diff mbox series

[2/3] xfs: periodically relog deferred intent items

Message ID 160031340007.3624707.16729315375941677948.stgit@magnolia
State Superseded
Headers show
Series xfs: fix some log stalling problems in defer ops | expand

Commit Message

Darrick J. Wong Sept. 17, 2020, 3:30 a.m. UTC
From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>

There's a subtle design flaw in the deferred log item code that can lead
to pinning the log tail.  Taking up the defer ops chain examples from
the previous commit, we can get trapped in sequences like this:

Caller hands us a transaction t0 with D0-D3 attached.  The defer ops
chain will look like the following if the transaction rolls succeed:

t1: D0(t0), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
t2: d4(t1), d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
t3: d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
...
t9: d9(t7), D3(t0)
t10: D3(t0)
t11: d10(t10), d11(t10)
t12: d11(t10)

In transaction 9, we finish d9 and try to roll to t10 while holding onto
an intent item for D3 that we logged in t0.

The previous commit changed the order in which we place new defer ops in
the defer ops processing chain to reduce the maximum chain length.  Now
make xfs_defer_finish_noroll capable of relogging the entire chain
periodically so that we can always move the log tail forward.  We do
this every seven loops, having observed that while most chains never
exceed seven items in length, the rest go far over that and seem to
be involved in most of the stall problems.

Callers are now required to ensure that the transaction reservation is
large enough to handle logging done items and new intent items for the
maximum possible chain length.  Most callers are careful to keep the
chain lengths low, so the overhead should be minimal.

(Note that in the next patch we'll make it so that we only relog on
demand, since 7 is an arbitrary number that I used here to get the basic
mechanics working.)

Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
---
 fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c  |   30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c     |   25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c  |   29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c     |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h         |    1 +
 fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h         |   10 ++++++++++
 7 files changed, 149 insertions(+)

Comments

Dave Chinner Sept. 17, 2020, 6:11 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Sep 16, 2020 at 08:30:00PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> 
> There's a subtle design flaw in the deferred log item code that can lead
> to pinning the log tail.  Taking up the defer ops chain examples from
> the previous commit, we can get trapped in sequences like this:
> 
> Caller hands us a transaction t0 with D0-D3 attached.  The defer ops
> chain will look like the following if the transaction rolls succeed:
> 
> t1: D0(t0), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> t2: d4(t1), d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> t3: d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> ...
> t9: d9(t7), D3(t0)
> t10: D3(t0)
> t11: d10(t10), d11(t10)
> t12: d11(t10)
> 
> In transaction 9, we finish d9 and try to roll to t10 while holding onto
> an intent item for D3 that we logged in t0.
> 
> The previous commit changed the order in which we place new defer ops in
> the defer ops processing chain to reduce the maximum chain length.  Now
> make xfs_defer_finish_noroll capable of relogging the entire chain
> periodically so that we can always move the log tail forward.  We do
> this every seven loops, having observed that while most chains never
> exceed seven items in length, the rest go far over that and seem to
> be involved in most of the stall problems.
> 
> Callers are now required to ensure that the transaction reservation is
> large enough to handle logging done items and new intent items for the
> maximum possible chain length.  Most callers are careful to keep the
> chain lengths low, so the overhead should be minimal.
> 
> (Note that in the next patch we'll make it so that we only relog on
> demand, since 7 is an arbitrary number that I used here to get the basic
> mechanics working.)
> 
> Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> ---
>  fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c  |   30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c     |   25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c  |   29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c     |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h         |    1 +
>  fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h         |   10 ++++++++++
>  7 files changed, 149 insertions(+)
> 
> 
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> index 84a70edd0da1..7938e4d3af90 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> @@ -361,6 +361,28 @@ xfs_defer_cancel_list(
>  	}
>  }
>  
> +/*
> + * Prevent a log intent item from pinning the tail of the log by logging a
> + * done item to release the intent item; and then log a new intent item.
> + * The caller should provide a fresh transaction and roll it after we're done.
> + */
> +static int
> +xfs_defer_relog(
> +	struct xfs_trans		**tpp,
> +	struct list_head		*dfops)
> +{
> +	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> +
> +	ASSERT((*tpp)->t_flags & XFS_TRANS_PERM_LOG_RES);
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(dfp, dfops, dfp_list) {
> +		trace_xfs_defer_relog_intent((*tpp)->t_mountp, dfp);
> +		dfp->dfp_intent = xfs_trans_item_relog(dfp->dfp_intent, *tpp);

Any reason for xfs_trans_item_relog() when it's a one liner?

> +	}
> +
> +	return xfs_defer_trans_roll(tpp);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Log an intent-done item for the first pending intent, and finish the work
>   * items.
> @@ -422,6 +444,7 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
>  	struct xfs_trans		**tp)
>  {
>  	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> +	unsigned int			nr_rolls = 0;
>  	int				error = 0;
>  	LIST_HEAD(dop_pending);
>  
> @@ -447,6 +470,13 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
>  		if (error)
>  			goto out_shutdown;
>  
> +		/* Every few rolls we relog all the intent items. */
> +		if (!(++nr_rolls % 7)) {
> +			error = xfs_defer_relog(tp, &dop_pending);
> +			if (error)
> +				goto out_shutdown;
> +		}

Urk.

I think I've got a better idea: rather than a counter, use something
meaningful as to whether the intent has been committed or not. e.g.
use something like xfs_log_item_in_current_chkpt() to determine if
we need to relog the intent.

i.e. If the intent is active in the CIL, then we don't need to relog
it. If the intent has been committed to the journal and is no longer
in the CIL list, relog it so the next CIL push will move it forward
in the journal.

The intent relogging functions look fine, though.

Cheers,

Dave.
Darrick J. Wong Sept. 17, 2020, 7:18 a.m. UTC | #2
On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 04:11:48PM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 16, 2020 at 08:30:00PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > 
> > There's a subtle design flaw in the deferred log item code that can lead
> > to pinning the log tail.  Taking up the defer ops chain examples from
> > the previous commit, we can get trapped in sequences like this:
> > 
> > Caller hands us a transaction t0 with D0-D3 attached.  The defer ops
> > chain will look like the following if the transaction rolls succeed:
> > 
> > t1: D0(t0), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> > t2: d4(t1), d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> > t3: d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> > ...
> > t9: d9(t7), D3(t0)
> > t10: D3(t0)
> > t11: d10(t10), d11(t10)
> > t12: d11(t10)
> > 
> > In transaction 9, we finish d9 and try to roll to t10 while holding onto
> > an intent item for D3 that we logged in t0.
> > 
> > The previous commit changed the order in which we place new defer ops in
> > the defer ops processing chain to reduce the maximum chain length.  Now
> > make xfs_defer_finish_noroll capable of relogging the entire chain
> > periodically so that we can always move the log tail forward.  We do
> > this every seven loops, having observed that while most chains never
> > exceed seven items in length, the rest go far over that and seem to
> > be involved in most of the stall problems.
> > 
> > Callers are now required to ensure that the transaction reservation is
> > large enough to handle logging done items and new intent items for the
> > maximum possible chain length.  Most callers are careful to keep the
> > chain lengths low, so the overhead should be minimal.
> > 
> > (Note that in the next patch we'll make it so that we only relog on
> > demand, since 7 is an arbitrary number that I used here to get the basic
> > mechanics working.)
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > ---
> >  fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c  |   30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c     |   25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c  |   29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c     |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h         |    1 +
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h         |   10 ++++++++++
> >  7 files changed, 149 insertions(+)
> > 
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> > index 84a70edd0da1..7938e4d3af90 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> > @@ -361,6 +361,28 @@ xfs_defer_cancel_list(
> >  	}
> >  }
> >  
> > +/*
> > + * Prevent a log intent item from pinning the tail of the log by logging a
> > + * done item to release the intent item; and then log a new intent item.
> > + * The caller should provide a fresh transaction and roll it after we're done.
> > + */
> > +static int
> > +xfs_defer_relog(
> > +	struct xfs_trans		**tpp,
> > +	struct list_head		*dfops)
> > +{
> > +	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> > +
> > +	ASSERT((*tpp)->t_flags & XFS_TRANS_PERM_LOG_RES);
> > +
> > +	list_for_each_entry(dfp, dfops, dfp_list) {
> > +		trace_xfs_defer_relog_intent((*tpp)->t_mountp, dfp);
> > +		dfp->dfp_intent = xfs_trans_item_relog(dfp->dfp_intent, *tpp);
> 
> Any reason for xfs_trans_item_relog() when it's a one liner?

There aren't log intent items in userspace, so xfs_trans_item_relog
becomes a NOP macro in the xfsprogs port.

> > +	}
> > +
> > +	return xfs_defer_trans_roll(tpp);
> > +}
> > +
> >  /*
> >   * Log an intent-done item for the first pending intent, and finish the work
> >   * items.
> > @@ -422,6 +444,7 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
> >  	struct xfs_trans		**tp)
> >  {
> >  	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> > +	unsigned int			nr_rolls = 0;
> >  	int				error = 0;
> >  	LIST_HEAD(dop_pending);
> >  
> > @@ -447,6 +470,13 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
> >  		if (error)
> >  			goto out_shutdown;
> >  
> > +		/* Every few rolls we relog all the intent items. */
> > +		if (!(++nr_rolls % 7)) {
> > +			error = xfs_defer_relog(tp, &dop_pending);
> > +			if (error)
> > +				goto out_shutdown;
> > +		}
> 
> Urk.
> 
> I think I've got a better idea: rather than a counter, use something
> meaningful as to whether the intent has been committed or not. e.g.
> use something like xfs_log_item_in_current_chkpt() to determine if
> we need to relog the intent.

I'll take a look at that in the morning.

> i.e. If the intent is active in the CIL, then we don't need to relog
> it. If the intent has been committed to the journal and is no longer
> in the CIL list, relog it so the next CIL push will move it forward
> in the journal.
> 
> The intent relogging functions look fine, though.

Thanks for digging through some of these. :)

--D

> Cheers,
> 
> Dave.
> -- 
> Dave Chinner
> david@fromorbit.com
Brian Foster Sept. 17, 2020, 3:28 p.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, Sep 16, 2020 at 08:30:00PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> 
> There's a subtle design flaw in the deferred log item code that can lead
> to pinning the log tail.  Taking up the defer ops chain examples from
> the previous commit, we can get trapped in sequences like this:
> 
> Caller hands us a transaction t0 with D0-D3 attached.  The defer ops
> chain will look like the following if the transaction rolls succeed:
> 
> t1: D0(t0), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> t2: d4(t1), d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> t3: d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> ...
> t9: d9(t7), D3(t0)
> t10: D3(t0)
> t11: d10(t10), d11(t10)
> t12: d11(t10)
> 
> In transaction 9, we finish d9 and try to roll to t10 while holding onto
> an intent item for D3 that we logged in t0.
> 
> The previous commit changed the order in which we place new defer ops in
> the defer ops processing chain to reduce the maximum chain length.  Now
> make xfs_defer_finish_noroll capable of relogging the entire chain
> periodically so that we can always move the log tail forward.  We do
> this every seven loops, having observed that while most chains never
> exceed seven items in length, the rest go far over that and seem to
> be involved in most of the stall problems.
> 
> Callers are now required to ensure that the transaction reservation is
> large enough to handle logging done items and new intent items for the
> maximum possible chain length.  Most callers are careful to keep the
> chain lengths low, so the overhead should be minimal.
> 
> (Note that in the next patch we'll make it so that we only relog on
> demand, since 7 is an arbitrary number that I used here to get the basic
> mechanics working.)
> 
> Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> ---
>  fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c  |   30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c     |   25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c  |   29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c     |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h         |    1 +
>  fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h         |   10 ++++++++++
>  7 files changed, 149 insertions(+)
> 
> 
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> index 84a70edd0da1..7938e4d3af90 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> @@ -361,6 +361,28 @@ xfs_defer_cancel_list(
>  	}
>  }
>  
> +/*
> + * Prevent a log intent item from pinning the tail of the log by logging a
> + * done item to release the intent item; and then log a new intent item.
> + * The caller should provide a fresh transaction and roll it after we're done.
> + */
> +static int
> +xfs_defer_relog(
> +	struct xfs_trans		**tpp,
> +	struct list_head		*dfops)
> +{
> +	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> +
> +	ASSERT((*tpp)->t_flags & XFS_TRANS_PERM_LOG_RES);
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(dfp, dfops, dfp_list) {
> +		trace_xfs_defer_relog_intent((*tpp)->t_mountp, dfp);
> +		dfp->dfp_intent = xfs_trans_item_relog(dfp->dfp_intent, *tpp);
> +	}
> +
> +	return xfs_defer_trans_roll(tpp);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Log an intent-done item for the first pending intent, and finish the work
>   * items.
> @@ -422,6 +444,7 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
>  	struct xfs_trans		**tp)
>  {
>  	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> +	unsigned int			nr_rolls = 0;
>  	int				error = 0;
>  	LIST_HEAD(dop_pending);
>  
> @@ -447,6 +470,13 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
>  		if (error)
>  			goto out_shutdown;
>  
> +		/* Every few rolls we relog all the intent items. */
> +		if (!(++nr_rolls % 7)) {
> +			error = xfs_defer_relog(tp, &dop_pending);
> +			if (error)
> +				goto out_shutdown;
> +		}
> +

I thought the purpose of the push threshold detection was to avoid this
hardcoded relog logic..? On a quick look, I see the next patch
immediately replaces this. That should probably be refactored such that
the proper code is introduced from the start...

>  		dfp = list_first_entry(&dop_pending, struct xfs_defer_pending,
>  				       dfp_list);
>  		error = xfs_defer_finish_one(*tp, dfp);
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
> index 8461285a9dd9..2d4c60776714 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
> @@ -535,6 +535,30 @@ xfs_bui_item_match(
>  	return BUI_ITEM(lip)->bui_format.bui_id == intent_id;
>  }
>  
> +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> +static struct xfs_log_item *
> +xfs_bui_item_relog(
> +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> +{
> +	struct xfs_bud_log_item		*budp;
> +	struct xfs_bui_log_item		*buip;
> +	struct xfs_map_extent		*extp;
> +
> +	extp = BUI_ITEM(intent)->bui_format.bui_extents;
> +
> +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> +	budp = xfs_trans_get_bud(tp, BUI_ITEM(intent));
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &budp->bud_item.li_flags);
> +
> +	buip = xfs_bui_init(tp->t_mountp);
> +	memcpy(buip->bui_format.bui_extents, extp, sizeof(*extp));
> +	atomic_set(&buip->bui_next_extent, 1);

I was a little confused by the hardcoded value, then I saw that the max
value is one. Since we have the extent array and ->bui_next_extent
fields, perhaps this would be more robust if coded to copy those such
that it wouldn't break if the max value changed..? E.g., memcpy() the maps *
bui_nextents and copy the next_extent index directly.

(Looking further, I see that the other intent relog handlers follow that
pattern presumably because they allow a count > 1. So IOW, I'd just
follow that same pattern here.)

Brian

> +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &buip->bui_item);
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &buip->bui_item.li_flags);
> +	return &buip->bui_item;
> +}
> +
>  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_bui_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_size	= xfs_bui_item_size,
>  	.iop_format	= xfs_bui_item_format,
> @@ -542,6 +566,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_bui_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_release	= xfs_bui_item_release,
>  	.iop_recover	= xfs_bui_item_recover,
>  	.iop_match	= xfs_bui_item_match,
> +	.iop_relog	= xfs_bui_item_relog,
>  };
>  
>  /*
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
> index f544ec007c12..7c3eebfd9064 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
> @@ -648,6 +648,34 @@ xfs_efi_item_match(
>  	return EFI_ITEM(lip)->efi_format.efi_id == intent_id;
>  }
>  
> +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> +static struct xfs_log_item *
> +xfs_efi_item_relog(
> +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> +{
> +	struct xfs_efd_log_item		*efdp;
> +	struct xfs_efi_log_item		*efip;
> +	struct xfs_extent		*extp;
> +	unsigned int			count;
> +
> +	count = EFI_ITEM(intent)->efi_format.efi_nextents;
> +	extp = EFI_ITEM(intent)->efi_format.efi_extents;
> +
> +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> +	efdp = xfs_trans_get_efd(tp, EFI_ITEM(intent), count);
> +	efdp->efd_next_extent = count;
> +	memcpy(efdp->efd_format.efd_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &efdp->efd_item.li_flags);
> +
> +	efip = xfs_efi_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
> +	memcpy(efip->efi_format.efi_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> +	atomic_set(&efip->efi_next_extent, count);
> +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &efip->efi_item);
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &efip->efi_item.li_flags);
> +	return &efip->efi_item;
> +}
> +
>  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_efi_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_size	= xfs_efi_item_size,
>  	.iop_format	= xfs_efi_item_format,
> @@ -655,6 +683,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_efi_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_release	= xfs_efi_item_release,
>  	.iop_recover	= xfs_efi_item_recover,
>  	.iop_match	= xfs_efi_item_match,
> +	.iop_relog	= xfs_efi_item_relog,
>  };
>  
>  /*
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
> index 30e579b5857d..9af7099e2a86 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
> @@ -566,6 +566,32 @@ xfs_cui_item_match(
>  	return CUI_ITEM(lip)->cui_format.cui_id == intent_id;
>  }
>  
> +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> +static struct xfs_log_item *
> +xfs_cui_item_relog(
> +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> +{
> +	struct xfs_cud_log_item		*cudp;
> +	struct xfs_cui_log_item		*cuip;
> +	struct xfs_phys_extent		*extp;
> +	unsigned int			count;
> +
> +	count = CUI_ITEM(intent)->cui_format.cui_nextents;
> +	extp = CUI_ITEM(intent)->cui_format.cui_extents;
> +
> +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> +	cudp = xfs_trans_get_cud(tp, CUI_ITEM(intent));
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &cudp->cud_item.li_flags);
> +
> +	cuip = xfs_cui_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
> +	memcpy(cuip->cui_format.cui_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> +	atomic_set(&cuip->cui_next_extent, count);
> +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &cuip->cui_item);
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &cuip->cui_item.li_flags);
> +	return &cuip->cui_item;
> +}
> +
>  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_cui_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_size	= xfs_cui_item_size,
>  	.iop_format	= xfs_cui_item_format,
> @@ -573,6 +599,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_cui_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_release	= xfs_cui_item_release,
>  	.iop_recover	= xfs_cui_item_recover,
>  	.iop_match	= xfs_cui_item_match,
> +	.iop_relog	= xfs_cui_item_relog,
>  };
>  
>  /*
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
> index 34dd6b02bdc8..535b0358e0aa 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
> @@ -589,6 +589,32 @@ xfs_rui_item_match(
>  	return RUI_ITEM(lip)->rui_format.rui_id == intent_id;
>  }
>  
> +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> +static struct xfs_log_item *
> +xfs_rui_item_relog(
> +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> +{
> +	struct xfs_rud_log_item		*rudp;
> +	struct xfs_rui_log_item		*ruip;
> +	struct xfs_map_extent		*extp;
> +	unsigned int			count;
> +
> +	count = RUI_ITEM(intent)->rui_format.rui_nextents;
> +	extp = RUI_ITEM(intent)->rui_format.rui_extents;
> +
> +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> +	rudp = xfs_trans_get_rud(tp, RUI_ITEM(intent));
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &rudp->rud_item.li_flags);
> +
> +	ruip = xfs_rui_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
> +	memcpy(ruip->rui_format.rui_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> +	atomic_set(&ruip->rui_next_extent, count);
> +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &ruip->rui_item);
> +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &ruip->rui_item.li_flags);
> +	return &ruip->rui_item;
> +}
> +
>  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_rui_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_size	= xfs_rui_item_size,
>  	.iop_format	= xfs_rui_item_format,
> @@ -596,6 +622,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_rui_item_ops = {
>  	.iop_release	= xfs_rui_item_release,
>  	.iop_recover	= xfs_rui_item_recover,
>  	.iop_match	= xfs_rui_item_match,
> +	.iop_relog	= xfs_rui_item_relog,
>  };
>  
>  /*
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> index a3a35a2d8ed9..362c155be525 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> @@ -2533,6 +2533,7 @@ DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_create_intent);
>  DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_cancel_list);
>  DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_pending_finish);
>  DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_pending_abort);
> +DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_relog_intent);
>  
>  #define DEFINE_BMAP_FREE_DEFERRED_EVENT DEFINE_PHYS_EXTENT_DEFERRED_EVENT
>  DEFINE_BMAP_FREE_DEFERRED_EVENT(xfs_bmap_free_defer);
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
> index 995c1513693c..e838e8327510 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
> @@ -78,6 +78,8 @@ struct xfs_item_ops {
>  	int (*iop_recover)(struct xfs_log_item *lip,
>  			   struct xfs_defer_capture **dfcp);
>  	bool (*iop_match)(struct xfs_log_item *item, uint64_t id);
> +	struct xfs_log_item *(*iop_relog)(struct xfs_log_item *intent,
> +			struct xfs_trans *tp);
>  };
>  
>  /*
> @@ -239,4 +241,12 @@ void		xfs_trans_buf_copy_type(struct xfs_buf *dst_bp,
>  
>  extern kmem_zone_t	*xfs_trans_zone;
>  
> +static inline struct xfs_log_item *
> +xfs_trans_item_relog(
> +	struct xfs_log_item	*lip,
> +	struct xfs_trans	*tp)
> +{
> +	return lip->li_ops->iop_relog(lip, tp);
> +}
> +
>  #endif	/* __XFS_TRANS_H__ */
>
Darrick J. Wong Sept. 18, 2020, 12:36 a.m. UTC | #4
On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 11:28:16AM -0400, Brian Foster wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 16, 2020 at 08:30:00PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > 
> > There's a subtle design flaw in the deferred log item code that can lead
> > to pinning the log tail.  Taking up the defer ops chain examples from
> > the previous commit, we can get trapped in sequences like this:
> > 
> > Caller hands us a transaction t0 with D0-D3 attached.  The defer ops
> > chain will look like the following if the transaction rolls succeed:
> > 
> > t1: D0(t0), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> > t2: d4(t1), d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> > t3: d5(t1), D1(t0), D2(t0), D3(t0)
> > ...
> > t9: d9(t7), D3(t0)
> > t10: D3(t0)
> > t11: d10(t10), d11(t10)
> > t12: d11(t10)
> > 
> > In transaction 9, we finish d9 and try to roll to t10 while holding onto
> > an intent item for D3 that we logged in t0.
> > 
> > The previous commit changed the order in which we place new defer ops in
> > the defer ops processing chain to reduce the maximum chain length.  Now
> > make xfs_defer_finish_noroll capable of relogging the entire chain
> > periodically so that we can always move the log tail forward.  We do
> > this every seven loops, having observed that while most chains never
> > exceed seven items in length, the rest go far over that and seem to
> > be involved in most of the stall problems.
> > 
> > Callers are now required to ensure that the transaction reservation is
> > large enough to handle logging done items and new intent items for the
> > maximum possible chain length.  Most callers are careful to keep the
> > chain lengths low, so the overhead should be minimal.
> > 
> > (Note that in the next patch we'll make it so that we only relog on
> > demand, since 7 is an arbitrary number that I used here to get the basic
> > mechanics working.)
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > ---
> >  fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c  |   30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c     |   25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c  |   29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c     |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h         |    1 +
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h         |   10 ++++++++++
> >  7 files changed, 149 insertions(+)
> > 
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> > index 84a70edd0da1..7938e4d3af90 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
> > @@ -361,6 +361,28 @@ xfs_defer_cancel_list(
> >  	}
> >  }
> >  
> > +/*
> > + * Prevent a log intent item from pinning the tail of the log by logging a
> > + * done item to release the intent item; and then log a new intent item.
> > + * The caller should provide a fresh transaction and roll it after we're done.
> > + */
> > +static int
> > +xfs_defer_relog(
> > +	struct xfs_trans		**tpp,
> > +	struct list_head		*dfops)
> > +{
> > +	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> > +
> > +	ASSERT((*tpp)->t_flags & XFS_TRANS_PERM_LOG_RES);
> > +
> > +	list_for_each_entry(dfp, dfops, dfp_list) {
> > +		trace_xfs_defer_relog_intent((*tpp)->t_mountp, dfp);
> > +		dfp->dfp_intent = xfs_trans_item_relog(dfp->dfp_intent, *tpp);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	return xfs_defer_trans_roll(tpp);
> > +}
> > +
> >  /*
> >   * Log an intent-done item for the first pending intent, and finish the work
> >   * items.
> > @@ -422,6 +444,7 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
> >  	struct xfs_trans		**tp)
> >  {
> >  	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
> > +	unsigned int			nr_rolls = 0;
> >  	int				error = 0;
> >  	LIST_HEAD(dop_pending);
> >  
> > @@ -447,6 +470,13 @@ xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
> >  		if (error)
> >  			goto out_shutdown;
> >  
> > +		/* Every few rolls we relog all the intent items. */
> > +		if (!(++nr_rolls % 7)) {
> > +			error = xfs_defer_relog(tp, &dop_pending);
> > +			if (error)
> > +				goto out_shutdown;
> > +		}
> > +
> 
> I thought the purpose of the push threshold detection was to avoid this
> hardcoded relog logic..? On a quick look, I see the next patch
> immediately replaces this. That should probably be refactored such that
> the proper code is introduced from the start...

Ok.  I was keeping the mechanism & policy changes separate, but
admittedly it doesn't make that much sense, so I'll combine them with
the thing Dave suggested.

> >  		dfp = list_first_entry(&dop_pending, struct xfs_defer_pending,
> >  				       dfp_list);
> >  		error = xfs_defer_finish_one(*tp, dfp);
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
> > index 8461285a9dd9..2d4c60776714 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
> > @@ -535,6 +535,30 @@ xfs_bui_item_match(
> >  	return BUI_ITEM(lip)->bui_format.bui_id == intent_id;
> >  }
> >  
> > +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> > +static struct xfs_log_item *
> > +xfs_bui_item_relog(
> > +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> > +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> > +{
> > +	struct xfs_bud_log_item		*budp;
> > +	struct xfs_bui_log_item		*buip;
> > +	struct xfs_map_extent		*extp;
> > +
> > +	extp = BUI_ITEM(intent)->bui_format.bui_extents;
> > +
> > +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> > +	budp = xfs_trans_get_bud(tp, BUI_ITEM(intent));
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &budp->bud_item.li_flags);
> > +
> > +	buip = xfs_bui_init(tp->t_mountp);
> > +	memcpy(buip->bui_format.bui_extents, extp, sizeof(*extp));
> > +	atomic_set(&buip->bui_next_extent, 1);
> 
> I was a little confused by the hardcoded value, then I saw that the max
> value is one. Since we have the extent array and ->bui_next_extent
> fields, perhaps this would be more robust if coded to copy those such
> that it wouldn't break if the max value changed..? E.g., memcpy() the maps *
> bui_nextents and copy the next_extent index directly.
> 
> (Looking further, I see that the other intent relog handlers follow that
> pattern presumably because they allow a count > 1. So IOW, I'd just
> follow that same pattern here.)

Ok, fixed.

--D

> Brian
> 
> > +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &buip->bui_item);
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &buip->bui_item.li_flags);
> > +	return &buip->bui_item;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_bui_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_size	= xfs_bui_item_size,
> >  	.iop_format	= xfs_bui_item_format,
> > @@ -542,6 +566,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_bui_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_release	= xfs_bui_item_release,
> >  	.iop_recover	= xfs_bui_item_recover,
> >  	.iop_match	= xfs_bui_item_match,
> > +	.iop_relog	= xfs_bui_item_relog,
> >  };
> >  
> >  /*
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
> > index f544ec007c12..7c3eebfd9064 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
> > @@ -648,6 +648,34 @@ xfs_efi_item_match(
> >  	return EFI_ITEM(lip)->efi_format.efi_id == intent_id;
> >  }
> >  
> > +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> > +static struct xfs_log_item *
> > +xfs_efi_item_relog(
> > +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> > +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> > +{
> > +	struct xfs_efd_log_item		*efdp;
> > +	struct xfs_efi_log_item		*efip;
> > +	struct xfs_extent		*extp;
> > +	unsigned int			count;
> > +
> > +	count = EFI_ITEM(intent)->efi_format.efi_nextents;
> > +	extp = EFI_ITEM(intent)->efi_format.efi_extents;
> > +
> > +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> > +	efdp = xfs_trans_get_efd(tp, EFI_ITEM(intent), count);
> > +	efdp->efd_next_extent = count;
> > +	memcpy(efdp->efd_format.efd_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &efdp->efd_item.li_flags);
> > +
> > +	efip = xfs_efi_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
> > +	memcpy(efip->efi_format.efi_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> > +	atomic_set(&efip->efi_next_extent, count);
> > +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &efip->efi_item);
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &efip->efi_item.li_flags);
> > +	return &efip->efi_item;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_efi_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_size	= xfs_efi_item_size,
> >  	.iop_format	= xfs_efi_item_format,
> > @@ -655,6 +683,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_efi_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_release	= xfs_efi_item_release,
> >  	.iop_recover	= xfs_efi_item_recover,
> >  	.iop_match	= xfs_efi_item_match,
> > +	.iop_relog	= xfs_efi_item_relog,
> >  };
> >  
> >  /*
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
> > index 30e579b5857d..9af7099e2a86 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
> > @@ -566,6 +566,32 @@ xfs_cui_item_match(
> >  	return CUI_ITEM(lip)->cui_format.cui_id == intent_id;
> >  }
> >  
> > +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> > +static struct xfs_log_item *
> > +xfs_cui_item_relog(
> > +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> > +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> > +{
> > +	struct xfs_cud_log_item		*cudp;
> > +	struct xfs_cui_log_item		*cuip;
> > +	struct xfs_phys_extent		*extp;
> > +	unsigned int			count;
> > +
> > +	count = CUI_ITEM(intent)->cui_format.cui_nextents;
> > +	extp = CUI_ITEM(intent)->cui_format.cui_extents;
> > +
> > +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> > +	cudp = xfs_trans_get_cud(tp, CUI_ITEM(intent));
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &cudp->cud_item.li_flags);
> > +
> > +	cuip = xfs_cui_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
> > +	memcpy(cuip->cui_format.cui_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> > +	atomic_set(&cuip->cui_next_extent, count);
> > +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &cuip->cui_item);
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &cuip->cui_item.li_flags);
> > +	return &cuip->cui_item;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_cui_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_size	= xfs_cui_item_size,
> >  	.iop_format	= xfs_cui_item_format,
> > @@ -573,6 +599,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_cui_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_release	= xfs_cui_item_release,
> >  	.iop_recover	= xfs_cui_item_recover,
> >  	.iop_match	= xfs_cui_item_match,
> > +	.iop_relog	= xfs_cui_item_relog,
> >  };
> >  
> >  /*
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
> > index 34dd6b02bdc8..535b0358e0aa 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
> > @@ -589,6 +589,32 @@ xfs_rui_item_match(
> >  	return RUI_ITEM(lip)->rui_format.rui_id == intent_id;
> >  }
> >  
> > +/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
> > +static struct xfs_log_item *
> > +xfs_rui_item_relog(
> > +	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
> > +	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
> > +{
> > +	struct xfs_rud_log_item		*rudp;
> > +	struct xfs_rui_log_item		*ruip;
> > +	struct xfs_map_extent		*extp;
> > +	unsigned int			count;
> > +
> > +	count = RUI_ITEM(intent)->rui_format.rui_nextents;
> > +	extp = RUI_ITEM(intent)->rui_format.rui_extents;
> > +
> > +	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> > +	rudp = xfs_trans_get_rud(tp, RUI_ITEM(intent));
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &rudp->rud_item.li_flags);
> > +
> > +	ruip = xfs_rui_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
> > +	memcpy(ruip->rui_format.rui_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
> > +	atomic_set(&ruip->rui_next_extent, count);
> > +	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &ruip->rui_item);
> > +	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &ruip->rui_item.li_flags);
> > +	return &ruip->rui_item;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_rui_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_size	= xfs_rui_item_size,
> >  	.iop_format	= xfs_rui_item_format,
> > @@ -596,6 +622,7 @@ static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_rui_item_ops = {
> >  	.iop_release	= xfs_rui_item_release,
> >  	.iop_recover	= xfs_rui_item_recover,
> >  	.iop_match	= xfs_rui_item_match,
> > +	.iop_relog	= xfs_rui_item_relog,
> >  };
> >  
> >  /*
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> > index a3a35a2d8ed9..362c155be525 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> > @@ -2533,6 +2533,7 @@ DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_create_intent);
> >  DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_cancel_list);
> >  DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_pending_finish);
> >  DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_pending_abort);
> > +DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_relog_intent);
> >  
> >  #define DEFINE_BMAP_FREE_DEFERRED_EVENT DEFINE_PHYS_EXTENT_DEFERRED_EVENT
> >  DEFINE_BMAP_FREE_DEFERRED_EVENT(xfs_bmap_free_defer);
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
> > index 995c1513693c..e838e8327510 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
> > @@ -78,6 +78,8 @@ struct xfs_item_ops {
> >  	int (*iop_recover)(struct xfs_log_item *lip,
> >  			   struct xfs_defer_capture **dfcp);
> >  	bool (*iop_match)(struct xfs_log_item *item, uint64_t id);
> > +	struct xfs_log_item *(*iop_relog)(struct xfs_log_item *intent,
> > +			struct xfs_trans *tp);
> >  };
> >  
> >  /*
> > @@ -239,4 +241,12 @@ void		xfs_trans_buf_copy_type(struct xfs_buf *dst_bp,
> >  
> >  extern kmem_zone_t	*xfs_trans_zone;
> >  
> > +static inline struct xfs_log_item *
> > +xfs_trans_item_relog(
> > +	struct xfs_log_item	*lip,
> > +	struct xfs_trans	*tp)
> > +{
> > +	return lip->li_ops->iop_relog(lip, tp);
> > +}
> > +
> >  #endif	/* __XFS_TRANS_H__ */
> > 
>
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
index 84a70edd0da1..7938e4d3af90 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_defer.c
@@ -361,6 +361,28 @@  xfs_defer_cancel_list(
 	}
 }
 
+/*
+ * Prevent a log intent item from pinning the tail of the log by logging a
+ * done item to release the intent item; and then log a new intent item.
+ * The caller should provide a fresh transaction and roll it after we're done.
+ */
+static int
+xfs_defer_relog(
+	struct xfs_trans		**tpp,
+	struct list_head		*dfops)
+{
+	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
+
+	ASSERT((*tpp)->t_flags & XFS_TRANS_PERM_LOG_RES);
+
+	list_for_each_entry(dfp, dfops, dfp_list) {
+		trace_xfs_defer_relog_intent((*tpp)->t_mountp, dfp);
+		dfp->dfp_intent = xfs_trans_item_relog(dfp->dfp_intent, *tpp);
+	}
+
+	return xfs_defer_trans_roll(tpp);
+}
+
 /*
  * Log an intent-done item for the first pending intent, and finish the work
  * items.
@@ -422,6 +444,7 @@  xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
 	struct xfs_trans		**tp)
 {
 	struct xfs_defer_pending	*dfp;
+	unsigned int			nr_rolls = 0;
 	int				error = 0;
 	LIST_HEAD(dop_pending);
 
@@ -447,6 +470,13 @@  xfs_defer_finish_noroll(
 		if (error)
 			goto out_shutdown;
 
+		/* Every few rolls we relog all the intent items. */
+		if (!(++nr_rolls % 7)) {
+			error = xfs_defer_relog(tp, &dop_pending);
+			if (error)
+				goto out_shutdown;
+		}
+
 		dfp = list_first_entry(&dop_pending, struct xfs_defer_pending,
 				       dfp_list);
 		error = xfs_defer_finish_one(*tp, dfp);
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
index 8461285a9dd9..2d4c60776714 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_item.c
@@ -535,6 +535,30 @@  xfs_bui_item_match(
 	return BUI_ITEM(lip)->bui_format.bui_id == intent_id;
 }
 
+/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
+static struct xfs_log_item *
+xfs_bui_item_relog(
+	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
+	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
+{
+	struct xfs_bud_log_item		*budp;
+	struct xfs_bui_log_item		*buip;
+	struct xfs_map_extent		*extp;
+
+	extp = BUI_ITEM(intent)->bui_format.bui_extents;
+
+	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
+	budp = xfs_trans_get_bud(tp, BUI_ITEM(intent));
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &budp->bud_item.li_flags);
+
+	buip = xfs_bui_init(tp->t_mountp);
+	memcpy(buip->bui_format.bui_extents, extp, sizeof(*extp));
+	atomic_set(&buip->bui_next_extent, 1);
+	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &buip->bui_item);
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &buip->bui_item.li_flags);
+	return &buip->bui_item;
+}
+
 static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_bui_item_ops = {
 	.iop_size	= xfs_bui_item_size,
 	.iop_format	= xfs_bui_item_format,
@@ -542,6 +566,7 @@  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_bui_item_ops = {
 	.iop_release	= xfs_bui_item_release,
 	.iop_recover	= xfs_bui_item_recover,
 	.iop_match	= xfs_bui_item_match,
+	.iop_relog	= xfs_bui_item_relog,
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
index f544ec007c12..7c3eebfd9064 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
@@ -648,6 +648,34 @@  xfs_efi_item_match(
 	return EFI_ITEM(lip)->efi_format.efi_id == intent_id;
 }
 
+/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
+static struct xfs_log_item *
+xfs_efi_item_relog(
+	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
+	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
+{
+	struct xfs_efd_log_item		*efdp;
+	struct xfs_efi_log_item		*efip;
+	struct xfs_extent		*extp;
+	unsigned int			count;
+
+	count = EFI_ITEM(intent)->efi_format.efi_nextents;
+	extp = EFI_ITEM(intent)->efi_format.efi_extents;
+
+	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
+	efdp = xfs_trans_get_efd(tp, EFI_ITEM(intent), count);
+	efdp->efd_next_extent = count;
+	memcpy(efdp->efd_format.efd_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &efdp->efd_item.li_flags);
+
+	efip = xfs_efi_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
+	memcpy(efip->efi_format.efi_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
+	atomic_set(&efip->efi_next_extent, count);
+	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &efip->efi_item);
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &efip->efi_item.li_flags);
+	return &efip->efi_item;
+}
+
 static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_efi_item_ops = {
 	.iop_size	= xfs_efi_item_size,
 	.iop_format	= xfs_efi_item_format,
@@ -655,6 +683,7 @@  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_efi_item_ops = {
 	.iop_release	= xfs_efi_item_release,
 	.iop_recover	= xfs_efi_item_recover,
 	.iop_match	= xfs_efi_item_match,
+	.iop_relog	= xfs_efi_item_relog,
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
index 30e579b5857d..9af7099e2a86 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_refcount_item.c
@@ -566,6 +566,32 @@  xfs_cui_item_match(
 	return CUI_ITEM(lip)->cui_format.cui_id == intent_id;
 }
 
+/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
+static struct xfs_log_item *
+xfs_cui_item_relog(
+	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
+	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
+{
+	struct xfs_cud_log_item		*cudp;
+	struct xfs_cui_log_item		*cuip;
+	struct xfs_phys_extent		*extp;
+	unsigned int			count;
+
+	count = CUI_ITEM(intent)->cui_format.cui_nextents;
+	extp = CUI_ITEM(intent)->cui_format.cui_extents;
+
+	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
+	cudp = xfs_trans_get_cud(tp, CUI_ITEM(intent));
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &cudp->cud_item.li_flags);
+
+	cuip = xfs_cui_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
+	memcpy(cuip->cui_format.cui_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
+	atomic_set(&cuip->cui_next_extent, count);
+	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &cuip->cui_item);
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &cuip->cui_item.li_flags);
+	return &cuip->cui_item;
+}
+
 static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_cui_item_ops = {
 	.iop_size	= xfs_cui_item_size,
 	.iop_format	= xfs_cui_item_format,
@@ -573,6 +599,7 @@  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_cui_item_ops = {
 	.iop_release	= xfs_cui_item_release,
 	.iop_recover	= xfs_cui_item_recover,
 	.iop_match	= xfs_cui_item_match,
+	.iop_relog	= xfs_cui_item_relog,
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
index 34dd6b02bdc8..535b0358e0aa 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_rmap_item.c
@@ -589,6 +589,32 @@  xfs_rui_item_match(
 	return RUI_ITEM(lip)->rui_format.rui_id == intent_id;
 }
 
+/* Relog an intent item to push the log tail forward. */
+static struct xfs_log_item *
+xfs_rui_item_relog(
+	struct xfs_log_item		*intent,
+	struct xfs_trans		*tp)
+{
+	struct xfs_rud_log_item		*rudp;
+	struct xfs_rui_log_item		*ruip;
+	struct xfs_map_extent		*extp;
+	unsigned int			count;
+
+	count = RUI_ITEM(intent)->rui_format.rui_nextents;
+	extp = RUI_ITEM(intent)->rui_format.rui_extents;
+
+	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
+	rudp = xfs_trans_get_rud(tp, RUI_ITEM(intent));
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &rudp->rud_item.li_flags);
+
+	ruip = xfs_rui_init(tp->t_mountp, count);
+	memcpy(ruip->rui_format.rui_extents, extp, count * sizeof(*extp));
+	atomic_set(&ruip->rui_next_extent, count);
+	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &ruip->rui_item);
+	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &ruip->rui_item.li_flags);
+	return &ruip->rui_item;
+}
+
 static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_rui_item_ops = {
 	.iop_size	= xfs_rui_item_size,
 	.iop_format	= xfs_rui_item_format,
@@ -596,6 +622,7 @@  static const struct xfs_item_ops xfs_rui_item_ops = {
 	.iop_release	= xfs_rui_item_release,
 	.iop_recover	= xfs_rui_item_recover,
 	.iop_match	= xfs_rui_item_match,
+	.iop_relog	= xfs_rui_item_relog,
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
index a3a35a2d8ed9..362c155be525 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
@@ -2533,6 +2533,7 @@  DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_create_intent);
 DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_cancel_list);
 DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_pending_finish);
 DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_pending_abort);
+DEFINE_DEFER_PENDING_EVENT(xfs_defer_relog_intent);
 
 #define DEFINE_BMAP_FREE_DEFERRED_EVENT DEFINE_PHYS_EXTENT_DEFERRED_EVENT
 DEFINE_BMAP_FREE_DEFERRED_EVENT(xfs_bmap_free_defer);
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
index 995c1513693c..e838e8327510 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.h
@@ -78,6 +78,8 @@  struct xfs_item_ops {
 	int (*iop_recover)(struct xfs_log_item *lip,
 			   struct xfs_defer_capture **dfcp);
 	bool (*iop_match)(struct xfs_log_item *item, uint64_t id);
+	struct xfs_log_item *(*iop_relog)(struct xfs_log_item *intent,
+			struct xfs_trans *tp);
 };
 
 /*
@@ -239,4 +241,12 @@  void		xfs_trans_buf_copy_type(struct xfs_buf *dst_bp,
 
 extern kmem_zone_t	*xfs_trans_zone;
 
+static inline struct xfs_log_item *
+xfs_trans_item_relog(
+	struct xfs_log_item	*lip,
+	struct xfs_trans	*tp)
+{
+	return lip->li_ops->iop_relog(lip, tp);
+}
+
 #endif	/* __XFS_TRANS_H__ */