**pbp)
+{
+	int				error;
+
+	error = xfs_btree_lookup_get_block(bs->cur, level, pp, pblock);
+	if (error)
+		return error;
+
+	xfs_btree_get_block(bs->cur, level, pbp);
+	error = xfs_btree_check_block(bs->cur, *pblock, level, *pbp);
+	if (error)
+		return error;
+
+	return bs->check_siblings_fn(bs, *pblock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Visit all nodes and leaves of a btree.  Check that all pointers and
+ * records are in order, that the keys reflect the records, and use a callback
+ * so that the caller can verify individual records.  The callback is the same
+ * as the one for xfs_btree_query_range, so therefore this function also
+ * returns XFS_BTREE_QUERY_RANGE_ABORT, zero, or a negative error code.
+ */
+int
+xfs_scrub_btree(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cur,
+	xfs_scrub_btree_rec_fn		scrub_fn,
+	struct xfs_owner_info		*oinfo,
+	void				*private)
+{
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree		bs = {0};
+	union xfs_btree_ptr		ptr;
+	union xfs_btree_ptr		*pp;
+	union xfs_btree_rec		*recp;
+	struct xfs_btree_block		*block;
+	int				level;
+	struct xfs_buf			*bp;
+	int				i;
+	int				error = 0;
+
+	/* Finish filling out the scrub state */
+	bs.cur = cur;
+	bs.scrub_rec = scrub_fn;
+	bs.oinfo = oinfo;
+	bs.firstrec = true;
+	bs.private = private;
+	bs.sc = sc;
+	for (i = 0; i < XFS_BTREE_MAXLEVELS; i++)
+		bs.firstkey[i] = true;
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bs.to_check);
+
+	if (cur->bc_flags & XFS_BTREE_LONG_PTRS)
+		bs.check_siblings_fn = xfs_scrub_btree_lblock_check_siblings;
+	else
+		bs.check_siblings_fn = xfs_scrub_btree_sblock_check_siblings;
+
+	/* Don't try to check a tree with a height we can't handle. */
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTREC_GOTO(&bs, cur->bc_nlevels > 0, out_badcursor);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTREC_GOTO(&bs, cur->bc_nlevels <= XFS_BTREE_MAXLEVELS,
+			out_badcursor);
+
+	/* Make sure the root isn't in the superblock. */
+	cur->bc_ops->init_ptr_from_cur(cur, &ptr);
+	error = xfs_scrub_btree_ptr(&bs, cur->bc_nlevels, &ptr);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(&bs, cur->bc_nlevels, &error,
+			out_badcursor);
+
+	/* Load the root of the btree. */
+	level = cur->bc_nlevels - 1;
+	cur->bc_ops->init_ptr_from_cur(cur, &ptr);
+	error = xfs_scrub_btree_block(&bs, level, &ptr, &block, &bp);
+	XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(&bs, level, &error, out);
+
+	cur->bc_ptrs[level] = 1;
+
+	while (level < cur->bc_nlevels) {
+		block = xfs_btree_get_block(cur, level, &bp);
+
+		if (level == 0) {
+			/* End of leaf, pop back towards the root. */
+			if (cur->bc_ptrs[level] >
+			    be16_to_cpu(block->bb_numrecs)) {
+				if (level < cur->bc_nlevels - 1)
+					cur->bc_ptrs[level + 1]++;
+				level++;
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			/* Records in order for scrub? */
+			error = xfs_scrub_btree_rec(&bs);
+			if (error)
+				goto out;
+			recp = xfs_btree_rec_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[0], block);
+			error = bs.scrub_rec(&bs, recp);
+			if (error < 0 ||
+			    error == XFS_BTREE_QUERY_RANGE_ABORT)
+				break;
+			if (xfs_scrub_should_terminate(&error))
+				break;
+
+			cur->bc_ptrs[level]++;
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		/* End of node, pop back towards the root. */
+		if (cur->bc_ptrs[level] > be16_to_cpu(block->bb_numrecs)) {
+			if (level < cur->bc_nlevels - 1)
+				cur->bc_ptrs[level + 1]++;
+			level++;
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		/* Keys in order for scrub? */
+		error = xfs_scrub_btree_key(&bs, level);
+		if (error)
+			goto out;
+
+		/* Drill another level deeper. */
+		pp = xfs_btree_ptr_addr(cur, cur->bc_ptrs[level], block);
+		error = xfs_scrub_btree_ptr(&bs, level, pp);
+		if (error) {
+			error = 0;
+			cur->bc_ptrs[level]++;
+			continue;
+		}
+		level--;
+		error = xfs_scrub_btree_block(&bs, level, pp, &block, &bp);
+		XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(&bs, level, &error, out);
+
+		cur->bc_ptrs[level] = 1;
+	}
+
+out:
+	/*
+	 * If we don't end this function with the cursor pointing at a record
+	 * block, a subsequent non-error cursor deletion will not release
+	 * node-level buffers, causing a buffer leak.  This is quite possible
+	 * with a zero-results scrubbing run, so release the buffers if we
+	 * aren't pointing at a record.
+	 */
+	if (cur->bc_bufs[0] == NULL) {
+		for (i = 0; i < cur->bc_nlevels; i++) {
+			if (cur->bc_bufs[i]) {
+				xfs_trans_brelse(cur->bc_tp, cur->bc_bufs[i]);
+				cur->bc_bufs[i] = NULL;
+				cur->bc_ptrs[i] = 0;
+				cur->bc_ra[i] = 0;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+out_badcursor:
+	return error;
+}
diff --git a/fs/xfs/repair/btree.h b/fs/xfs/repair/btree.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..75e89b1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/xfs/repair/btree.h
@@ -0,0 +1,95 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * Author: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc.,  51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+#ifndef __XFS_REPAIR_BTREE_H__
+#define __XFS_REPAIR_BTREE_H__
+
+/* btree scrub */
+
+extern const char * const btree_types[];
+
+/* Check for btree corruption. */
+bool xfs_scrub_btree_ok(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc,
+			struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, int level, bool fs_ok,
+			const char *check, const char *func, int line);
+
+/* Check for btree operation errors. */
+bool xfs_scrub_btree_op_ok(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc,
+			   struct xfs_btree_cur *cur, int level, int *error,
+			   const char *func, int line);
+
+#define XFS_SCRUB_BTREC_CHECK(bs, fs_ok) \
+	xfs_scrub_btree_ok((bs)->sc, (bs)->cur, 0, (fs_ok), #fs_ok, \
+			__func__, __LINE__)
+#define XFS_SCRUB_BTREC_GOTO(bs, fs_ok, label) \
+	do { \
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_ok((bs)->sc, (bs)->cur, 0, (fs_ok), \
+				#fs_ok, __func__, __LINE__)) \
+			goto label; \
+	} while (0)
+#define XFS_SCRUB_BTREC_OP_ERROR_GOTO(bs, error, label) \
+	do { \
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_op_ok((bs)->sc, (bs)->cur, 0, \
+				(error), __func__, __LINE__)) \
+			goto label; \
+	} while (0)
+#define XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_CHECK(bs, level, fs_ok) \
+	xfs_scrub_btree_ok((bs)->sc, (bs)->cur, (level), (fs_ok), #fs_ok, \
+			__func__, __LINE__)
+#define XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_GOTO(bs, level, fs_ok, label) \
+	do { \
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_ok((bs)->sc, (bs)->cur, (level), (fs_ok), \
+				#fs_ok, __func__, __LINE__)) \
+			goto label; \
+	} while (0)
+#define XFS_SCRUB_BTKEY_OP_ERROR_GOTO(bs, level, error, label) \
+	do { \
+		if (!xfs_scrub_btree_op_ok((bs)->sc, (bs)->cur, (level), \
+				(error), __func__, __LINE__)) \
+			goto label; \
+	} while (0)
+
+struct xfs_scrub_btree;
+typedef int (*xfs_scrub_btree_rec_fn)(
+	struct xfs_scrub_btree	*bs,
+	union xfs_btree_rec	*rec);
+
+struct xfs_scrub_btree {
+	/* caller-provided scrub state */
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cur;
+	xfs_scrub_btree_rec_fn		scrub_rec;
+	struct xfs_owner_info		*oinfo;
+	void				*private;
+
+	/* internal scrub state */
+	union xfs_btree_rec		lastrec;
+	bool				firstrec;
+	union xfs_btree_key		lastkey[XFS_BTREE_MAXLEVELS];
+	bool				firstkey[XFS_BTREE_MAXLEVELS];
+	struct list_head		to_check;
+	int				(*check_siblings_fn)(
+						struct xfs_scrub_btree *,
+						struct xfs_btree_block *);
+};
+int xfs_scrub_btree(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc, struct xfs_btree_cur *cur,
+		    xfs_scrub_btree_rec_fn scrub_fn,
+		    struct xfs_owner_info *oinfo, void *private);
+
+#endif /* __XFS_REPAIR_BTREE_H__ */
diff --git a/fs/xfs/repair/common.c b/fs/xfs/repair/common.c
index e43e3cc..04f4829 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/repair/common.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/repair/common.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ 
 #include "xfs_rmap_btree.h"
 #include "repair/xfs_scrub.h"
 #include "repair/common.h"
+#include "repair/btree.h"
 
 /*
  * Online Scrub and Repair
@@ -303,6 +304,235 @@  xfs_scrub_data_ok(
 	return fs_ok;
 }
 
+/* AG scrubbing */
+
+/* Grab all the headers for an AG. */
+int
+xfs_scrub_ag_read_headers(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
+	xfs_agnumber_t			agno,
+	struct xfs_buf			**agi,
+	struct xfs_buf			**agf,
+	struct xfs_buf			**agfl)
+{
+	struct xfs_mount		*mp = sc->tp->t_mountp;
+	int				error;
+
+	error = xfs_ialloc_read_agi(mp, sc->tp, agno, agi);
+	if (error)
+		goto out;
+
+	error = xfs_alloc_read_agf(mp, sc->tp, agno, 0, agf);
+	if (error)
+		goto out;
+
+	error = xfs_alloc_read_agfl(mp, sc->tp, agno, agfl);
+	if (error)
+		goto out;
+
+out:
+	return error;
+}
+
+/* Release all the AG btree cursors. */
+STATIC void
+xfs_scrub_ag_btcur_free(
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag		*sa)
+{
+	if (sa->refc_cur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(sa->refc_cur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+	if (sa->rmap_cur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(sa->rmap_cur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+	if (sa->fino_cur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(sa->fino_cur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+	if (sa->ino_cur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(sa->ino_cur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+	if (sa->cnt_cur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(sa->cnt_cur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+	if (sa->bno_cur)
+		xfs_btree_del_cursor(sa->bno_cur, XFS_BTREE_ERROR);
+
+	sa->refc_cur = NULL;
+	sa->rmap_cur = NULL;
+	sa->fino_cur = NULL;
+	sa->ino_cur = NULL;
+	sa->bno_cur = NULL;
+	sa->cnt_cur = NULL;
+}
+
+/* Initialize all the btree cursors for an AG. */
+int
+xfs_scrub_ag_btcur_init(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag		*sa)
+{
+	struct xfs_mount		*mp = sc->tp->t_mountp;
+	xfs_agnumber_t			agno = sa->agno;
+
+	if (sa->agf_bp) {
+		/* Set up a bnobt cursor for cross-referencing. */
+		sa->bno_cur = xfs_allocbt_init_cursor(mp, sc->tp, sa->agf_bp,
+				agno, XFS_BTNUM_BNO);
+		if (!sa->bno_cur)
+			goto err;
+
+		/* Set up a cntbt cursor for cross-referencing. */
+		sa->cnt_cur = xfs_allocbt_init_cursor(mp, sc->tp, sa->agf_bp,
+				agno, XFS_BTNUM_CNT);
+		if (!sa->cnt_cur)
+			goto err;
+	}
+
+	/* Set up a inobt cursor for cross-referencing. */
+	if (sa->agi_bp) {
+		sa->ino_cur = xfs_inobt_init_cursor(mp, sc->tp, sa->agi_bp,
+					agno, XFS_BTNUM_INO);
+		if (!sa->ino_cur)
+			goto err;
+	}
+
+	/* Set up a finobt cursor for cross-referencing. */
+	if (sa->agi_bp && xfs_sb_version_hasfinobt(&mp->m_sb)) {
+		sa->fino_cur = xfs_inobt_init_cursor(mp, sc->tp, sa->agi_bp,
+				agno, XFS_BTNUM_FINO);
+		if (!sa->fino_cur)
+			goto err;
+	}
+
+	/* Set up a rmapbt cursor for cross-referencing. */
+	if (sa->agf_bp && xfs_sb_version_hasrmapbt(&mp->m_sb)) {
+		sa->rmap_cur = xfs_rmapbt_init_cursor(mp, sc->tp, sa->agf_bp,
+				agno);
+		if (!sa->rmap_cur)
+			goto err;
+	}
+
+	/* Set up a refcountbt cursor for cross-referencing. */
+	if (sa->agf_bp && xfs_sb_version_hasreflink(&mp->m_sb)) {
+		sa->refc_cur = xfs_refcountbt_init_cursor(mp, sc->tp,
+				sa->agf_bp, agno, NULL);
+		if (!sa->refc_cur)
+			goto err;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+err:
+	return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+/* Release the AG header context and btree cursors. */
+void
+xfs_scrub_ag_free(
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag		*sa)
+{
+	xfs_scrub_ag_btcur_free(sa);
+	sa->agno = NULLAGNUMBER;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For scrub, grab the AGI and the AGF headers, in that order.  Locking
+ * order requires us to get the AGI before the AGF.  We use the
+ * transaction to avoid deadlocking on crosslinked metadata buffers;
+ * either the caller passes one in (bmap scrub) or we have to create a
+ * transaction ourselves.
+ */
+int
+xfs_scrub_ag_init(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
+	xfs_agnumber_t			agno,
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag		*sa)
+{
+	int				error;
+
+	memset(sa, 0, sizeof(*sa));
+	sa->agno = agno;
+	error = xfs_scrub_ag_read_headers(sc, agno, &sa->agi_bp,
+			&sa->agf_bp, &sa->agfl_bp);
+	if (error)
+		goto err;
+
+	error = xfs_scrub_ag_btcur_init(sc, sa);
+	if (error)
+		goto err;
+
+	return error;
+err:
+	xfs_scrub_ag_free(sa);
+	return error;
+}
+
+/* Organize locking of multiple AGs for a scrub. */
+
+/* Initialize the AG lock handler. */
+void
+xfs_scrub_ag_lock_init(
+	struct xfs_mount		*mp,
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag_lock	*ag_lock)
+{
+	if (mp->m_sb.sb_agcount <= XFS_SCRUB_AGMASK_NR)
+		ag_lock->agmask = ag_lock->__agmask;
+	else
+		ag_lock->agmask = kmem_alloc(1 + (mp->m_sb.sb_agcount / NBBY),
+				KM_SLEEP | KM_NOFS);
+	ag_lock->max_ag = NULLAGNUMBER;
+}
+
+/* Can we lock the AG's headers without deadlocking? */
+bool
+xfs_scrub_ag_can_lock(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
+	xfs_agnumber_t			agno)
+{
+	struct xfs_mount		*mp = sc->tp->t_mountp;
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag_lock	*ag_lock = &sc->ag_lock;
+
+	ASSERT(agno < mp->m_sb.sb_agcount);
+
+	trace_xfs_scrub_ag_can_lock(mp, ag_lock->max_ag, agno);
+
+	/* Already locked? */
+	if (test_bit(agno, ag_lock->agmask))
+		return true;
+
+	/* If we can't lock the AG without violating locking order, bail out. */
+	if (ag_lock->max_ag != NULLAGNUMBER && agno < ag_lock->max_ag) {
+		trace_xfs_scrub_ag_may_deadlock(mp, ag_lock->max_ag, agno);
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	set_bit(agno, ag_lock->agmask);
+	ag_lock->max_ag = agno;
+	return true;
+}
+
+/* Read all AG headers and attach to this transaction. */
+int
+xfs_scrub_ag_lock_all(
+	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc)
+{
+	struct xfs_mount		*mp = sc->tp->t_mountp;
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag_lock	*ag_lock = &sc->ag_lock;
+	struct xfs_buf			*agi;
+	struct xfs_buf			*agf;
+	struct xfs_buf			*agfl;
+	xfs_agnumber_t			agno;
+	int				error = 0;
+
+	trace_xfs_scrub_ag_lock_all(mp, ag_lock->max_ag, mp->m_sb.sb_agcount);
+
+	ASSERT(ag_lock->max_ag == NULLAGNUMBER);
+	for (agno = 0; agno < mp->m_sb.sb_agcount; agno++) {
+		error = xfs_scrub_ag_read_headers(sc, agno, &agi, &agf,
+				&agfl);
+		if (error)
+			break;
+		set_bit(agno, ag_lock->agmask);
+		ag_lock->max_ag = agno;
+	}
+
+	return error;
+}
+
 /* Dummy scrubber */
 
 STATIC int
@@ -329,6 +559,10 @@  xfs_scrub_teardown(
 	struct xfs_scrub_context	*sc,
 	int				error)
 {
+	xfs_scrub_ag_free(&sc->sa);
+	if (sc->ag_lock.agmask != sc->ag_lock.__agmask)
+		kmem_free(sc->ag_lock.agmask);
+	sc->ag_lock.agmask = NULL;
 	xfs_trans_cancel(sc->tp);
 	sc->tp = NULL;
 	return error;
diff --git a/fs/xfs/repair/common.h b/fs/xfs/repair/common.h
index af88d67..fc38f67 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/repair/common.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/repair/common.h
@@ -20,11 +20,51 @@ 
 #ifndef __XFS_REPAIR_COMMON_H__
 #define __XFS_REPAIR_COMMON_H__
 
+/* Buffer pointers and btree cursors for an entire AG. */
+struct xfs_scrub_ag {
+	xfs_agnumber_t			agno;
+
+	/* AG btree roots */
+	struct xfs_buf			*agf_bp;
+	struct xfs_buf			*agfl_bp;
+	struct xfs_buf			*agi_bp;
+
+	/* AG btrees */
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*bno_cur;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*cnt_cur;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*ino_cur;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*fino_cur;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*rmap_cur;
+	struct xfs_btree_cur		*refc_cur;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Track which AGs for which we've already locked the header buffers.
+ * This information helps us avoid deadlocks by ensuring locking order
+ * rule compliance.  max_ag is the highest AG number that we've locked;
+ * we can only re-lock an AG we've already locked, or lock a higher AG.
+ * If we try to lock a lower numbered AG, we must restart the operation
+ * with all AG headers locked from the beginning.
+ */
+#define XFS_SCRUB_AGMASK_NR		128
+struct xfs_scrub_ag_lock {
+	xfs_agnumber_t			max_ag;
+	unsigned long			*agmask;
+	unsigned long			__agmask[XFS_SCRUB_AGMASK_NR /
+						 sizeof(unsigned long)];
+};
+
 struct xfs_scrub_context {
 	/* General scrub state. */
 	struct xfs_scrub_metadata	*sm;
 	struct xfs_trans		*tp;
 	struct xfs_inode		*ip;
+
+	/* State tracking for multi-AG operations. */
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag_lock	ag_lock;
+
+	/* State tracking for single-AG operations. */
+	struct xfs_scrub_ag		sa;
 };
 
 /* Should we end the scrub early? */
@@ -138,6 +178,19 @@  bool xfs_scrub_data_ok(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc, int whichfork,
 			goto label; \
 	} while(0)
 
+bool xfs_scrub_ag_can_lock(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc, xfs_agnumber_t agno);
+int xfs_scrub_ag_lock_all(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc);
+void xfs_scrub_ag_lock_init(struct xfs_mount *mp,
+			    struct xfs_scrub_ag_lock *ag_lock);
+void xfs_scrub_ag_free(struct xfs_scrub_ag *sa);
+int xfs_scrub_ag_init(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc, xfs_agnumber_t agno,
+		      struct xfs_scrub_ag *sa);
+int xfs_scrub_ag_read_headers(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc, xfs_agnumber_t agno,
+			      struct xfs_buf **agi, struct xfs_buf **agf,
+			      struct xfs_buf **agfl);
+int xfs_scrub_ag_btcur_init(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc,
+			    struct xfs_scrub_ag *sa);
+
 /* Setup functions */
 
 int xfs_scrub_teardown(struct xfs_scrub_context *sc, int error);