diff mbox series

[v5,1/6] lib: add ASN.1 encoder

Message ID 20200130101812.6271-2-James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com
State New
Headers show
Series TPM 2.0 trusted keys with attached policy | expand

Commit Message

James Bottomley Jan. 30, 2020, 10:18 a.m. UTC
We have a need in the TPM2 trusted keys to return the ASN.1 form of
the TPM key blob so it can be operated on by tools outside of the
kernel.  The specific tools are the openssl_tpm2_engine, openconnect
and the Intel tpm2-tss-engine.  To do that, we have to be able to read
and write the same binary key format the tools use.  The current ASN.1
decoder does fine for reading, but we need pieces of an ASN.1 encoder
to write the key blob in binary compatible form.

For backwards compatibility, the trusted key reader code will still
accept the two TPM2B quantities that it uses today, but the writer
will only output the ASN.1 form.

The current implementation only encodes the ASN.1 bits we actually need.

Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

---

v2: updated API to use indefinite length, and made symbol exports gpl
v3: add data length error handling
v4: use end_data instead of data_len pointer
v5: mention tools and space out code
---
 include/linux/asn1_encoder.h |  32 ++++
 lib/Makefile                 |   2 +-
 lib/asn1_encoder.c           | 431 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 464 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 include/linux/asn1_encoder.h
 create mode 100644 lib/asn1_encoder.c
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/include/linux/asn1_encoder.h b/include/linux/asn1_encoder.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..08cd0c2ad34f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/asn1_encoder.h
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_ASN1_ENCODER_H
+#define _LINUX_ASN1_ENCODER_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/asn1.h>
+#include <linux/asn1_ber_bytecode.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+
+#define asn1_oid_len(oid) (sizeof(oid)/sizeof(u32))
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_integer(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		    s64 integer);
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_oid(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		u32 oid[], int oid_len);
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_tag(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		u32 tag, const unsigned char *string, int len);
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_octet_string(unsigned char *data,
+			 const unsigned char *end_data,
+			 const unsigned char *string, u32 len);
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_sequence(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		     const unsigned char *seq, int len);
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_boolean(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		    bool val);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index c20b1debe9b4..0858fbdf41dc 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -233,7 +233,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_INTERVAL_TREE_TEST) += interval_tree_test.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_PERCPU_TEST) += percpu_test.o
 
-obj-$(CONFIG_ASN1) += asn1_decoder.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ASN1) += asn1_decoder.o asn1_encoder.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_FONT_SUPPORT) += fonts/
 
diff --git a/lib/asn1_encoder.c b/lib/asn1_encoder.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c7493667656e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/asn1_encoder.c
@@ -0,0 +1,431 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Simple encoder primitives for ASN.1 BER/DER/CER
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com
+ */
+
+#include <linux/asn1_encoder.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+/**
+ * asn1_encode_integer() - encode positive integer to ASN.1
+ * @data:	pointer to the pointer to the data
+ * @end_data:	end of data pointer, points one beyond last usable byte in @data
+ * @integer:	integer to be encoded
+ *
+ * This is a simplified encoder: it only currently does
+ * positive integers, but it should be simple enough to add the
+ * negative case if a use comes along.
+ */
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_integer(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		    s64 integer)
+{
+	unsigned char *d = &data[2];
+	int i;
+	bool found = false;
+	int data_len = end_data - data;
+
+	if (WARN(integer < 0,
+		 "BUG: integer encode only supports positive integers"))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(data))
+		return data;
+
+	/* need at least 3 bytes for tag, length and integer encoding */
+	if (data_len < 3)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	/* remaining length where at d (the start of the integer encoding) */
+	data_len -= 2;
+
+	data[0] = _tag(UNIV, PRIM, INT);
+	if (integer == 0) {
+		*d++ = 0;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	for (i = sizeof(integer); i > 0 ; i--) {
+		int byte = integer >> (8*(i-1));
+
+		if (!found && byte == 0)
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * for a positive number the first byte must have bit
+		 * 7 clear in two's complement (otherwise it's a
+		 * negative number) so prepend a leading zero if
+		 * that's not the case
+		 */
+		if (!found && (byte & 0x80)) {
+			/*
+			 * no check needed here, we already know we
+			 * have len >= 1
+			 */
+			*d++ = 0;
+			data_len--;
+		}
+
+		found = true;
+		if (data_len == 0)
+			return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+		*d++ = byte;
+		data_len--;
+	}
+
+ out:
+	data[1] = d - data - 2;
+
+	return d;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(asn1_encode_integer);
+
+/* calculate the base 128 digit values setting the top bit of the first octet */
+static int asn1_encode_oid_digit(unsigned char **_data, int *data_len, u32 oid)
+{
+	int start = 7 + 7 + 7 + 7;
+	unsigned char *data = *_data;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (*data_len < 1)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* quick case */
+	if (oid == 0) {
+		*data++ = 0x80;
+		(*data_len)--;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	while (oid >> start == 0)
+		start -= 7;
+
+	while (start > 0 && *data_len > 0) {
+		u8 byte;
+
+		byte = oid >> start;
+		oid = oid - (byte << start);
+		start -= 7;
+		byte |= 0x80;
+		*data++ = byte;
+		(*data_len)--;
+	}
+
+	if (*data_len > 0) {
+		*data++ = oid;
+		(*data_len)--;
+	} else {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+ out:
+	*_data = data;
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * asn1_encode_oid() - encode an oid to ASN.1
+ * @data:	position to begin encoding at
+ * @end_data:	end of data pointer, points one beyond last usable byte in @data
+ * @oid:	array of oids
+ * @oid_len:	length of oid array
+ *
+ * this encodes an OID up to ASN.1 when presented as an array of OID values
+ */
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_oid(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		u32 oid[], int oid_len)
+{
+	unsigned char *d = data + 2;
+	int i, ret;
+	int data_len = end_data - data;
+
+	if (WARN(oid_len < 2, "OID must have at least two elements"))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	if (WARN(oid_len > 32, "OID is too large"))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(data))
+		return data;
+
+
+	/* need at least 3 bytes for tag, length and OID encoding */
+	if (data_len < 3)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	data[0] = _tag(UNIV, PRIM, OID);
+	*d++ = oid[0] * 40 + oid[1];
+
+	data_len -= 3;
+
+	ret = 0;
+
+	for (i = 2; i < oid_len; i++) {
+		ret = asn1_encode_oid_digit(&d, &data_len, oid[i]);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+
+	data[1] = d - data - 2;
+
+	return d;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(asn1_encode_oid);
+
+static int asn1_encode_length(unsigned char **data, int *data_len, int len)
+{
+	if (*data_len < 1)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (len < 0) {
+		*((*data)++) = ASN1_INDEFINITE_LENGTH;
+		(*data_len)--;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (len <= 0x7f) {
+		*((*data)++) = len;
+		(*data_len)--;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (*data_len < 2)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (len <= 0xff) {
+		*((*data)++) = 0x81;
+		*((*data)++) = len & 0xff;
+		*data_len -= 2;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (*data_len < 3)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (len <= 0xffff) {
+		*((*data)++) = 0x82;
+		*((*data)++) = (len >> 8) & 0xff;
+		*((*data)++) = len & 0xff;
+		*data_len -= 3;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (WARN(len > 0xffffff, "ASN.1 length can't be > 0xffffff"))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (*data_len < 4)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	*((*data)++) = 0x83;
+	*((*data)++) = (len >> 16) & 0xff;
+	*((*data)++) = (len >> 8) & 0xff;
+	*((*data)++) = len & 0xff;
+	*data_len -= 4;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * asn1_encode_tag() - add a tag for optional or explicit value
+ * @data:	pointer to place tag at
+ * @end_data:	end of data pointer, points one beyond last usable byte in @data
+ * @tag:	tag to be placed
+ * @string:	the data to be tagged
+ * @len:	the length of the data to be tagged
+ *
+ * Note this currently only handles short form tags < 31.  To encode
+ * in place pass a NULL @string and -1 for @len; all this will do is
+ * add an indefinite length tag and update the data pointer to the
+ * place where the tag contents should be placed.  After the data is
+ * placed, repeat the prior statement but now with the known length.
+ * In order to avoid having to keep both before and after pointers,
+ * the repeat expects to be called with @data pointing to where the
+ * first encode placed it.
+ */
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_tag(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		u32 tag, const unsigned char *string, int len)
+{
+	int ret;
+	int data_len = end_data - data;
+
+	if (WARN(tag > 30, "ASN.1 tag can't be > 30"))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	if (!string && WARN(len > 127,
+			    "BUG: recode tag is too big (>127)"))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(data))
+		return data;
+
+	if (!string && len > 0) {
+		/*
+		 * we're recoding, so move back to the start of the
+		 * tag and install a dummy length because the real
+		 * data_len should be NULL
+		 */
+		data -= 2;
+		data_len = 2;
+	}
+
+	if (data_len < 2)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	*(data++) = _tagn(CONT, CONS, tag);
+	data_len--;
+	ret = asn1_encode_length(&data, &data_len, len);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+
+	if (!string)
+		return data;
+
+	if (data_len < len)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	memcpy(data, string, len);
+	data += len;
+
+	return data;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(asn1_encode_tag);
+
+/**
+ * asn1_encode_octet_string() - encode an ASN.1 OCTET STRING
+ * @data:	pointer to encode at
+ * @end_data:	end of data pointer, points one beyond last usable byte in @data
+ * @string:	string to be encoded
+ * @len:	length of string
+ *
+ * Note ASN.1 octet strings may contain zeros, so the length is obligatory.
+ */
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_octet_string(unsigned char *data,
+			 const unsigned char *end_data,
+			 const unsigned char *string, u32 len)
+{
+	int ret;
+	int data_len = end_data - data;
+
+	if (IS_ERR(data))
+		return data;
+
+	/* need minimum of 2 bytes for tag and length of zero length string */
+	if (data_len < 2)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	*(data++) = _tag(UNIV, PRIM, OTS);
+	data_len--;
+
+	ret = asn1_encode_length(&data, &data_len, len);
+	if (ret)
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+
+	if (data_len < len)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	memcpy(data, string, len);
+	data += len;
+
+	return data;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(asn1_encode_octet_string);
+
+/**
+ * asn1_encode_sequence() - wrap a byte stream in an ASN.1 SEQUENCE
+ * @data:	pointer to encode at
+ * @end_data:	end of data pointer, points one beyond last usable byte in @data
+ * @seq:	data to be encoded as a sequence
+ * @len:	length of the data to be encoded as a sequence
+ *
+ * Fill in a sequence.  To encode in place, pass NULL for @seq and -1
+ * for @len; then call again once the length is known (still with NULL
+ * for @seq). In order to avoid having to keep both before and after
+ * pointers, the repeat expects to be called with @data pointing to
+ * where the first encode placed it.
+ */
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_sequence(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		     const unsigned char *seq, int len)
+{
+	int ret;
+	int data_len = end_data - data;
+
+	if (!seq && WARN(len > 127,
+			 "BUG: recode sequence is too big (>127)"))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(data))
+		return data;
+
+	if (!seq && len >= 0) {
+		/*
+		 * we're recoding, so move back to the start of the
+		 * sequence and install a dummy length because the
+		 * real length should be NULL
+		 */
+		data -= 2;
+		data_len = 2;
+	}
+
+	if (data_len < 2)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	*(data++) = _tag(UNIV, CONS, SEQ);
+	data_len--;
+
+	ret = asn1_encode_length(&data, &data_len, len);
+	if (ret)
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+
+	if (!seq)
+		return data;
+
+	if (data_len < len)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	memcpy(data, seq, len);
+	data += len;
+
+	return data;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(asn1_encode_sequence);
+
+/**
+ * asn1_encode_boolean() - encode a boolean value to ASN.1
+ * @data:	pointer to encode at
+ * @end_data:	end of data pointer, points one beyond last usable byte in @data
+ * @val:	the boolean true/false value
+ */
+unsigned char *
+asn1_encode_boolean(unsigned char *data, const unsigned char *end_data,
+		    bool val)
+{
+	int data_len = end_data - data;
+
+	if (IS_ERR(data))
+		return data;
+
+	/* booleans are 3 bytes: tag, length == 1 and value == 0 or 1 */
+	if (data_len < 3)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	*(data++) = _tag(UNIV, PRIM, BOOL);
+	data_len--;
+
+	asn1_encode_length(&data, &data_len, 1);
+
+	if (val)
+		*(data++) = 1;
+	else
+		*(data++) = 0;
+
+	return data;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(asn1_encode_boolean);